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the Vatican were afterwards declared to be national property.
9.-Died at the Residentiary House, Amencourt, aged 73, Henry Melvill, D.D., Canon of St. Paul's. He was succeeded in the Canonry by Dr. Lightfoot, Hulsean Professor of Divinity, Cambridge.
Parliament opened by the Queen in person, accompanied by the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Princess Louise, and other members of the Royal Family, who, preceded hy the great officers of state, passed in proces. sion from Buckingham Palace to Westminster. The Royal Speech (read by the Lord Chan. cellor) was of unusual length, and began by a reference to the war raging till recently between France and Germany, in which it was said, “I have maintained the rights and strictly discharged the duties of neutrality,” and been enabled
on more than one occasion to contribute towards placing the representatives of the two contending countries in confidential communi. cation." Her Majesty had offered congratulations to the King of Prussia on accepting the title of Emperor of Germany-an event "bear. ing testimony to the solidity and independence" of that country, and conducive, it was hoped, to the stability of the European system ; had upheld the sanctity of treaties by commencing a Conference in London ; and was a party to a joint commission for adjusting several questions of importance with the United States. Allusion was made to the elevation of a Prince of the House of Savoy to the Spanish throne, to the inquiry into the Greek massacres—unhappily not yet carried to a termination answerable in all respects to my just expectations”—to the massacre at Tien-tsin as justifying a policy of conciliation and forbearance, and to the friendship and good understanding prevailing with sovereigns and states abroad. The only reference to domestic affairs was a brief statement of the consent given to the marriage of the Princess Louise and the Marquis of Lorne. Bills were promised for the better regulation of the army and auxiliary land forces of the Crown—a change “from a less to a more effective and elastic system of defensive military preparation”- Religious Tests in Universities, Ecclesiastical Titles, Disabilities of Trade Combinations, Courts of Justice and Appeal, Adjustment of Local Boundaries, Licensing, Secret Voting, and Primary Education in Scotland. The Address was agreed to without a division, though Mr. Disraeli commented with some severity on an armed neutrality as “a very serious thing for a nation that for a year and a half has been disbanding its veterans ; a very serious thing for a nation with skeleton battalions and attenuated squadrons, and batteries without sufficient guns, and yet more guns than gunners; a very serious thing for a nation which is without a military reserve, has left off shipbuilding and reduced its blue-jackets.” Mr. Disraeli thought the present war part of a great German Revolution, more important politically than the French Revolution. It opened a new
world and new objects, and had entirely destroyed the old balance of power. Its first consequence was the repudiation by Russia of the Treaty of 1856. And here our Govern. ment suffered the consequences of their own repudiation of the Saxon guarantee, for they exposed themselves to the answer from Count Bismarck that they had themselves done only four months before what they were now so angry with Russia for doing. The proper answer to Prince Gortschakoff's note was to warn Russia that she must take the consequences of such an act, and he believed that if we had answered thus we should have heard no more about it. The natural result of the Conference would of course be that Russia would get all she wanted-as Russia always did in conferences and congresses, especially when she met Prussia there. Mr. Gladstone explained that the conditions under which the Saxon guarantee was given had long since changed, and that Prussia was quite able to take care of herself. As to the neutrality of the Black Sea, he declared that Lord Clarendon and Lord Palmerston both set little value on it, and that neither Austria nor France regarded it as a restriction which could be permanently enforced. Had we gone to war on that account, we should have had to do so alone. Accepting the challenge as to the state of our armaments, he appealed to the familiar test of arithmetic. The army of 1862, which Mr. Disraeli denounced as bloated,” amounted to 92, 270, and in 1870 it was only 3,000 less; the difference could scarcely be called attenuation, especially as we had now a reserve of 23,000, which we had not in 1862. Moreover, the estimates of 1868, for which Mr. Disraeli was responsible, gave only 87,500 men. Though anxious to take the most hopeful view of the armistice, he could not deny that the future of Europe was full of danger. He repudiated non-intervention as a rigid policy. Whatever our security, power, and independence, we had no right to wrap ourselves up in an absolute and selfish isolation. We had a history, we had traditions, we had living, constant, perpetual, multiplied intercourse and contact with every people in Europe. We should be unworthy of the recollections of our past, unworthy of the hopes of the future, unworthy of the great. ness of the present, if we disowned the obligations which arose out of those relations to others more liable to suffer than ourselves.
9.-Joint Commission announced to meet at Washington for settling Fishery disputes, Alabama claims, and other outstanding differences between the United States and Great Britain.
Died in Boston, aged 80, George Ticknor, a cultivated American littérateur.
10.- Earthquake shock experienced at Darm. stadt.
Mr. Gladstone introduces the new University Tests Bill, a measure similar in sub). stance to that rejected by the Lords last session
10.-General Le Flô arrives at Bordeaux to may arise from the precedent you refer to must undertake the direction of the Ministry of War. | rest on Mr. Childers, who officially published
- Storm on the Bridlington coast causing a paper containing grave charges against my. serious destruction to life and shipping pro
self while I was one of his colleagues, without perty. As many as eighteen vessels were | giving me an opportunity of explanation or thought to have foundered between Flam remonstrance. He thus left me no alternative borough Head and Auburn House.
but to reply to him officially, or submit to the
undeserved stigma he endeavoured to inflict on 11.- The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council give judgment in the case of the Rev.
11.-The 200,000,ooof. loan authorized by C. Voysey. Basing their decision on the appel
the City of Paris taken up by bankers in the lant's denial of the Articles relating to original sin, the sacrifice and sufferings of Christ, the
capital. Incarnation, and the Trinity, their lordships
12.-The National Assembly at Bordeaux confirmed the sentence of deprivation pro meet this afternoon for a preliminary sitting, nounced by the Chancery of York, and con
the oldest member, M. Benoit d'Arzy, occupydemned Mr. Voysey in costs. After a perusal ing the chair. Next day M. Jules Favre, in the of the appellant's writings they were driven to name of his colleagues at Bordeaux and Paris, the conclusion that he advisedly rejected the resigned their power as the Government of the doctrines on the profession of which alone he National Defence into the hands of the repre. was admitted to the position of a minister in the
sentatives. Thanks (he said) to your patriotism Church. The appellant was allowed a week and reunion, we hope that the country, having within which he might retract his opinions-a been taught by misfortune, will know how permission he declined to avail himself of, to heal her wounds and to reconstitute the though grateful (he wrote) that “another op
national existence. “I hope that I shall be portunity has been afforded me of 'expressly
able to confirm to those with whom we have and unreservedly' reaffirming all those opinions to negotiate, that the country can do its duty. which their lordships declare to be contrary to (Loud cheers.) The enemy must know that the Thirty-nine Articles, and of rejecting the | we have the honour of France at heart. He offer of repurchasing my once cherished posi
will also know that all France will decide. In tion in the Established Church by proclaiming
conformity with the eventuality already foremyself a hypocrite."
seen by the Convention, a prolongation of the
armistice will probably become necessary. Let - Mr. Childers's “Minute" regarding the
us render this prolongation as short as possible, loss of the Captain leading to a difference of
in order not to lose a moment, and let us but opinion as to the share of responsibility in
think of the sufferings of the population of the curred by Admiralty officials, the Prime Minis
invaded districts." The Chamber then adopted ter (in the absence from ill health of the First
a motion for the provisional application of the Lord) endeavours to ascertain from Sir Spencer
standing order of 1848 and 1851. At the same Robinson when it would be convenient for
sitting General Garibaldi, "loving the Rehim to withdraw from the office of Controller.
public but hating the priesthood," renounced Sir Spencer replied that, not being a consenting
the office of Deputy with which he had been party in any way to the transaction, he could
honoured by several departments. He also only say that the arrangement was entirely in
resigned command of the Army of the Vosges, the Premier's own hands. “The fact that my
and soon after took his departure for Caprera. office as Lord of the Admiralty is held, as you
- The report from Paris to-day is that the rightly state, during pleasure, will not, I hope,
city is perfectly quiet and engaged in the task prevent you from acceding to my request that I
of revictualling. * M. Jules Favre was leaving should be allowed to see a memorandum which has led you to withdraw your confidence from
for Bordeaux. me. I am sure you will see the justice of com
- The terms of the Paris war contribution plying with this request, when you remember
finally arranged to-day : two millions sterling that in June last I consented to remain in a
to be paid in cash; a similar amount in Bank position far from satisfactory to myself at your
of France notes, and four millions in bills on request, on your representations that my services London. at the Admiralty were most valuable to the 13.- The Lord Advocate's Education Bill nation, and that their cessation would be in for Scotland introduced and read a first time. jurious to the public interests." To-day Mr. The measure proposed to take the present Gladstone writes :-“There will be no objec. system as a foundation, and to extend the tion whatever to the production of your reply area of rating to all lands and heritages, to the minute of the First Lord. It is clearly without exception, substituting real rent as the due to you. But in order to avoid what would rule of rating, so that all would contribute be an inconvenient precedent, the date of the according to actual possession. The management reply should be posterior to your quitting of the schools, in like manner, to be extended office.” Sir Spencer, thereupon, closed the to all persons who contributed to the rates correspondence :-“I regret that I cannot con The ratepayers to elect school boards for de sent to alter the date of my reply to Mr. ciding on the educational requirements of each Childers's Minute. Any inconvenience that district and fixing where new schools should
tee Bill for expelling the Jesuits out of Italian territory.
16.-Replying to a question submitted by Sir J. Hay, as to whether Mr. Odo Russell was instructed by her Majesty's Government to say that the Black Sea question was of a nature in its present state to compel us, with or without allies, to go to war with Russia, Mr. Gladstone said Mr. Russell had on this point spoken without authority; but he did not attach the slightest blame to Mr. Russell, “because it is perfectly well known that the duty of her Ma. jesty's diplomatic agents requires them to ex. press themselves in that mode in which they can best support and recommend the propositions of which they wish to procure accept. ance." Mr. Odo Russell afterwards explained that the reasons inducing him to use such an argument were, that Great Britain was bound by the Treaty of 1856, that Prince Gortschakoft's note assumed the right of Russia to renounce either the whole or part, that France was otherwise engaged, and Austria unprepared.
Mr. Gladstone's motion for a grant of 30,000l. as a dowry to the Princess Louise carried by a majority of 350 to 1 (Professor Fawcett) and two tellers-Mr. Taylor and Sir C. Dilke.
be established. It was proposed in the first instance to work the whole system under the general supervision of a Committee of Privy Council for Scotch Education sitting in London and administering the Parliamentary grant, The bill on the whole was savourably received by the Scotch members, and after some detailed criticism on the composition of the proposed Board, and the concessions made to heritors presently rated for the support of schools, was committed for a second reading on the 27th.
13.-The Cunard Mediterranean steamer Morocco, with a cargo valued at 150,000l., sinks in the Mersey, after coming into collision with the new Greek steamer Wyoming.
14.-Replying to Lord Cairns' criticism of Mr. Gladstone's statement in the House of Commons, Earl Granville reports that it was well known Lord Palmerston did not attach great importance to the Black Sea clauses of the Treaty of Paris, but on the contrary thought there might
a demand for their modification within ten years or possibly less.
Surrender of Belfort under a convention permitting the garrison to leave the fortress with all the honours of war. An armistice was concluded at the same time for the Côte d'Or, Jura, and Doubs.
15.-Mr. Chambers' Marriage with a De. ceased Wife's Sister Bill read a second time in the Commons by 125 to 84 votes.
In the Upper House of Convocation a motion submitted by the Bishop of Winchester, excluding Unitarians from the work of revising the Authorized Version of Scripture, was carried by a majority of 10 to 4. In the Lower House this resolution was so far modified as to preclude any expression of opinion on the point raised till a special committee appointed for the purpose had made their report.
Parliament of the Dominion of Canada opened, the Governor-General congratulating the House upon the auspicious circumstances of the country, and speaking in high terms of the gallant manner in which the Fenian invasion had been suppressed. Canada, it was urged, made no demand beyond what she was entitled to by treaty and the law of nations, nor had she sought to maintain the rights of her people in any other than a considerate, friendly spirit.
16.- In the House of Lords the Duke of Somerset obtains the appointment of a committee to inquire into “the constitution of the Board of Admiralty with reference to recent changes, and to the practical working of the department.”
Official intimation given that sealed letters may now be forwarded to Paris.
Recent negotiations between M. Jules Fayre and Count Bismarck, at Versailles, result in the prolongation of the armistice for five days—to the 24th.
Proposal made in the Italian Chamber for attaching a condition to the Pupe's Guaran
17.-Came on in the Court of Queen's Bench, the action raised by Mr. G. A. Sala against Messrs. Hodder and Stoughton, for libellous matter embodied in a work written by Mr. Hain Friswell, “ Modern Men of Letters Honestly Criticized,” and of which the defend. ants were the publishers. The article advanced a number of insinuations of an offensive nature against the private character of the plaintiff, mixed up with some indiscriminate laudation of his talents and capacities. On the second day of trial the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff-damages, 500l.
The Upper House of Convocation engage in the discussion of a petition signed by 900 clergymen of the Church of England, protesting against the decisions of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, on the ground that it was a lay tribunal and unsuited for the decision of spiritual affairs. After a debate as to the terms of the petition, it was ordered to lie on the table. In the Lower House Dean Stanley defended his proceedings in the matter known as the “ Westminster Communion." Nothing, he said, wnich tne House might think fit to pass should prevent him from acting on the principle upon which he had acted when he was the celebrant in Henry the Seventh's Chapel ; and, more, nothing which this House could pass could deprive him of his right as a ciergyman to administer the Sacra. ment under other laws and other rules than the laws and rules of the Church of England. Nor would he allow himself to be brought down from the high position which his office gave him by any vote ; and he quoted the words of American bishops as to the true catholicity of
the English Church, in its being unfenced in July last, tried at the Cumberland Assizes, about by declarations required in some sects, and acquitted, on the charge of manslaughter. thanking God from the bottom of his heart (See July 11.) that the English Church was thus free, that he
18.-Close of the Bavarian Diet, Prince Adalhad had the opportunity of showing this before bert in the name of the King expressing a deterthe face of the world, and that he was able thus mination to remain loyally attached to the whole to follow Bishop Wilson's well-known acts.
Fatherland. 17.-M. Thiers appointed Head of the
- The Danube, owing to an accumulation Executive Power, and M. Grévy President of
of ice, overflows its banks at Vienna and causes the Bordeaux National Assembly. A declara.
about 3,000 people to quit their dwellings. tion laid on the table from the Deputies of the
19.-In the National Assembly to-day M. Lower and Upper Rhine, Meurthe, and Moselle affirmed that « Peace in consideration of a
Thiers read a speech, in which he stated that,
though appalled at the painful task imposed cession of territory will never be a durable peace, but merely a momentary truce, which
upon him by the country, he accepted it with would soon be followed by another war. As
obedience, devotion, and love-sentiments of to ourselves, inhabitants of Alsace and Lorraine,
which France stood all the more in need, in
asmuch as she was unfortunate-more unfor. we are ready to resume fighting, and therefore we shall beforehand hold as null and void any
tunate than at any former period of her history.
But, he added, she is still great, young, rich, and offers, treaty, votes, or plébiscite which would
full of resources, and will always remain a have for effect to sever Alsace and Lorraine from France. We proclaim our right to remain
lasting monument of human energy. M. Thiers united to French soil, and we formally engage
then announced that in selecting the following to defend our honour." The discussion on the
members of the Ministry he had been guided declaration was voted urgent, and the Com
solely by the public esteem they enjoyed and mittee to whom it was committed promised
their public character and capacities :-M.
Dufaure-Minister of Justice ; M. Jules Favre that it would be passed to the Deputies en
-Minister of Foreign Affairs; M. Picard trusted to negotiate with Prussia.
Minister of the Interior ; M, Jules Simon- Mr. Cardwell introduces the army esti Minister of Public Instruction ; M. Lambrecht mates, the amount proposed to be voted being -Minister of Commerce; General Le Fl. 15,851,7001, or 2,886,7001. in excess of the Minister of War; Admiral Pothuan- Minister of preceding year. He took occasion to describe Marine. M. Jules Favre said the Government in detail the various features of army reform has deemed it necessary to unite Parliamentary which the Government had resolved on intro powers with those of the Executive, and producing. “We propose (he said) to increase poses in consequence that, in order to facilitate the Militia, to organize the Volunteers, to pro the negotiations, the Assembly should appoint vide for compulsory service in cases of a committee of fifteen deputies to proceed at emergency, to abolish purchase, to withdraw once to Paris, who will be in constant com. from lord-lieutenants the power they have now munication with the negotiators; the latter emin regard to the auxiliary forces (retaining their powered to negotiate in the name of the country, recommendation for first commissions), to com and the commission to report to the Assembly. bine the whole under general officers, to ap A deputation proceeded to Versailles to-night point colonels on the staff in sufficient numbers to ascertain the German terms of peace. to this army, to combine recruiting for the Line
- Attempt to assassinate Señor Riaz Zor. with that of the command of Reserves, to fuse
rilla, ex-President of the Cortes, while walking together as we can the Regular and Reserve
near Calle San Roque, Madrid. forces by appointing officers of the Regular
20.-In committee to-night on the Uni. army to positions in the Reserve, and by giving
versity Tests Bill, Mr. Fawcett's motion to subalterns of Militia commissions in the Line.
abolish the restrictions in favour of clerical headWe propose to brigade them together, to find
ships and fellowships was rejected by 182 to 160 field artillery for all armies, to enable counties
votes. The majority included several memto get rid of the inconvenience of billets, to
bers of the Opposition, while the minority gain command of the railway communication
were mostly pledged supporters of Government. of the country in case of emergency-in short,
In the course of a debate on Mr. Stephenson's we propose to unite all the voluntary forces of
amendment to remove from Clause 3 the ex the country into one defensive army, with
ception in favour of Divinity Degrees, Mr. power to supplement by compulsion in cases of
Gladstone explained that he was under promise emergency-all to be under the command of
to send up to the House of Lords a bill similar the general officers commanding in districts, sub
to last year's; so far as Mr. Fawcett's wish that ordinate to one Commander-in-Chief, who will
the Government would ponder was concernal, act with the approval of the Secretary of State ;
all he could say was that Government had and, therefore, the whole will be under the
seriously pondered the matter, and their decidirection and supreme control of her Majesty's
sion was irrevocable ; but it was open for Mr. responsible Ministers."
Fawcett to take any course he liked. If the 18.-Rowell, the railway stoker concerned House disapproved of the measure, some private in the fatal collision at Citadel Station, Carlisle, | member must take it up.
20.- The Bishop of Winchester's Benefices Registration Bill, designed to enable clergymen incapacitated by age or infirmity to resign on a moderate pension, read a second time.
Mr. Forster introduces the Ballot Bill, securing secret voting, and providing as far as possible against personation by compelling the voter to use an official paper only available after he had entered the polling booth. The use of public-houses as committee-rooms during elections was prohibited, and also the old plan of nominating candidates and declaring the result of the poll.
The French mails forwarded to Paris by way of Calais for the first time since the investment of the city by German troops. Regular railway service was established with Belgium on the 23rd.
Wide currency being now given to a rumour that the Germans intended to make a triumphal march into Paris, General Trochu writes :-“Since the enemy so desires, let the government of the city be given over to him, and let him bear alone the odium and responsibilities of his violence. As a mute and solemn protest, let the gates remain closed, and let him open them with his artillery, to which Paris disarmed will make no reply ; and let us leave the judgment of our cause to truth, justice, and history.”
21.–Mr. Trevelyan's motion for altering the tenure of the Commander-in-Chief's office, so as to enable the Secretary for War freely to avail himself of the best administrative talent and most recent military experience, rejected after debate by a majority of 201 to 83 votes.
22.-Versailles intelligence makes mention of a further extension of the armistice, to the 26th, a concession looked on in the City as confirmatory of rumours now current regarding an immediate and lasting peace. M. Thiers was received by the Emperor William this forenoon, and General Chanzy by the Crown Prince.
President Grant gives a general audience at Washington to O'Donovan Rossa and other Fenian conspirators.
23.–The Ecclesiastical Titles (Repeal) Bill read a second time in the House of Commons by 137 to 51 votes.
The University Tests Bill read a third time and passed by the House of Commons; Mr. Fawcett protesting against the measure in so far as it did not deal with clerical fellowships.
In the course of a debate raised by the Earl of Carnarvon on National Defences, the Duke of Cambridge, speaking as the military officer who was in a great measure responsible for the efñciencv of the army, said that from the day he first entered the army to the present moment he had supported every measure and every improvement which he believed had a tendency to promote the comfort of the British soldier,
23.-The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council give judgment in the appeal of the Rev. Mr. Purchas, known as the " Brighton Ritual case.” Their lordships considered that Mr. Purchas had offended against ecclesiastical law by wearing the chasuble, alb, and tunicle during the Communion service ; by using wine mixed with water and wafer bread in the administration of the Communion ; and by standing with his back to the people, between the Communion table and the congregation, during the consecration prayer.
The charges of wearing a cap called a biretta, and of using holy water, were not suisiciently proved to enable their lordships to come to a decision ; and on these points, therefore, the appeal was disallowed. The appellant was condemned in costs in both courts.
Lord Hartington gives notice of his intention to move for a Secret Committee to inquire into the state of the counties of Westmeath,
and King's County, the existence of unlawful combinations there, and the best means of suppressing them. The proposal gave rise to a sharp debate on the 27th, when Mr. Disraeli taunted the Premier with having recourse to a Committee of the kind proposed after being selected as the only man capable of dealing with the evils of Ireland, and backed by a majority which had legalized confiscation, consecrated sacrilege, and condoned high treason. 24.–Mr. Grant-Duff submits to
a thin House the Indian financial statement for the year 1870–71, showing an estimated revenue of 51,000,000l. and an expenditure of 50,000,000l.
- French Rentes quoted in Paris at 52f. 5c.
Professor Jowett, Master of Balliol, entertained at a banquet at the Albion, presided over by Dean Stanley.
Explosion in the Pentre Colliery, Rhonda Valley, Glamorganshire, causing the death of thirty-eight workmen, the whole employed at the time in the Welsh steam seam, where the disaster occurred.
Count Bernstorff presents his credentials as German Ambassador to the Queen at Buck. ingham Palace, and the Duc de Broglie as Am. bassador for the Government of France, now recognised by nearly all the European Powers.
Mr. Disraeli introduces a debate on the Black Sea Treaty by calling attention to the “mysterious inconsistency” of the Government regarding that question, and charges the Premier with confounding his own private and unpopular views with the policy of ihe Govern. ment of 1856, so far as to impute to departed statesmen of great eminence opinions which they did not hold, and contrary indeed to all their expressed convictions. Mr. Gladstone made an animated reply, imputing to his assailant artifice and ignorance, and explaining that the language said to have been used by Mr. Odo Russell recently at Versailles was in reality the language of Count Bismarck. As