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cipal entrance is inscribed, “Cheapest Book- - hear what was once said about the young sellers in the World.” It is the famous shop bride who became afterwards so “snutly of Lackington, Allen and Co., “where above and plain,”_such a homely little German Half a Million of Volumes are constantly on " frau.” Pretty and witty” carried the Sale.” We enter the vast area, whose dimen- day then ; for, above the thunder of the sions are to be measured by the

assertion that a welcome which England gave to the royal coach and six might be driven round it. In

er bride, Horace Walpole heard nothing but the centre is an enormous circular counter, within which stand the dispensers of knowledge, proclamations of her beauty ;” an opinion ready to wait upon the country clergyman, in which he confirms after his introduction on his wig and shovel-hat; upon the tine ladies, in the same day at St. James's, adding to the feathers and trains ; or upon the bookseller's remark, “ She looks very sensible, cheerful, collector, with his dirty bag. If there is any and is remarkably genteel.” This last word chuffering about the cost of a work, the shop- sounds strangely in our ears, when issuing man points to the following inscription : “ The from a patrician pen. Even the Times, lowest price is marked on every Book, and no which (ignoring the wrath of the Saturday broad staircase, which leads to "The Loun- Reviewer) still insists upon the birth of ging Rooms,” and to the first of a series of cir

a prince,” never sank so deep in the cular galleries, lighted from the lantern of the “ Jeames” phraseology as to describe our dome, which also lights the ground floor. Hun- princess, in all her graceful loveliness, as dreds, even thousands, of volumes are display- a remarkably genteel.” But it has been the ed on the shelves running round their walls. abuse of the word, not the use of it, which As we mount higher and higher, we find com- has made it revolting to our ideas of refinemoner books, in sabbier bindings; but there is ment. It has been made to stand for some still the same order preserved, cach book being of the great shams which have been held numbered according to a printed catalogue. This is larger than that of any other booksel- up to everlasting ridicule in Thackeray's lers, and it comes out yearly.

“ Snob Papers,” and as the outward sign of

superficial refinement only we have rejectWe must make no more extracts from The description of the arrival of the Prin

ed it from our vocabulary with contempt. this entertaining book. Let those we have

cess Charlotte is not uninteresting .now, made commend it to all who care to under- with the welcome of our own fair bride to stand the history of bookselling. Its inter

our shores still fresh in our recollections. est also is doubled when we recognize in it We seem to hear again “ the noise of the the work of one who will himself hereafter coaches, chaises, horsemen, and mob,” that take the first place among booksellers who assembled to see her pass through the town have earned for themselves the truest hon- with clamour “so prodigious" that, like our and have done the most essential service the bachelor of Strawberry-hill on the octo their country.

casion of the arrival of “ Madame Charlotte,” we could “hardly distinguish the guns.” It was too dark for the weary spectators to notice whether the Princess Alexandria turned pale, when the royal

towers of Windsor loomed grandly on her PRETTY WOMEN AND WITTY WOMEN.

expectant gaze ; but as it was also too dark THERE are two words, somewhat irrever- for her to distinguish them, the probabiliently made use of when describing a royal ties are that she did not. But then her and illustrious lady, which will perhaps bridegroom was at her side, the prince of suggest themselves to the reader's imagina- her romance, as in a fairy tale. In the tion when the shade of the good old Queen other case, the unknown wooer was a stranCharlotte floats before his mind's eye. ger, and a king; and we read that, as the “ Snuffy and plain,” — " plain and snuffy; bride elect caught the first glimpse of his sometimes the sentence runs this way, some- palace, that she “trembled and turned times that; but in any case it is an irrev- pale.” The Duchess of Hamilton smiled erent, and, as we hope to prove, an unjust at her distress; upon which the princess sentence upon the little princess, who came naïvely remarked, " My dear duchess, you chirping so blithely from her dingy German may laugh — you have been married twice; home, to take her place amongst us as the but it is no joke to me.” When the king first lady in the land. Ladies who have bad grown old, and roamed about his been younger, and now are – what shall palace — feeble, blind, mad — did the good we say ? older, — not old, of course; wife, the homely German frau, ever call to ladies are never old in “ London Society” mind the halcyon days of her youth, or think that it might have been the forecast what he has witnessed of its effects in health shadow of time which made her tremble for training, in convalescence for enabling and turn pale then ? She was nervous the valetudinarian to commence exercise, when her bridesmaids and future court and in disease as a remedy or palliation, were presented to her, and exclaimed aloud, “ I am not afraid,” he says, " to stake my " Mon Dieu ! il y en a tant! il y en a professional chajacter by declaring my betant!” The bridesmaids, who were par- lief in its efficacy.” Accordingly, he has ticularly distinguished for their beauty of collected, from the writings and speeches of figure anıl face, were Lady Caroline Rus- Mr. Urquhart, an account of the principles sell, Lady Sarah Lenox, and Lady Eliza- of its action, a description of the best mode beth Keppel. Of Lady Sarah, Walpole of its construction, and practical instrucsays, that she was by far the chief angel ;” tions as to its employment, and has edited and as she was once supposed to have en- the whole as a “Manual of the Turkish tertained hopes of engaging the royal af- Bath.” Its beneficial effects appear to be fections herself, it was particularly amiable most remarkable in diseases of the liver in her to look angelic on that occasion. and the kidney; the dropsy attending the The Duchess of Hamilton was radiant that latter certainly sometimes disappearing as day, and almost in possession of her for- if by magic under its regular use. In all mer beauty.” The absence of three of the diseases of a rheumatic nature, however, the celebrated beauties, Lady Waldegrave, bath is likely to produce improvement; in Lady Kildare, and Mrs. Fitzroy was calcu- most cutaneous diseases it is an effectual lated, according to Mr. Walpole, to reassure remedy or an important auxiliary of treatthe new Queen upon the subject of her own ment; and Sir John Fife has found it to be charms, which, without being particularly most valuable in bronchial and laryngeal siriking, could, in his opinion, hold their affections. The book contains also the own with most of the women whom she testimony of other physicians to the benefit saw assembled round her on that eventful which they have witnessed from the theraoccasion. Surely this praise is not to be peutical use of heat by means of the bath. despised when coming from the cynical Mr. Urquhart, with that enthusiastic faith Horace, who was not apt to exaggerate, which is so needful in a reformer, appears excepting where his prejudices or passions to believe that no disease, not hydrophobia, had been keenly excited, which could not nor cholera, nor consumption, nor cancer, have been the case, either for or against, in could long withstand the proper use of the the case of the German princess. London Turkish Bath at a sufficiently high temperaSociety.

ture; and certainly this strong faith is nowise surprising in one who believes himself to have been more than once rescued from the very jaws of death by its means. Though it cannot quite be admitted that

the use of heat, however carefully graduMR. URQUHART AND THE TURKISH ated in its application, and however high BATH.

the temperature may be raised, will do all

that Mr. Urquhart claims for it, and is in When we consider the immense energy every case as harmless as he seems disposed and perseverance which must be applied in to think; and, though assent must be withorder to obtain due attention to, much held from some of the startling physiologimore to obtain acceptance of, a new thera- cal principles which he boldly enunciates, peutical means, we cannot but congratulate yet every one must heartily sympathize with Mr. Urquhart on the encouraging success that unparalleled energy and unfaltering which he has already had, both with the perseverance wbich has succeeded in formedical profession and with the public. It cing the acceptance of a great boon in spite is now some years since Sir John Fife, of strong prejudice and general opposition. having satisfied his own mind of the efficacy What is most needed now, however, is that of the Turkish Bath in the treatment of the medical profession, having accepted the disease, induced the committee of the New- bath as a valuable remedial agent, should castle Infirmary to construct such a bath no longer vaguely extol it, but determine, for the bospital. A continued experience by exact investigation of its effects, those since that time has strengthened his con- diseases in which it may be properly used. victions of the value of the bath ; from Westmister Review.

FENIAN LITERATURE.

ment suddenly collapsed in the disgust of the

would-be leaders and the laughter of officials Street Ballads, Popular Poetry, and House- and friends of the Government who for

hold Songs of Ireland. Collected and ar- months previously had been in a state of ranged by Duncathail (Dublin, M‘Gla- ignorant terror. shan & Gill.)

The mistake that the British public made FENIAN literature has not attracted its literature of the Young Ireland party, and

in giving undue importance to the rebellious fair share of attention. Whilst the prisoners thus overrating the strength of the agitation, who profess to despise and defy British law was not, however, greater than the mistake are occupying the Four Courts on all the now universally made in the opposite directechnicalities of certiorari, mandamus, and tion. The vast mass of our readers will criminal information, it would be a mistake learn with surprise that not only is there in to imagine that the copious legal arguments Ireland'a collection of Fenian writings pubwith which the Irish journals abound are the lished in 1865 quite equal in point of literaonly contributions for which the reading pub- ry ability to anything in the same strain lic are indebted to the Fenians. The abor- published from 1843 to 1848, but (which is tive rebellion of ’48 was more of a literary far more important than any question of imposture than any thing else. The Young literary merit) a collection of writings which Ireland party wrote so well that they man- has found its way into the cabins and whisaged to excite the interest of all classes ex- ky-shops of the lower classes. cept the people of Ireland. In this country In '48 a good many editors of newspapers we became familiar with the anti-English were arrested, but not one ballad-singer. ballads of Davis and Duffy. The song In '65 only one disloyal editor, Mr. Clark beginning

Luby, has been arrested; but the arrests of

ballad-singers in Cork, Dublin, Tralee, LimWho fears to speak of Ninety-eight? erick, and the country towns of the south

have given constant employment to the poand the stirring verses of Ferguson, M Car- lice. Not a fair is held in Ireland now at thy, and Barry were very generally read which the authorities do not take precauhere, and they were criticized as literary ef- tions for seizing upon the ballad-singers and forts, in no unfriendly spirit, by English confiscating their seditious wares. Amongst writers. But we all fell into the delusion, the most peremptory orders sent from the as the authors themselves are now ready to Castle to the stipendiary magistrates are acknowledge, that these political poems were those touching the suppression of popular known to the masses in Ireland. The peo- ballads. This gives to the Fenian conspiraple knew very little about the authors, and cy a character far graver than the aftair of less about their works. They had heard of 48, and recalls_some of the features of the Gavan Dully as an opponent of O'Connell: times of Wolfe Tone. The Wexford insurbut they never heard of · The Muster of gents of 1798 never saw a treasonable newsthe North,' or. The Voice of Labour.' It paper; but they were familiar with the rewas only when some of these gentlemen got bellion-teaching verses of M.Birney, and down to Ballingarry that their eyes were such ballads as * The Wearing of the Green' opened to the political blindness of the Indeed the latter may be found even now peasantry. The people looked with aston- amongst the street literature reprinted ishment and doubt upon such totally ún. by the Fenians and purchased extensively known leaders as O'Gorman, O'Brien, and by the people. The Young Irelanders ner: Dillon. It is said that some grey-haired er would have re-published such lines as farmers, when the rumour spread that fight- these, ing was intended, asked “ if Boney was come across ? ” and others inquired “if Lord Then forward stepped young Boney, Edward was really come back ?" or "if the And took me by the hand, Counsellor (meaning O'Connell) was Saying, "How is old Ireland, friend of theirs ?” Then the briefless bar- And how does she stand ?” risters and clever young gentlemen who had

“It's as poor, distressed a nation

As ever you have seen, never grown tired of repeating, with a little

They are hanging men and women verbal alteration, the dictum of Fletcher of

For the wearing of the Green! Saltoun, “ Let me make the ballads and I

For the wearing the Green! care not who make the laws,” began to dis

For the wearing the Green! cover the difference between making bal- They are hanging men, and women too, lads and securing readers. The move- For wearing of the Green!”

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PATRICK SHEEHAN.

But that the Fenians should have circula- It was the broad daylight! ted these verses with their own halfpenny

And when I found that I was blind, productions, shows that they have had a My tears began to flow;

I longed for even a pauper's grave more correct appreciation of the popular

In the Glen of Aherlow. taste. Of their own street ballads, the following is one which has attained extensive

O blessed Virgin Mary, popularity. As a ballad slip, it appears Mine is a mournful tale ; anonymously; but Mr. M'Glashan's publi

A poor blind prisoner here I am, cation gives its authorship to a Fenian with În Dublin's dreary gaol; an extraordinary name, Mr. Charles J. Struck blind within the trenches, Kickham, of Mullinahone, — the same Mr. Where I never feared the foe; Charles J. Kickham, we presume, who was

And now I'll never see again arrested with the famous Head Centre and My own sweet Aherlow! prison-breaker, Stephens :

- There is a touch of genius in the shadowy way in which the author announ

ces the death of the three sisters in the lines My name is Patrick Sheehan,

beginning, My years are thirty-four ; Tipperary is my native place,

The news I heard nigh broke my heart. Not far from Galtymore ; I came of honest parents,

As to the political effect of such a balBut now they're lying low;

lad, we have no hesitation in declaring our And many a pleasant day I spent conviction that there is more danger in the In the Glen of Aherlow.

disaffection that this artfully-told story of

Patrick Sheehan may produce, than in all My father died; I closed his eyes

the writings of the Young Ireland party, Outside our cabin door ;

and all the contemptible blusterings of the The landlord and the sheriff too Were there the day before !

now so-called national

the Nation

organs And then my loving mother,

and the Irishman. In this ballad Mr. KickAnd sisters three also,

ham undoubtedly constructs his verses so as Were forced to go with broken hearts

to touch the heart of the class to which, we From the Glen of Aherlow.

believe, he himself belongs.

Of an apparently ruder stamp, but comFor three long months, in search of work, posed with equal cunning, is a street ballad I wandered far and near;

called • By Memory Inspired.' It is copied I went then to the poor-house,

from a broad-sheet which was found hawkFor to see my mother dear;

ing about the country, headed with a rude The news I heard nigh broke my heart;,

woodcut of two men leaning pensively on a But still, in all my woe, I blessed the friends who made their graves in one hand and bottle in the other, suppos

table, and a standing cavalier, with a glass In the Glen of Aherlow.

ed to be engaged singing to them. Its anonyBereft of home and kith and kin,

mous author has boldly mixed up the With plenty all around,

moral-force tribune with Mitchell and the I starved within my cabin,

men of '98:
And slept upon the ground;
But cruel as my lot was,

By Memory inspired,
I ne'er did hardship know

And love of country fired, 'Till I joined the English army,

The deeds of Men I love to dwell upon;
Far away from Aherlow.

And the patriotic glow

Of my spirit must bestow “Rouse up there,” says the Corporal, A tribute to O'Connell that is gone, boys, gone! “ You lazy Hirish hound;

Here's a memory to the friends that are gone. Why don't you hear, you sleepy dog, The call to arms.sound ?

In October, 'Ninety-seven
Alas, I had been dreaming

May his soul find rest in Heaven -
Of days long, long ago;

William Orr to execution was led on :
I woke before Sebastopol,

The jury, drunk, agreed
And not in Aherlow.

That Irish was his creed ;

For perjury and threats drove them on, boys, I groped to find my musket

on : How dark I thought the night! Here's the memory of John Mitchell that is O blessed God, it was not dark,

gone!

paper was well

In 'Ninety-eight — the month July - Their paltry successors in the combined line
The informers pay was high;

of business are to be found brawling and When Reynolds gave the gallows brave Mac- boasting at national associations and town Cann;

councils. But not so the Fenian contriBut MacCann was Reynolds' first —

butors to this little volume or to the colOne could not allay his thirst; So he brought up Bond and Byrne that are

umns of the suppressed journal, the Irish gone, boys, gone :

People. Luby, O'Leary, Stephens, and their Here's the memory of the friends that are gone! associates, never condescended to attend

public meetings or take any part in the We saw a nation's tears

clap-trap of the ordinary Irish agitations. Shed for John and Henry Shears ; They confined their publicaction to the Betrayed by Judas, Captain Armstrong; pages of their weekly organ, and we must not We may forgive, but yet

shut our eyes to the fact that that organ, We never can forget

the Irish People, presented a contrast to The poisoning of Maguire that is gone, boys, other anti-Saxon newspapers. As a literary gone

production, the Fenian Our high Star and true Apostle that is gone!

written. Its principles of rebellion were de

cided and clear; but its style, though earHow did Lord Edward die? Like a man, without a sigh ;

nest, was apparently moderate and calm.

When Dr. Cullen wrote an inflammatory But he left his handiwork on Major Swan! But Sirr, with steel-clad breast,

pastoral, denouncing. England and the And coward heart at best,

English, and telling the people that they Left us cause to mourn Lord Edward that is were grossly misgoverned, but winding up gone, boys, gone :

by only asking for a collection towards the Here's the memory of our friends that are gone! Catholic Bishop's pet university, the Irish

People coldly, dissected the Archbishop's September, Eighteen-three,

pastoral, and, in much better English, drew Closed this cruel history,

the logical conclusion from his Grace's vicWhen Emmett's blood the scaffold flowed upon : lent premises. Hence the sweeping charge Oh, had their spirits been wise,

which a certain section of the Roman CathThey might then realize

olic party in Ireland have been making Their freedom – but we drink to Mitchell that against the rebels

. As far as this volume, editis gone, boys, gone : Here's the memory of the friends that are gone!

ed by “ Duncathail," and the numbers of the Irish People are concerned, we have failed

to discover those incitements to assassinatThis ballad is a key to the historical ing priests and landlords of which so much knowledge or historical ignorance of the has been said; and indeed it seems that the multitude by whom it is eagerly read. The only evidence produced goes the other way, leaders of the Young Ireland party - Smith for it turns out to be merely a private letO'Brien, Meagher, Gavan Duffy - are all ter written to Luby, expostulating with him (with the suggestive exception of Mitchell) for not hinting at the advantage of thus totally ignored. No reference is made to disposing of the clergy and proprietors. Grattan, Charlemont, or Flood. The only The most vigorous onslaught on the landreal popular heroes appear to be O'Connell lords which this Fenian volume contains is and a set of uncompromising rebels. There the following :are some lines in it which show that the author has thoroughly grasped the genius of his countrymen: for example, that episode in the death of Lord Edward

O ye who have vanquished the land, and retain “But he left his handiwork on Major Swan!” it,

How little ye know what ye miss of delight! That line conveys no small amount of There are worlds in her heart — could ye seek consolation to the Irish mind.

it or gain it -Between these Fenian writrs and the That would clothe a true noble with glory and other Irish Nationalists there is another point What is she, this isle which ye trample and rav

might. of difference. The writers of the old Nation

age, newspaper aspired to be orators as well as Which ye plough with oppression, and reap authors. They were constantly leaving the with the sword, editor's desk to move resolutions and deliv- But a harp never strung in the hall of a savage, er fervid addresses at public meetings. Or a fair wife embraced by a husband abhorred ?

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THE NEW RACE.

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