O why is your bate of me so deep,

I grieve so that I may not sleep
For thinking how to turn your heart;
And up in cruel wonder start.

U since I can no way abate,

Your steady and enduring hate;
Then strike me dead! When you shall

My blood so bright, you'll pity me.

2. Although this body's strong to bear,

“THE PONY'S WELL." Father! I droop and falter round your chair;

(Lines addressed to a Fountain in gratitude ) Stand like a woman at your knees

My thanks, kind fountain, for the fresh'nIn deep anxiety to please.

ing draught,
Wholesome and crystal-clear,

So oft by me, by my best-loved ones
Why is the look refused me quite, quaff’d,

Thro' many a changing year! That on my brother dwells like light?

For never, tho' the Sun with fieriest sheen At evening when the room is dim

Drank half the river dry, Your shining eyes roam after him.

Untimely sered the leaf, and scorch'd the

green, 4

Didst thou thy gift deny.
When I come near your lip is set,

And-as unfailing-so without excess

Dost thou thy bounty pour-
With something you can ne'er forget.

Yielding, regardless of the seasons' stress, What's vile in him, you think it strong;

Still neither less nor more. What's good in me, you make it wrong.

Thus as an infant, boldly, with stretch'd 5


Thy runlet would I prove,
O when my heart, the labor done,

Incredulous, and slow to understand
Is homing toward the setting sun;

That aught so quiet did move! Out of the glory and the gold

So, like some world-renouncing hermit old, I enter, and your face is cold.

To alms and temperance vow'd,

Unchanging thou one equal course dost 6

hold, When you were near to death, you, said,

Nor base, nor over-proud.

Green slopes surround, and tangled bushes “See that he comes not near my bed!".

gird, I stood on the dark stair alone,

Thy moss-grown chamber small; And swayed about to hear you moan. Above, the tall, trees in the winds are

stirr'd, 7

And God is over all. Will something ever 'tween us stand,


GEORGE DOTTGLAS. Father? Too deep for me to understand ? Even in the womb you hated me, When I was dumb and might not see.


His hoar breath stings with rime the skat8

er's face. When first I blinked at this great light, Mirrored in jet, beneath his hissing feet, Father!

The stars swarm past, and radiate, as they Your hate of me was blinding, bright;

fleet, And with the air I felt your scorn

The immemorial cold of cosmic space.. When first I shivered to be born.


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From The Fortnightly Review. after Abu-Alagi, after Makalle, after

Abou-Carima. One man alone has pre-
vented it: Umberto. With a sover-

eign of this obstinacy it is extremely THE MARQUIS DI RUDINI AND

difficult for a minister of the loyalty POLITICS.

of Rudini to take his own course; he The intrigues are many and various

is at every step hampered, harassed, which surround the Marquis di Ru- clogged, forced to withdraw to-day dini, and which endeavor to make the what he said yesterday, and conscious man who ruled the tempest in March

that to-morrow there may lie before succumb to a storm in a saucer in

him the painful dilemma of offending midsummer. The whole entanglement his sovereign or failing his country. of the recent crisis has been full of Umberto has unfortunately never backstairs jobberies and of bedcham- been served by a statesman who made ber plots. It is well known that Ru- him understand that a constitutional dint has the aristocrat's impatience king should have no wishes, no opinof ennui and of vexatious opposition, ions, no actions of his own. Because and that he will neither brook slights his father in exceptional times used nor stoop to duplicity; and all these his individual influence unsparingly, characteristics offer continual oppor. he is unfortunately persuaded that to tunities to his very unscrupulous ene- so use it at all times is a privilege of mies. It may safely be asserted that the throne. the country would be much better But Victor Emmanuel galloping served if it were possible for him to

over the Lombard plains under rule alone. The Cabinet is but a

storm of bullets, shouting "Avanti source of weakness to his administra- ragazzi!” was in a very different potion; and he is hampered by the exi- sition to demand obedience to that gencies of a court in fief to Germany which is occupied by Umberto, sitting and secretly favorable to the guerra- at a writing table in a room of the fondisti. Parliamentary government Quirinale, and with a stroke of his has always this drawback, that a min- pen ordering battalions to go and die ister who, left to himself, would rule in Africa. It is through him that easily and well, is embarrassed by col- Ricotti's scheme of army reform has leagues unequal to him and by the foundered; it is through him that the prejudices of the throne.

African budget is not to be reduced; No sovereign nominally constitu- it is through him that the leaden tional has ever interfered more contin- weight of the Triplice still drags on uously than the present king of Italy. Italian national life; it is through In trifles and in great things this in- him that the elections are not to take terference is perpetual. When Gen- place; and it is through him, as I have eral Pelloux answered Rudini's sum

said above, that six months have mons to come to Rome the other day, elapsed since the defeat of Abou-Carihe was met at the station by a mes- ma without any peace being made sage from the king to go first to the which would restore such as still live Quirinal. In his maintenance of the of the Italian captives to their counTriplice the king is in dogged opposi- try; and the number of the survivors. tion to the whole tendencies of the shrinks, alas ! with

every day, country, as he is in his refusal to through typhoid, sunstroke, hunger, make peace with Menelik, a refusal suicide. But for him Rudini would which keeps nearly two thousand sol- have made that peace and withdrawn diers suffering in captivity and hun- from Massowah and Kassala, six ger.

Peace might have been made months ago; and the prisoners would

have been by this in their homes. articles, one on the war-budget and The interregnum which has followed the other on Visconti-Venosta, the on defeat has been, and is, neither only fault being that "he who is irpeace nor war, and it is much to be responsible and intangible” was in feared that the king hopes, by the aid them criticised. It is clear that such of England, to reopen hostilities in press persecution as this is absolutely the autumn. There is little doubt incompatible with liberty of the most that there is some secret pact between elementary kind. Until it is placed him and the emperor of Germany, out of the power of prefects and pubfrom which Austria is excluded; and lic prosecutors to annoy and injure it may well be that German aid is the press thus, it is idle to say that promised in it to hold down the Ital- the Italian government is other than ian populace should they rise during a despotism. It is a cruel irony to talk a second African campaign.

of a free Italy when such despotism, Those who most honor Rudini most modelled on the worst forms of Ausdesired that on his accession to power trian and German tyrannies, is the he should have been the minister of daily rule of life. It is not necessary the nation, and not the minister of to say to any English reader that a the palace. But to become this he press absolutely unshackled is the first must have been in distinct and direct condition of a liberal national life. conflict with the throne. He must Until this fact is recognized by the have brought in measures without Italian government nothing can be any deference to the displeasure they done to liberate national life. It is caused in high places. He must have worse than useless to multiply univerbeen ready for that revision of the sities and professors, whilst any educonstitution without which no good cated writer who speaks to the public will ever be effected. Unhappily his as he conceives it his duty to speak, views do not allow him to do this. is hauled off to tribunal and prison He lets the old systems, the old tyr- in company with the swindler, the annies, the old formulæ femain, be malefactor and the assassin. The cause the monarch desires that they press may be as corrupt as it chooses should do so. He thinks of the Quiri- with impunity; it must not be outnale instead of the country. He is spoken. The unfortunate phrase of afraid of the alliance of the Estrema inciting to class hatred (lotta della Sinistra; he has erved him loyally, classe) is unhappily often used by but he dares not trust to it lest it Rudini as it was used by Crispi, and should lead him into conflict with the is as elastic as it is indefinite. There king, as most certainly it would do. is no expression of liberal opinion, no

The absurd press laws continue, utterance of a decree for a healthier out of date and intolerable though state of society which cannot be atthey are. The other day the Corriere tacked under this clause, and under di Napoli, a moderate and monarchi- it condemned as an offence. cal journal, was sequestered for criti- There is no genuine liberty in the cising the king's action in politics, country. Any public meeting can be the copies being rudely snatched from prohibited at the caprice of a prefect, the hands of readers in the street, in however harmless be its object.? Any the galleries, in the hotels. The public expressions of opinions can be Italia del Popolo was sequestered re

treated as treason and dealt with as cently for two perfectly legitimate a crime. Any opposition to the police

renders a citizen, however much he 1 By an odd coincidence on the same day that I wrote this sentence Imbriani said the same thing, ? An innocent lecture on the Evolution of Propin somewhat ruder terms, in the Chambers. erty was thus prohibited the other day,




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may be in the right, liable to imme- three, and the municipalities, every diate arrest. The other day, when the species of vandalism is perpetrated, beloved and respected Barbato, who and it is most difficult to fit the blame was one of the most conspicuous vic- of any special act on the right oftims of Crispi, came to Rome, and a fender, so successfully do they all few of his admirers assembled to abet and cover each other, and greet him, there was array of ardently do they labor in alliance armed force and a squealing of trum- with the municipalities to destroy all pets as though the whole of Rome that is beautiful, desirable, and timewere endangered by his presence. honored. It is these men who have This petty despotism is most mis- forced upon Rudini such a measure chievous and irritating. It is Crispin

the enormous grant of public ism of the worst and silliest kind. money for the new University of When Rudini came into office, his first Naples, a measure, in the present state act was to liberate de Felice and two of the country, utterly unwarranted. other political prisoners, and it was There is already far too much acanatural to hope that this line of ac- demic training, creating what Guglition would be continued by him, and elmo Ferrero (himself a most brilliant the monstrous cruelties of the Domi- scholar) calls the “intellectual prolecilio Coatto be ended. But this hope tariate;" multitudes of youths trained has been disappointed; and there is to nothing except mental exercises, probably no one more chagrined at and looking forward to be maintained this than Rudini himself. For though by the State. It is a strange moment of conservative creeds, he is a man in which to waste millions on a new of generous, humane, and liberal college, when tens of thousands of mind, and it is deeply to be regretted able-bodied men are forced to emithat what he considers loyalty re- grate because the country which bore strains him from giving rein to his them cannot give them a crust, and wider views. Unhappily the present when battalions of mutilated and inrimpasto of his Cabinet has associated valided conscripts are returning home him with men of the Destra and to drag out a miserable existence at bigoted reactionists; and from the the cost of poor relatives who have Destra no good thing can ever come. scarcely a rag to their backs! Time alone can prove whether the Rudini is most essentially a highresuscitation of Visconti-Venosta was bred gentleman; and this high breeda wise step; but the retention of ing, this chivalry, this delicacy, this Costa is much to be regretted, and the magnanimity of temper and of action appointment of Prinetti is monstrous. have made him too scornful of, and The post of minister of public works too generous to, ignoble foes. His is a most important one in an artistic aristocratic dislike to

uproar, and sense, and to give it to a person of scandal has made him fail to set his the training and temper of this Mil- heel on the snake of Crispinism. His anese tradesman, is an affront to the clear interest was to let the impeachnation.

ment of Crispi go on to its end: he Nothing can be worse in every kind prevented it and he will probably of way than the administration of learn too late the cost of a too genpublic works in Italy; and as if one erous error. A too loyal deference to minister were not enough to disfigure a sovereign's wishes made him step and despoil the country, the minister back insteau of forward at the critiof public works is assisted by the cal moment; and such moments do minister for education and the min- not often return. ister for agriculture! Between these When he came into power the nation

expected, under his administration, the fatal lesson is taught to the poputwo great measures, the impeach- lace that whoever is protected in alto ment of Crispi and the condem- may commit any crime with impunity. nation of Baratieri. It has been disap- The weight of corruption, of successpointed of both. The moral effect on ful corruption, all around him is a the populace is extremely bad. The mass of putrefaction too heavy for the finest opportunity was

offered fo populano to lift. He shrugs his shoulshowing to the nation that justice ders and lets it fester on, though he was equal for all; but the occasion knows well that he and his are dying was lost. Baratieri was not even de- by inches of its pestilent emanations. graded and consigned to a fortress, In March last there passed over puband Crispi was not even called on to lic feeling in Italy a wave of emotion resign his seat and his orders. “Fine which was kindred to that of whe times for rogues!” says the artisan, French people after Sedan; the naas he eats his noonday crust, and the tional temper was for the moment at peasant as he plods after his oxen in white heat; had there been a Garithe furrow.

baldi or a Cola di Rienzi who would The populace which, in its own rude have known how to seize the moment unaided way, nearly always gropes and to use it, great things might have rightly towards the truth, knows that been done. But the hour did not the throne stands between the offend- beget the man, and the occasion ers and their just punishment, and passed. To the finer temper and shields them whilst just men are sac- bolder impulse which no one utilized rificed. The spectacle of Baratieri re- there has succeeded

a weary, containing his grade, his pay, his seat temptuous, hopeless kind of inertia, a in the Chamber, and his right to a cynical derision which is, in itself, a pension, is as demoralizing to the mil- paralysis of action. It finds vent, initary world as the spectacle of Fran- deed, in jeering and scathing satires cesco Crispi continuing to be received such as are never wanting in the land at court, to wear his collar of the S.S. of Pasquin. But the indignation ends Annunziata, to dun the State for liqui. in the pasquinade; the gall of the dation of his pension, and to daily oc- satirist's ink dries up and the wrath cupy six policemen in the care of his evaporates. After Abou-Carima the person, is to the civil portion of the soul of the people was, as I say, at a nation.

white heat; but the hand which could The moral conscience of the Italian have struck the divine sparks from it populace is not a sensitive one: it ac- was in the tomb or was unborn. cepts with

ease, and often with There was no one to turn the moeffrontery, considerable turpitude, ment to account, and it passed unused. and is too often prone to applaud as The people-unled—have now dropped ingenuity or dexterity what is merely back into their unwilling acquiesdishonest and disgraceful. It is, cence, their discontented silence. therefore, beyond measure to be re- How long they will remain in them gretted that when, for once, all its none can tell. moral sentiments were justly aroused There is in Italy, as in most Euroto disgust at the immorality of a min- pean countries, a strong current of istry, and the unworthiness of a gen- revolutionary impulse, and in Italy, eral, its righteous wrath has in both more than in any other country, it is instances been balked, and its demand justified by history. The women, for justice been denied.

moreover, in Italy frequently Civil law is turned into a burlesque, more eager for revolt than the men, military law into a pantomime, and instead of being, as in most other


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