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The origin of human sacrifices. Their use among the Jews, Assyrians, Ger-
mans, Goths, the inhabitants of Marseilles, the Normans, the Francs, the
Tyrians, the Egyptians, and the ancient Gauls. Testimonies of Cicero and
Cæsar, that they were used among the Britons and Romans by the Druids.
A fiction of Appio, concerning the worship in the temple of Jerusalem. The
names of some persons sacrificed. The use of human sacrifices among the
Gentiles, proved from Clemens of Alexandria, Dionysius of Halicarnassia,
Porphyry, Philo, Eusebius, Tertullian, Euripides. Instances of human sa-
crifices in the Sacred Scriptures. The remarkable obedience of Abraham.
What the neighbouring nations might have gathered from that event. Why
human sacrifices were not instituted by God. The story of Iphigenia. The
history of Jephtha. Whether he put his daughter to death. The cause of
the difficulty. The impious sacrifice of King Moab. The abominable su-
perstition of the Rugiani. The craftiness of the devil. Vindications of the
argument. The same concluded
Twiss's first argument. Its answer. A trifling view of the divine attributes.
Whether God could, by his absolute power forgive sins without a satisfaction:
to let sins pass unpunished, implies a contradiction; and that twofold. What
these contradictions are. Whether God may do, what man may do. Whe-
ther every man may renounce his right. Whether God cannot forgive sins
because of his justice. The second argument. Its answer. Distinctions of
necessity. God doth no work, without himself, from absolute necessity. Con-
ditional necessity. Natural necessity twofold. God doth not punish to the
extent of his power, but to the extent of his justice. God always acts with a
concomitant liberty. An argument of the illustrious Vossius considered. God
a consuming fire, but an intellectual one. An exception of Twiss's. Whe-
ther independent of the divine appointment, sin would merit punishment. In
punishment, what things are to be considered. The relation between obe-
dience as to reward, and disobedience as to punishment not the same.
comparison between mercy and justice, by Vossius improperly instituted
Twiss's third argument. A dispensation with regard to the punishment of sin,
what, and of what kind. The nature of punishment, and its circumstances.
The instance of this learned opponent refuted. The considerations of renew-
ing and punishing, different. How long, and in what sense God can dispense
with the punishment due to sin. God the supreme governor of the Jewish
polity: also, the Lord of all. The fourth argument of Twiss. The answer.