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Is it not therefore probable that a low diet, with bleeding, purging, or some other fuitable evacuntions, might be excellent remedies for this intenperate and preternatural beat? Undoubtedly many peccant humours, which break out in a kind of morbid zeal; might, as well as enthusiasm and fanaticism, be carried off by physical applications and a proper regimen.
About the middle of the last century, when the disease of enthusiasm was very epidemic, and the rage of zeal ran to distraction, a quaker went to Rome to convert the pope, and was admitted to audience : immediately after which the pope ora dered his chief physician to take the utmost care of the poor man, and when cured that he should be sent to his own country, and no injury whatever offered to him. In this action the pope certainly Shewed as much humanity as knowledge of human nature.
Happy would it have been, if all popes, and all others in authority, had bebaved in the same mild and charitable manner, and that no violence or cruelties bad ever been exercised upon innocent and well-meaning enthupasts. But as to botheaded zealots, who are naturally inclined to mifchief, beside the salutary, methods above-mentioned, it is absolutely necesary for the peace and safety of Jociety, as well as for their own particular benefit, that they should be kept under proper restraint, and never be trusted with power ; for power would
greatly increase their most desperate symptoms, and
in such bands be attended with extreme ill conse✓ quence to the public. If Becket and Laud, instead
of being thus armed, had been put under a proper regimen, and sent to such a place as Bedlam, it might have been of fingular service to themselves, and would have prevented infinite evils which this nation suffered by their mad and outrageous behaviour.
This preface being lengthened beyond what was at first intended, very little more will be added.
If the Author of these Essays, because he has called in question some opinions commonly received as orthodox, should be aspersed with being a profligate person, and writing with a view of encouraging licentiousness, he hopes his manner of life will disprove the former, and that what he now offers to the public will demonstrate the latter to be false. He hath on this occafon examined his own beart with all possible ftri&tness and impartiality, and is well assured that the principal, if not the only motive of what he has here written, is a sincere desire to dissuade men from the practice of cruelty of all kinds; to prevail with them to form · rational, and, as much as in them lies, worthy opinions concerning the Deity and the methods of worshipping him; and consequently the writer's real intention is to promote humanity, virtue, piety, and true religion. .. ..
i C O N
A Letter to Mr. 7. M.
Ellay the First
And exercised for diversion or sport, - 24
32 -- -- from excessive anger and revenge, 36
from ambition; and producing wars, 43 The miseries, calamities, and destruction occafioned by
war, considered and described, ibid. and 52 to 59 King Lewis XIV of France, the author of great de
solation and destruction, by his ambition, inhumanity,
and the wars be occasioned, - . - 44 A sketch of that prince's true character, ,- 48 to 52
Essay the Second.
testable Practice of making War unnecessarily,
proposed, - - - 64 to. 26 Characters of two good princes who were lovers of peace, - .
76 to 82
. Eflay the Third. Of Religious Cruelty, I - Page 84 Introduction, - - - - 84 to 87 Of mens generally ascribing to the gods they worship,
the same tempers, dispositions, and passions they experience in themselves; and many times their bodily
likenesses also, - - - - '89 Of Pagans believing their gods to be cruel, - 92 Of the Hebrews or Jews believing the One God to be cruel,
94 Of many Christians who believe the fame, - 96 That Mohammedans believe the same, - - .97 Expostulation with those who thus think, - 100 That men jould be exceedingly careful what opinions
they entertain or teach concerning the Deity, — 103 To believe or teach that God commands men to commit
acts of cruelty, is great impiety, and productive of infinite mischiefs,..
: 107 Of the barbarous methods of worship frequently praetised,
' III of devotional cruelties exercised by Pagans upon them
Selves - - - - - - 112 Of the like by Chriftians, - - - ibid. Instances of these, - - - 112 to 117 The cruelty of mens sacrificing mere animals, 118 to 122 The much greater cruelty of sacrificing their own species,
' 122 The origin and ill confequence of all bloody sacrifices,
117 to 121 Some accounts of human-facrifices - 123 to 130
Of mens inbuman treatment of one another on account of
Eminent and orthodox saints and fathers of the church
great perfecutors, - - - 152
That the church did not fully attain ber triumphant state,
nor the clergy arrive at a plenitude of power, 'till the