« Now perfons,” says he, “ so far ma“ nuducted into the highest paths of lite

rature, both divine and human, had “ they received his documents with the " fame acuteness of wit and apprehen“ fion, the fame industry, alacrity, and " thirst after knowledge, as the instrucs6 tor was indued with, what prodigies “ of wit and learning might they have

proved! the scholars might, in some degree, have come near to the equal

ling the master, or at least have in " some sort made good what he seems to “ predict in the close of an elegy he made “ in the seventeenth year of his

upon the death of one of his fifter's “ children (a daughter) who died in her

of his age, infancy.” The last couplet of which elegy is, This if thou do, he will an offspring

E 3.

66 in.

give That to the world's last end shall make

thy name to live". Hence it is clear that the persons so manudused were only, at the most, the two Philipses, the offspring of Milton's sister, whose name would be little connected with the proficiency of a promifcuous number of boys in a boardingschool.

In the next. place, Mr. Philips is before-hand with Dr. Johnson in affigning the causes of the little comparative

* Philips, p. xix.


proficiency made by the persons so manudueled'; where common good-manners would restrain him from taxing the hebetude, the idlencss, thie indolence, and indifference, of any students, except of himself or his brother. And indeed it plainty appears, that the addition of “ fome scholars *” was posterior to the course of 'reading Milton went througli with his nephews, and was one of those several occasions of increasing his family, apparently after he had written the tracts above-mentioned.

If Toland, and Milton's Biographers, subsequent to Philips, made more of this matter than Philips's history authorized, we do not commend them. But it was


Philips, p. xxi.

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surely surely the business of a new narrative to: correct their inaccuracies, and not invidiously to represent Milton as performing wonders, which it is not pretended by him, who knew the best, that he did perform; and then to thew the impracticability of the thing by remarks borrowed from his informer, and put upon the reader as the product of his own fa-gacity.

In another place the Doctor says *, “ From this wonder-working academy I do not know that there ever proceeded

any man very eminent for knowledge; " its only genuine product, I believe, is " a small history of poetry, written in “ Latin by his nephew, of which per

* Johnson, p. 31.

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** laps none of my readers has ever 6 heard.”

Every writer may presume, conjecture, and believe, as much as he pleases in all cases where he cannot be contradicted ; and so may we. Our answers to this then are,

1, Bernardus non vidit omnia. There may have been men and things of which Dr. Johnson hath no knowledge. Wood fays, both Milton's nephews were writers *; and there may be still more genuine products of Milton's scholastic inftitution than Dr. Johnson ever heard of.

2.. From this reflection, it may be inferred, that Milton's pupils were not so

* Ath. Oxon, vol. 1. Fali, p. 263.


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