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candles to be put out during the world by the President's descendant night, nor would he be left alone Mr. Dwight; (the late Dr. Dwight's for a minute. I had always to ring mother was the President's daughter;) the bell for one of the servants to be and I think the republication of it in in the room, before he would allow your magazine might be of great me to leave it. He struggled hard to service to inexperienced Christians appear composed even before me; but similarly circumstanced to Dr. Edto one who attended his bed-side wards's young correspondent.
A.B. for so many days and nights, and witnessed his disturbed sleeps and “My dear Young Friend, -As you still more disturbed wakings; who desired me to send you, in writing, frequently heard his involuntary some directions how to conduct yourbreathings of remorse and frightful self in your Christian course, I would startings; it was no difficult matter
now answer your request. The sweet to determine that all was not right remembrance of the great things I within. This continued and increas- have lately seen at S inclines ed until he became insensible. I hope me to do any thing in my power to in God I shall never witness a similar contribute to the spiritual joy and scene.'
prosperity of God's people there. I leave your readers to weigh “1. I would advise you to keep up the probability of this narrative : for
as great a strife and earnestness in myself, I see nothing unlikely in it; religion, as if you knew yourself to for a man who had exerted all his be in a state of nature, and were talents to deprive mankind of their seeking conversion. We advise perdearest hopes, and only consolation sons under conviction, to be earnest in the day of trial and the hour of and violent for the kingdom of heaven; death, might well be expected to but when they have attained to consuffer remorse in his dying hour: and version, they ought not to be the less the alleged narrator of the circum- watchful, laborious, and earnest in stance, who states herself to have the work of religion,—but more so, for been his housekeeper, is affirmed they are under infinitely greater obto have made the declaration on the ligations. For want of this, many spur of the occasion, from regard to persons, in a few months after their truth, and by no means from any conversion, have begun to lose their pique or dislike towards Mr. Hume sweet and lively sense of spiritual or his family. Some of your north- things, and to grow cold and dark, ern readers may perhaps be able to and have 'pierced themselves through inform me who was Mr. Hume's with many sorrows;' whereas, if housekeeper at the time of his death, they had done as the Apostle did, and whether there is any proof in (Phil. Üï. 12–14,) their path would writing, memory, or tradition, to the have been as the shining light, that effect of her alleged statement. shines more and more unto the
0. B. perfect day.'
" 2. Do not leave off seeking, striving, and praying for the very same things that we exhort unconverted persons to strive for, and a degree of which you have had already
in conversion. Pray that your eyes To the Editor of the Christian Observer.
may be opened, that you may
receive The following interesting and edify- sight, that you may know yourself, ing letter was addressed by Presi- and be brought to God's footstool, dent Edwards to a young lady at the and that you may see the glory of time of the well-known revival of God and Christ, and may be raised religion in New England in 1741. from the dead, and have the love of It has been recently given to the Christ shed abroad in your heart.
LETTER OF PRESIDENT EDWARDS TO
A YOUNG CHRISTIAN.
Those who have most of these gations that are upon you to live to things have need still to pray for God, and to look upon the faiththem ; for there is so much blindness fulness of Christ, in unchangeably and hardness, pride and death re- continuing his loving-kindness, notmaining, that they still need to have withstanding all your great unworthat work of God wrought upon thiness since your conversion. them, further to enlighten and en- “ 6. Be always greatly abased for liven them, that shall be bringing your remaining sin, and never think them out of darkness into God's mar- that you lie low enough for it: but vellous light, and be a kind of new yet be not discouraged or disheartconversion and resurrection from the ened by it; for, though we are exdead. There are very few requests ceeding sinful, yet we have an Advothat are proper for an impenitent cate with the Father, Jesus Christ man, that are not also in some sense the righteous ; the preciousness of proper for the godly.
whose blood, the merit of whose “3. When you hear a sermon, righteousness, and the greatness hear for yourself. Though what is of whose love and faithfulness, infispoken may be more especially di- nitely overtop the highest mountain rected the unconverted, or to those of our sins. that in other respects are in differ- “ 7. When you engage in the ent circumstances from yourself; yet, duty of prayer, or come to the Lord's let the chief intent of your mind be Supper, or attend any other duty of to consider, “In what respect is this Divine worship, come to Christ as applicable to me? and what improve- Mary Magdalen did (Luke vii. 37, ment ought I to make of this, for my 38); come, and cast yourself at his own soul's good ?'
feet, and kiss them, and pour forth “4. Though God has forgiven and upon him the sweet perfumed ointforgotten your past sins, yet do not ment of Divine love, out of a pure forget them yourself: often remem- and broken heart, as she poured the ber what a wretched bond-slave you precious ointment out of her pure were in the land of Egypt. Often broken alabaster box. bring to mind your particular acts “ 8. Remember, that pride is the of sin before conversion; as the worst viper that is in the heart, the blessed Apostle Paul is often men. greatest disturber of the soul's peace, tioning his old blaspheming, perse- and of sweet communion with Christ; cuting spirit, and his injuriousness it was the first sin committed, and to the renewed ; humbling his heart, lies lowest in the foundation of Saand acknowledging that he was tan's whole building, and is with the ' the least of the apostles,' and not greatest difficulty rooted out, and is worthy to be called an apostle,' the most hidden, secret, and deceitand the least of all saints ;' and the ful of all lusts, and often creeps in• chief of sinners ;' and be often sensibly into the midst of religion, confessing your old sins to God, and even sometimes under the disguise let that text be often in your mind of humility itself. (Ezek. xvi. 63), that thou mayest “9. That you pass a correct judgremember and be confounded, and ment concerning yourself. Always never open thy mouth any more, look upon those as the best discobecause of thy shame, when I am veries, and the best comforts, that pacified toward thee for all that thou have most of these two effects: those hast done, saith the Lord God.' that make you least and lowest, and
“5. Remember that you have more most like a child; and those that cause, on some accounts, a thousand most engage and fix your heart, in times to lament and humble your- a full and firm disposition to deny self for sins that have been com- yourself for God, and to spend and mitted since conversion, than before, be spent for him. because of the infinitely greater obli- “10. If at any time you fall into
doubts about the state of your soul, and aggravations attending them, in dark and dull frames of mind, it spreading all the abominations of is proper to review your past expe- your heart very particularly and as rience, but do not consume too much fully as possible before him. of your time and strength in this “ 15. Do not let the adversaries of way ; rather apply yourself, with all the Cross have occasion to reproach your might, to an earnest pursuit religion on your account. How after renewed experience, new light, holily should the children of God, and new lively acts of faith and love. the redeemed and the beloved of One new discovery of the glory of the Son of God, behave themselves ! Christ's face will do more toward Therefore · walk as the children scattering clouds of darkness in one of the light, and of the day,' and minute, than examining old experi. • adorn the doctrine of God your ence, by the best marks that can be Saviour;' and especially abound in given, through a whole year. what are called the Christian virtues,
“ 11. When the exercise of grace and make you like the Lamb of God: is low, and corruption prevails, and be meek and lowly of heart, and full of by that means fear prevails, do not pure, heavenly, and humble love to desire to have fear cast out any other all; abound in deeds of love to others, way than by the reviving and pre- and self-denial for others; and let vailing of love in the heart : by this, there be in you a disposition to fear will be effectually expelled, as account others better than yourdarkness in a room vanishes away, when the pleasant beams of the sun “16. In all your course walk with are let into it.
God, and follow Christ as a little, “12. When you counsel and warn poor, helpless child, taking hold of others, do it earnestly, and affec- Christ's hand, keeping your eye on tionately, and thoroughly: and when the marks of the wounds in his hand you are speaking to your equals, let and side, whence came the blood your warnings be intermixed with that cleanses you from sin, and expressions of your sense of your hiding your nakedness under the own unworthiness, and of the sove- skirt of the white shining robes of reign grace that made you differ. his righteousness.
“ 13. If you would set up religious “ 17. Pray much for the ministers meetings of young women by your- and the church of God; especially, selves, to be attended once in a that he would carry on his glorious while, besides the other meetings work which he has now begun, till that you attend, I should think it the world shall be full of his glory." would be very proper and profitable.
“ 14. Under special difficulties, or when in great need of, or great longings after, any particular mercy
xix. 7, 8. for yourself or others, set apart a day of secret prayer and fasting by your
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. self alone; and let the day be spent, I have had such good success in not only in petitions for the mercies procuring from your poetical coryou desire, but in searching your respondents a metrical version of the heart, and in looking over your past Latin hymn which I sent to you last life, and confessing your sins before July, that, presuming on their courGod; not as is wont to be done in tesy, I request permission to trouble public prayer, but by a very parti- them with another task. cular rehearsal, before God, of the Mr. Montgomery specifies Psalm sins of your past life, from your xix. 7, 8, in proof of the difficulty of childhood hitherto, before and after making a version which shall be at conversion, with the circumstances once poetical and close to the text.
METRICAL VERSIONS OF PSALM
A VISIT TO A CATHEDRAL.
The literal terms, he remarks, are yerts,” &c. Thus we have but one so perfect a vehicle of pure thought, head of information under each verthat any metrical reading must sicle, instead of two; the poet prerender them less so, because words dicating only one fact, and taking equally few and simple cannot be for granted that we already know found in the English tongue, which the other; whereas its assertion was would
express those plain sentiments an express part of the Psalmist's in rhymes and numbers. All who object. These apparently minute have attempted this passage, says points are much neglected, for the Mr. Montgomery, have failed: “ It sake of metrical convenience, in most is the cross of versifiers; and he who of our versions ; yet on them depends should carry it, without being put not a little of the fidelity of a transto shame, needs not despair of ac- lation. complishing a version of the Psalms Wishing all your correspondents which shall not on the whole disap- and readers, not merely the poetical, point every reader.” Tate and Brady's but the heart-felt appropriation and version is wretchedly poor:
spiritual enjoyment of this inspired
description of the sacred word, I reGod's perfect law converts the soul;
Reclaims from false desires; spectfully subscribe myself as before, With sacred wisdom his sure word
The ignorant inspires.
And bring sincere delight;
Assist the feeble sight.
Presbyterian Review” (Concluded from p. 613.) quotes, as an admirable metrical My dear Sir,—In offering, in my translation, the version used in the last letter, my warm tribute of adScottish Church; but I do not think miration to the character of the that persons unaccustomed to it will illustrious Archdeacon of Winchester, think that it supersedes all attempt (I do not mean our beloved and exat a better. It is as follows:
cellent friend, who now so worthily God's law is perfect, and converts fills that responsible office, but his The soul in sin that lies;
martyred predecessor Philpot,) I God's testimony is most sure,
did not intend to slight the memory And makes the simple wise.
of Winchester's other Marian marThe statutes of the Lord are right, And do rejoice the heart ;
tyr, John Benbridge; whose name I The Lord's command is pure, and doth should rather mention, because it is Light to the eyes impart.
less known than that of his eminent This version would be excellent, fellow-sufferer. There is indeed, were it not for the “ feeble exple- to my mind, something peculiarly tives,” which render it intolerable to worthy of commemoration in the marmodern ears, Without being para- tyrdom of laymen; for though layphrastic, or occupying more lines men are as much interested in Christhan Tate and Brady's version, or tianity as clergymen, yet there are so many as Sternhold and Hopkins's many circumstances which, but for (which is equally disfigured by ex- especial grace and support from pletives), it has the advantage of above, might render them less likely giving both the propositions in each to assume a bold public profession of the four versicles; whereas Tate of religion in times of difficulty and and Brady, in three instances out danger. Philpot was a learned diof the four, convert them into one; vine, Benbridge a plain country gendegrading a predicate into a mere tleman; the former a standard-bearer superfluous epithet; “ God's perfect in the church militant, the latter a law converts the soul;" instead of private soldier. The former could
God's law is perfect, and con- contend with his opposers with all CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 359.
the skill of a practised dialectician, bably as one specimen, that baptism and, though relying supremely upon ought not to be administered in Latin. the sword of the Spirit, which is the On the second, he affirmed boldly, that word of God, was yet versed in argu- he did not believe that in the sacraments, and syllogisms, and fathers, ment of thanksgiving is contained and councils: whereas the latter the literal body of Christ our Saviwas perhaps unable to refute some our ; adding very pertinently, " This of the subtle cavils of opponents, and is the mark that ye shoot at.” Το might naturally, like many of his the third, about confirmation, he said, peers, have consigned his principles that he did not know whether it was to the care of his professional in- a sacrament or not, or whether the structors, and allowed himself to be bishop gives grace or not, for that convinced or overawed by their plau- he was not acquainted with the order sible sophistries. A strong appeal and fashion of ministration. On the might be made to his modesty : a fourth, respecting penance, he answerrespectable squire was not expect- ed negatively, that sin could not be ed to be a finished theologian; he forgiven by a priest, and that condoubtless meant well, but was mis- fession to him was not a matter of taken ; why puzzle bimself with such necessity. On the fifth, as to whenice matters ? why not go to church, ther the church has the same auand kneel at mass, and confess to a thority now as in the Apostles' times, priest, and keep discreet silence; and he answered negatively, “because it trust to the grave decisious of wise has not the same power to work;" and learned men, who knew better - I suppose he meant to work mi. about such questions than he could racles and enforce obedience. Sixthly, pretend to do? Yet many private as to popish bishops being the true laymen were there, yea, many successors of the Apostles, he denied women and children, whom God it, because they are not called as endued with strength, wisdom, and they were, nor have the same grace.” courage to bear their testimony va- Seventhly, in reference to the rightliantly for the cause of Christ, in the ful head of the church, and whether face of indignity, torture, and death. the pope was so, he boldly replied, Excellently does the martyrologist" that not the pope, but the devil is Fox remark of Benbridge, whom the head of the church which you he styles “a gentleman single and speak of.” The eighth article averunmarried in the diocese of Win- red the necessity of baptism, which chester,” that although he might he did not deny; the affirmation have lived a pleasant and gentle- being probably couched only in geneman's life, in the possession of the ral and scriptural language. Of the world, yet, in order to follow Christ, ninth, which related to purgatory, he had rather enter into the strait he only said, without refining on the gate of persecution, to the heavenly point, that “ he would not believe possession of life in the Lord's king- as their church believed.” Tenthly, dom, than here to enjoy pleasures pre- he would not say that matrimony gent with unquietness of conscience. was a sacrament, but he admitted Wherefore standing manfully against that it is “a sacred order or sign of the Papists for the defence of the a holy thing." sincere doctrine of Christ's Gospel, For these answers, the answers he spared not to confirm the doc- of an honest simple-minded layman, trine of the Gospel."
firm and decided where plain essenThis good man was examined be- tial truth was concerned, less posifore the Bishop of Winchester, Dr. tive on secondary matters of polemiWhite, on ten articles. In answer cal controversy, and upon the whole to the first, as to whether the measured and judicious, as well as Church of Rome was conformable to honest and scriptural, was this pious the apostolic type, he only said, pro- and much respected man led out as