replies, but I have endeavoured to reasonably imagine no dishonourable preserve his own expressions. The motive for the omission; and as for Venerable Company was inexorable. the alleged crime of insubordination, It required of him an engagement to it would be absurd to charge him with contine his religious instructions to an inclination to suppress it, for it is the servile repetition of the words of plentifully made in other papers of the Catechism, and gave him fifteen the same pamphlet. days for consideration. He apppeal- M. Chenevière occupies nine pages ed, by a respectful meinorial, to the more (pp. 67-75) in his vituperation Council of State; but in vain. Dur- of M. Nalan. But I cannot allow ing this distressing fortnight, he had myself to trespass upon your kindness, to sustain the remonstrances of his by offering detailed remarks upon superiors in rank and office, the them. At p. 68, are eight formal pressing intreaties of his friends, and charges. The 6th I know to be false, ihe heart-rending pleadings of those both in letter and spirit : and besides, most dear to him. The fortnight how inaccurate, to say the legst, is it elapsed; and on Nov. 6, 1818, the to represent M.M. as “ distinguishing Council of State declared his place persons by the name of Mômiers,vacant.

when that is the offensive and inI have derived these particulars sulting appellation which his enemies from the Pièces relatives à la Desti- have invented or revived, for the purcution du Ministre Malan, containing pose of vilifying him and other pious the correspondence on both sides, people! The 8th is merely a conwithout any comment. But, with re- structive offence, and which might be gard to this publication,

laid against the most innocent perII. M. Chenevière charges M. Ma- son in the world. The remaining six lan with “ concealing that which was describe acts and proceedings which most to the purpose, the Extract every Dissenting Minister in Great from the Records of the Council of Britain does, and feels it to be his State, declaring that he had been duty and honour to do, so far as the deprived of his office for insubordina- circumstances are analogous. With tion to his superiors.” So far as I regard to all the rest of M. C.'s statecan judge of this matter, it appears ments, I desire no other justification that M. C. takes advantage of a mere of my friend than that opinion which inadvertency, to advance a very harsh, you, "Sir, and all your dispassionate not to say cruel, accusation. I find readers must pronounce, upon the acat p. 52, M. Malan's request to the cuser's own shewing. I appeal to any President of the Company, for a copy man who has but a moderate acof the charge (Préavis) submitted to quaintance with the rights of human the Council, and of the definitive sen- nature, whether the treatment of M. tence. Then follows the answer of Malan by the Ecclesiastical power has the Secretary, informing him that the been any other than a constant course Company would permit him to read of INJUSTICE, Cruelty, and Ty. the Extract from the Registers, but that it belonged to the Council alone I feel deeply indebted to you for to grant a copy; and that the charge having allowed me to occupy so many presented to the Council was part of pages of the Repository ; far indeed the correspondence between the two beyond what I at first intended, yet bodies, and not allowed to be com- much less than I should have to write municated to any individual. To these if I were to pursue into all their turns two letters the following note is an- and windings, the subterfuge, pernexed by M. M.: “I have also re, version, oppression, and persecution quested of the Secretary of State an which have been resorted to by those extract from the Registers of the whom I have very reluctantly felt myNoble Council, concerning my dis- self compelled, from a sense of duty mission; and it was soon sent me.” to the cause of integrity and liberty, Now to me it appears probable that thus to hold up in their proper cothis extract was an official document lours. of two or three lines, not essential to

J. PYE SMITH. the narrative; though I think it ought to have been inserted. But I can



Notes on Pussages of Scripture. erroneous, “Hath man ANY CERTAIN

Sept. 2, 1824. TIME upon earth?” In Num. iv. 3, quemadmodum Vina quæ sub pri. 23, &c.; Mr. Wellbeloved, with his mam calcationem molliter defluunt, sunt accustomed care and judgment, has suaviora quam quæ a torculari expri

“ the service." muntur (quoniam hæc ex acino et cute Ps. Ixxxir. 9. “Behold, O God, uvæ aliquid sapiant), similiter salubres our shield,' &c. Translators and admodum ac suares sunt doctrivæ quæ Commentators are divided in respect ex Scripturis leniter expressis emanant, of the rendering and import of this nec ad controversias aut locos communes

clause. According to some, Jehovah trahuntur.


is here styled the Shield, or Guardian, 1


mindful of the Jewish people; an interpreta

always,”' &c. tion countenanced, at least, if not In Ps. cv. 8, "He hath remembered required and suggested, by the elehis covenant," &c. Long before I venth_verse. Others are of opinion, met with a pote in Hallett's Dis- that David is now spoken of as the courses, &c. (IL 69), I had conjec. shield of his subjects; that “ tared, that the passage in the Cliro- shield” and “ thine anointed” are one nicles should be corrected to that in and the same individual. This is a the Psalms. The emendation may be very plausible exposition; if it be not made with the greatest ease. But indeed quite correct. Dathe objects then there is an entire absence of to it, that David (assuming himn to be external testimony in its favour. On the author of the Psalm) employs the other hand, it appears (Kennicott throughout the singular number : “At and De Rossi, in loc.), that the clausc enim vero obstare videtur numerus in the Psalms has, in some few MSS., pluralis, cum in toto Psalmo David been corrected from the text of the de se in numero singulari loquatur." historian.

What, nevertheless, if the Psalm were A most ingenious conjecture of written, and actually used, in parts ; Halletts, on Neh. ix. 17, (Vol. II. if some portions of it were put into 9, 10,) where, for the words in their the mouth of a chief singer, or leader, rebellion, he proposes to read, in while the others proceeded from a Egypt, has received subsequently a chorus There is nothing improbasanction additional to that of the ble, but the reverse, * in such a view LXX. See Kennicott, De Rossi, and of the poem before us: and if we Houbigant, in loc.

can with justness adopt this opinion, Job vii. 1, (xiv. 14,) “Is there not Dathe's reasoning will fall instantly an appointed time in the margin, a to the ground. Mendelssohn, who warfare) to man?”' &c. Dathe trans. divides the Psalm in the manner which lates the word by statio admodum mo. I have represented, translates the lesta, and refers specifically to Num. words in question, iv. 3, 43. But I cannot be of opinion " Schaue auf unser Schild, Gott! that the original term necessarily con- Sieh' auf deinen Gesalbten." veys the idea of any thing harassing

Matt. ii. 1. " When Jesus was and vexatious. I would render it

a (regular and prescribed] service." born in Bethlehem, of Judea, in the The expression was perhaps in the days of Herod the King,” &c. The first instance military, and was after highly respectable author of " An wards transferred to ecclesiastical and Introduction to the Geography of the civil life.

New Testament," says (5th edit. 33), It must be admitted, however, that before the commencement of the

that “ Herod died three or four

years Dathe is by no means singular in his Christian æra.” I presume he means, interpretation. Scott, whose para- that, according to Lardner's accurate pbrase, an appointed time of affliction,” clearly indicates his view of the 423,) “if Herod died in 750, he died

statement, (Works, 1788, Vol. I. Hebrew noun, cites Dan. x. 1; though three years and nine months before the passage is nothing to his purposethe vulgar Christian æra, which com. Sce Dan. xii. 4. The rendering in Cranmer's Great Bible, is curions ; * See Street's arrangement and note, partly accurate, but in part grossly in luc.

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mences January 1, A. U. 754.” This tullian's] own copy was the more distinction is essential.

ancient, because Marcion himself did By the authors of “L'Art de véri- for some time receive it." fier les Dates" the birth of Christ is So far as Tertullian and Marcioni placed in the year of Rome 748 (3d were concerned individually, the male ed., Vol. I. 98): and Mr. Mann, ter in dispute could not with readiwho wrote a Dissertation expressly ness be settled. Their respective on the subject, assigns Herod's death assertions determined nothing. Terto 750, and our Saviour's birth to tullian proceeds, accordingly, to em748. Such a coincidence of opinion ploy arguments, of the force of which between the Master of the Charter- his readers will form a judgment. house and the learned Benedictines to John xx. 31. “ These are written, whom I have just referred, is extreme. that ye might believe that Jesus is Jy memorable.

the Christ, the Son of God, and that I shall not conclude this note, with believing ye might have life through out remarking on a passage in Ter- his name. Such was the object of tullian, (adv. Marcion. IV. Ch. iv.,) all the evangelists, and not of John which has frequently been cited by the only, in drawing up memoirs of their oppugners of the authenticity of the Master. Their design, however, and introductory chapters in the several their manner of accomplishing it, have gospels of Luke and Matthew. “Fi- been mistaken. Lesst represents Eumis ergo ducendus est contentionis, sebius as giving the following inforpari binc inde nisu fluctuante. Ego mation, from a work of Clement of meun dico verum, Marcion suum. Alexandria, in respect to John, “ that Ego Marcionis adfirmo adulteratum, he had written TVEVUATIKOV Evaryetoy, Marcion meuin. Quis inter nos deter- a gospel which treated especially of minabit, &c.?” Thus much, and no the divine nature of Christ, the others more, has generally been transcribed, being principally employed on his from this chapter in Tertullian, by human.” Toy Ιωαννην εσχατον tlie Writers to whom I have aliuded. συνιδοντα, ότι τα σωματικα εν τοις But they should not have stopped ευαγγελιοις δεδηλωται, προτραπεντα υπο here. The African father expressly των γνωριμων, πνευματι θεοφορηθεντα, clairns to have antiquity and current πνευματικών ποιησαι ευαγγελιον. reception in his favour; nor was the What is there concerning the divine question, whose copy of Luke was or even the human nature of Christ genuine-Marcion's or Tertullian's, in the words thus quoted ? It is not a siinply personal question. “Quis Clement, it is not Eusebius, but Less, inter nos determinabit, nisi temporis who introduces these topics, and ratio, ei præscribens autoritatem, quod makes this unwarrantable distinction antiquius reperietur, et ei præjudi- between John and the rest of the cans vitiationem, quod posterius re- evangelists. Take Lardner's & more vincetur? In quantum enim falsum faithful, though not faultless, rencorruptio est veri, in tantum præ. dering of the passage—“John, obcedat necesse est veritas falsum.”'

serving that in the other gospels those Afterwards he says,

“ that his [Ter- things were related that concerned

the body of Christ), and, being perOf Nicholas Mann some account is suaded by his friends, and also moved given in the Literary Anecdotes of the by the spirit of God, wrote a spiritual Eighteenth Century, (Vol. 11. 165, 705, gospel." &c.): and we would gladly have known more. On looking into the Catalogue

By σωματικα are intended things of Cambridge Graduates, I find “ Nic. corporeul, things falling under the Mann," of King's College, who took his report of the senses, and connected Bachelor of Arts' degree in 1703, and his with the senses: a spiritual gospel, Master's, in 1707. The two Dissertations TVEUMATIKOY Evaryesor, is a gospel before me—the one, on the true year of the birth, the other, on that of the • Priestley's Hist. of Early Opinions, death of Christ-appeared, together, in &c. IV. 104. English, in 1733; in Latin, in 1742. + Authenticity of the New Testament, Mr. Mann was no slave to human sys. &c. 147. tems of literature, scieuce and theology. # Works, (1788,) II. 212.

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which treats largely of things invisible expressions αλλα και αυτοι, -και ημεις and abstract. The distinction corre- are very emphatical.” This sponds with what our Saviour himself is admitted: but when he adds, “and takes (John iii. 12) between earthly direct our thoughts to some persons and heavenly things. Accordingly, of distinction and eminence,” I cannot the gospel written by the beloved subscribe to his opinion; since he disciple records more of the discourses takes for granted what he ought to than of the actions of Christ—and prove. Do such expressions always, discourses that were purposely and or generally or necessarily, denote a highly figurative. In this significa- few individuals of eminence and distion it is, exactly what Clement of tinction Paul 'here speaks of hinnAlexandria terms it, “a spiritual gos- self and his fellow.apostles in compel.”

mon with the bulk of Christians : and Acts ii. 23. “ Hiin being deliver the emphasis of his language anha kau ED by the determinate counsel and autu, K. 7. d. consists in its marking foreknowledge of God,” &c. Bishop out even believers in our Saviour as Pearce's Commentary here is, “Greek, not exempted from certain natural having been given forth; i. e. sent evils. He who glances at Griesbach's into the world, and manifested by outer margin, in loc., will perceive being made flesh, and dwelling among that ancient translators and parayou, as it is said in Jolin i. 14. See phrasts were, like Dr. Taylor, emalso Acts iv. 28.” Now this transla- barrassed by the introductory words tion and paraphrase are inadmissible. of ver. 23. The word eka TOY bears no such sense Further; This most valuable writer as the learned prelate affixes to it: observes, that the clause " who have and Peter is now speaking exclu- received the first-fruits of the spirit," sively of his Master's having been is strictly true of the apostles only. delivered up to the Jews ; of which However, “ the first-fruits of the measure Judas Iscariot was the in-' spirit” are not so much its choicest, strument. Schleusner (in verb.) ren- richest gifts, as those of which the ders the clause exceedingly well: earliest disciples of Christ were the “ hunc, vobis traditum et prodituin subjects. The term will

be sufficiently a Juda, comprehendistis."

explained by James i. 18: and in this Acts ii. 41. “Then they that gladly sense it was perfectly applicable to received his word were baptized.” such members of the church at Rome In the received text of the Greek as had partaken in spiritual gifts ; to Testament it is, oi pey ey acueyws the converts of the apostles, as well anodesapejos, K. F. m. But Griesbach as to the apostles themselves. marks the adverb acuerws with the In fine, I cannot agree with Dr. sign of probable omission : and we Taylor, that “there will be little or may well suspect that it was added by no argument in this verse, if it is some transcriber, to whom the force understood of the whole body of of the participle atrode Eapevs was not Christians." Were only the apostles fully known. Aexquar is simply to exposed to sufferings for their relireceive: ato@exouas, to receive gladly. gion? Is it to them alone that the Compare, accordingly, the clause assurance in ver. 28 belongs? Surely, which has been cited with Acts xxi. not. It follows then that Paul's rea17, xv. 4, &c. &c. In a few in- soning and inferences call upon us for stances the simple and the compound no very restricted explanation of the verb appear to be interchanged. verse before us.

Rom. viii. 23. - not only they, Mr. Belsham, in loc., speaks of but ourselves also, who have the first- Dr. Taylor as offering some good fruits of the spirit,” &c. Dr. Taylor's reasons to prove, that Paul here alparaphrase is, “ Not only is the bulk ludes to the apostles and the earliest of mankind subject to many sorrows, converts to the Christian faith.”. Had but even we Apostles, who are of all Dr. Taylor so modified his paraphrase, men,” &c.; and in his notes he as- I would not have animadverted on it. signs some reasons for understanding The fact is, that by ourselveswe the statement as descriptive exclu. ourselves, &c., he understands the sively of the apostles.

apostles, and none besides. In the first place, he says, that the It is true, Mr. Belsham himself VOL. XIX.

3 y


inclines to that more extensive inter- is wrath,” unappeasable except by an pretation for which I ain pleading: infinite atonement; although nothing in his paraphrase he employs less can be clearer than that man, being a hesitating language than in his note. finite creature, incapable of any thing

Eph. iv. 26, “Be ye ANGRY, and sin infinite, cannot commit an infinite not. iv. 31, Let all ANGER be put offence. away from you.”—How are these pas- We are required, in devout and sages to be reconciled to each other? cordial sympathy with this text, to I conceive, that the apostle when he love God. says, “Be ye angry and sin not,” Dr. Young has well observed, “Love has the act in his vici--when he says, and love only is the loan for love." "Let all anger be put away from And our Apostle has very appositely you,”—the habit. That anger is not said, (ver. 19,) “ 'Ve love himu beessentially and absolutely unlawful, cause he first loved us." appears from Mark iii. 5 ; where we No impossibilities are enjoined upon read that our Lord looked round, on mortals. his accusers, “ with anger, being But, it is impossible to love an grieved for the hardness of their invisible being, without a fixed, unhearts."

hesitating persuasion that he loveth Anger,” remarks Hallett, (Notes, &c. I. 130,) " in the New Testament,

Who, and what description of peris never spoken of with allowance, sons, are thus required to love God? but in superiors towards their infe- All and every to wliose knowledge, riors.” This point he at great length through the medium of the gospel, endeavours to illustrate and establish the requisition may extend: in other (I. 129, &c., II. 358): and such is words, and in the course of ages, all the principle on which he aims at mankind. explaining both the prohibition and Then the injunction implies his unithe concession which I have quoted. versal love, co-extensive with the love

The observations of the very able that he requires. Annotator, are ingenious, without Not his love for a class, impiously being conclusive. For Luke xv. 28, denominated the elect. is a proof that anger can, in fact, be If there exist a man in the slightest indulged by an inferior towards his degree doubtful of God's love to him, elders. The older of the two bro- individually, who yet professes to love thers, in the parable of the prodigal God, I pronounce him an unimposing, son, was angry (wprocen), and would indeed, because an uncredited, hyponot go in : therefore came his father crite ; his profession being contrary, out and entreated himn." We know, to nature, to that immutable nature besides, that children, youth, and even implanted in him by his Creator. In adults, often feel anger, and some

that man observe the inseparable times not unreasonably, at those who, union of cant with insincerity. nevertheless, are of the same rank It has been inputed to Unitarianand standing with themselves. ism—as a beacon, I presume, to hap

Paley's excellent definition of anger less mortals tending thitherivard — and his masterly observations upon that it is a cold and heartless profezthe act and habit,* make it unneces- sion, that its meagre faith supplies sary for me to pursue the suliject. no cheering hopes, no consolation

N. upon a death-bed.

What! no consolation in the firm Brief Notes on the Bille. assurance that “God is Love ;" that

our voucher for it is unimpeachable ; No. XXIV.

that his tender mercies prevail over God is Love! I John iv. 8, 16. and pervade all his works; and in no

'HIS declaration, one of the most instance so eminently, as in the patures, comes in the very teeth of resurrection from the death impend. Calvinism, which teaches that “God ing?

No consolation, that we are passing

into the hands of our Father who # M. Philos. B. iii, Pt. ii. Ch. vi. vii. is in heaven;" into his hands, whose

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