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“ hath not granted him a plenary Indulgence, or when “ after such Grant, he hath committed Tome venial Sin,

or a mortal one, of which he is confessed, but bath “ not done Satisfa&ion for the same; he cannot then " assure himself of being exempted from fome Punish“ ment: And therefore it is good (that the Priest may get double Fees, First, for Indulgence, and then afterwards for Masses) “ To help the Soul of the Deceased, " by way of Prayer and Suffrage, presently after his " Departure."

After all these excellent Properties ascrib'd to Indúlgences, as not only Remission of Sins, but additional and higher Degrees of Glory in Heaven, doc. wou'd not any Man be inquisitive to know, what those Things or Duties are, which usually are enjoin'd to be done for the obtaining such wonderful - Privileges ? The fame Author gives us Variety of Instances; as for Example, That, (a).“ Pope Adrian the fixth granted, that whoever “ lying at the Point of Death, ħou'd hold in his Hand

an hallowed Wax Candle, and depart out of this Life, “ holding the same, fhall obtain a plenary Indulgence of

all his Sins; it so be that once before his Death, he “ hath recited the Pfalter or Rosary, (b)

“ Whoever fall go on a Christmas Day in the Morning, and say his Prayers in the Church of St. " Anaflatia in Rome, shall have a like complete In

dulgence.”

He tells us, (c) How « Pope Gregory the 13th: at " the Request of the English Seminary, having confe“ crated certain Grains, Beads, and other Baubles, did

annex thereunto very large Indulgences, but none

may obtain them, but such as devote themselves to “ restore the Catho'ick Faith in England, or labour in do that Caule. Now, whoever fo qualified, having one " of these Grains, being contrite, with a full Purpose ar to confess and communicate so soon as he can commo

diously, shall recite the Corone or Rosary of our

(a) Page 8.1. (h) Page 63. (c) Page 99.

« blested

« bleffed Lady, or shall read the Passion of our Saviour, oc' or the seven penitential Psalms, or the Litany; praying : for the Pope's Holiness, for the State of the Catholick “ Church, the Propagation of the Catholick Faith, and “ Conversion of England, Scotland, and Ireland, shall “ gain, as often as he doth this, plenary Indulgence."

Nay more, (a) “ He that at the Point of Death shall

once fay Jesus in Heart, if he be not able to pronounce « it, and shall have about him, or kiss one of these hal-' low'd Things, obtains a tull Indulgence of all bis " Sins.

(b) “ Whoever shall be in great Danger of his Life, or “ be seized for the Catholick Faith, or being apprehend“ ed, shall expect Torture, Stripes, or any kind of « Scorn, fo often by saying then one Pater Noster, and

one dve, he full obtain full Remission of all his Sins."

He hath yet a more ridiculous Piece of Folly, granted by the said Gregory, and confirmed by Paul the Fifth, in these Words, " Whoever, having one of these Grains, “ Thall devoutly fast, according to the Custom of the « Church, the Eve of allthe Feasts of our blessed Lady, (that is, about four Times a Year) “ Shall gain an hun“ dred Years Indulgence; but if he fast them in Bread “ and Drink only, he shall obtain a thousand Years • u Pardon.

We are weary with reciting this horrid Traf, but know not how to expose their lewd Frauds, and blasphemous Devices, better than in their own Words; which we protest we have in all chese Particulars sincerely set torth, without injuring the Sense (or it you please Nonsense of the Author; nor is this one Doctor's Opinion, but their general Tenet and daily Practice, impos’d to be believed as an Article of Faith by their Trent Conventicle, in these Words, (c) “ Whereas Christ did leave

the Power of granting indulgences to the Church,

(a) Page 112. (b) Page 104. (c) Sell. 35.

" and

“ and the Church did use that divine Power in antient “ Times, therefore the facred Council doth teach and. “ command them to be retained in the Church, and doib: es condemo all them with a Curfe, which either term “ them onprofitable, or deny the Church's Authority “ to grant them.

Secondly, We are to thew the Original of such Indulgens ces, and the Difference between those of agtient Times,. and those oow ufed ; and the Policy of these of later lovention.

Notwishstanding their boast of antieat Times, it is well known, that the primitive Ages were wholly un. acquainted with such Kind of Trumpery, as Durandus teftifies, for he says, (a) “ Little can be faids of any " Certainty touching Indulgences, for neither the Scrip"tures nor the antient Fathers do {peak of them.” The Word we sometimes meet with in the Writings of the Fathers, and thence they wou'd obțrude their Meaning and Practice as an Apostolical Tradition; as one of their Rabbins, seeing at the End of fome of St. Paul's Epistles, in a Latin Testament, thefe Words, Miffa fuit, (this Epiftle was fent to, or from such a Place, by lech and fuch) boasted he had found the Mals, exprefly warranted in the Bible, and that it was said by St. Paul. Tis true, in the primitive Church, when the Cbriftians had committed any grievous or scandalous Offence through human Frailty, or fear of Perfecution, either in denying the Faith, facrificing to Idols, or the like, fucb Delinquents were excommunicated, and for a long Time excluded from the Fellowship of the Faithful, 'till their Repentance might appear, and that by outward Expreffions of Sorrow, and humble Confession they bad made fome Part of Satisfa£tion to the Church. The Rigour of this Punishment, or Duration of fuch Exclasion, the

(a) Du. 4. Sent. Dift. 20.9., 30.

Bishops,

1

Bithops, or Pastors, in their respective Congregations had Power, (if they law Cause) to mitigate at their Dis: cretion; which Mitigation, or Relaxation of the Sentence, was called an Indulgence, or lometimes a Pardon; . which Doctrine was derived from St. Paul, who having commanded the (a) " Excommunication of the incel. tuous Corinthian, upon the Humiliation and serious Repentance of that Sinner, shews, that it was Time to reconcile the said penitent Offender, and doth therefore press the Church (b) to release him.

Hence it appears, that a Christian Indulgence is not as Papists dream, a kemission, or Pardon ot temporal Pu.. nishment, due to God, for Sins by God forgiven; but either a Declaration and Assurance of God's Remission of Sios moft treely for Christ's Take, to all

them that are truly penitent, or elle a Release of the Cenfure of the Church, to them that have shewed Token's of Repentance, and Sorrow for their Sins, sufficient for the Satistaction of the Church, which by their evil Example was offended.

The Difference herein between the primitive Practice, and that of the Romish Church is vastly wide : Those Indulgences were Mitigations of Church Cenfures, these are private Satisfactions to God's Justice : Those were Re-leases of the Living, these are generally Discharges to such as are dead, and luppos'd to be rendred effectual; by the Intercession or Application of the Merits likewise of the Dead. 'Tis one Thing to absolve living Penitents from Sentence of Excommunication, at the Suit, or Request of living Persons (some holy Persons who usually inter. ceded for Penitents) that have well deserv'dot the Church, or have an Interelt in our Love; and clear another Thing to release the Dead out of a feigned Purgatory, by impu-. ting the Surplusage of another Man's Merits, and Satis. factions unto him. And that this last is a pernicious Es.

(a) 1 Cor 5. 3. (b) 2 Cor. 2.

ror,

sor, craftily maintained by them to whom Gain is Godlinels, will appear, it we consider, That,

Our Lord Jesus Christ exprefly tells his Disciples, (a) “ When ye shall bave done all those Things which

are commanded you, say, we are unprofitable Ser-“ vants.

(b) “ Shall a Man be just with God, faith holy Job, “ It he will contend with him he cannot answer him “ one of a thouland.

(c) “ Who can tell how oft he offendeth,” faith the Man after God's own Heart. (a) “ Who cap say, I have " made

my Heart clean, I am pure from my Sin?” faith. the Wileft of Men.

Doch not that most illuminated Prophet Ifaiah af. firm, si That we are all as an unclean Thiog, and all our “ Righteousnes. as filthy Rags?.” And doth not the A poftle teach us, that (e) “ In many things we of “ fend all?

If these Words of holy Scripture be true, as no Christian doubts, then where are these Surplusages of Saints, Merits, and Satisfactions? How shall Bankrupts become Lenders? 'Or w! ich Way can the Indigent relieve the Needy? God baih laid our He'p on one alone that is mighty, why then will ye lean on the Reeds of Egypt? Christ is the lole Fountain of the Waters of Life, trom which all Satisfaction and Reconciliation with the Father flows; and why will you hew out unto your selves broken Cisterns, that will hold no Water?

Had any Saints any such extraordinary Stock of Me. rit, yet cou'd it not be apply'd, or impured to any other Men for their Advantage in the next World

For the Apostle teaches us, (f) " That Every one shall receive ac.

cording to that which he himselt hath done in the Body, whether ic be good or bad." When we fay, that

(a) Luke 17. 10. (b) Fob. 9. 3.. (c) Psalm 19; 12. (d) Prov, 20. 2. (e) fam. 3: 2. (f) 2 Cor. 5.

10,

Chriftis,

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