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Where I have been, the Sabbath is uni. sent these people as perfect : No, alas! versally regarded ; not an individual is human nature is the same here as elsewhere, known, whether among the chiefs or the but I state facts which speak for thema common people, who does not attend die selves. vine worship on the Lord's day. The engagements of that holy day commence with a prayer-meeting, conducted entirely by

PITCAIRN'S ISLAND. the natives themselves at sunrise. Knowing the backwardness of Ch tians in Eng. It appears from the public papers that land to attend early prayer meetings, what on the 8th of March, 1819, Captain Ardo you think my surprise has been on go: thur, of the American Whale ship, Rus. ing to these services, to find their large sel, touched at the above island, where he places of worship literally filled. This is found about fifty inhabitants, descended the fact at all the situations which I have from the mutineers who seized Captain visited; the whole congregations indeed Bligh's ship, the Bounty. When at the disattend. At nine o'clock in the morning, tance of three or four miles from the shore, and at three in the afternoon, there is pub- they were boarded by the crew of a boat lic worship and preaching, when their places from the island, who were remarkably inare crowded. The .congregations make a teresting young men.

Bread and butter very decent appearance; all is solemn and were set before them, but they refused to becoming. They have congregational sing. eat, alleging that it was their fast-day ; but ing, and it is conducted with great proprie- being much importuned to eat, they party. In the intervals of worship, there is took, though slightly, but not till after catechising of both young and old. The they had implored a blessing. And after natives dress all their food on Saturdays ; their repast was finished, a hymn and not a fire is lighted, not a canoe is seen on prayer was preferred with great devotional the water, not a journey performed, not propriety. Their boat needing repair, was the least kind of worldly business done on taken on deck, and completed before the the Sabbath. So far as outward appear. next morning, to their great satisfaction. ances go, this day is here kept indeed holy; After landing on the island, Captain Ar. by multitudes, I doubt not, it is kept thur and others ascended a high hill, as really so.

sisted by a young man named Robert The missionaries have already translated Young. They then met with the venerand printed the gospels of Matthew, Luke, able governor, John Adams, who was at. and John, which are in the hands of the tended by most of the women and children people, and nothing can induce them to of the island, and were welcomed to their part with them. The word of God is in- shores in the most artless yet dignified deed precious here. The Scriptures are manner. They were then invited to the the companions of the people wherever village, and a dinner was prepared for them,

Not a family (I am told) is consisting of pigs, fowls, yams, and plan. known that has not family worship, morn. tains. A blessing was asked, and thanks ing and evening, every day. At every returned in an impressive manner. missionary station there is a church formed; At night they were provided with beds, and though it is only between two and and in the morning at seven, a plentiful three years ago that they were organized, breakfast was prepared for them. At dinmany real Christians have united to enjoy ner also they were equally well provided the benefits of the Lord's Supper, and many for. In the afternoon, about three, they more at every station are waiting with eager took an affectionate leave of their friendă, desire to obtain admission. At one of and returned to the ship, well pleased with these are 20 members, at another 62, at their entertainment. another 74, at a fourth 102.

Before we leave Pitcairn's Island, it will No public immorality or indecency is not be improper to make a few observaseen. All drunkenness and profane swear. tions. The time and manner of its cola ing are unknown here. All their former nization are to most general readers well sports and amusements are completely put known. John Adams and six Otaheitean down. Their morais are almost all de. women are all that is left of the Bounty. molished, and many of them completely Forty-nine have been born on the island, obliterated ; and it is a singular fact, that two of whom are dead, which leaves fiftychapels now occupy the very ground on three persons on the island, now all in good which many of them stood. Never before health without a single exception. There did the Gospel obtain so complete and so are about eleven active young men, who universal a triumph in any country over are ready and willing at all times to assist heathenism, cruelty, superstition, and ig- a ship's crew in procuring wood and water,

Think not that I wish to repre- or any thing else the island affords. Joha

they go;



Adams assures us, and from what we our- tions. A brief notice, however, on this selves saw, we have no reason to disbelieve subject, occurs in a letter from Dr. Carey,

him, that the island was inhabited before dated in September last, which must not be themselves, but at what period it is difficult overlooked. His words are, “ Several verto conjecture. They found, after their ar. sions of the New Testament have lately rival, many places where houses had stood, been printed off, which had not before been burying places, and images representing a published ; and several more are approachhuman figure, with other indubitable marks ing to a conclusion.” By a reference to the that they were not the first possessors of last Memoir, it will be seen, that in De. Pitcairn's Island. Itis, however, certain that cember, 1820, there were six versions of the aborigines left it at no recent period, the New Testament “ more than half as the trees growing on the house spots through the press," in addition to fifteen would not have arrived to their present size then completed, and that about ten months in less than 100 years, perhaps 500. The more were computed as necessary to finish land is high, and may be seen twelve or them. This calculation coincides so nearly fifteen leagues—its coast free of dangers with the date of the letter just quoted, as winda variable, which makes it easy to lie to justify the conclusion, that those six verod and on; the town is situate on the north sions are alluded to, and that, consequentside of the island, rather nearest the westly, soon after that letter was written they end the houses may be seen three or four had all been finished at press. It is, at leagues off by a ship coming from the least, reasonable to conclude that, unless

some unexpected impediment has occurred, The different names of the islanders are, this portion of the vast undertaking has Adams, Christian, sen. Christian, jun. been accomplished ere now; and that Young, Quintrall, and M.Kay.

twenty-one of the dialects of India, and Pitcairn's Lat. 25.3. S. by acct. 26.41. ; those by far the most extensive and importLong. 130.22. W. by acct. 128.52. ant, have been enriched by the publication

Henderson's Island lies E.N. E. from of the New Testament. On this subject, Pitcairn's 100 miles. Lat. 34.26. Long. and on the state and progress of the Native 138.30. W.

Schools, we may expect more ample infor.

mation from Mr. John Marshman, the BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. eldest son of Dr. Marshman, who is ex.

pected shortly to arrive in this country. (Extract from the Annual Report.) It appears that, of the whole number of

translations at first undertaken, fourteen We would commence our notice of the have been discontinued, principally through station at Serampore, so long and so ho- the inadequacy of funds to meet the exnourally distinguished in our Missionary penses. Some of these, in which considerwonals, by gratefully reporting that Mr. able progress has been made, are transferred Ward and his companions, who left this to other labourers, who have more recently omtry just before our last annual meet- entered upon the field, and whose local cir. ing, arrived in safety at Calcutta in the cumstances may enable them to carry formonth of October last. Their voyage had ward the work to its completion. Thus, been pleasant and agreeable; the exercises it was intended to resign the Telinga and of public and social worship had been re- Kunkuna translations, after printing the gularly maintained ; and, under the kind Pentaceuch, in addition to the New Testainstructions of Mr. Ward, considerable ment in each ; the former to the care of the proficiency was made in the study of Ben. Auxiliary Bible Society at Madras, the galee by Mr. Mack and other Missionary latter to that at Bombay. Similar arfriends who sailed with them. Mr. Ward rangements were contemplated in reference was gratified to find his brethren in health, to the Gujuratee and Kurnata versions. but learnt that though they were spared, The remaining dialects in which the work death had been commissioned to remove of translation is suspended, are spoken one of the Missionary family, and that Dr. principally in the remote provinces to the Carey had been called to mourn the re- north-west of the Peninsula, where, indeed, Doval of his excellent wife, to whom he for the present, opportunities of distribuhad been united upwards of thirteen years, tion would be exceedingly limited, as no and who was peculiarly qualified to be his Missionaries have as yet been sent to occompanion, by the eminence of her piety, cupy the ground. For it must never be and the vigour of her understanding. forgotten that there is a necessary connection

It was scarcely to be expected, after so between the two great means of propagatfall and circumstantial an account as we ing the gospel-that while the personal lavere enabled to give in our last Report, bours of a Missionary are not likely to be thout any new information could be present permanently effectual without a translation ed respecting the progress of the Transla- of the Bible, neither can the translation be


5 н

circulated to advantage among those for them, there is reason to hope that, in whose benefit it is intended, unless by the the adoption of this measure, our brepersonal agency of one who will exert him. thren were guided by unerring wisdom. self to unfold and impress the truths iš At Dum-dum, a military station some contains.

miles distant from Calcutta, religious worThe Second Annual Report of the Col. ship, which appears to have sustained some lege, under the direction of our brethren at interruption, has been renewed. Several Serampore, has been lately received. The afford evidence of having listened to the buildings are in a state of forwardness, and word with profit ; and the attendance has forty-five youths are enjoying the advan- been so great, that a subscription has been tages of education there. Of those, about set on foot for building a new place of thirty are the children of Christian parents, worship. On this pleasing prospect the rewith whom Mr. Ward unites in domestic fections of our brethren are so just and worship twice every day.

striking, that we cannot forbear subjoining Several additions appear to have been them. “ That a number of poor soldiers, made to the Church in the course of the who rejected all the calls of the Gospel in past year. Referring to this subject, in a their youth, and left their native country, letter written soon after his return, Mr. generally speaking, destitute of all religious Ward observes, " The increase of the native attachments, should be arrested by the voice Christians since I left this has been great, of the Good Shepherd, and thus induced and a number appear to be added, every to relinquish revellings and dissipation, and month, in one part of India or another." to attach themselves to the self-denying A similar account is given by Dr. Carey, duties of piety in this heathen country, will who, in a communication dated about the be contemplated with deep and pleasing same time, indulges a spirit of grateful interest, by all who wait and pray for the complacency in contrasting the present progress of divine truth in these regions. state of India, with that in which he found For, as the example of thousands of our it. “ It is now," said he, “twenty-eight countrymen has proved, hitherto, one of years, within a few days, since I first land- the principal stumbling blocks to the dised. There was then no sanctification of the semination of the gospel, so we may hope, Sabbath, and a very thin attendance on the that the conduct, the prayers, and probaonly preacher of the gospel in this presi- bly the personal exertions of these people, dency. Infidelity was the general open may help to repair, in some measure, the profession, and it would have been reckoned injuries done to the cause of God in former a gross violation of decorum, to introduce years, and finally entail a blessing upon the subject of religion in any company many who are ready to perish." whatever. Now, the whole body of society Adequately to supply all these various has assumed a comparatively religious as. scenes of labour, in addition to the other' pect, and not a few in every station are de- important Missionary objects which claim cidedly pious."

their attention, would have been beyond At Calcutta, a variety of events have oc- the power of the brethren united at Cal. curred in the past year; some of a pleasing, cutta, had their little band remained others of a very painful nature. The new unbroken, and the health and strength chapel, for English worship, was opened in of each individual entire. But in both March, 1821 ; the expense, about £3000, these respects they have been exercised with had been nearly defrayed by subscriptions painful trials. We mention with deep reon the spot. The native places of wor

gret, that Mr. William Adam, lately one ship are continued as before, excepting

of their number, has embraced opinions that the chapel, erected at the expense of a

derogatory to the honour of the Saviour pious female servant, having been found too denying the proper Divinity of our Lord distant from the road to command a toler. Jesus Christ; in consequence of which able congregation, has been taken down, the connexion between him and the Society and ground procured for rebuilding it in a

has been dissolved. Several of the other more populous neighbourhood ; to the ex

Missionaries have been visited in succession, pense of which, this liberal woman had with severe personal affliction, so as to be cheerfully contributed. A new station has laid aside for a while from their accustomed also been occupied at Howrah, a very po- labours. We have unfeigned pleasure, pulous suburb of Calcutta, in which reside however, in adding, that, with the exception many Englishmen, and thousands of na- of Mr. Eustace Carey, all had been restives, who were all previously destitute of tored nearly to perfect health ; and that the means of grace. From the lively the last accounts respecting that valuable interest which has been shown, and the Missionary, warranted the hope of his rem exertions made, by the inhabitants, for covery also. the introduction of the gospel among

The Mission Press, under the manage


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ment of Mr. Pearce, continues to act as a nently consistent.

He is regularly em.
very powerful auxiliary in the dissemination ployed in preaching, and bids fair to be-
of gospel truth. Since the last Report on come a very useful minister of the gospel to
this subject, nearly 70,000 tracts and his countrymen. Another Brahmun was
school books have been published, besides under instruction, as an inquirer, at the
the Sungskrit grammar, by Mr. Yates, and date of the last accounts, of whom they
a variety of other works. The effects of had pleasing hopes.
this method of propagating divine know. A communication, just received, enables
ledge, have at length become so apparent us to give an encouraging account of the
as to induce some respectable natives to progress of native female education. Three
unite in adopting the same expedient on schools have been established, under the
behalf of the Brahmunical system. These care of as many native women, containing
persons have established a periodical work, in all, seventy-six pupils, embracing all the
entitled, the Brahmunical Magazine, or the different castes, and varying in age from
Missionary and Brahmun ; discovering, five to thirty; and it was expected that a
indeed, much ignorance of the gospel, and fourth school would soon be added. It is
abounding in misrepresentations of the mentioned, further, that a learned native
motives of those whom they attack : but was about to publish a pamphlet on the
the appearance of which is hailed by subject, designed to prove that it was for.
our brethren, as it will probably help to merly customary among the Hindoos to
cherish that spirit of inquiry and investiga. educate their females, and that the practice
tion, which has been hitherto so foreign to is neither disgraceful nor injurious; from
the Hindoo character.

the circulation of which much benefit was
It was mentioned in the last Report, anticipated. On the whole, our missionary
that Messrs. Yates and Pearce had under- friends at the station, consider that the ob-
taken a Missionary tour, of considerable stacles, which have hitherto impeded this
extent, up the country. By a journal of great object, are now so much lessened, as
this excursion, which has since been re- to admit of their proposing to establish a
ceived, we learn that, among other places, female school, at the expense of any indi-
they visited the city of Nuddea, the great vidual, congregation, or society, who may
seat of native literature in Bengal. With be desirous of supporting it, and which
a view to communicate their message to the might be distinguished by any name speci-
learded men residing there in the most fied by the contributors. The expense of
agreeable form, they had prepared tracts in each is estimated at L.20 per annum ; and
the Sangskrit language, and the result was a regular account of the monies received
bighly gratifying. A number of these for this purpose, and of the state of the
pablications, which, in any other shape, schools, will be given to the public, through
would probably have been rejected with

the medium of our annual reports.
coatempt, were received with great readiness,
ad thus, as our brethren express it, “ the
gospel was introduced into the only univer-

sity of Bengal, by means of publications in
the Latin of the East.”

If, on the one hand, our brethren at this (Extracts from the Second Report.)
station have been deprived of that aid on
the continuance of which they might have The tirst Report contains a view of the
calculated, they have been encouraged by general plan on which all the Associations
accessions to their number equally unex- are conducted. Repetition here is unne-
pected. A Mr. Statham, of whose pre- cessary as to the peculiar mode by which
vious history an account, furnished by him. this plan is carried into effect. All which
self, was inserted in the Missionary Herald it may be proper to state, before entering
for September last, after having preached, into the details of each Association, is, that
under their sanction, for some time, with the first Report included the progress of
Ceasiderable acceptance, was invited to be the Associations from the time of their in-
course a member of their Missionary Union; stitution down till September, 1821, em-
and this step has been fully sanctioned by bracing, particularly with regard to the
the Commiuee, to whom it was referred for Town Parish Associations, a period of fif.
ratification. A native too, called Anunda, teen months; and with regard to the Abbey
has been baptized in the course of the past Parish Association, a period of thirteen
Feaz, in whom they greatly rejoice. He is months. This Report therefore includes
• Brahmun of respectable family, and has only twelve months; and this circumstance
had to encounter violent opposition from should be kept in view in comparing the
his relatives; but his constancy has remained free proceeds of this year with the free pro
anshaken, and his whole demeanour emi. ceeds of the former period, as it will ac



count in part for the great difference which To Gaelic Schools' Society, for will be observed between them. The com. Bibles,

£7 0 0 parison should be made with the deduction

· Jews' Society, do.

5 0 0 of nearly a fourth on the total amount in order to ascertain the real increase or dimi

£164 0 0 nution of funds in the respective Associa- . The free proceeds of the former year tions.

amounted to £223, leaving a decrease this The disposeable funds of the Middle year of £59. The united and comparaParish Association for the present year tive view here given thus shows, that even amounted to

£45 0 O deducting a fourth, in consideration of the Of the Low Parish to

36 0 0 fifteen months as before stated, there has Of the High Parish to 47 00 upon the whole been a diminution of in. And of the Abbey Parish to 36 0 0

crease. This diminution is, however, to a

certain extent more nominal than real ; for

£164 0 0 two of the associations, by leaving accounts The particular distribution of funds by for Bibles unpaid the preceding year, and the different Associations is specified in each one by advancing money at the close of treasurer's account, and the result of all is : this year for Bibles not yet subscribed for, To the British and Foreign Bi.

have necessarily diminished their disposeble Society,

£95 00 able funds at the present date. One thing the Hibernian Society for

is certain, and a ground of encouragement Bibles,

14 00 in prosecuting the object of the associations, - the Sunday School Society for

that the number of subscribers in both de. Ireland, do.

1200 partments has not been diminished. There the Continental Society, do. 12 O is an increase of two free subscribers, and Baptist Society, do. 12 00 of twenty-six Bible subscribers. -Scottish Missionary Society, do. 7 0 0



Messrs. Boyd and Mitchell of Kenning- An advertiser in Dublin announces the ton-Lane, have invented an Antiseptic Mi, discovery of a permanent composition for neral Black Paint. It is an effectual pre. fruit-walls, by which he asserts he can so servative of wood, iron, canvas, and cord- ripen grapes, as to make any quantity or age; and is particularly adapted to ships' fine wines in the united kingdom. He probottoms, bows, and bends; barges, boats, poses also to extend its application to other weather boarding, gates and posts, fences, fruits, and to early vegetables. We lately hop poles, and all kinds of timber; and saw a better plan in the garden of Mr. for iron work, brick and every other Frend of Canterbury. He trains his vines surface in exposed or damp situations, – near the ground, and in some cases under its properties remaining uninjured from the low cucumber-frames; and, in consequence, effects of salt or fresh water. One of its obtains abundance of fine grapes. The sucimportant qualities is the preservation of cess of the vintage in the northern protimber against dry-rot; and it is also ap. vinces of France seems entirely to result plicable in the preparation of cordage to from the plants being very low, and the form the trellis-work of inclosures for fruit receiving the reflections of the ground. poultry, pheasantries, &c. which will be Captain Franklin, and the persons comthen found as durable as iron wire, at one. posing the north-west land expedition, have fifth part of the expense.

returned to England. The toils and the To distinguish oxalic acid (which is a sufferings of the expedition have been of poison,) from Epsom salt, it is recom- the most trying description. It was fitted mended to taste one drop of it, or else a out in the summer of 1819, and in 1820 particle of the suspected crystals ; and, if was enabled, by the liberal aid and reinit be oxalic acid, it will be found extremely forcement of the N. W. Company, to ad. sour, like most other acids, whilst the taste vance to the shores of the Great Bear Lake, of Epsom salt is rather bitter.

where it encamped and wintered. In the

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