may be

Man, Taylor's Golden Grove, and Nelson's Devotions, at least so long, as till you can gain a Facility of praying extempore;


very proper in such private Addresses, when you can do it readily.

3. Read a Chapter of the old or New Testament (but oftner of the New) every Morning, before you kneel down to pray : This will prepare you better for Devotion, and will take up but little Time. Do the same at Night: Half an Hour may serve for each; and this will be no Hindrance to your Studies, 'or, however, so small, that it is not worth considering, in Comparison of the great Benefit you will reap by it; and God will bless you the more for it, enabling you to become both a wiser and a better Man.

4. Have two or three religious Books to read at fit Seasons, for your Instruction and Improvement in Piety and Holiness; and peruse them often. Those before mention'd, with Thomas à Kempis, Nelson's Festivals, Goodman's Winter-Evenings Conference, and the Gentleman Inftruted, may perhaps be sufficient.

5. Never go to any Tavern, or Åle-House, unless sent for by some Country Friend ; and then stay not long there, nor drink more than is convenient.

7. Covet not a large and general Acquaintance but be content with a very few Visitants, and let those be good. Time is too precious, to be thrown away upon Company and Visits: Besides, there is Danger of having your Mind drawn off from your Studies, or of being led aside by bad Example or Conversation.

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7. Stay not out of your College, any Night, beyond the regular Hour, on any Consideration what

If you once break the Rule, when there seems to be good Reason for it, you will be inclin'd to do fo afterwards without any such Reason. It is therefore much better to submit now and then to an Inconvenience, than to break in upon a fix'd and stated



Advice to a Young Student. 13 Rale. Come in always before the Gates are shut, Winter and Summer.

8. I must in a particular Manner advise you to be obliging and yielding to your Seniors in College, for the sake of Peace and Order. Bear with some little Rudeness, and some imperious Carriage, if any be fo foolish as to use them towards you: Not but that you may have Redress upon any the least Grievance, by complaining to your Tutor; yet it is better to yield and comply in some small Matters, which will thew a good Temper, and make you mightily beloved, and then you will have little or no Occasion for Complaints. Depend upon it, Good-nature and Civility will by Degrees gain the Love of all, and will make you very easy amongst your Companions.

9. Keep yourself always employ'd, excepting at those Times that are allow'd for Recreation. Avoid Idleness, otherwise called Lounging : When you think you have nothing to do, you will be easily drawn to do Ill. Idleness is the Fore-runner of Vice, and the first Step to Debauchery: You must therefore use yourself to Business, and never give Way to Laziness and Sloth. And that you may not be at a Loss what to do, and how to employ your Time; I shall next proceed to set you out Work, and to direct you how to begin and go on with it.



A Method of Study.

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Studies should be of three Kinds, and all of them carried on together, convenient and proper Seasons being allow'd to every one. Pbilofopby, Claffical Learning, and Divinity, are the three Kinds I mean. I omit Law and Physick, because I suppose you are design’d for a Divine. As to the


Students of Law and Physick, because they are bu few, it will be easy for a Tutor to give particula Directions to such by Word of Mouth, fo far as con cerns them in Distinction from his other Pupils. The Generality of Students are intended to be Clergyojen, and as such must take the Arts in their way. They must be acquainted with Mathematicks, Geography, Astronomy, Chronology, and other Parts of Phyficks; besides Logick, Ethicks, and Metaphyficks; all which I comprehend under the general Name of Philofopby, as being Parts of it, or neceffary by way of Introduction to it. To Classical Learning, I reter the Study of the Languages, and of Oratory, History, Poetry, and the like ; and all these are preparatory to Divinity, or subservient to it. I shall treat of them severally in a distinct Chapter, so far as is necessary to my Design ; and afterwards give you a general Scheme of the Method to be us'd, the Time to be allow'd, and the Books to be read, with other Matters relating to them.

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Directions for the Study of Philosophy.


EGIN not with Philosophy, till your Tutor



reads Lectures to you in it: It is not easy to understand, without a Master ; and Time is too precious, to be thrown away so, especially when it may be usefully laid out upon Classicks. At first, after you have been at Philosophy Lectures, look no further than your Lecture Book, without special Directions from your Tutor, or from this Paper : It will be Time mil-ipent, to endeavour to go further than you can understand. Get your Lectures well every Day; and that may be sufficient in these Studies, for the firit Half-year at least.

2. Set aside your Mornings and Evenings for Philofophy, when you begin to understand it; leaving your Afternoons for Classicks. The former is a Study which requires a cool clear Head, and therefore Mornings especially are the fittest Time for it.

3. After you come to have a competent Knowledge in Philosophy, take short Notes of any Question which you find discuss'd in any Author : Set down the Question in a little Paper-Book, and under it the Name of the Book, with the Chapter and Page: By this Means, if you have been diligent, in two or three Years Time, you will have a Collection of the most considerable Questions in Philosophy, and will know upon Occasion what Books to consult pro and con, upon any Question.

4. Set a Mark in the Margin of your Book, when you do not understand any Thing, and consult other Books which may help to explain it : Or if you cannot thus master the Difficulty, apply to some Friend that can, or to your Tutor.

CH A P. IV. General Directions for the Study of Clasicks. "L

ET your Afternoons, as much of them as

can be spared from Afternoon-Lectures, if you have any, be spent in reading Claflick Authors, Greek and Latin.

2. Begin with those mention’d in this Paper, taking chern in Order as they lie: Read the First through, before

you begin the Second, and so on, unless you are very much straiten’d in your Time.

3. Read not too fast, but be sure to understand so far as you have read : One Book carefully read over, and throughly understood, will improve you more, chan twenty huddled over in Halte, in a careless


Manner. Pass by no Difficulty, but consult Diftionaries, Lexicons, and Notes; and if none of these answer your Doubts, enquire of some Friend, or of

your Tutor

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4. Some Books may be laid aside, after they have
been once carefully read over and understood : Others
must be read over and over, for Patterns and Models
to form your own Stile by in Prose or Verse. Of the
latter Sort are three especially, and those perhaps are
enough ; Terence, Tully, Virgil

5. Be provided with some Books of Greek and
Roman Antiquities, which you may once read over,
and afterwards consult upon Occasion. Kennet's Ro-
man Antiquities, and Potter's Greek Antiquities, may
suffice : You may add to them Echard's Roman

6. Have a Quarto Paper-Book for a Common-
place, in Mr. Locke's Method, to refer any Thing
curious to; any Elegancies of Speech, any uncom-
mon Phrases, or any remarkable Sayings. This will
keep you from Neeping over your Book, will awaken
your Attention and Observation, and be a great Help
to your Memory. And tho' I do not suppose buc
that it may be thrown aside after two or three Years,
when your Judgment is riper, and when the Obser-
vations you have made at first, cease to be new or
extraordinary ; yet such a Book will be of


Use to you in the mean Time. I speak this, because fome perhaps may condemn Common-place Books, as being generally useless in a few Years. But regard not that: You must begin with little Things, if you would do any Thing great ; and it will be a Pleasure to you to observe how you improve.

9. Endeavour in your Exercises, Prose or Verse,

not to copy out, but to imitate and vary the most
shining Thoughts, Sentences, or Figures which you
meet with in your reading. When you are to make
an Oracion (afcer you have considered well the Matter)




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