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W O R K S
SIR WALTER RALEGH, Kt.
NOW FIRST COLLECTED:
TO WHICH ARE PREFIXED
THE LIVES OF THE AUTHOR,
BY OLDYS AND BIRCH.
IN EIGHT VOLUMES.
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.
THE entire Works attributed to sir Walter Ralegh being now printed for the first time in an uniform edition, it may be expected that some statement should be given of the plan adopted in collecting materials for the present volumes.
The edition of the History of the World, as published by Mr. William Oldys in 1736, having always been considered to be the most correct in text and typography, it was, at first, intended to follow that edition exclusively; but upon a comparison of some doubtful readings with the earlier copies, it appeared that not only Oldys had made several arbitrary and unnecessary alterations, but that the printer had executed his task with considerable carelessness and inaccuracy; in some chapters having left out entire passages, and in others disfigured them by partial omissions or alterations, which either weakened or destroyed the sense a. Under these
· The subjoined instances, is, because it sometime affecteth taken at random, may suffice the sight of the eye
with offence. to establish the truth of what Ed. 1614. has been stated above. Their ib. p. 26. 1. 22. only it may be number might be easily aug- said, that originally there is no mented.
other difference between heat Vol. I. p. 17. 1. 11. incorpo- and fire. Ed. Oldys.-only it ral it cannot be, because it may be said, that originally there sometime affecteth the sight of is no other difference between the eye with offence. Ed. Oldys. matter and form than between -incorporal it cannot be, be- heat and fire. Ed. 1614. cause it is sensible : sensible it ib. p. 36. I. 14. amor Dei est
circumstances it has been deemed advisable to follow an edition published during the life of the author, namely, that printed in folio by William Stansby for Walter Burre, Lond. 1614; and it is
nobis perpetuus. Ed. Oldys.- ib.
80. l. ult. after which amor Dei est nodus perpetuus. Moses called on God for sucEd. 1614.
cour, received encouragement, ib. p. 80. I. 23. It is also and commanded to go on. Ed. written that Berosus. Ed. Oldys. Oldys.-after which Moses call
- It is also written in Berosus. ing on God for succour, received Ed. 1614.
encouragement, and commandib. 168. 1.
from bottom. ment to go on. Ed. 1614. impartial crown. Ed. Oldys.- ib. p. 115.1. ult. of distinction imperial crown. Ed. 1614. of clean beasts. Ed. Oldys.-of
ib. p. 291. 1. 9. from bottom. distinction of clean and unclean to make the careless most afraid. beasts. Ed. 1614. Ed. Oldys.-to make the care- ib. p. 196. 1. 24. but now I less Moors afraid. Ed. 1614. am preparing homeward again
ib. p. 313. 1. 18. whereof Ha- in safety. Ed. Oldys.—but now matheus was present. Ed. Ol. I am repairing homeward again dys.—whereof Hamatheus was in safety. Ed. 1614. parent. Ed. 1614.
ib. p. 210. 1. 2.
urged by the ib. p. 323. 1. 21. whose issues multitude of the people. Ed. of Cham. Ed. Oldys.-whose is- Oldys.-urged by the murmur sues, and the issues of Cham. of the people. Ed. 1614.
ib. p. 233. 1. antepenult. perib. p. 350. I. 8. from bottom fidiously. Ed. Oldys.—infidelithen are those of whom virtue ously. Ed. 1614. is extinguished. Ed.Oldys.--then ib.
from bottom. are those in whom virtue is ex- rubbish. Ed. Oldys.-rubble. Ed. tinguished. Ed. 1614.
1614 ib. p. 370. 1.6. from bottom. Vol. III. p. 39. 1. 2. worth. a man of shape and fierce dis- Ed. Oldys.—wrath. Ed. 1614. position. Ed. Oldys.-a man of ib. p. 123. 1. 13. by way of sharp and fierce disposition. Ed. security. Ed. Oldys. —by way of 1614.
scrutiny. Ed. 1614. ib. p. 373. 1. 2. transport and ib. p. 217.1. 16. which caused spread this invention. Ed. Ol- the Greeks to make many fires, dys.-transport and speed this and some of his men &c. Ed. invention. Ed. 1614.
Oldys.—which caused the Greeks Vol. II. p. 76. 1. 20. to ob- to make inany fires, and scatter serve the short year after the themselves abroad in the vilmoon. Ed. Oldys.-to observe lages. Teribazus also made the short year of the moon. Ed. many fires, and some of his 1614.
men &c. Ed. 1614.
confidently hoped that the reader will derive no small benefit by this return to the earlier and, it is presumed, the only authorized text.
The Miscellaneous Pieces, first collected and published by Mr. Birch in two octavo volumes, London, 1751, have been carefully collated, wherever a MS. could be consulted; and, although the work has not been encumbered with the various readings, it may be stated with truth that the text has been materially corrected throughout. This remark applies more particularly to the Letters, which have, nearly all of them, been compared with several very early copies, and may now be considered as more nearly restored to what Ralegh himself wrote, than in any previous edition.
The Poems have been taken from a collection first made by sir Egerton Brydges, bart., and printed at his private press at Lee Priory, 1813. Many of these have been collated with early MS. copies, and several additional Poems are now inserted from MSS. in the Bodleian library and Ashmolean museum; together with three pieces alluded to in Oldys's Life, p. 423. note, as originally printed in a very rare poetical collection, which has been discovered among Mr. Malone's books.
The other more important additions are,
A Treatise of the Soul: from a MS. in the Ashmolean museum.
A Discourse of Tenures, which were before the Conquest : from a MS. of archbishop Sancroft.
A Relation of the Cadiz Action : from the same collection.
Sir Walter Ralegh's Opinion on the earl of Es