was too inveterate to be overcome. He had cutwater for the gorgeous and heavy-laden never been recognized as worthy of such barge he was about to launch; and, having honour in his own country, he said, and seated himself and thrown open his furred how could he accept it therefore in anoth- pelisse, he began his revelations in the cuser ? Lest his retusal should in any sense tomary strain. His host listened with illbe taken amiss, he supplemented his polit-concealed impatience, and eventually cut ical apology with one on the score of short the interview by unconditionally rehealth, which he pleaded as disabling him fusing to take the matter into consideration, from enjoying just then the excitement stating his opinion that, if any public man of so luxurious and glittering a sphere. in France or England lent his sanction to

During his stay in Paris, he was beset the speculation, he would be guilty of comwith applications for his name and influence plicity in something little short of swindling. in the promotion of joint-stock companies The scheme, however, was too splendid to of various kinds. Hardly a day passed be abandoned. It did not fail; but not without letters from sanguine projectors, very long afterwards its author did, under offering him directorships in their promisful circumstances that gave rise to litigation in undertakings, with the usual guarantee many ways remarkable. When informed against loss, and upon any terms as to of the catastrophe, Mr. Cobden only reshares he chose to name. IIis sense of marked that he had sometimes regretted what was due to himself, to his character not having kept his temper a little longer as the representative of his country, and to at the interview above described, for he the cause he had in hand, rendered it im- should have liked to know the price at which possible that he should entertain any of the fellow had · valued his honesty.' these proposals. He referred them all to One letter only out of a great number his friend Mr. Ellison, with whom an inti- that now lie before us we shall give in exmacy of many years had begotten confi- tenso. Some temptations are irresistible. dence the most completely unreserved; and is not this one? He had promised Mr. Elby him they were generally answered. Or- lison to let him know the moment the Treadinary speculators were thus easily got rid ty was actually signed. There had been of, and were heard of by him no more, his many delays, and to the last some misgivfriend's position as a banker in Paris en- ings. At length it was a great fact accomabling him to discriminate in what terms plished; and the haste of joy is obvious in each of the various applications ought most the wording of the following note :fitly do be declined. There were w bose imposing air and provoking tone of

23rd January, 1860. bienfaisance disturbed for the moment the Private. negotiator's equanimity. One day he re- MY DEAR SIR, — ceived a courteous but somewhat conde

'The Treaty is signed, and will, scending intimation, that one of the great, commercial relations of the two countries. . I

I hope, in a few years change and improve the est financial adventurers of the day intended have lost no time, according to promise, in givto call on him on the morrow, with the view ing you this information. Believe me, of laying before him a forthcoming scheme M. Maurice Ellison.

'COBDEN.' of more than ordinary magnificence, and which, in the slang of the Bourse, would be It is hardly worth while recalling now the found to present features of peculiar impor- forebodings of failure, and the thwartings tance to those who might be fortunate of faction and folly on our own side of the enough to be connected with it. Mr. Cob- Channel, which had beset every step of the den requested his confidential adviser to be protracted negotiation. Even after the present at the interview, which the latter Treaty was signed, there were many in Pardeclined upon the ground that his doing so liament and in the press who strove to dewould probably prove a restraint, and would preciate its importance, and to misrepresent consequently lead only to a second visit or it as a departure from true economic prina correspondence, both of which it was de- ciple. The public judgment, however, sirable to avoid. But he consented to be was not disturbed by these cavillings, and within reach should anything occur render- the tangible proofs of the worth of the new ing reference to him necessary. At the international compact became month after hour appointed the subtle weaver of golden month more and more incontestable in the dreams appeared, bowed benignantly to the returns of the Board of Trade. The Chanun-worldlywise diplomatist, whose single-cellor of the Exchequer, in acknowledging heartedness he probably pitied, while he the obligation which Mr. Cobden had conthought it might be turned to account as a ferred on the country and the Government, THIRD SERIES. LIVING AGE.




felicitously noted the rare fortune which, ble will, and felt persuaded that they after an interval of many years, had a sec- would persist in the prolongation of the ond time enabled the same man to render war until the overmatched Confederates a signal and splendid service to the State. were exhausted. The · proposal of the Lord Palmerston was permitted by the French Government to ours for joint inQueen to offer a baronetcy and the rank of tervention he strongly disapproved, not Privy Councillor to Mr. Cobden, as some only on general grounds of principle, but recompense for that service, but he would because he was satisfied that it would fail. It have none; and, with his accustomed gen- would be impossible, as he conceived, to tleness and absence of wordy egotism, he transport across the Ocean any force capabegged that he might be excused. Among ble of coercing the United States into septhe many congratulations from eminent per aration. The improvements made in the sons abroad, came one especially cordial, munitions of war tended greatly, in his view, both on political and personal grounds, to strengthen those who stood on the defenfrom Mr. Charles Sumner, who, when in sive against assault from a distant enemy. Europe, had entered fully into Mr. Cobden's The engines of warfare had become so vast anxiety to allay international feelings of and so complicated in their appliances, that distrust, and his unbelief in the danger of they were not easily conveyed for a long French invasion. I am happy,' he wrote, * distance from home. This was, he thought, * in your true success. You are the great a salutary tendency in human affairs, as it volunteer, with something in your hand bet- was to be presumed that they who fought ter than a musket. This Coinmercial Trea- on their own soil were more likely to be in ty seems like a harbinger of glad tidings. the right, than they who went far away Let that get into full operation, and the from home to find a battle-field.” war system must be discontinued.'

He sympathised intensely with the sufferThe following winter and spring he ings of Lancashire, and pleaded hard, spent at Algiers, for the benefit of his though long in vain, that the factory hands health. He had become of late years more should by timely measures be saved from susceptible of cold, which affected him with sinking to the level of pauperism before reloss of voice, and at times with difficulty of ceiving public aid. In this as in other inbreathing. In the charming climate of the stances his wise council was disregarded, southern shore of the Mediterranean he until many of the evils it would have eluded for the time the attacks of his only averted had been realized; and then the enemy; and in the enjoyment of that best truth, officially re-discovered, was tardily of material blessings, – the unconsciousness confessed, and its demands conceded. of physical weakness. He seemed, on his But we must bring our recollections to a return to England in May 1861, to have. close. His last speech in public was adgrown young again.

dressed to his constituents at Rochdale His correspondence, like his conversa- early in November 1864. The weather tion, at this period was full of solicitude was inclement and the place of meeting about the course of events in America, and cold. He spoke at greater length than the consequences to Europe. An anti- usual on the various topics of the day; and slavery. President had been elected, and after the excitement and exertion were the civil war had begun. From the outset over he felt a chill which he was unable he avowed his conviction that the geo- for many hours to shake off. He returned graphical difficulties in the way of separa- to Dunford, and, yielding to the advice of tion between North and South would prove his physician, hardly left his house for the insurmountable. The Western States, he three ensuing months. When the propothought, would never agree to leave the sal was made in Parliament, however, to gates of their export trade, as he tirmed vote large sums of money for fortifications the mouths of the Mississippi, in hands that in Canada, his desire to take part in opposmight at any time be hostile. He knew ing the scheme out-weighed all considerfrom personal acquaintance, that communitions of prudence; and on one of the coldties living by agriculture were less likely to est days of the coldest March within our be soon depressed by the financial changes recollection he came to town. The conseincident to civil war than their brethren of quences of that fatal journey are well the seaboard. He regarded President Lin- known. After a few days' suffering he coln as the impersonation of their indomita- sunk to rest, his life-work done — such

work as few in any age or country have * 16th February, 1860.

been good and great enough to do.

From the Reader, 27th January. Be merciful, our God! We are indebted to the Magazin für die Forgive the meanness of our human hearts, Literatur des Auslandes for the knowledge See half the worth, or hear the angel's wings, of a rising poet in the far west, of whom Till they go rustling heavenward as he springs we believe none of our readers have yet

Up from the mounded sod. heard, but whose name will certainly ere long become familiar to all lovers of true

Yet what a deathless crown poetry. Two years ago, in the midst of of Northern pine and Southern orange-flower the great American struggle between North For victory, and the land's new bridal hour and South, a society was formed of men Would we have wreathed for that beloved residing in the Western States who had

brow! been educated at any of the great public Sadly upon his sleeping forehead now schools of the Republic. The society, which

We lay our cypress down. numbers between 500 and 600 members, held its second annual meeting in June last, O martyred one, farewell ! and issued an octavo pamphlet of 108 pages: Out of thy beautiful life there comes a tone

Thou hast not left thy people quite alone, under the title of " Oration, Poem, and of power, of love, of trust, a prophecy; Speeches delivered at the Second Annual W.hose fair fulfillment all the earth shall be, Meeting of the Associated Alumni of the

And all the future tell. Pacific Coast, held at Oakland, California, June 6, 1865. Published by the Association. (San Francisco: Towne and Bacon.) ” Mr. Edward Rowland Sill, a young banker of San Francisco, wrote the poem on President Lincoln's death, which we quote at length from the pages of our German contemporary, extracted probably from the only copy of the pamphlet to be met with on this side of the Atlantic. We have

THE LOSS OF THE ARGO. headed it:

The vane, it pointed southward;

The breeze, it cheerily blew;
The skipper was standing beside me —

The skipper and all his crew.
WERE there no crowns on earth,
No evergreen to weave a hero's wreath, It was up with the jib and the topsail ;
That he must pass beyond the gates of death,

It was up, and sheet home, and belay;-
Our hero, our slain hero, to be crowned ? The skipper he laughed as the breeze came aft,
Could there on our unworthy earth be found

And the clipper she bowled away. Naught to befit his worth?

She was all that he had or he cared for ;

His mother had never loved him, He the noblest soul of all!

With a love more watchful and tender than his When was there ever, since our Washington, A man so pure, so wise, so patient, one

For his clipper staunch and trim. Who walked with this high goal alone in sight, And gaily she went and quickly, To speak, to do, to sanction only Right,

Till half the voyage was o'er; Though very heaven should fall ?

Till she neared those treacherous latitudes

Midway ’twixt shore and shore.
Ah, not for him we weep;
What honour more could be in store for him?

For there and then :- but well you ken —
Who would have had him linger in our dim Confusion all on deck :
And troublesome world, when his great work 'Tis an old, old tale — up came the gale -
was done?

And down, down went the wreck.
Who would not leave that worn and weary one
Gladly to go to sleep?

He was not drowned, the skipper —

Nor I, who tell you the tale;
For us the stroke was just;

But he thrilled with a mortal agony,
We were not worthy of that patient heart; And his cheek was deadly pale.
We might have helped him more, not stood

For — ask not how I consoled him,
And coldly criticised his works and ways- Probe not what lies beyond
Too late now, all too late, our little praise It was our little Harry sailing his ship
Sounds hollow o'er his dust.

Across Green Brier Pond!


From the Saturday Review. | ness was only to be rich, and was generally

beloved and esteemed by most persons of LORD CLARENDON'S LIFE.*

condition and great reputation." His ac

count of these pleasant days is by far the We made some remarks not very long most interesting passage of his writings

. It ago on Lord Clarendon's History of the Re- is composed of characters of Ben Jonson, bellion. His autobiography which is part- Selden, Sir Kenelm Digby, May, the bisly supplementary to, and partly a continua- torian of the Long Parliament, Lord Falstion of, his more famous work

throws a good deal of additional light on the char: Archbishop of Canterbury, Hales, Chilling

land, Waller the poet, Sheldon, afterwards acter of the author and on the he lived. There are three principal periods worth, and some others of less note. The which the memoirs illustrate.

accounts of Falkland and Chillingworth are First, the

memorable passages in English literature, early part of his life, down to the meeting and deserve to be described as portraits of of the Long Parliament (birth, 18th Febru- the highest excellence. The other charary, 1609, to November, 1640). Secondly, acters are rather collections of remarks some parts of the history of the Long Par- than pictures. Clarendon's History and his liament and the civil war, and of the resi- Memoirs are full of interest, but their interdence of Charles II. abroad (1640–1660), est is that of the conversation of an experiThirdly, the Restoration, the early years of enced public man, who was, besides, one of Charles II.'s reign (1660-1667), and the the strongest of all conceivable partisans. six years which Clarendon passed in ban- It is not the interest of a work of art. ishment, until his death on December 9th, Moreover, his extreme gravity and stateli1673.

The first period is much the most enter-ness, though it allowed him to be sarcastic taining Clarendon was not industrious in from devising any of those pointed vigorous

and occasionally humorous, prevented him his youth. He learnt very little at College, where indeed he was a mere boy ; and expressions which, as Mr. Carlyle says of his life as a law student “ was without great trait in three scratches and a dot. This

some of Mirabeau's, make a complete porapplication to the study of the law for some renders his portraits far less amusing than years, it being then a time when the town they would otherwise have been, and in was full of soldiers.

And he had gotten into the acquaintance of many endon's partisanship continually blinded his

some respects less instructive. That Clarof those officers, which took up too much of his time for one year.” He read some

judgment is painfully obvious. " polite literature and history," however, lavished on Charles I.; but he partially re

pears strikingly in the worship which he and, as he remarked in his old age, “lived deems his fault by his views of the Stuart cautè if not castè.” He had, however, the family in general, and of Charles II. in parmeans of seeing good society. He was con- ticular. His account of him and his brothnected by marriage with the family of the Marquis of Hamilton, and he was brought vein which he sometimes indulged : –

er is an admirable specimen of the sarcastic very early in his career into business of importance. In particular, he vindicated be

It was the unhappy fate of that family that fore the Privy Council the rights of the they trusted naturally the judgments of those merchants of London in a dispute which who were as much inferior to them in uuderaffected the revenue; and, in consequence standing as they were in quality. . . . They of his management of the case, he was in- were too much inclined to like men at first troduced to Archbishop Laud. His profes- sight, and did not love the conversation of men sional success and distinction put him in of many more years than themselves, and very pleasant circumstances. " He grew

thought age not only troublesome but imperti

They did not love to deny, and less to every day in practice, of which he had as much as he desired; and, having a compe- bounty or generosity, which was a flower that

strangers than to their friends; not out of tent estate of his own, he enjoyed a very did never grow naturally in the heart of either pleasant and a plentiful life, living much of the families — that of Stuart or the other of above the rank of those lawyers whose busi- Bourbon — but out of an unskilfulness and de

fect in the countenance; and when they pre * The Life of Edward, Earl of Clarendon, Lord vailed with themselves to make some pause High Chancellor of England, and Chancellor of the University of Orford, Containing, 1. An Account rather than to deny, importunities removed all of the Chancellor's Life from his Birth to the Res- resolution, which they knew not how to shat toration in 1660; 2. A Continuation of the same, and out nor defend themselves against, even when it toration to his Banishment in 1667. Written by was evident enough that they had much rather Himself. Oxford : 1701,

not consent.

If the Duke seemed more

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fixed and firm in his resolutions, it was rather thirteen lines more, which we spare our from an obstinacy in his will than from the con- readers; but this is what it comes to. This stancy of his judgment.


to which other well-known facts A delightful character, from the most faith-gious learning of Selden, and the curiously

correspond — as, for instance, the prodiful servant and most zealous partisan that minute acquaintance with all the details of ever any family had.

English history which was shown in the We get, however, from Clarendon a very great Parliamentary debates of the period, pleasing notion of his early friends. Per- and of which Mr. Forster's Life of Eliot haps the most characteristic point about supplies 'numerous illustrations - raises the them is their great intellectual activity, and question whether men in those days were the extraordinary degree of learning that more energetic and industrious than in our some of them attained to. Falkland ap-own.

To discuss it at length would lead us pears to have formed a kind of centre for far from our present subject, but Clarenthe whole party, when he was little over don's Life throws some light upon the mattwenty; and the well-known passage in ter. There would seem to have been hardly which his pursuits are described is so beau- any light literature in those days, plays extiful that we transcribe it:

cepted; and the common subjects of educaHis whole conversation was one continued for instance, who was carefully educated at

tion were fewer than at present. Falkland, convivium philosophicum or convivium theologicum, Dublin, knew no Greek till he taught it himenlivened and refreshed with all the facetious

Clarendon learnt ness of wit and good humour, and pleasantness self long afterwards. of discourse, which made the argument itself French only during his second exile, “not" (whatever it was) very delectable. His house, he says, “ towards speaking it, the defect of where he usually resided (Tew or Burford in which he found many conveniences in, but Oxfordshire), being within ten or twelve miles for the reading any books.” A man might of the University, looked like the University get through a great deal of reading if there itself, by the company that was always found were no circulating library works, no perithere. There were Dr. Sheldon, Dr. Morley, odical literature, and only one language beDr. Hammond, Dr. Earles, Mr. Chillingworth, sides his own, or at most two, which he had and indeed all men of eminent parts and faculties at Oxford, besides those who resorted any occasion to understand. thither from London ; who all found their lodg

Next to his own immediate friends, the ings there as ready as in the colleges ; nor did most interesting personages described in the lord of the house know of their coming or the early part of Clarendon's Life are Archgoing, nor who were in his house, till he came bishop Laud and Clarendon himself. He to dinner or supper, where all still met; other was very fond of Laud; he “ had so great wise there was no troublesome ceremony or an affection and reverence for his memory constraint to forbid men to come to the house, that he “ believed him to be a man of the or to make them weary of staying there ; so that most exemplar virtue and piety of any of many came thither to study in a better air, find. that age.” Laud took notice of him as he ing all the books they could desire in his library, and all the persons together whose company was just rising into large business at the Bar, they could wish, and not find in any other so- and when life in general must have looked ciety. Here Mr. Chillingworth wrote and very bright to him; and probably some of formed and modelled his excellent book against the rays of that brightness fell upon the the learned Jesuit Mr. Knott, after frequent de- Archbishop. The only fault that he could, bates upon the most important particulars. or would, see in him was the roughness of

his manner. Clarendon probably secretly Lord Falkland's own studies were remark-liked him all the better for defects which he able :

was conscious of not sharing, though he had

a certain tendency towards them, corrected There were very few classic authors in the by education. Of Laud he observes, in a Greek or Latin tongue that he had not read well-known passage :with great exactness; he had read all the Greek and Latin fathers, all the most allowed and It is the misfortune of most persons of that authentic ecclesiastical writers, and all the education (how worthy soever) that they have Councils, with wonderful care and observation ; rarely friendships with men above their own for in religion he thought too careful and too condition, and that their ascent being commoncurious an inquiry coulā not be made amongst ly sudden from low to high, they have afterthose whose purity was not questioned - wards rather dependants than friends, and are

still deceived by keeping somewhat in reserve and whose authority was appealed to on to themselves even from those with whom they both sides. The sentence meanders on for seem most openly to communicate, and, which

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