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To be distinguished from Sensation-Spontaneous and voluntary
determination of Sense-Mental process in Perception--Organs
of Sense, and the knowledge conveyed by each-Error of Dr.
Brown-Objections of Perception--Common and Philosophic
Doubts in respect to the comparative validity of the affirmations
of Sense and Consciousness-The Province of Philosophy--
Comparative validity of the affirmations of Sense and Con-
sciousness-Theory of External Perception-Theory Verified--
Theories of External Perception formed by Philosophers-Rea-
sons for these Theories-Objections to these Theories.
Distinction of Qualities as Primary and Secondary.
Understanding-Notions Particular and General
Elements of which Notions are constituted.
Contingent Elements-Necessary Elements-Substance and
Cause the fundamental elements of all Notions-Evolution of
these Laws not Arbitrary-Time and Space.
Errors of Kant.
1. In respect to the relation of Phenomena and Noumena to
Time and Space-2. ation of the Ideas of Time and Space to
Phenomena-II. Identity and Diversity, Resemblance and Dif-
ference-III. The idea of a Whole, as including its Parts, or
Parts in reference to the Whole.
Kant's Anatomy of Pure Reason.
IV. The Category of Quantity-The Category of Quantity dis-
tinct from that previously considered-V. Of Quality-VI. Of
Relation--VII. Of Modality-VIII. The Idea of Law-Concep-
tions as distinguished from Notions-A Fact often attending
Perception-Mistake of Mr. Stewart--Notions and Conceptions
characterized as complete or incomplete, true or false-Mistake
of Coleridge in respect to the Understanding...
FACULTY OF JUDGMENT.
Abstraction--Abstract Notions, what, and how formed?--General
Notions, how formed.
Forms of Classification-Classification, in what sense arbitrary
-Genera and Species.
Rules in respect to Generalization-The Term General some-
times used in a limited sense.
Theory of the Realists-Theory of the Nominalists-Theory of
Understanding and Judgment distinguished.
Distinction between the Understanding and Judgment verified-
Observations of Kant-Relations of the Understanding and
Term defined-Term Association, why preferred-The Associat-
ing Principle not without Law-Law of Association stated and
defined-Existence of Law, when established-The present Hy-
pothesis, when established as the Law of Association-A priori
Argument-All the Phenomena referred to the commonly re-
ceived Laws, can be explained on this Hypothesis-Phenomena
exist which can be accounted for on this, and no other Hypothe-
sis-Facts connected with particular Diseases-This Hypothe-
sis established and illustrated, by reflecting upon the facts of As-
sociation-Argument summarily stated-Explanatory Remarks
-Reasons why different objects excite similar Feelings in our
Minds-Application of the Principles above illustrated-Ground
of the Mistake of Philosophers in respect to the Laws of Associ-
ation-Action of the associating Principle in different Individu-
als-Influence of Habit-Standards of Taste and Fashion-Vi-
cissitudes in respect to such Standards-Peculiarities of Genius
associated with Judgment, or correct Taste-Influence of Writ-
ers and Speakers of splendid Genius, but incorrect Taste--
Danger of vicious Associations-Unrighteous Prejudices, how
justified-Giving Individuals a bad Name, spreading false Re-
ports, &c.-Influence of the associating Principle in perpetuat-
ing existing mental Characteristics...
MEMORY AND RECOLLECTION.
Terms defined-States of Mind entering into and connected with
these Processes-The above statement verified-Principle on
which Objects are remembered with Ease and Distinctness-
Deep and distinct Impressions, on what conditioned-Diversity
of Powers of Memory, as developed in different Individuals--
Philosophic Memory-Local Memory-Artificial Memory.
A ready and retentive Memory-The vast and diverse Power of
Memory possessed by different Individuals--Improvement of
Memory-Memory of the Aged-Duration of Memory.........116
Definitions of distinguished Philosophers-Objections to the above
Definitions-Another definition proposed-Imagination and
Fancy distinguished-Another Definition of the term Fancy.
Imagination and Fancy Elucidated.
Characteristics of the Creations of the Imagination.
1. Elements of Diverse Scenes blended into one Whole-
2. Blending the Diverse-3. Blending Opposites-4. Blending
things in their Nature alike-5. Combining Numbers into Unity,
and dissolving and separating Unity into Number-6. Adding
to, or abstracting some Quality from, an Object-7. Blending
with external objects the Feelings which they excite in us-
8. Abstracting certain Characteristics of Objects, and blending
them into Harmony with some leading Idea—9. Throwing the
fleeting Thoughts, Sentiments, and Feelings, of our past Exist-
ence, into one beautiful Conception.
Remarks on the preceding Analysis.
Remark of Coleridge.
Creations of the Imagination, why not always Fictions.
Sphere of the Imagination not confined to Poetry-Law of Taste
relative to the Action of the Imagination.
Imagination the organ of Ideals.
Idea defined-Ideal defined--Ideals, Particular and General-
Ideals not confined to Ideas of the Beautiful, the Grand, and the
Sublime-Ideals not fixed and changeless, like Ideas-Ideals the
Foundation of Mental Progress-Ideals in the Divine and Hu-
Action of the Judgment relative to that of the Imagination.
Taste defined-Productions of the Imagination when not regu-
lated by correct Judgment or good Taste.
Productions in which the action of the Fancy or Imagination is most con-
Combinations of Thought denominated Wit, as distinguished from those
resulting from the proper action of the Imagination or Fancy.
Propriety of using the Imagination and Fancy in Works of Fiction.
False Idea in respect to the Influence of Familiarity with_the
popular Fictitious Writings of the Day-Imagination and Fan-
Reason defined-Coleridge's Characteristics of Reason as distin-
guished from the Understanding.
Secondary Ideas of Reason-Idea of Right and Wrong.
This Idea exists in all Minds in which Reason is developed-
Idea of Right and Wrong necessary—Ideas dependent on that
of Right and Wrong, &c.-Chronological Antecedent to the
Idea of Right and Wrong, &c.
Idea of Fitness.
This Idea synonymous with Right and Wrong, &c.
Idea of the Useful, or the Good.
The Summum Bonum.
Relations of the Ideas of Right and Wrong and of the Useful
to each other.
This purely a Psychological Question-Nature of Virtue-
Happiness a Phenomenon of the Sensibility - Relation of
Willing to Happiness--Conclusion necessarily resulting from
the Facts above stated-Argument Expanded-Additional Con-
siderations-Argument stated in view of another Example—Re-
sult of the Discussion thus far-Other important Considerations
-The above Argument of universal Application-Obligation
not affirmed in view of the subjective Tendencies of Right or
Wrong Willing-Another General Consideration -- Mutable
Ideas of Liberty and Necessity.
Ideas defined-These Ideas Universal and Necessary-Idea of
Liberty realized only in the Action of the Will-Chronological
Antecedents of these Ideas.
Idea of the Beautiful and Sublime.
Opinions of Philosophers--Considerations indicating the exist-
ence in the Mind of Ideas of Reason, designated by the terms
Beautiful and Sublime- Objection to the Universality of these
Ideas-Chronological Antecedent of these Ideas--Illustration
from Cousin--Explanatory Remarks.
Idea of Harmony-Reflections.
Mind constituted according to fundamental Ideas-Poetry de-
Idea of Truth.
Idea defined-Chronological Antecedent of this Idea.
Idea of Law.
Citations from Coleridge-Coleridge's Definition of Law- Law, Subjective and Objective-Conclusion from the above--
Chronological Antecedent to this Idea-Apparent Mistake in
respect to Law--Theory and Law distinguished-Nature of
Proof-Fundamental and superficial Thinkers.
The Philosophic Idea.
Chronological Antecedent of this Idea.
·First Truths, or Necessary Principles of Reason, as distinguished
from Contingent Principles.
Contingent and Necessary Principles defined and distinguished
-First Truths defined-Kind of Proof of which Necessary
Ideas or Principles admit-Statement illustrated by a Refer-
ence to the Idea of God-Idea and Principle of Reason distin-
guished-Axioms, Postulates, and Definitions.
Idea of Science, Pure and Mixed.
Idea of Science defined-Pure Sciences-Mixed Sciences.
Function of Reason denominated Conscience.
Conscience defined-General Remarks - Objection - Term
Conscience as used in the Scriptures.
General Remarks pertaining to Reason.
Relation of Reason to other Intellectual Faculties-Through
Reason Man is a Religious Being--Reason common to all
Men-Error of Coleridge-Paralogism of Cousin--Transcen-
dentalism--Reason, in what sense Impersonal-Reason, in
what sense identical in all Men..... ...156
RECAPITULATION, WITH ADDITIONAL SUGGESTIONS.
Intellectual Faculties enumerated-Influence of the above Dis-
tinctions-Errors of Kant-Classification of Mental Faculties.
Remarks upon the relations of Intuitions to one another.
Intuitions cannot be opposed to each other-Different Intuition
Faculties cannot contradict each other-The logical Conse-
quents of no one Intuition can be in opposition to any primary
Intuition, nor to the logical Consequents of the same-Error of
Kant and Coleridge.
Understanding--The Judgment-The Associating Principle-
SPONTANEOUS AND REFLECTIVE DEVELOPMENTS OF THE INTELLI-
General characteristics of all Objects of Knowledge, and of our
Knowledge of the same--Distinct Apprehension conditioned
on Attention-Spontaneous Development of the Intelligence-
Characteristics of this Spontaneity-Characteristics Illustrated.