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THE

ART OF DISCOURSE:

A SYSTEM OF RHETORIC

ADAPTED FOR USE IN COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES,

AND ALSO FOR PRIVATE STUDY.

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AUTHOR OF LOGIO; GRAMMATICAL SYNTHESIS, OR ART OF ENGLISH COMPOSITION;

RHETORICAL PRAXIS, ETC.

« True ease in writing comes from art, not chance." -- - Pope.
“I hope ultimately to advance so far that art shall become a second nature,
as polished manners are to well-bred men; then Imagination shall regain her
former freedom, and submit to none but voluntary limitations." — Schiller.

NEW YORK:
CHARLES SCRIBNER AND COMPANY.

1867.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1867, by

HENRY N. DAY, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the District of Connecticut.

RIVERSIDE, CAMBRIDGE :
STEREOTYPED AND PRINTED BY

. 0. HOUGHTON AND COMPANY.

616.30

PREFACE.

THE present work is a reconstruction of the author's “ Elements of the Art of Rhetoric,” first published in 1850.). The distinctive peculiarities of that work were the elevation of Invention, or the supply of the thought, to the first and commanding rank in rhetorical instruction; the reduction of the principles of Rhetoric to more exact system and method, both in respect of its internal properties and also of its relations to kindred arts and sciences; and the stricter treatment of Rhetoric as an art rather than as a science. The work has been received with great favor in all parts of the country ; but both in its outward dress and also in its contents it invited some attempts at improvement. The principal changes in the text will be found in the more definite indications of the relations of Rhetoric to Logic and Æsthetics, and the fuller and clearer application of logical and æsthetic principles to the construction of discourse ; the fuller and more definite development of the nature and processes of Explanation, or the unfolding of thought; and the more exact classification of the properties of Style. A leading aim in the reconstruction has been to exhibit the grounds of all the principles of the art in the nature of thought and of language, so as to enable the learner to discern the logical accuracy and completeness of its divisions, its

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