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On the reverse:
of Dissenting body at large, and to all
Truth. liberal-minded Churchmen, be so obliging as to give it a place in your
Let it be understood that the sole yaluable work.
ground of these circumstances being The 29th of August is the day, ac
offered to public attention, is to awacording to their charter, of electing liberal members of the Established
ken the minds of Dissenters, and all the mayor of Tenterden, in Kent, and also public office-bearers of that cor
Church, to a just sense of the disquaporation. Mr. Joseph Munn, in con
lifying nature of the above-mentioned sequence of being articled to Mr. Acts, 80 unworthy of a land of freedom. Witts, who had been for a considera
It is also to be observed, that the ble period the town-clerk, and after- very circumstance which recommends wards having entered into partnership
a person to any public office or place with him, had for some years virtually of trust, eren his conscientiousness, is filled the office, and this to the entire here the cause of his disqualification. satisfaction of the corporation ; Mr. Whereas unprincipled persons, wheWitts, from a nervous affection, not
ther Dissenters or otherwise, and being able to apply himself to busi- those who reject all religion, natural ness. In tliese circumstances it was
or revealed, will have no scruples of at length judged to be necessary to
the kind, but will readily comply as elect another person. Mr. Munn, of matter of form, and may thus hold consequence, naturally offered himself the highest and most important offices to the corporation, and had a very fair of the state. We may confidently asprospect of success; although, as a
sert also, and this without fear of conDissenter, he could not conscienti- tradiction, that the Dissenters, as a ously comply with the provisions of body, have ever proved themselves the the above Acts. An opposition took
true friends of the civil and political place, and the opposing candidate constitution of their country: availing himself of the circumstance
AMICUS. just stated, and objecting that Mr. Munn as not qualified, and determin- SIR, ed not to qualify, was not eligible, TOUR this olojection proved fatal, nullifying (pp. 201, 202) has, undoubtedly, every vote which might be given him. been a little too indiscriminate in his Upon this Mr. Munn declined, and severe censures of Unitarians, upon the opposing candidate was of course the important subject of the cducaelected; Mr. Munn receiving the most tion of the poor. Many great and flattering expressions of respect and honourable exceptions may certainly approbation from the corporation and be adduced, and which perhaps are
not much inferior to the solitary one Upon Mr. Munn's return home he which he has mentioned. But I am received a most pleasing testimony of afraid it will be found that another approval, from his venerable and re- of your correspondents, “ Verus," spected pastor, in a letter, with the who writes from Sheffield, (pp. 549, presentation of ten guineas for a gold 550,) has been at least equally undismedal, to have the following inscrip- tinguishing in his vindication of the tions:
Unitarians from these charges. The Tenterden, August 29,
former has asserted, that it is a la1824.
mentable fact, that among Unitarian A Tribute of Respect To unshaken uprightness, from
Christians, there are to be found The Rev. L. Holden
those, and he fears many, who, if not To Mr. Joseph Munn,
averse, are manifestly indifferent to Upon his refusing to prostitute
the teaching of the poor, in other The Lord's Supper
words, to Sunday-Schools. In reply As a qualificatiou
to this, Verus undertakes most posi
tively to deny the correctness of the Civil Office.
general statement as to the facts.
This is. uncandid; besides that the ductive of incalculable benefit, as wel reasons which he gives for this posi- to themselves, as to the objects of tive denial are not such as coinpletely their benevolent exertions. The utito satisfy a reflecting mind. In the lity and importance of the work they first place, he knows of no Unitarians, readily admitted; admitted, alas ! in although he has a pretty general ac- words ; but here they stopped. No quaintance with them, who are either arguments in my power could induce averse or indifferent to the education them to make the least effort towards of the youthful poor ; and he never. so desirable an object. If this paraheard of any till he saw the letter graph should meet their eye, they from Bristol. I rejoice that this is will know that it is dictated in the the case, and I am not for a moment spirit of Christian friendship, and by disposed to call in question the truth an ardent desire to see Sunday Schools of his assertion. But his experience established wherever the name of Unidoes not justify him in contradicting tarianism is mentioned. facts brought forward by a person in I heartily concur with your correa remote part of the Kingdom, any spondent Verus, in disclaiming all inore than the King of Siam was foreign support for the trifling exjustified in contradicting the person penses incurred by Sunday Schools, who informed him of the existence of unless, indeed, in cases where the ice. Each has a right to relate what congregation consists entirely of very he has seen and heard; but surely it poor people. But I earnestly wish argues a want of civility, as well as that my experience coincided with of candour and good sense, thus to bis in the ample assistance obtained attempt to make his own experience from the young persons of the coninvalidate that of others in distant gregation. Here we do indeed differ places.
widely; and perhaps he will scarcely His second reason is equally cu- give me credit when I assure him, rious, namely, he knows not of any that in the Sunday School with which large and populous town, where there I am connected, the difficulty of obare Unitarian places of worship, with- taining assistance is so overwhelming out Sunday Schools. This likewise is to the very few individuals who are a matter of his own experience; and engaged in it, that we have several I am sure every friend to the best times been upon the point of giving interests of the community will re- it up in despair, and that nothing but joice that such is the case, in the a sense of imperative duty and the neighbourhood of Sheffield. But had growing interest we feel in the imthis gentleman seen more of the provement of the children of our southern parts of the country, he charge, could induce us to proceed might, perhaps, have seen cause to under such very discouraging circumhave spoken differently on the sub. stances. Most earnestly do I wish ject. My residence is something more that it were possible to arouse the than thirty miles from the metropo- members of the congregation, and lis; and although I cannot, like Verus, more particularly the young, to enboast of a very extensive acquaintance gage in this interesting and delightful with Unitarians, yet I know of se- duty. Those who have engaged in it, veral large and Aourishing congrega. have declared that they felt an intions in very populous places, who creased interest every time that they have no Sunday-Schools ; nor do I attended, and sueh would be the case think that they have any thing of the of the rest, if it were possible to inkind in view. I say not this to re- duce them to begin. But while they proach my Unitarian friends, but if renain at a distance, and fancy thempossible to stimulate them to the selves incapable of rendering us any good work. I have had considerable assistance, the work languishes, and conversation with some of the mem- almost dies in our hands. Let us bers of these congregations, and en- then pray the Lord of the harvest, deavoured all in my power to convince that he would send forth labourers them of the utility and importance of into his harvest. these institutions, and to persuade We have likewise, in common with them in earnest to set about a work several of your correspondents, who which I was convinced would be pro- have written on this subject, been
sometimes greatly perplexed for want sion of Paul, Όργίζεσθε και μη αμαρof a sufficient variety of proper books. Tévete as a Hebraism, for which, if All other denominations of Christians he had written classical Greek, he are much better supplied than we are, would have said 'Opylofertes les auayand we have often wondered, as well TÁVETE. Were I to dwell upon the as greatly lamented, that some zea- fact of the occurrence of Hebraisms lous, intelligent Unitarian bookseller in the Greek of the New Testament, in London should not have turned his it would certainly be out of regard to attention more to this subject. Is others of your readers, and not with there no one who has the interests of a view to your learned and able correreal Christianity at heart sufficiently spondent. But, assuming the fact as to do this? The supposition is in- granted, I shall suppose that St. Paul jurious. It is only for want of having wished to convey the following piece sufficiently reflected on the subject. of advice; “If at any time through When they have reflected more, I am the weakness of human nature you strongly persuaded that some are excited to anger, beware of its among them will devote a part of his betraying you into sin.” The words attention to wiping off this reproach Oργίσθεντες μη αμαρτάνετε would and supplying this deficiency. have expressed this sentiment in corA SOUTHERN UNITÁRIAN. rect and Attic Greek. But suppose a
Jew had wished to translate this preSir,
Oct. 7th, 1824. cept into his own language : in conTOUR valuable Correspondent N. sequence of the want of a participle
in your last Number, (p. 530,) expressing past time, he must have endeavours to reconcile the precept of rendered it thus, or according to some Paul, “Be ye angry and 'sin not,” similar form, inunn Ster 117; and (Ephes. iv. 26,) with the direction, this phrase, literally translated into which follows soon after, “Let all Greek, would give the very expresanger be put away from you,” (ver. sion which Paul employs, 'Oprišete 31,) by supposing that in the former na pery 'auaptávete. The sense here instance the Apostle has the act in supposed is remarkably suitable to his view, and in the latter instance the clause immediately subjoined, the habit. There is, however, no
“Let not the sun go down upon your grammatical reason on which this wrath ;” in which the apostle gives a distinction can be founded; but, on very useful practical rule for restrainthe contrary, the verb 'Opriscate, used ing and terminating the ebullitions of in the former instance, and supposed anger. by your correspondent to express the Such were the reasonings which act only, may, according to the com- occurred to my mind on considering mon mode of using the present tense the phrase in question merely as the in Greek, signify either “ Be angry," language of a Jew, who was liable or “ Be habitually angry.” But, in even in writing Greek to adopt Hewhichsoever of these two senses the brew idioms. But the sense of the word be taken, it appears strange that passage, which I have supposed, is a Christan apostle should deliver an confirmed, as it appears to me, beexpress precept to be angry, when all yond all reasonable doubt, when it men are sufficiently prone to anger is considered that the precept is not without such encouragement, and ra- originally Paul's but David's, and that ther need every motive to guard against it is quoted from the Septuagint Verit.
sion. It occurs in the 4th Psalm, Upon the
precept, “Be angry and and was probably intended by David sin not,” Whitby remarks, « These as an admonition to the irritable spiwords, though spoken imperatively, rits by whom he was surrounded at are not a command to be angry, but the court of Saul. In illustration of a caution to avoid sinful anger." The David's meaning, I shall take the liobservation appears to me correct; berty of quoting a rule from the Synand it is only to be wished that tax of Schroeder's Hebrew Grammar, learned commentator had stated the (lii. 2,) in which he adduces this principle on which his criticism may very precept by way of an example: be justified. I have for some years Imperativus nonnunquam conditionem been disposed to regard the expres- exprimit, alii Imperativo præmissam ; ut now lætare, juvenis,-071 et scito, step in the processes of Newton's i. e. si læteris, tum scias, Eccles. xi. demonstrations. This is not his 9. Non sai 1127 Trascimini, sed ground. But he rejects what is dene peccate; i. e. si irascamini, ne pec- monstrated to be the fact, because cetis. Ps. iv. 5.
it is beyond the limits of the human The ancient Greek Version trans- faculties to conceive how a particle of lates David's expression literally, and dust on the surface of the earth can St. Paul has quoted this translation. gravitate towards a particle of dust The Syriac translator has preserved on the surface of the moon. This is the same construction, since indeed truly consistent. We do not wish his language required it as much as for a better illustration of Unitarian the Hebrew, being alike des:itute of principles. The doctrine of Monoa form analogous to the Greek par- theism and the rejection of revealed ticiple of the Aorist; and the Syriac truth may be worthily professed by translator of Paul's Epistle hus quoted those who reject the doctrine of Grathe Syriac translator of the Psalın. vitation, and deny that two and two Most of the other ancient versions make four.” have preserved the Hebrew idiom in The drift of this passage is, that both places. The Chaldee, however, the denial of the doctrine of the Triseems to have taken the first word in nity and of the Newtonian doctrine a wrong sense, and has thus led the of Gravitation arises from the same way in introducing the version of aberration in the faculties of the bus Ps. iv. 5, in our Bible, “ Stand in man mind, by which it is rendered awe and sin not.”
incapable of discovering truths supI submit these remarks to the can- posed by the Critic to be equally welldid consideration of your correspond. Founded and demonstrable in each. ent, and to the indulgence of your But surely it has escaped the recollecreaders in general.
tion of the Critic that I am not sinA YORK STUDENT. gular in the rejection of Newton's
doctrine of Gravitation. Many clerMr. Frend on a recent Notice of him gymen, whose attachment to the thirin the British Critic.
ty-nine articles was never called in
question, have, equally with myself, PEI BERMIT me to solicit a place in opposed this hypothesis of our phi
your Repository for some re- losopher, and I shall content myself marks on the notice which the Bri- with mentioning one whose work on tish Critic has been pleased to take the Trinity was, when I was a student of me in a late number of his work. at Cambridge, put into all our hands, It may not be deemed an improper and I belieye remains at present a intrusion on your valuable pages, as standard book for candidates for orthrough me an attack is made on all ders. The clergyman's name is Jones, Christians who reject the doctrine of a late very worthy divine, and an the Trinity. The passage, after some intimate friend of Bishop Horne, who, complimentary phrases to myself, for I have reason to believe, entertained which I beg the writer to accept of my the same opinion with himself on the best acknowledgments, runs as follows: Newtonian philosophy. His works
“ The same individual (meaning have been, I believe, collected, and myself) who denies the doctrine of occupy several volumes, and the small the Trinity and the Divinity of Christ, tract to which I allude is entitled, I denies also the Newtonian doctrine of think, The Catholic Doctrine of the Gravitation. If we ask on what Trinity, in which he attempts to degrounds, we shall find that both doc- monstrate its truth by a collection trines are denied on precisely the of a great number of texts of scripsame grounds. The one doctrine, ture. It is many years since I saw though confessedly asserted in the li- the work, but as far as I can recolteral sense of scripture, is yet rejected lect, it seemed to me (born and bred because it is incomprehensible to the in the sect established by law) in my human faculties. To the other doc- youthful days to carry perfect contrine this author does not object, be- viction with it. I need not say that cause Newton has not sufficiently de- a fuller investigation of its contents inonstrated it: he does not find or led me afterwards to a very different pretend to find any fault or erroneous opinion of the merits of this work. voj. xix.
I have given an instance of a firm tablished doctrines. With respect to believer in the thirty-nine articles, the term itself by which the majority who yet rejected the Newtonian doc. of Christians worship the Supreme, trine of Gravitation : I shall be con- and which is derived from a barbarous tent with a single instance of a be- Latin word, I could not of course liever in Monotheism and yet an ad- find that in the Scriptures, nor were vocate for the doctrine of Gravitation, the two expressions God the Son and and this is Newton himself; he was God the Holy Ghost to be found an Unitarian.
there. This of itself is now a suffi. Thus we see that a man may be- cient reason for me to reject, without lieve in the doctrine of the Trinity, farther inquiry, the use of these terms; and disbelieve the doctrine of Gravi. for had the Supreme deemed it fit tation ; another may disbelieve the they should be used, I can have no doctrine of a threefold God, and be doubt that the holy persons through the inventor of the doctrine of Gravi. whom his communications have been tation ; and I am an instance of a made to us, would have employed person who believes neither the one them in those writings on which and nor the other.
on which alone iny faith and the faith How the Critic has drawn from of every Christian ought to be estabmy rejection of these two doctrines lished. The propriety of using these an illustration of Unitarian principles terins is justified only on the ground I cannot conjecture. For, if this had of inference, and by whom was this any thing to do with the argument, inference first made? I leare that to we should naturally be led to imagine the ecclesiastical historian to settle. that the Unitarians would be distin. By whomsoever made, my argument guished by this rejection of the New- remains the same. These terms are tonian doctrine of Gravitation. But not used by Christ or his apostles, this I do not find to be the case ; for and therefore rest on an authority to ainong the many persons I have con- which we owe no deference. versed with on the subject, I can On this subject I beg leave to call scarcely bring to my recollection a the attention of our Unitarian brethsingle Unitarian Christian who agreed ren, who, like myself, may have frewith me in exploding the doctrine of quently been taunted with the asserGravitation, though I remember a tion, that it is to the pride of reason celebrated writer of that body treating we owe the rejection of the mysterious my notions with a degree of levity and union of three persons in the Godcontempt, such as the Critic himself head, and that it little becomes us would not, I am sure, have indulged who know so little of ourselves that in my presence. The last person who we cannot explain the union of the expressed his doubts to 'me of the soul and body, to pretend to deny a Newtonian theory is a clergyman, and union in the Godhead, which is a was a distinguished tutor in one of greater mystery: For my own part, our universities.
I entirely disclaim this pride of reaThe Critic asserts that I reject son. I do not reject the doctrine of both the doctrines in question pre- three persons in the Godhead because cisely on the same grounds, namely, it is above iny comprehension, but because it is beyond the limits of the because I believe that no such union human faculties to conceive them. is taught in the Holy Scriptures. I In this he labours under a mistake. I waive therefore all reasoning upon the did not reject the religious hypothesis credibility or incredibility of this docon any such ground. I rejected it trine, and I keep to this single point: because I could not find any basis for We have the Scriptures before us; it in scripture. The question with shew ine one single passage in which me was simply this, Is the doctrine' we are commanded to offer up prayers contained in scripture or not? To to God the Son or God the Holy this test and to this test alone did Ghost or the Trinity. Upon this plain I apply myself, availing myself of statement the whole of the controversy what knowledge I might have of the which now agitates the Christian Scriptures in their original language; world rests. It is intelligible to the and my other sources of inforination meanest capacity. All the authority in interpreting them, were chiefly of Fathers of the Church, of Councils, drawn from the favourers of the es- of Acts of Parliament, on which there