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Dr. Petticolas said he had on on one occasion kept grapes in cork sawdust until the May exhibition, perfectly sound; but they were aff cted by the odor, so that they were unfit to eat. This was in an open box. At another time he kept some in a tight box, and they all rotted.
The ordinary methods of keeping apples were referred to—daring which Major Millikm said that ia his experience, boxes or drawers were much belter for keeping apples in than boxes; they were more economical, easier handled, and when began on a box sooner used up; for, after being opened, they are apt to decay soon.
Cinoisnati Horticultural Rooms, March 2, 1861.
From B. M Nyce, of Decatur county, Indiana—kept in his Fruit Preservator— Apples picked August 12th, B. Bosc, Clion, Flemish Beauty, belle Luc rati ve, in fine condition.
Also, Grapes, Catawba, from Kelley's Island, Ohio, as good as fresh.
Jjso. A. Warder, Chairman.
Report on fruits preserved by B. M. Nyce, Mackoy's Station, Decatur county, Ind., in his patented pieserving house, some of which were picked August 12, J 860.
Beurre Busc, the original flavor and qualities very well preserved.
Clion, or Vicar of Wakefield, as good as it can be in its unripened condition, bat showing that the principle of preservation is a perfect one. These specimens were picked before fu;ly ripe.
Urbaniste—delicacies, a very fine pear, admirably preserved.
Autumn Colmar, well preserved.
Jamioette, a winter pear; sweet, and as good as usual.
Grapes, Catawba, from Kelley's Island; reported to be as good as when first picked.
Your committee take great pleasure in noticing these fruits, which are the resalt of the application of science to the every-day operations of the farm and garden. The horticulturist may grow the finest fruits in their season, and enjoy them with his friends in thtir day; but it lequires the patient efforts of the man who will studiously apply the aids of science to the wants of hU fellow man, to preserve these choice results for an almost indefinite period. Here we have some delicious fruits, preserved lor nearly seven months, and presented to us in their perfect condition.
Approved. Wm. Stoms,
E. M. Reillt,
July 20, 1861.
From Eenj M. Nyce, of Mackoy's Station, Decatur county, Indiana:
Apples—Growth of 1860, preserved in his Patent Preserving Fruit Room: Pennock, Romanite or Gilpin, White Winter Pearmain, White Bellflower, Rhode Island GreeniDg, Pryor'ts Red, Northern Spy, Raul's Janet, Rambo, Campfield.
Strawberries—Gathered seven weeks since—sound and fresh.
Potatoes—Growth of 1860, perfectly sound, showing no disposition to sprout, or grow, or wilt.
These products furnish further evidence, if any such were needed by this Society, that the ingi nious application of scientific truths has enabled our enterprising friend Nyce to arrest the natural process of decay in our perishable fruits, most of which appear before us in a perfectly sound condition after months of isolation from the parent trees upon which they acquired their growth and perfect maturation.
Jno. A. Warder, Chairman.
Report to Cincinnati Horticultural Society, upon the Pears forwarded to the Society by Mr. B Al. Nyce, of Indiana, from his Ice Conservatory, and placed in the hands of your humble servant to return when ripe, to report.
Dko. 15, 1861.
Said pears, upon being subjected to a heat nearly uniform of 70 degrees, were found to ripen too rapidly to warrant me any hopes of bringing the same in for the action of our regular Fruit committee. Hence, an impromptu committee, composed of the following gentlemen, was invited to assist in testing the qualities of the fruit:
Mr. H. J. Estcourt, of Ireland; Mr. J. C. Aldrich, of New York; and M. J. F. Cole, of Cincinnati.
Comments, as follows, will show the estimate of the same, as made by them:
No. 1. Rousellette Stuttgardt—Juicy, and of a ricli saccharine flavor, reminding one somewhat of the Belle Seckle.
No. 2. Bartlett—Kept a little too long; still somewhat juicy; a little more saccharine than usual, and quite good.
No. 3. Belle Lucrative (?) or something else, enjoying all that excellence for fine flavor, and melting-buttery lusciousness that so deservedly belongs to the Belle's reputation—fully up to the Belle's summer reputation.
No. 4. Unknown—in good condition—rather of an insipid sweetness, apparently its natural character; sound, and free from blemish.
Rousellette Stuttgardt—Rich flavor, saccharine, and perfectly natural tone of excellence.
Bartlett—Good enough to remind you of its finer qualities—kept a little too long.
Belle Lucrative—Is in full and complete condition—rich, juicy and delicious— fully up to its summer reputation—very juicy and buttery.
One—not recognized—in good condition—insipid sweetness, naturally so, apparently, but free from b'emish.
Also, the 'well known Buerre Bosc; enjoying in every particular all of its well known characteristics of excellence.
We feel warranted in saying that all of the foregoing fruit attained their natural color at maturity, and seems to be entirely divested of any foreign odor or flavor, so common to fruit kept by any process out of their ordinary seasons.
Hubert Ki.illt, Chairman.
PAINTINGS, DBA WIN OS, ETC.
Best life-size photograph, colored, Lewis Seebohn. Dayton 810 and med.
Second best life-size photograph, colored, J. W. Cridland, Dayton . .86 and dipl.
Best uncolortd photograph, Lewis Seebohn, Dayton Silver medal.
Second best uncolored photograph, S. Gessman, Dayton Diploma.
Best specimen fruit painting, E. Edmondson, Dayton Silver medal.
Best specimen flower painting, Miss Mary Forrer, Dayton"
Best engraving on stone, Ehrgott, Forbinger & Co., Cincinnati ...."
Best collection of marble work, E. La Dow, Dayton Silver medal.
Best architectural drawings, M. Burrows, Dayton Diploma.
Best specimen marble sculpture, E. La Dow, Dayton Silver medal.
Best collection and greatebt variety of Ohio birds, Thos. B. Whiley,
Best grand or semi-grand piano, Soehner & Rex, Dayton Silver medal.
Best violin, J. T. Kecney Sc Son, Dayton"
COUNTY SOC1ET1ES REPORTS ON F1ELD CROPS.
The only entry for premiums on field crops was for wheat. The premium was awarded to Mr. B. F. Reid, of Cedarville township, Greene county, who cultivated a field of seven acres on the farm of Mr. John Reid; a lot of " common secondrate land, sown to flax, then plowed, harrowed, and wheat-drilled in on the 16th of October, at the rate of one and one-half bushel to the acre." The product was 185J bushels, or 26£ bushels to the acre. Mr. Reid itemizes the cost of the crop as follows:
Plowing once tlO 80
Harrowing twice 4 00
Drilling 3 00
Reaping 7 00
Binding and shocking 8 00
Hauling to the barn 6 00
Threshing, cleaning, BDd sacking 20 00
Total cost of cultivation $58 50
To this should have been added the cost of the seed, and, to show what was the real net profit of the crop, a fair per cent, upon the capital iovestt d in the land. These two items added, would probably run the cost to about 9 i06 62. At this point we will leave the case for some farmer friend to make a showing of the profits.
At (he annual meeting of the Society, held on the 6th day of January, 1862, the following premiums were awarded on field crops, to wit: R. Baker, of Avon, first premium on one acre of wheat, 33yJ bushels.
R. Baker's Wheat—1861.
One acre of Kentucky white wheat entered for competition for premium offered by the Lorain County Agricultural Society, 1861.
The soil is a mixture of black loam and cl y. Tbe previous crops were, three years corn, and one crop of oats (in 1860). Commenced plowing August 15th, 6 inches deep, across the former plowing for oats, which was in lands one rod wide. Sowed broadcast, September 6th, 1-J bush. Kentucky white wheat to the acre; thoroughly harrowed with a pair of Scotch harrows; rolled it with a heavy roller; sowed 1 peck of herd's grass to the acre; harrowed it again; plowed out the old furrows, to take off surface water, leaving the lands about one rod wide, as in the previous oat crop; cut July 18th; hauled into barn July 24th ; threshed August 8th. The grass injured the wheat crop to some extent, it being a fu 1 growth.
(Signed) R. Baker.
This is to certify that I measured one acre of R. Baker's wheat, and assisted to weigh the same, and found 33 bushels 17 lbs., at 60 lbs. per bushel.
(Signed) G. 8 Phelps.
Slate of Ohio, Putnam County.
H. V. Watts, being duly sworn, says that he raised a crop of wheat the past season on his farm in Ottawa township, upon tbe land measured by J. L. H. Long, and that the quantity of wheat raised thereon was three hundred and ten bushels, makir g twenty-seven and five-ninths bushels per acre. This wheat was raised on bottom land that had been tended in corn twenty years; the soil is a block loam. The seed was sown about the 7th and 8th days of September, plowed in with corn by a shovel plow. The Mediterranean seed was used.
Expense of Seed, Culture, dec.
Two and a half days' plowing with horse 82 60
Thirteen bushels seed wheat 13 00
Harvesiing and threshing 50 00
Use of land 33 76
Total expense 899 26
Wheat estimated at one dollar per bushel, three hundred and ten bushels. 8310 00
Net profit per acre 18 69
Nov. 17, 1861. H. V. Watts.
We, the undersigned, do hereby certify that we measured a piece of ground tended in corn the present season by John and Kersey Rttley, and found it to contain two acres and one rod; and tLat we helped husk and measured the corn that grew upon the tame, and found it to be one hundred and fifty bushels and seventeen and two ttird pounds of shelled corn. Salathiil Morlan,
J. C. Greek.
The soil on which my corn grew is a sand and loam, in parts mixed with gravel. It had been lying in grass for five or six years; was plowed about the first of April, from six to seven inches deep; was twice harrowed, and planted about the 15th of May with good seed, of a variety known as the "Kemble," or lit le "Gourd Seed" corn. A part of the ground had some manure from the horse-stable spread upon it before breaking it up. The corn was planted in hills about lour feet each way, and was thinned so as to leave but three stalks in each hill; was tended three times with cultivator and once with plow; hoed once.
Expense of Cultivation.
Hauling manure one day 81 50
Plowing groui d 3 00
Harrowing, planting, &c 2 50
Cultivating lour timee 3 00
Husking and cribbing 3 00
To offset this, we may add 1,000 pumpkins 810 00
And fodder, over and above expense of saving 2 00
R. Baker, first premium on one acre of corn, 118i£ bushels.
Second premium on corn to A. R. Taylor, Elyria, 115TM bushels per acre."
A. R. Taj lor, Elyria, first premium on one acre of oats, 78^| bushels.
William II. Chandler, to whom was awarded first premium on a crop of 124 bushels of Indian corn, raised on one acre of ground, says: