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rational creatures, than to raise is all the doctrine in the world disputes among themselves on abstracted from its use? mere terms, when their ideas. “Granting, however, that there are the same!
are many things in which good “ But this is far from being the men may safely differ, and ought case in the present instance ; to shew a spirit of mutual forand every candid observer, who bearance and moderation, cerhas thought with any clearness tainly the doctrine of justificaor precision on these subjects, tion is not one of those subjects. must see that the difference is
If any question can be conceived in ideas, not in words, and is ex- to be even of infinite importance; tremely momentous, even more it is this--How shall man be acso than language can describe. cepted with his Maker? We tri
« That the religion briefly de- fle only with God and our souls, scribed in the last: article, and while we content ourselves with peculiarly distinguished by hold- a loose and general idea of ing out the doctrines of Justifi- Christ's atonement, and bring it cation and Regeneration, is es- to no one determinate point of sentially distinct from that of utility whatever. For the questhose who deny the Godhead tion is this :-Ought I to trust and atonement of Jesus Christ, entirely in Jesus Christ, and to and the personality and influence renounce my own righteousness of the Holy Ghost, will be at entirely, in order for salvation, once lowed.
or is it unsafe and dangerous so “ Many, however, do yet hold to do; and ought my hope of the doctrines of the Trinity and heaven to be founded partly on the atonement of Jesus Christ in the merit of Christ, and partly a general manner, though they on my own ?- This is the clear seem to make little use of them state of the question as it lies bein practice, and do evidently lay tween the
tween the two parties before the great stress for their hope of us on the subject of justificaheaven on the performance of tion. And is this a nominal moral duties, and yet at the same distinction? Is it of no consetime treat with perfect contempt quence whether man be thoroughall ideas of conversion or regen- ly humbled, or allowed to glory eration; not perhaps denying in something of his own? wheththe thing itself, yet ridiculing all er God and the Lamb are to pretensions of any person to the have all the honour of his salvaexperience of them in our days. tion, or not? There is an esIf this be a true account of the sential difference of opinion here, state of many of the Clergy and and the difference produces a Laity in this kingdom, one sees most material distinction in the at first sight why they object to whole of practical religion. The the manner of setting forth these very ends and motives of duty things. They have no idea of which each party propose to any personal use and application themselves are widely opposite. of them to the heart and con- The love of God is the grand science. And how then do they motive of the one system, selfdiffer essentially from those who righteousness of the other. But deny them altogether? For what surely to every real Christian,
whatever doubts he may have, deed their doctrine was the same, (and he has many on religious no instances of any conversion subjects) it is no matter of doubt shouldever happeu among them? at all whether he bę a fallen Is it not still more incredible, that creature, dead altogether in sin they should deride the very idea by nature. It is no matter of of conversion itself? Why are hesitation whether he is to seek they so fearful of the cross of acceptance with God by the Christ? why so conformable to blood of Jesus Christ, or by the the taste and spirit.of the world? works of the law. It is not a How happens it, that the people problematical subject with him, in general who attend their minWhether he must be born again, istry, are so ignorant of the first if ever he enter into the king principles of Christianity? I redom of God; whether this new member Mr. Howard told me, birth, with all its fruits and conthat he never, in all his life, heard sequences, be vrought by the will of the new birth from any pulpit, of man, or by the Spirit of God till he heard it at Ferriby; and I alone; whether his good works apprehend that many might justought of necessity to be prin- ly make a similar remark. It cipled by the love of God or not. were much to be wished, that the
“ But enough has been said to truth was clearly seen in this shew that there is a real differ- point; because while men fanrence of opinion here ; and those cy the common, beaten, broad, who content themselves with fashionable road, which exposes the forms of orthodoxy above them to no inconyeniences, will described, may be convinced of lead to the same end as the narit by the opposition which they row and difficult road, they will feel in their own breasts to that never leaye the one for the sake view of things which I have been of the other. espousing: Let them search, “IV. If the doctrines of justihowever, the Scriptures with fication and regeneration be then honest minds, and at least cease real scripture doctrines, and enfrom saying that they mean the ter into the principles of a work same things as those which they of divine grace on the heart ;oppose. For if indeed this be if they prove their divine origin the case, why do they shew such by their own light and native enaversion to these principles ? ergy; if they have never failed, why dislike to have them set in every age of the church, to be forth in the plainest manner? attended with undeniable seals why are they more cordial, and of their divinity, in the conver, feel their own spirits to be morę sion and holy lives of some ; if in unison with Socinians, scep: these alone constitute the church, tics, and with any sort of per- and if every other sort of prinsons, than those whom they çiples be diametrically opposite, deem enthusiasts? why such what remains but oat we betake ridicule and contempt of the new ourselves to the study of the sabirth? why is the preaching of cred oracles, and see what is the their system, if it be a system religion there enforced? On a at all, of no weight, no influence ? fair examination we shall find, Is it not incredible that, if in- that the principles which in this
kingdom have been spreading Substance. « Men are turned for about forty years, and have from darkness to light, and from been stigmatized with the ope the power of Satan to God." probrious terms of weakness and Multitudes are reformed, and enthusiasm, are in reality the lead holy lives, wherever these religion of the apostles and principles prevail.“ I frankly primitive Christians. And a avow that the recommendation little candid examination will con- of these principles was the devince any reasonable man, that sign of this publication. Let it they are no other than those only be allowed, that there is which the Reformers in Germa- such a thing as a divinely reveal
a ny and England professed, and ed religion, that the knowledge on which the Church of England and power of it are of infinite is founded. The decline has been importance, and then if any one so deep with us, and scepticism, will still fastidiously refuse these profaneness, and an illegitimate principles an hearing, let him and unscriptural charity have ask himself, where, and among been propagated in so general a what sort of persons he can exmanner, that the revival of these pect to find the real Christian principles subjects men to the religion ? If he is not quite buricensure of introducing some ed in profaneness and pride, he strange sectarian ideas, though will scarce look for it among they contain nothing new, noth- Arians and Socinians. What! ing particular, nothing different is the Spirit of God with those from the creed of the wisest who degrade the essential digni. and most intelligent Christians ty of the Saviour, or despise the of all ages, nor from the genuine operations of the Holy Ghost, or doctrine of the church. Much explain away the only hope of a pains has been taken to suppress sinner-the atonement of the them ; persecution has been tri- Son of God? Will he look for ed, but the spirit of the times, the Christian religion among the and the lenity of government common professors of orthohave ever rendered it ineffectual. doxy? This will, in our days, The most indecent publications, comprehend a very large part; on the plan of wit and raillery, about forty years ago, it comprehave been attempted ; nor has hended almost the whole of the the more reasonable mode of ar- established clergy. But what gument been neglected. Yet signature of divine life can be these principles live and flourish; traced among them? Is there and every lover of truth will re- not an evident want of zeal with joice to find, that many of the respect to religion ? not to say established clergy are opening among many a want of any plan their eyes more and more, and or system of ideas at all? Is there entering into the spirit of the the least spiritual good apparent New Testament with increas- among them? Do any in hearing ing ardour. The hand of God discourses from the pulpit, ever also has evidently been with obtain, or expect to obtain any them. Mr. Howard's case, tho' benefit? Can a single instance somewhat singular in circum- be produced, in the course of stances, is by no means so in twenty or thirty years, of a sin
gle person reclaimed from vice day will be made of every pase in consequence of this religion ? tor; and it behoves us to consid
“He must then, if truly serious er what answer we can return to for his soul, look for the relig. it. To have been useful in proion of Christ among those who, moting the salvation of only a under God, have of late years few souls, will one day be found been the instruments of the revi- more noble, as it is certainly a val already mentioned. And more solid achievement, than to may he look to good purpose ! have amassed all the treasures of May the dawn of gospel light, learning and philosophy, or to the very best symptom of divine have outstripped all their equals favour which this kingdom, a- in ecclesiastical preferment." midst all its alarming evils, can boast, break out into open day ! I would not despair but that eren some of the Dignitaries of the
THE REV. THOMAS church may not only view with
DOOLITTLE. more friendly eyes, as they lately have done, but themselves al- THOMAS DOOLITTLE, M. A. so, with honest zeal, espouse and of Pembroke-Hall, Cambridge, support the precious peculiarities was born of religious parents in of Christianity. Devoutly should 1630. He early discovered an we pray, that that “God, who inclination to learning. Some alone worketh great marvels, of his friends would have had would send down upon our bish- him brought up to the law, and ops and curates, and all con- he was actually placed with an gregations committed to their attorney upon trial ; but being charge, the healthful spirit of set to copy some writings on the his grace."
Lord's day, he resolved against “ Let me be permitted to sug, that profession, and determined gest to my brethren of the clergy, on the ministry; in which he that they have taken upon them had Mr. Baxter's encouragea weighty charge indeed, the ment, whose discourses on the feeding of precious souls, whose Saints' Rest were blessed for his blood will be required at their saving conversion. He was an hands, if they be found unfaith: experienced Christian, before he ful; and that a life of mere in. was a minister; and, as he imdolence and pleasure, or spent in proved in learning, he also grew the pursuit of preferment and in grace. attendance on the great, or even When he left the University, in the fairer and more creditable he came to London, where he was attention to matters of learning soon noticed for his warm and and taste, or worldly business, is affectionate preaching; and the by no means calculated to quali- Parish of St. Alphage called him fy them for the right discharge to be their pastor. He accepted of the task which they have un- the office with great diffidence, dertaken. “ With whom hast and applied bimself to his work thou left those few sheep in the with all his might; and the hand wilderness ?” is a very awful in- of the Lord was eminently with quiry, which at the last judgment him. In this place he continued nine years, viz. till the Bartholo- therefore could not promise to demew Act passed ; when, having sist. The next Saturday a mescarefully studied the terms re- senger of the king, with a comquired, and prayed for Divine pany of the train bands, came at direction, he thought it his duty midnight to seize Mr. Doolittle in to be a Nonconformist, cheerfully his house, but he made his escape. casting himself and family upon He purposed to have preached Providence ; whose concern for the next morning, but was perhim be soon experienced ; for suaded to forbear. Another perthe day after he preached his son readily undertook to preach farewell sermon, one of his for him; and, while in sermon, parishioners presented bim 20 a company of soldiers came in, pounds, saying, “there was some
and the officer called aloud to thing to buy bread for his child him, “ I command you in the dren, as an encouragement to king's name, to come down." his future trust.” He then set
He answered, “I command you up a boarding school in Moor.
in the name of the King of kings, fields; and so many were desi- not to disturb his worship.” On rous to have their children with which the officer bid his men fire. him, that he soon had occasion The minister, undaunted, clapfor a larger house.
ping his hand on his breast, said, Upon the breaking out of the
Shoot, if you please, you can plague, he called his friends to, only kill the body.” The people, gether, to seek the Divine direc- upon this, being in an uproar, he tion; and, according to their ad- escaped in the crowd unhurt. vice (on account of the youth
After this, Mr. Doolittle was abunder his care) he removed to
sent from home some weeks, and Woodford bridge, leaving Mr.
on Lord's day, guards were set T. Vincent in his house. In this
before the meeting-house.
At village his family continued heal length the justices came, and had thy, and many resorted to his the pulpit pulled down, and the house for the worship of God.
doors fastened, with the king's After the plague, be returned to
broad arrow set upon them. London ; and, having counted
Upon a licence, granted by the cost, he opened a meeting king Charles in 1672, Mr. house, though against law, near
Doolittle resumed his place, and his own; which proving too
set up an Academy at Islington, small, he erected a large and where he educated several young commodious one in Morkwell men for the ministry. When Street, where he preached to a the Oxford Act passed, he renumerous auditory, and had ma- moved to Wimbleton, and severny seals to his ministry. Here al of his pupils attended his lecMr. Vincent assisted him; and tures privately. While he residthe Lord Mayor, sending for ed here, he experienced a rethem both, endeavoured to dis- markable providence. As he suade them from preaching on was one day riding out with a account of the danger they were friend, he was met by a military in.
They told his lordship, officer, who took hold of his “that they were satisfied of their horse. Mr. Doolittle asking call to preach the gospel, and him, what he meant by stopping