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Flushing, Sept. 8.-"We yesterday ing, and that so offensive from the inreceived the information, that the ability of those unhappy sufferers, that French, in considerable force, had en- nothing but mortality could be expectered South Beveland. They were ob- ted. Indeed our streets for these last served by some of our ships to move weeks, daily present to the che no on in the most vapouring manner, their ther view but the removal of the dying advanced party of tirailleurs not suf- and the dead. The greatest medicinal fering any covering, ditch, or bedge, want was in the article of bark, so neto pass them without firing, under cessary to impede the progress of fe
the affected conceit, that some Bri- ver, and alleviate the paroxysms of · tish troops were concealed, although ague, the two prevalent disorders here.
they never put a foot upon that is- The chemists of Middleburgh, the land until they were fully convinced great medicinal depot of South Holthat the whole of our force bad ei- land, said, when applied to for this ther passed over into Walcheren, or medicine, that it was owing to our were disembarked at Bathz,' They, own act of parliament that they could however, made prisoners of a mid- not supply us! shipman's boat's crew of the Blood “The disease here affects the liver Hound gun-brig, who had incauti- and the brain; I was informed by the ously gone on shore to procure some surgeon of the 36th, who had openvegetables. This intelligence made ed one of the bodies, that he found no change in the disposition of the the part violently inflamed, and a troops which were destined for home, great excess of water about the lat, as this morning the 63d regiment ter. But I must stop, as I fancy and Col. Cochrane's cerps, embark- myself ill, from thinking on this der ed on board transports, From the plorable subject." number of sick belonging to both battalions, an hospital ship was pro- From the Argus, a paper printed in vided for each. Colonel Cochrane's
English at Paris. corps, which on its being embodied [1
[This was written before the intelligence at the Isle of Wight, in August last,
of the surrender of Flushing had
ust last, reached the French capital.] consisted of 800 eflective, cannot at The news of the armistice, which arthis moment muster four hundred rived at London on the 26th of July, effective men. The detachment of has spread a consternation over the mithe 78th Highlanders which formed nisterial party, which the hope of the the constituent part of Colonel Cor
success of the Flushing expedition could chrane's battalion, has suffered con
not efface. At London, as at Paris, siderably from disease. It is extraor:
the issue of this expedition may now be
foreseen. The letters which are every dinary that during the whole period moment received from the North of when the army were subject to the France, the zeal which is manifested greatest privations, there were scarce every where against the English, who any sick, but when ordered into com
fancied its coast without any means of paratively comfortable quarters, dis
defence, have already caused their
speedy flight to be presaged. The delay ease advanced with the most alarm
alone of their first attacks was a defeat, ing rapidity. We have at length They could only hope to succeed by a received a supply of medicines from surprise, or by treason. They have lost England. You will not perhaps at first the first by their timid procrastination; view credit it, but I assure you, most (des lenteurs timides.) They have sefaithfully, that I, myself, have seen duced but one traitor, and soon found the diseased and sick lying in the
thousands of heroes, Flushing, and the streets here, and on the stairs and to
French fleet might possibly have been
taken, by an unexpected coup-de-main ; passages, without beds or any other but all the vessels are now in safety in covering than their regimental cloth- the Scheidt. Flushing is vigorously defended; succours have been sent in have yielded, of setting their feet on the under the cannon of the British ships; French territory. and, if this fortress had yielded to an We do not wait for events in order to unforeseen attack, it would have been å judge concerning this expedition. It short conquest, and produced only use has been ill-conceived and ill-executed. less disasters. The glorious epoch at As an ally of Austria, it is not possible which we live, is far distant from the that England should not have flattered days when the enemy held a garrison at her with this diversion. Why then has Calais. If they have now the power to it been so tardy? But if Flushing has destroy, they have not to occupy. Their been always the object of this enterprise, whole inarine could not prevent Flushing we may infer from it, that the greatest from soon falling again into the power disasters will never cure the British goof France.
vernment of its incurable selfishness and It is notorious, that the British govern- jealous cupidity, since the desire of ment witnessed, with profound regret, catching a few ships has been more the opening of the Scheldt, and the ces- powerful than the possibility of effecting sion of Flushing to France. Mr. Pitt a diversion more useful to her ally, either said, in the house of Commons, “ that in Spain or the North of Germany, in of France were peripitted to retain that aid of the robbers whom it has in pay maritime and commercial position, they there. On the other hand, if it be true might even abandon to her also the that the knowledge of the armistice has mouth of the Thames, to which a favour- deranged the first plan of the English able wind might in 24 hours transport a ministers, the precipitation was impruFrench expedition, prepared with secu- dent, and the change may be fatal. ' rity, in a vast. bason, so well protected Certainly it is an affront to the British by art and nature.” But victory has, arms, that an expedition, prepared at nevertheless, secured this fine conquest 80' enormous an expence, composed of to France; which the political faults of numerous and select troops, trumpeted Mr. Pitt contributed to, and with all the forth as one that was to effect a revolucenius of his successors will never take tion in European affairs, should termiaway. Thus the expence of their im- nate in the bombardment of a town, mense expedition will be lost. The island leaving the field of battle to a few garriof Walcheren will be one of the bulwurks son troops and national guards, without of France ; the Scheldt will be free for experience in war. Is it not matter of the felicity of her rich northern provinces, scandal, that in opposition to so mighty and to the perpetual terror of the mistress and costly an effort, France should not of the seas.
(in spite of the assertions of the English Already national honour calls French- papers) be under the necessity of detachmen to the defence of their insulted ing a single man from her own armies, coasts. Those of the neighbouring de and that the conquerors of the Danube partments have not waited the summons should, at the same time, hear of the of the Prince and senate to fly thither. insolent attempt of the English and their The tempest thickens round the English: defeat! It is thus we may judge of the they will stay on the shore with their relative power of the nations, and see at sails unfurled, if they do not wish to pay what price England purchases that maridearly for the temptation to which they time superiority, which is raised on the
calumnities and divisions of Europe!
FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES, Whitehall, Aug. 26. Knight of the Most Honourable Oro The King has been pleased to der of the Bath, and Lieut.-General grant the dignities of Baron and Vis- of his Majesty's forces, and to the count of the United Kingdoms of heirs male of his body lawfully be« Great Britain and Ireland unto the gotten, by the names, stiles, and tiRight Hon. Sir Arthur Wellesley, tles of Baron Douro of Wellesley in
the county of Somerset, and l'iscount Welcoley shall be thus publicly dem. Wellington of Talavera, and liviling- clue in general orders. ton, in the said county.
IV. The commander in chief has
received the King's commands to Lorre Guards, Aug. 8. sionify, in the most marked and speGENERAL ORDERS.
cul winner, the sense his Majesty I. The conimander in chicf has entertains of Lieut.-Gen. Sir Arthur, received THE KING'S COMMANDS to Wellesley's personal services on this notify to the army the splendid vic- memorable occasion, not less distory obtained by his troops in Spain, played in the result of the battle itunder the command of Lieutenant- self, than in the consummate ability, General the Right Honourable Sir ralour, and military resource, with Arthur Wellesley, on the 27th and which the many difficulties of this 28th of last month, at the battle of arduous and protracted contest were Talavera de la Reyna.
met, and provided for, by his expeII. His Majesty is confident that rience and judgment. his army will learn with becoming V. The conduct of Licut.-General exultation, that the enemy, after Sherbrooke, second in command, escaping by a precipitate retreat, from has entitled him to the King's marked the well-concerted attack with which approbation. His Majesty has obSir Arthur Wellesley, in conjunc- served with satisfaction the manner tion with the Spanish army, had in which he led on the troops to the threatened him on the 24th of July, charge with the bayonet, a species concentrated his force, by calling to of combat, which on all occasions his aid the corps under the French so well accords with the dauntless General Sebastiani, and the garrison character of British soldiers. of Madrid ; and thus reiniorced, VI. His Majesty has noticed with again approached the allied army on the same gracious approbation, the the 27th of July; and, on this oc- conduct of the several generals and casion, owing to the local circum- other officers.-All have done their stances of its position, and to the duty; most of them have had occadeliberate purpose of the enemy to sions of eminently distinguishing direct his whole efforts against the themselves, the instances of which troops of his Majesty, the British have not escaped his Majesty's atarmy sustained neurly the whole tention. weight of this great contest, and has VII. It is his Majesty's command, acquired the glory of having van- that his royal approbation and thanks quished a French army double their shall be given in the most distinct numbers, not in a short and partia- and most particular manner, to the struggle, but in a battle obstinately non-commissioned officers and pricontested on two successive days(not vate men. In no instance have they wholly discontinued even throughout displayed with greater lustre their the intervening night) and fought native valour and characterestic under circumstances which brought energy, nor have they on any former both armies into close and repeated occasion more decidedly proved their combat.
superiority over the inveterate enemy III. The King, in contemplating of their country. 50 glorious a display of the valour VIII. Brilliant, however, as is the and prowess of his troops, has been victory obtained at Talavera, it is graciously pleased to command that not solely on that occasion that his royal approbation of the conduct Lieut.-Gen. Sir Arthur Wellesley, of the army serving under the com- and the troops under his command, mand of Lieut.-General Sir Arthur are entitled to his Majesty's applause. The important service effected in an disturb the barmony of the court, whose early part of the campaign by the unanimous support he hoped to have same army, under the command of
and of upon this occasion. He believed that
there was no individual in the room, or the same distinguished general, by the rapid march on the Douro, the litics, whether Whig or Tary, who passage of that river, the total dis- would not feel happy at the thoaght of comfiture of the enemy, and his ex- his Majesty having had so long a reign. pulsion from the territory of one of The last Sovereigo who reigned for such his Majesty's ancientand most faith- a time, was Henry the Great, who did ful allies, are circumstances which a great deal of good to the country.
Our present good and great Sovereignt have made a lasting impression on ha
had also done a great deal of good to the his Majesty's mind; and have in- country. At the time of his accession duced his Majesty to direct, that he made the judges independent; and the operations of this arduous and afterwards, in Wilkes's time, he put an eventful campaign shall be thus recor- end to General warrants. In the course ded, as furnishing splendid examples
of his reign we had as many splendid
military feats to boast of as at any for-, of military skill, fortitude, perseve
mer time, and as many great victories rance, and of a spirit of enterprize both by sea and land. It, therefore, calculated to produce emulation in appeared to him, that the 25th of Octoevery part of his army, and largely ber ought to be a day of feasting and to add to the renown, and to the rejoicing; and he, therefore, willingly military character of the British na-, put his name to the requisition, in purtion.
suance of which the court was summon
ed. Unfortunately, his name appeared GENERAL ORDERS.
the first on the paper, aud that was the Horse Guards, Sept. 18. 1809.
reason which induced him to open the It is his Majesty's command, that business. If our Sovereign were to be all officers belonging to regiments compared with other contemporary Sostationed in the island of Walcheren, vereigns of Europe, who, by their exshall immediately join their regi- travagance and vices, had ruined their
kingdoms, his Majesty would appear to ments; and they are positively ore
great advantage. It must be rememdered to repair for that purpose bered what sort of doctrines were afloat forth with to Deal, from whence the for many years of his Majesty's reign, means will be furnished to them of and, notwithstanding “ the rights of proceeding to their respective corps. man,” and all these sort of doctrines, his
The only exceptions to this gene- Majesty had been able firmly to mainral order are, those officers who are tain himself, while other thrones were
tottering or falling. The Alderman proahsent on a regular certificate of ill
tested that he did not care a farthing health.
who was in power, or who was out of By command of the Right Hon.
power; and that he did not bring this the Commander in Chief,
question forward from any political moHARRY CALVERT. Adj.-Gen. tive, but merely because he felt it his
bounden duty, and a gratification of his
own private feelings, as a subject of Common Council of LONDON. that venerable character. He conclu
ded by moving, On Friday the 15th inst. there was a « That the Court should celebrate the special Court, for the purpose of taking " approaching anniversary of the 25th into consideration a resolution to be “ of October, being the day on which submitted for the purpose of celebrating “his Majesty would enter the 50th year, the 25th of October as the Anniversary os of his reign." of his Majesty's entering into the 50th The Recorder having read the resoluyear of his reign.
tion which was handed to him, imme Alderman Sir Wm. Curtis opened the diately proceeded to put the question, business, and said, that he would care- on it. fully abstain from any thing which could
• Mr. Waithman expressed his surprise than either the worthy baronet, or the at the unusual hurry manifested on this hon. gentleman opposite; but he was occasion. It had hardly been his in- also satisried that the best way to shew tention to have troubled the court at it, was to point out to his Majesty how all; unquestionably he did not mean to he might with greater certainty preserve, have done so at the early hour at which or rather return to those principles by he, now addressed them, being anxious which he and his family were seated on to have heard some arguments in support the throne. When the country was of the proposition now made to the court. brought to such a situation that no man No arguments, however, had been sub- could contemplate it without dread and mitted in support of it, and though he dismay, was it not the greatest proof knew that in opposing such a motion he we could adduce of love and loyalty, to should not only be liable to misrepre- approach the throne, and point out the sentation, but should be certain to en- councillors by whom it had been brought counter it, he must discharge his duty into such a situation ? He should take by declaring the reasons which preven- a cursory view of the reign of his Majested him froin concurring in the present ty, for the purpose of trying, whether motion. He could not forbear from it really afforded those grounds for joy seeing that it was meant as a mere trick and gratulation which the worthy alderand deception as a manæuvre to cover man would have us suppose. In his the errors of adininistration, and the Majesty's speech to parliament on his losses which the country had lately en- accession, he took a view of America, countered. This indeed, was the only the East Indies and the continent of Eurational ground he could figure for sub- rope, and congratulated us on our situamitting such a proposition. If he sub- tion in respect to each, while, at the mitted to the court his reasons of dissent same time, perfect union and harmony from the Jubilee proposed, it was not prevailed at home. - Then Earl Chatham from any disinclination to do honour to was at the helm of public affairs; and his Sovereign, but because he was drag- then, at the end of a most expensive ged forward by the hon. baronet, in war, our expenditure was only seven milconsequence of the way in which he lions, one million of which went to conhad introduced the business, and which stitute a sinking fund; yet we had now to rendered it impossible for him (Mr. contrast with this an expenditure of sea Waithman), feeling as he always did on venty millions. -The debt, even as it exissuch subjects, to be silent.He had ted at the accession of his Majesty, was es marked the contest between the worthy teemed by Blackstone to be so enormous, baronet and the hon. gentlemon on the that he esteemed the continuance of it as floor (Mr. S. Dixon), for the honour of almost inconsistent with a free constitutibringing forward the present proposition, on; what, however, would he have thought and for the character for loyalty thence had he lived to see it increased to a tenresulting. He had no doubt they were fold degree, subject to a corresponding the two most loyal men in the coun- number of revenue officers, tax gatherers, try; but though he had often observed collectors, spies, and informers with how lamely the hon. gentleman had which we are now infested After his supported any measure which he thought Majesty's accession to the throne only proper to intrude on the court, he really a single Sunday was suffered to interthought it would have been better for vene, when the Earl of Bute was sworn the worthy alderman to have yielded to into the privy council. Earl Chatham him on the present occasion, for, lame was then dismissed, and Bute became as that hon. gentleman had often been, the great adviser and ruler in all things. he (Mr. Waithman) though it impossible Here began that secret influence against for him to have been so lame as the which the great Lord Chatham so loudly worthy alderman had been. The wor- complained, when he said, “There was thy alderman had told the court in what something behind the throne greater than state these countries were at the time the throne, and hostile to the liberties of his present Majesty ascended the throne, the country.". That great man could no but he had omitted to favour them with longer keep his place in the administraa view of their present situation. He tion, and the government fell to the would therefore permit him (Mr. Waithe hands of Lord Bute, and the celebrated man) to supply this deficiency. He was Charles Jenkinson, (the late Lord Liverfanfident that he possessed more loyalty pool), who were the original anthors and