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'lour forces us to confess, that the ap- carry his head high, and reclining hearance may have been temporary backwards. The expression it gives

and deceitful, for he had just been to the manner is cold and repulsive.” Pouki x me turned off ; and in that predicament, -Combe, p. 169. Haggart was con

of rose crit is possible that the shoulder of any sequently placed, by this organ, in a !, der kan rentleman whatever might make a very awkward predicament. For we

en ras men tiffened approach to his head, however have seen that he also possessed in e that de z w eficient the gentleman might have great force, the organ of secretiveness, un an de leen in slyness, or in the scavoir faire, « which produces a slyness of loo hara: dar in dramatic genius, or in a general peculiar sidelong, rolling cast of the es lotes Piplent for constructing interesting plots eyes, and a stiffened approach of the

shoulders to the head.” Now, let the Xylck 10. Self esteem, VERY LARGE. This reader com vine these appearances, and tw berpt by one of the four organs that, in Mr suppose them, for a moment, united hoster pre slombe's opinion, brought Haggart to in one individual. What would he

che gallows. Dr Gall first found this think, say, or do, if he were to meet 1 spargan of self-esteem in a beggar. In in Mr Blackwood's or Mr Constable's tadi xamining the head of this person, he shop, a gentleman carrying his head so

no bserved, in the midst of the upper high as to recline backwards, with a reixosterior part of the head, an elevation cold, repulsive air, haughty as a king, * which he had not before observed in an emperor, or a transcendent genius, por nature) high a degree. He asked him the and yet with a sly look, a peculiar, wie es ause of his mendicity; and the beg- sidelong, rolling cast of his eyes, and

par accused his pride as the cause of a stiffened approach of the shoulder to ma is present state, he having considered the head? What if he were told, that jimself as too important to follow any is Mr Combe, the great phrenologist,

usiness. He had therefore only spent or Christopher North, the Supreme is money, and did not think of earn- Editor, or the Great Unknown ? How

og a livelihood.-Combe's Phreno. Mr Haggart, having both organs in nay, p. 157. When this organ be- perfection, contrived to manage the

mes diseased, the individual some- matter, we do not know, nor, in a mes believes himself to be a king, scientific point of view, do we care. mperor, a transcendent genius, or For, that he had the organs, and that ven the Supreme Being. ---COMBE, the sentiments do produce these in

160. It does not appear that Hage dications, are matters of fact; and it art went the length of believing him. is altogether a private concern of the .:If the Supreme Being; and he was gentleman who unites them, how he so often in confinement, and under carries himself-let him look to that le lash of the law, ever to think him- - let the painter study his appearance ·lf a king or an emperor. But he if he chuses; but we repeat, it is ertainly thought himself a transcende enough for the man of science to have nt genius; and Mr Combe seems to discovered the facts, and the philosoaink so likewise. Mr Haggart says, phy of the facts-all the rest is but at at school, though ratheridle, he ex- My eye and Betty Martin. lled all his fellows in talent and eru. 11. Love of approbation, $MALL. tion; and Mr Combeafterwards speaks There was some strange anomalies in his “great talents.” His self-esteem Haggart's character. Though able to himself, as a master in his profes- command the approbation of great 2, knew no bounds. We have seen part of mankind, and though receiving the thought himself irresistible it every day in his life, he did not vaong the fair sex. He prided him- lue it a single curse. Even on the on his personal prowess in fight- scaffold, where he conducted himself running, &c. He thought him- in a manner deserving the highest apskilful in the law, and made some probation, he did not, we are told, (for. arrogant strictures on the con- we were a minute or two behind our of an Irish judge on the bench; time) seem to value the good opinion e imagined his poetical genius to of the spectators at a pin's head, but

a high order, as witness his seemed to be wholly absorbed in the nt composed in prison on the enjoyment of his own self-esteem. g of his sentence.“ This sen- Even when saluted by the tears and of self-esteem, when predomi. the blessings of the most fair and virpowerful, makes the individual tụous of their sex, who lined the lane

up which he walked to the place of this roundabout way of going to work? execution, he appeared to hold light our answer is, Hold your tongue

. We their tender and touching expressions present you with facts ; and if they of approbation, though, with that gal- seem mysterious to you, you ought to od lantry for which he was, nevertheless, remember that all nature is full of mys xi. distinguished and beloved, he gra- tery. Now that these opposite powers, ciously inclined his head towards when existing in the same individual, 14:33 them; at which, according to the do neutralize themselves, or leave a newspaper reporter, the air was rent balance merely in favour of some one, aby with the clamours of female grief. is certain, otherwise Mr David Haga Probably some of the young women gart's personal appearance, as far as a were those “ whom he had left to the we have followed him in Combe, freedom of their own will;” and it miglit be thus recapitulated :-* Me is must have disgusted his chaste nature Haggart carried his head so high

, that she to see also “ so many of those called it even reclined backwards. He had a bit prostitutes,” collected to witness his cold, repulsive air, which bespoke a tem last efforts, with an approbation of haughtiness equal to that of a king, a his courage, which the conformation emperor, or a transcendent genius part of his skull rendered hateful to his United with these externals, he had a proud and intrepid spirit.

a peculiarly sly look, a peculiar, side12. Cautiousness, FULL.- -“ It ap- long, rolling cast of his eye, and 22: pears to me,” says Mr Combe, “that a stiffened approach of the should this faculty gives an emotion in gene- der to his head. The tones of his was ral, and that this emotion is fear.” voice were emphatic; and the stiff : “ The tendency

of it is, to make the ness and uprightness of his whole gait sa individual in whom it is strong, hesi- were such as if his person were trans- jcdo tate before he acts, and, from appre- fixed with an iron-rod. He was a ve hending danger, to lead him to calcu- bold, timid, fearless, cautious, consi

. :? late consequences, that he may be as- derate, and infatuated person, who is sured of his safety.” “Too great an en- rushed boldly on danger

, without a kis dowment, and too great activity of this moment's pause, after the most már sit faculty, predispose to self-destruction.” ture deliberation on the inost remote E Now, from this account, we should consequences ; and he was only pre have expected Haggart to be afraid of vented from committing suicide

, to partida ever putting his hand into any man's which he had a strong natural propela pocket, without having previously pro- sity, by two uther propensities

, which its ved, to a demonstration, the certainty he had the good luck to possess in of his taking it out again in safety. equal vigour-combativeness and dev a It is also calculated to make us look structiveness, which led him to put on Haggart as a youth whose imagi- others to death, instead of himself, nation must have been continually and finally saved him from the guilt haunted with fetters, stripes, dun- of self-destruction, by placing him in geons, cords, and gallow-trees. It the salutary hands of the hangman." prepares us also to find him self-sus- To a mind uninstructed in the new a pended by his pocket-handkerchief to and true philosophy, this soundsoddiyo he a nail in the wall, or with a quarter of But before the eye of a Combe every a pound, at least, of arsenic in his thing is reduced stomach. But,

reader, admire the wise picture is complete, distinct, and indiprovision of nature; for, look at No. vidually characteristic. 18. Firmness, and you will find it We have not room to continue our very LARGE. Now it gives

con- separate consideration of all the powers : stancy and perseverance; and when and feelings of Mr Haggart; too energetic, produces obstinacy, stub- say a word or two on his Benevolenet, men bornness, and infatuation.” • When Large, and skip over the rest lightly

. Skie eminently powerful, it gives a stiffness Mr Combe seems at first sight to have and uprightness to the gait, as if the stared a little at the big bump of beneperson were transfixed with an iron volence on the head of Haggart. But remi rod; and it gives a peculiar emphatic he soon recovered from his amazement, for dem Now, Nature gave Haggart that power organ of benevolence

possesses the des of firmness, to counteract the effects of gree of development

, which, in Hall cautiousness. And if it is asked, Why gart's case, it undoubtedly does, lis

order; and the

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nanifestation cannot be entirely sup- and we have now to inquire into the icket on este he ne od praat van hew itself in occasional gleams of veying the murder of Morrin, which

ood feeling amid his atrocities, like he was certain he had committed.

withe lightning's flash through the gloom The account of his sensations, when to be dwarf the storm ?" This is one of the few he heard that the jailor was dead, is utils was na:wursts of impassioned eloquence in Mr completely in point. When," says the dio tombe, whose style is in general mark- he, - the buy answered, " No, but the of besim terud by a philosophical calmness and jailor died last night at ten o'clock;' ht. Is ceras, iet cientific precision, that remind us of his words struck me to the soul ; my

pari s pora nhe happiest passages of the late Mr heart died within me, and I was inbe we hat hap?layfair

. Mr Combe has too much sensible for a good while; on coming ut som om de ano nood sense to sustain long this highly to myself, I could scarcely believe I

leur aanlevated tone, and accordingly descends had heard them, for the possibility of il eta macam cnto his own dignified simplicity thus : poor Morrin's death had never entered coin, Bilat af There are, accordingly, various in. into my mind.” The sympathy which Bandications of the activity of this feeling; he expresses (p. 141) for the young * * *.RT, sus his dividing the plunder of a gentle- women, who had murdered a lady in In de man's pockets betwixt two poor thieves, Dublin, because their situation resema pruudi v und retaining none for himself; his bled his own, and the agony which he da sam is caling the walls of Durham jail, to felt when he entered the jail at Dum

, se iberate his condemned associate ; his fries, after the murder, (p. 146,) afLa ta is bai Pribing the hangman in Perth, not to ford evidence, that his mind was not sie wat echi de severe on the boys whom he was altogether steeled against humanity.

den mployed to flog through the town ; Bellingham, the murderer of Mr Persto mais forbearing to rob a young gentle- cival, a cast of whose skull may be seen ve amnan, whom he met in the mail-coach with Messrs O'Neill and Son, in which la bra oming to Edinburgh, because he had destructiveness is very largely deve

xen kind to him; these instances, loped, and benevolence uncommonly and his dying declaration, that the small, shewed no contrition, but to cumanity with which he had been the last hour of his life spoke of his reated while under sentence of death, crime with the most perfect indiffewas the severest punishment he had yet rence, and even self-approbation. This net with, afford decided evidence that was the natural feeling of such a comie was not altogether insensible to bination, but Haggart never exhibited gjenerous emotion, although this feel. such relentless ferocity.' ng unfortunately was not sufficient Never was there a more triumphant o control the tendencies by which it vindication of disputed benevolence. was opposed. The singular mildness The organ of benevolence is thus seen of his aspect, also, which was remarked to be of the greatest use in tempering by all who saw him, and which evi- murder to the shorn lamb. We see lently, in various instances, contribue little or no ferocity in Haggart. He

ted to his escape, by misleading spec- shot (as he says) the Newcastle beak, - tators as to his real character, is unac- with a small pocket-pistol, - a weapon countable, except on the principle now in which there is little to sho th explained.

feelings. Neither, perhaps, is shootIn Haggart's Life, we find the ing a beak any thing very reprehensinarrative of two murders; but these ble in the abstract. Then it is obappear to me referable, with greater vious, that in knocking the Irish farpropriety, to combativeness, which mer off his horse with a blow on the gave to his mind the bold and deter- back of the head, with the loaded butt mined tendency to attack, than to de- of a whip, poor Haggart acted more in structiveness, which, when too ener- the spirit of fear than of ferocity. getic, inspires with a disposition to There was nothing very ferocious in leliberate

ferocity. Benevolence is op- the mere thought of drowning an imosed to destructiveness; which, when pertinent gentleman, who stared Hagowerful, disposes to cruelty. In Hag- gart out of countenance in the packeturt's head, conscientiousness is small, boat ; and when all the circumstances ad it will be perceived that there is of the murder of Mr Morrin are taarcely a feeling of remorse expressed ken into consideration, we agree with - the numerous robberies which he Mr Combe in considering it, on the mmitted ; but benevolence is large, whole, rather a mild murder. Haga

gart very naturally wished to get out of the head of man, and, we under. of prison, and Mr Morrin stood in the stand, of all other animals, is laid way. What then did he do? He down with a minuteness of accuracy concealed himself, with his character- that must be very galling to the feelistic benevolence and firmness, be- ings of an Arrowsmith or a Morrison. hind a door, with a large stone in a Aristotle, Lord Bacon, and Locke, are bag, and on Mr Morrin making his mere impotent ninnies, in comparison appearance with a plateful of potatoes with Gall, Spurzheim, and Combe; in his hand, for a gentleman of the and indeed, any one page of Combes name of O'Gorman, who was to be great work on Phrenology is worth hanged before the dinner-hour on the * all that Bactrian, Samian sage e'er day following, he knocked the unsus- writ.” We propose that a colossal pecting Morrin full on the temples with and equestrian statue be erected to this ingenious sling—fractured his Him on the Calton Hill, instead of skull—and then, by repeatedly bob- that absurd national monument the bing it against the stone floor, smash- Parthenon; and that a subscription ed it in upon the brain, knocked the be forthwith set a-going, under the eyes out of the sockets--and then made auspices of Sir John Sinclair, who his escape. Mr Combe gives us a will soon make Michael Linning hide slight description of a murder com- his diminished head. mitted upon a poor half-witted pedlar The world will rejoice to hear that boy, in a solitary moor, by a ruffian a Phrenological Society has been estanamed Gordon, and then reverting blished in this city. T'heir“ Report" with calm and philosophic satisfaction is now lying before us ; and as it is to the murder by Haggart, also slight- quoted in Waugh, we presume that

, ly described above, observes, “'the without offence, we may quote it also most benighted intellect must perceive “The existence of this Society implies in a difference in the motives of the mur- a belief in the Members, that the Brain is ders for which these men suffered.” the organ of the Mind, and that particular The difference is indeed great, and parts of it are the organs of particular men. exhibits the benevolence of Haggart key to the true Philosophy

of Man

. The

tal faculties ; and that these facts afford : in the most pleasing light. We have left ourselves room only the doctrines have met with, and of the ri.

Society is aware of the opposition which to inform the philosophical world, dicule which has been cast upon them ; but that Mr Haggart's cerebral organiza- they know also, that in all ages a similar tion exhibited in great fulness the or- reception has been given to the most imgans of Form, Locality, Order, Tune, portant discoveries ; which, neverthelessfed Language, Causality, Wit, and Iunita« have in time prevailed. The Pope imprition; so that, had his life been spa. soned Galileo for teaching that the earth red, he would probably have distin- turned on its axis ; but the earth conținued guished himself as a sculptor, a geo- it had done before it, and carried him round

to revolve after the Pope's denunciation as grapher, a musician, a linguist, a philosopher, an Addison, and a Ma- lileo's assertion or not. As the evidence

on its surface, whether he believed in Ga. thews. Never before have so many fa- was examined, the fact itself was believed culties been found united in one indic and now Galileo is an object of respecta sau vidual ; and melancholy it is to reflect and the Pope of compassion or contempus that that individual should have been The result, it is believed, will be the same hanged.

with Phrenology." From the slight and imperfect This is finely put. Nothing can be sketch "which we have now given of more simply sublime than the statethe conduct of this interesting young ment of the earth continuing notonly to man, as furnished to us by Mr Combe, revolve after the Pope's denunciation, the world will perceive the

high cha- but also to carry the misbeliever round racter of that philosophy

of which he on its surface, instead of chucking him is the ablest expounder. For our own overboard. In like manner, parts, we think that Gall, and Spurz- were to get drunk in the head of a heim, and Combe, have thrown great- phrenologist, he would indisputably er light on the nature of man, than be of opinion that the said head

, with all the other philosophers put together all its organs, was whirling round

; since the world began. Indeed there but in this the louse would be most is now little or nothing to discover. grossly mistaken ; and the head would The moral

and intellectual geography continue to remain unrevolving the

if a louse

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1891.
Essays on Phrerology, 8c.

691 he louse's denunciation as it had done on its surface just as it had done beJefore it, and keep him on its surface fore, whether the phrenologist agreed

notwithstanding his astronomical hem with the opinion of the louse or not. * ben 18 of cesyIf, instead of a louse on the

The Phrenological Society, we hope, read of a phrenologist, the phrenolo- will publish their Transactions, as well ist himself were to get drunk, and as the Royal Society, and the Dilethe louse to remain sober, then the tanti. We shall have an eye on their Shrenologist would opine that the head proceedings; and, in a future number,

evolved, and would denounce, if he we mean to give a list of the members,

Penew it, the opinion of the louse ; but which, as it might be expected, con

sche head would continue stationary tains many of the most illustrious So w Teafter the phrenologist's denunciation, names in literature and science. Eh and mes tund would not carry round the louse

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24. The Christmas holidays in Edinburgh dern plans of tanning the stomachs of Emma wave long furnished the working classes their customers; the grocers were con

e with an intermission from labour,-the scientious, and ash-leaves and burnt * movers of good eating with excuses for horse-beans were totally unknown in

Migratifying their propensities, -andhave the manufacture of tea and coffee ; ale Come tunnually suspended the administration was drunk in quaighs without measure,

of justice in our courts of law, by a and reaming stoups of genuine claret shree weeks' récess from business. The superseded the necessity of paying five hurch of Scotland, having wisely dis- shillings a bottle for sloe juice. Jarded from her polity set times, ap- One of the first demonstrations of vinted feasts, and unprofitable fast- the approach of Christmas in Edinngs, the approach of Christmas brings burgh was the annual appearance of with it no idea connected with reli- large tables of anchor-stocks at the head zion, except what may be gathered of the Old Fish-market Close. These rom festive hilarity, and the practical anchor-stocks, the only species of bread gratitude of family meetings. For made from rye that I have ever obsersome time previous to this day, all is ved offered for sale in the city, were ustle and preparation among the ma- exhibited in every variety of size and ufacturers of confectionary ; cur- price, from a halfpenny to a half nts and almonds, raisins and orange- crown; and the manufacture, as far el, and all the necessary ingredients as may be judged from a hereditary forming shortbread and buns, are resemblance of feature, has been con? out in tempting variety in the tinued to the present time by the same

windows of the grocers; and Brie family,—I believe froin Musselburgh. and foreign spirits, of every va- Anchor-stocks, at this period, had, from and price, are also exposed, their novelty, an uncommon sale; and the price per gill in conspicuous even among the higher ranks many cters, to attract purchasers who were purchased, as an agreeable varieget merry at a trifling expense. ty in the accustomed food; for they Christmas holidays to which I were sweet-tasted, and baked with cait is necessary to mention, are raway seeds and orange-peel. I have

some twenty years back, be- been particular in mentioning the com· morals of the humbler citi- position of anchor-stocks, as, without e broken down by a change of some such explanation, many who read ;-when the poor man could my travels might proclaim to the world, icure labour, have his amorie that the citizens of Edinburgh were

wholesome provisions at a so ill off in point of provisions, as in 2, and was able to get desi- winter to eat the very stocks of their v upon penny whip for two- ship anchors, and thus class the inhae distillers were then allow. bitants of the Northern Athens with 2 the lieges without check; the saw-dust and fish-bone eaters of s had not adopted the mo- Lapland and Norway.

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