the Roman knights on his right tow- wheel at full gallop round the rear of ards the river, and the horsemen of the their own army, and to join the Nuallies on the left.

midian horfe on their right, who were “Hannibal no sooner saw this move- fill engaged with the Roman allies. ment and disposition of the enemy, By this unexpected junction, the left than he hastened to meet them on the wing of the Roman army was likewise plain which they had chosen for the put to flight, and pursued by the Afri. held of action. He likewise passed the can horse; at the same time the Spanish Aufidus, and, with his left to the river, cavalry prepared to attack the Roman and his front to the south, formed his infantry, wherever they should be orarmy upon an equal line with that of dered, on the flank or the rear. the enemy.

“ While these important events took “ He placed the Gaolish and Spa- place on the wings, Hannibal amused nish cavalry on his left facing the Ro- the Roman legions of the main body man knights, and the Numidians on with a singular movement that was his right facing the allies.

made by the Gauls and Spaniards, and “ The flanks of his infantry, on the with which he proposed to begin the right and the left, were composed of action. These caine forward, not in the African foot, armed in the Roman a straight line a-breast, but swelling manner, with the pilum, the heavy out to a curve in the centre, without buckler, and the stabbing sword. His disjoining their flanks from the Africentre, though opposed to the choice can infantry, who remained firm on of the Roman legions, consisted of the their ground. Gaulish and the Spanish foot, variously “ By this inotion they formed a armed, and intermixed together. kind of crescent convex to the front.

Hitherto no advantage seemed to The Roman manipules of the right be taken on either side. Ăs the armies and the left, fearing, by this singular fronted south and north, even the sun, disposition, to hare no share in the acwhich rose soon after they were form- tion, hastened to bend their line into ed, shone upon the flanks, and was no a corresponding curve, and, in propordisadvantage to either. The superi- tion as they came to close with the ority of number was greatly on the side enemy, charged them with a confident of the Romans; but Hannibal rested and impetuous courage. The Gauls his hopes of victory on two circum- and Spaniards refifted this charge no stances; first, on a motion to be made longer than was necessary to awaken by his cavalry, if they prevailed on the precipitant ardour with which viceither of the enemy's wings; next, on torious troops often blindly pursue a a position he was to take with his cen- flying enemy. And the Roman line tre, in order to begin the action from being bent, and fronting inwards to thence, to bring the Roman legions the centre of its concave, the legions into some disorder, and expose them, pursued where the enemy led them. under that disadvantage, to the attack Hurrying from the flanks to share in which he was prepared to make with the victory, they narrowed their space his veterans on both their flanks. as they advanced, and the men who

“ The action accordingly began were accustomed to have a square of fix with a charge of the Gaulish and Spa- feet clear for wielding their arms, benish horse, who, being superior to the ing now pressed together so as to preRoman knights, drove them from their vent entirely the use of their swords, ground, forced them into the river, found themselves struggling against each and put the greater part of them to the other for space, in an inextricable and sword. By this event the Aank of the hopeless confufion. Roman army, which might have been Hannibal, who had waited for joined to the Aufidus, was entirely un- this event, ordered a general charge of covered.

his cavalry on the rear of the Roman “ Having performed this service, legions, and at the same time an at. the victorious cavalry had orders to tack from his African infantry on both

their flanks; by these difpofitions and who, in this extremity of their fortunes, joint operatiuns, without any confide- might be charged with the care of the rable loss to himself, he effected an al- commonwealth, the fenate, as conscious moft incredible Naughter of his ene- that he had acted at Cannz by their mies. With the loss of no more than own instructions, and had, upon the four thousand, and these chiefly of the fame motives that animated the whole Spanish and Gaulith infantry, he put Roman people, disdained, with a sufifty thousand of the Romans to the perior army, to stand in awe of his fword.

enemy, or refuse him battle upon equal " The Consul, Emilius Paulus, had ground, went out in a kind of proces. bæn wounded in the fhock of the ca. hon to meet him; and, upon a noble valry; but when he saw the condition idea, that men are not answerable for in which the infantry were engaged, the strokes of fortune, nor for the he refused to be carried off, and was effects of superior address in an enemy,

The Consuls of the preceding they overlooked his temerity and his year, with others of the same rank, misconduct in the action; they attendwere likewise killed. Of fix thousand ed only to the undaunted aspect he horse only seventy, troopers escaped preserved after his defeat, returned him with Varro. Of the infantry three thanks for not having despaired of the thousand fled from the carnage that commonwealth I; and from thence fortook place on the field of battle, and ward continued their preparations for ten thousand who had been posted to war, with all the dignity and pride of. guard the camp were taken.

the moft prosperous fortune. They “ The unfortunate Consul, with refused to ranfom the prisoners who had such of the ftragglers as joined him in been taken by the enemy at Cannæ, and his retreat, took post at Venufia; and treated with fullen contempt rather with a noble confidence in his own in- than severity those who by an early tegrity, and in the resources of his fight had escaped from the field; becountry, put himself in a posture to ing petitioned to employ them again Telift the enemy, till he could have in- in the war, “ We have no service (they fructions and re-inforcements from faid) for men who could leave their Rome.”

fellow citizens engaged with an eneThe effect which this and other dif- my." They seemed to rise in the midst astrous events produced on the spirit of their distress, and to gain strength of the Romans is described with great from misfortune. They prepared to beauty.

attack or to resift at once in all the "The Romans were apprized of this different quarters to which the war was formidable accession to the power of likely to extend, and took their meatheir enemy, as well as of the general fures for the support of it in Spain, in defection of their own allies, and of Sardinia, and Sicily, as well as in Italy. the revolt of their subjects. Though They continued their fleets at fea; not taxes were accumulated on the people, only observed and obstructed the comand frequent loans obtained from the munications of Carthage with the seats commiflaries and contractors employed of the war, but having intercepted part in the public service, their experces of the correspondence of Philip with began to be ill supplied. There ap. Hannibal, they sent a powerful squapeared not, however, in their councils, dron to the coast of Epirus; and, by an notwithstanding all these circumstances alliance with the States of Etolia, of diftress, not the smallest disposition whom they perfuaded to renew their to purchase fafety by mean conceffions late war with Philip, found that prince of any fort. When the vanquished sufficient employment on the frontiers Consul returned to the city, in order of his own kingdom, effectually preto attend the nomination of a person vented his sending any supply to Han

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nibal, . He has received from the poet the following honourable grave: Animæque magnæ prodigum Paulum superante Pæno. Hor. Car. lib. i. Ode 12. + Liv. lib. xxiii. In the famous and ade thised expression, Quia de republica non desperaffet.


nibal, and, in the sequel, reduced him racter of the degenerate Carthaginians, to the humiliating necessity of making whom the most trifling success elevated a separate peace.

into infolence, while the flightelt reTo this national energy and magna- verse of fortune funk them into the nimity, which supported the Romans meanest and most impotent dejection. in all the extremities of their fortune,

(To be continued.) we have a striking contrast in the cha

ARÍ. VIII. Physical Prudence; or, the Quack's Triumph over the Faculty. Ina Joribed to Lord J. Cavendish.

12 mo. Wilkic. AN address to the quacks, which is to the sons and daughters who inhabit prefixed to Phyfical Prudence, and is the earth; whose depravity, in after nearly as long as the work itself, con- days, will open many fluices of woe to tains a congratulation to the respectable you unknown, which, but for your body of irregulars, whether itinerant, heir's care and tenderness, would soon or stationary, on their supposed tri. dislodge the race of mankind. Be unaumph over the physicians of the col- nimous in your endeavours to excel lege, on account of Lord J. Cavendish's those of your fraternity; more is not tax on quack medicines.

required. For his purpose, continue The author's style seems adapted to to enjoy your residence; but imitate the subject on which he writes. "It is a Caledonia's land, for hospitality and kind of half profe, and half blank verse politenets fameds let your walks, like mixture.. We now and then find some their's be open to every one desirous of ironical humour -for no man could instruction, where strangers are freely write thus seriously – but such a strange admitted, and may remark your inftituunion of quackery, and state affairs, tion is founded on principles which iephyfic and taxation, is rarely to be dound to learning and to honcur.* As found.

to those fons of nature, do not fear The following speech of Prudence them; seldom shall their works in a may give our readers fome idea of the fucceflive age, be named: the present author's language, and the panegyric iu rise and growth may be buzzed abroad; thenote on the University of Edinburgh, but to the duft eren their memory shali which by the way we believe it really be foon configned. Not fo with your merits, may lead us to suspect the coun, race; many a name with hallowed vetry, or at least the place of education, neration Thall be pronounced, for wif, which boasts such a production as the dom and for meckness famed, after author of this pamphlet.

many ages they are fied; their works as “ To err is the lot of human nature." oracles shall be resorted to, to guide Let not shame, fit too heavy on your the distreffed wanderer in his way, hearts, neither reproach each other as Further remember, although you the the cause of your disgrace... General younger brethren are, yet you shall good will arise from this evil, which constantly retain the blessing of being thould be a constant memento against preferred in consultation, in searching presuming too much in your undertak. doubtful cases – an elder brother's priings to fufcitate the afflicted hopes : alfo vilege. Norshould those sons of genius it illustrates the necessity of a persever- be now permitted to range unrestrain, ing vigilance in the pursuit of a science ed, were it not to leave you a spur to {o promising to the increase of feliçity emulation, in finding out new arcana

to * The University of Edinburgh is on fo liberal a plan, that when the Lectures commence at term time, many persons attend who are not students, and when the term is far advanced, even strangers are readily admitted. The pupils at Edinburgh seem to be peculiarly happy in the persons of their prefent tutors, who are profetiors of different science, and will be long remembered with gratitude and veneration. The names of a few will justify the writer's sentiments; a CULLEN in physie, a MONRO in Anatomy, a DALZEL in Greek, a BLACK in Chemistry, a STEWART in Mathematics, a HOPE in Botany; with several other eminent men, well known in the Jéarned circle of life. Nor ought the inhabitants of this country, in general, to be forgotten in this eulonium, whole civility to travellers renders the novelty of the different scenes he paffes through, in this delighiful country, extremely agreeable.

to dissolve these enchanted plagues. plan, unless by art you can erect a pinTheir rise in the world's esteem cannacle from whose towering heights fa

' be only through your neglect or in- lofty, as at one glance you may view difference to relieve the needy, Be the whole orb. At present a free lia expeditious to regain loft credit į exert cense is granted to sele&t the different yourselves; fend forth parties of your atoms dispersed thereon, in order to community, who Thall be received with discover the open and the hidden beau, open arms in diftant countries, whose ties of this vast voluminous field; end. variety of taste and manners will ever less matter, fit forcontemplation's wing; fupply a fund for the ingenious mind which to the enquirer will as gradually to work on. Suspend those aspiring rise, as hill after hill does to the trathoughts to fathom creation's diffusive veller's fight."

ART. IX. Peggy and Patty; or, the Sijters of Afhdale. 4 vols. small 8vo. Dodsley.

THE ftory exhibited in these small of his travels to be sent after him, he volumes is briefly as follows:—Peggy ascends the identical vehicle that is and Patty Summers, the two eldest occupiedonly by the unfortunate sisters. daughters of a poor Cumberland curate, This dexterous purveyor, ftruck with alhamed to be longer a charge on their the beauty of our fair Cumbrians, infather's scanty pittance of thirty pounds ftantly marks them out for the prey of a year, and animated with the laudable his right honourable feeder desire of contributing to the support of From the first inn, he writes to his a numerous younger family from the employer, that he has met with two of carnings of their hunet industry, pre- the finest girls in the world, from whofe vail on their parents to write in their youth and innocence he has conceived behalf to a London cousin, who kind- the most fanguine hopes; not forgetting ly undertakes to procure them fome to inform him of his having previously creditable service among her acquaint- bought three very promising young ance, and to receive them into her own bitches, and a poney of respectable pedihouse till they can be provided for. gree. By practicing on their fimplicity, he Elated with a prospect fo confonant to informs himself of their family circumtheir wishes, they are conducted to stances and connections, and of the Carlisle by a female friend, under the purport of their prefent journey; and care of whose daughter, a married lady, gets them entirely into his power, by they are to travel in the stage to Lon- pretending to be their brother just réa don. A sudden illness puts a stop to turned from India, who had been sent her journey, while they, having already abroad too early to be remembered by taken and paid for their places, are them. Overjoyed at this providential obliged to proceed unprotected.- meeting, they are by him conveyed to Hence all their subsequent misfortunes London, and deposited in the house of - Mr. Jackall, who having spent his a Mrs. H. an eminent dealer in female fortune but retained his vices, pursues frailty, who personates their cousin Mrs. the means of their gratification by ad- Bennet. From this repository of conministering to the profligacy of others, firmed prostitution and devoted innounder the nominal title of Captain, had cence, they advertise their parents of been at the York races, in the way of their safe arrival, of their kind recephis vocation; and had thence taken a tion by the fupposed Mrs. Bennet and tour into the Northern countries, on her amiable daughters, of the elegant business of no less importance than re- ftyle in which they lived, of their cruiting the kennel, the stud, and the goodness, affability, and condescenfion, seraglio of Lord Racket. But fortune and of their own hopes of being speedily not seeming to smile on his labours, settled agreeably to their wishes; the and his mare sipping her shoulder a infamous Jackall taking care to fupfew miles from Carlille, he resolves to press whatever concerned their meeting take a feat in the first London stage. Ac- with him, or might lead to a discovery cordingly, leaving the lame companion, of their real situation. Thiç dream of

happines happiness they are permitted to enjoy whose enquiries had discovered their for some days, till the arrival of Lord fame, with many apparently aggravaRacket, for whose appetite they were ting circumstances. Overwhelmed by destined, when, in the words of our the shocking tidings, the wretched author, “ by the aid of the most hellish mother falls into a state of torpid insenpotions and brutal force, these poor fibility, from which she never recovered innocents became the miserable victims but to invoke the names of her daughof the worst passions of the vileft liber- ters, during the short interval of recoltines." During the delirium into lection that sometimes precedes dissowhich they are thrown, by the sense of lution. The father, finking from dithe outrage they have fuftained, the fraction to refolute despair, with only discreet Mrs. H. fearing they will lay seven shillings in his pocket, his whole violent hands on themselves, and stock, sets out on foot for London, piously declaring, that in her poor to search in person for his fallen chilhouse no such doings shall be counte- dren, and confront the authors of their nanced, they are removed to private ruin. Fainting with hunger and falodgings, in a house occupied by Mrs. tigue, he arrives at Mrs. Bennet's, and Williams, a caft-off mistress of Lord in compliance with his earneft remonRacket’s, who condescends to provide strances is conducted to Lord Racket's, for those pleasures which she is no who adds contumely to his other inlonger permitted to share. Under the juries Exhausted nature yields to the management of this woman, fpecious accumulated pressure of affliction and and artful, their health and tranquility insult, and that same night he breathes are gradually re tored; by compaflion. the last figh of a broken heart. ate affiduity and well dissembled ten- Mean time the infatuated sisters, en. derness she insinuates herself into their joying their splendid infamy, and igaffections and confidence, and exerts all norant that their defection from virtue her professional address to foften their had precipitated their parents into the virtue, inflame their paffions, and rouse grave, advance by rapid gradations to in their breasts the latent sparks of that stage of irretrievable perdition, to vanity. Under the mask of his as- which the first voluntary act of unsumed character, their misfortune not chastity most frequently conduces. having detected the villainous impofi-. Being deserted by Lord Racket and Sir tion, Jackall introduces Lord Racket Harry, and meanly stripped of all the to their acquaintance, whose violence gifts of their first intemperate fondness, on their persons had been perpetrated they experience a variety of successive in disguise, as his orn especial friend, keepers, now rioting in improvident and their father's benefactor. Hitherto, affluence, now deftitute of common netheir minds were pure, and their hearts ceffaries. They are finally compelled were innocent. Their gratitude, their to receive the addresses of every liberfilial piety, and that pasion which is tine, and to sollicit in the streets the criminal only when it transgresses simple and the unwary, till disease, the bound or mistakes its object, were all inevitable scourge of casual prostitution, excited to their destruction. They are reduces them to the last extremity of carried to a country seat of Lord Rack- nakedness and want. Afliction awakens et's, with a party selected for the pur- remorse, and a desire of quitting their pose, where, by the usual arts of sc. now detested way of life. Forlorn auction, they become the willing part- and deftitute, they wander from Lonrers of that guilt, whose victims they don about the neighbouring villages, had been before; and are taken seve. and apply for relief, in the most touchrally into keeping by Lord Racket and ing manner, to Emma Harvey, now Sir Harry Ranger. Whilft the daugh- Mrs. Branville, who had been the playters figure in this elevated style of im- fellow of their infancy, and the compurity, the unhappy parents are apo panion and friend of their youth. Reprized of theirown misfortune and their ftrained by a rash promise, extorted by children's ruin by the real Mrs. Bennet, her father, and overawed by the menaces

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