Henry IV., &c.), much of the scandal at- I have not been a very victorious laborer tached to her name would at once fall for the last seven or eight months. away. Doubtless you have read Kropo- Nevertheless, I decidedly grow in love misky's “ Tagebuch ;" is it good for any for my Hero, and go on; and can by no thing? Are there no Histories but Cas. means decide to throw him up at this tera's and Took's? Any news on that stage of the inquiry. That I should ever subject would be welcome too, some time write anything on Frederick seems more when you are benevolent to me. Adieu, and more uolikely; but perhaps it would my dear Sir, and do not forget me!- be good that my reading upon him, which

T. CARLYLE. has been a kind of intermitting pursuit

with me all my life, should now finish We have lost Miss Wynne's latitude and complete itself at last. Accordingly and longitude in these her travels. If she frieod Neuberg, I believe, has won comes to Berlin, remiod her punctually of other small cargo of Books on the road for that fact. — Milnes, as you perhaps know, me; nay other wider schemes of inquiry is at last wedded ; just returning from his are opening : one way or other, I suppose, marriage-jaunt: a very eligible wife he I ought to play the game out. got.

From Reymann's "Kreiskarten," and

Stieler's maps, joined to an invaluable old Chelsea, London: June 6, 1852. “Büsching" which has come to me, I get, MY DEAR SIR, – Since you last heard or can get fair help towards all manner of of me, I have been reading and inquiring topography; on the other hand, I greatly not a little about Frederick the Great; want some other kind of Book or Books and have often had it in view to write to which should give me with the due minute you, but was always driven back by the ness and due indubitability a correct basis vague state of my affairs in that quarter. of Chronology; in all former inquiries, I For all is yet vague; I may say chaotic, had some Contemporary set of Newspapathless; - and on the whole, my studies pers, Analyse du Moniteur, Commons (if they deserve that name) have hitherto Journals, private Diary or the like, to served less to afford me direct vision on serve me in this respect; but here I have the subject, than to show what darkness yet found nothing, and do much want still envelopes it for me. Books here are something, the result being always an inpretty abundant upon Frederick, for he dispensable one with me, and preliminary has always been an object of interest to to all other results. Had faithful Preuss the English ; but on the whole not the done the “Euvres de " Frederick accordright Books, — the right Books, materials ing to what I think the right plan, all would and helps are not accessible here, and in- have been safe in this particular, in the deed do not exist here even if one could hands of so exact a man: but unfortu. (which I cannot) sit in the British Museum nately he has looked on Frederick's works to read them. On the other hand, impor. as literature (which they hardly are, or not tation of books from Germany, I find, is at all are) and not as Autobiographic Doc. intolerably tedious and uncertain : - so uments of a World-Hero (which is their that, I have to admit that my real progress, real character); and thus, tying up every in proportion to my labor, is quite mourn- little ounce-weight of different ware into fully small; and after struggling with so a bundle of his own, - we have a most many dull reporters, Preuss (in all forms), perverse regularity of method; the book, Ranke, Frédéric (“Euvres de," in two edi. in spite of its painful uprememberable tions), Voltaire, Lloyd (" Tempelhof” still annotations, very often unintelligible to unattainable), Fomini, Archenholz, Ret- the earnest reader; not to be read in any 20w, not to speak of Zimmermann, Nico-way except with all the volumes about you lai, Denina, &c. &c.,"reporters "enough, at once; and yielding at last a result which - I find the thing reported of still hover- is quite bewildering, not a living hero ing at an immeasurable distance, and only and the shadow of his history, but the revealing itself to me in fitful enigmatic disjecta membra of him and it. From glimpses, not quite identical with any of these “Cuvres," were they even comthe “reports ” I have heard !--- Add to pleted, there will be no Chronology easily which, I have no definite literary object attainable. - If you know of any such book of my own in view, to animate me in this as would serve me in this particular, or inquiry; nothing but a natural human can hear of any, I will beg you to let me curiosity, and love of the Heroic, in the know of it. Also (after all my Büschings absence of other livelier interests from my and Reymanns) I should be very thankful sphere of work at present: you may figure for a little Topographical Dictionary of Prussia, or even of Germany (if not too | undertaken. There is a letter, from a big): Büsching's "Indexes” being hith. poor English soldier, acting as servant erto my only help in this respect. Char. to Marshal Keith, which gives some poor acter of place, sequence of time, Topog- glimpses of Keith in his last moments, and raphy and Chronology, - these are the of the terrible mewing of Hochkirch : you warp and woof of all historical intelligibil. must see this poor Tebay's letter (that is ity to me.

the name of him) for your second edition Another book which I want still more, of “Keith ;” if you have it not at hand, if there be such a book, is some Bio- pray apply to me for a copy, which will be graphical Dictionary, or were it even an very easily got. It seems there are large authentic old “ Peerage Book” such as masses of Mitchell Correspondence still we have in England, - or even a distilla- uoprinted in the British Museum, and tion of old Army.lists and Court Calendar, various MSS. of Frederick included in

- some Prussian Book, I mean, or gen-them; which, however, I believe, have eral German Book, which would tell me been seen by Raumer and other Prussians. a little who these crowds of empty names I read “Mirabeau," and still have him; are, at least which of them is meant, when but except Maubillon's volume on the one hears them mentioned. This is a Prussian soldiers, I found the rest mainly quite frightful want with me. There are a huge and to me quite questionable lecsuch multitudes of different Schwerins ture on Free-trade à la Cobden ;-well (“of Schwerins," I somewhere heard), all worth its reading too, for Mirabeau is of them unknown to me, so many Branden. Mirabeau wherever one finds him. I have burg-Schwedl Brunswick Beweros, half- often pictured to myself the one interview dozens of Dukes of Würtemberg, &c. &c. of Vater Fritz and Gabriel Honoré on the -it becomes like a Walpurgis-Nacht, stage of this world ! where you can fix some of them into the But, on the whole, I must now tell you condition of visual shadows at least! The of a project that has risen here of a little very Margraves of Baireuth and Anspach tour to Germany itself on our part; of are and continue mere echoes to me. which the chief justification to me, The Duchess of Saxe-Gotha too (Freder. though the female mind withal has other ick's and Voltaire's), I have asked on all views in it, — would be to assist myself sides who or what she is and nobody can in the inquiries after Frederick. To look so much as show me the color of a ribbon with my eyes upon Potsdam, Ruppin, of her! Voltaire's five thousand letters Rheinsberg, Küstrin, and the haunts of (one hundred times too many) I find as Frederick; to see the Riesengebirge counimperfectly edited as any; indeed they are try and the actual fields of Frederick's ten three-parts utterly illegible already, for or twelve grand battles: this would be a want of editing, – and must end by being real and great gain to me. Hohenfried. fung out, as portions of Chaos or the berg, Soor, Leuthen, I could walk these utterly Dark, for most part before very scenes as truly notable ones

on this long, I apprehend. It was Frederick Earth's surface; footsteps of a most bril. alone that first sent me into that black liant, valiant, and invincible human soul element, or eyond the very shores of it; which had gone before me through the and I confess I had no idea how dark and countries and left iodelible trace of him. vacant it had grown. If you can think of self there. Then at Berlin, one could see any guide or guides for me, in this impor. at least immensities of portals, Chodotant particular at once so essential and so wieski Engravings, &c. &c. which are completely unprovided for, surely it will quite wanting in this country; as well as be a great favor. Of course there are all manner of books to be read or to be guides better or worse, to an inquiring collected and carried home for reading; stranger; and the worst of them, if only not to mention oral inquiries and commuauthentic and intelligible, would be a kiod nications, or the very sight of friends who of heaven to me in this enterprise. might otherwise remain always invisible

Did you see the Selection from Sir to me! In short, I think it not unlikely Andrew Mitchell's Correspondence, two that we may actually come, my Wife and thick volumes which appeared here some 1, this very summer; and try the business years ago ? Doubtless they are in some a little ; for there are Homburg or other of your Berlin libraries. The Editor, watering places in the game too, and we one Birret, is a man of some energy and really both of us need a little change of talent; but said to be very vain and ill- scene, after so many years of this Babel. natured ; and is, beyond doubt, profoundly The drawbacks are sad incapacity, espeill-informed on the matter he has here cially on my part, for sleeping, for digest


ing, for supporting the conditions of travel, night of sound sleep; I am obliged to

- which are sport to most people, and help myself along with broken sleep, in alas are death to poor us! However, if about half the natural quantity, — which the motive energy were sufficiently great! circumstance necessarily modifies very We can both of us speak, or could soon much the objects I can hope to attempt learn to speak, a kind of Deutsch-Kauder with success in this journey of mine. To wälsch, which might be intelligible to the gather some old books (on the subject of quick-eared; and for me, I have a certain Frederick), to see Portraits and Places, readiness in bad French as well. Miss this is nearly all I can aim at, as matters Wynne eagerly urges the attempt on hy- go. gienic grounds; others urge, and, in fact, Berlin is to be my last station ; from there is a kind of stir in the matter, which Berlin I go home by the shortest route, may perhaps come to something.

and at the quickest rate of steam conWill you, at any rate, be so kind as to veyance. I calculate on staying there describe to me a little what you reckon perhaps a week; longer if I could get a the resources of Berlin in regard to my lodging where sleep were possible ; but Frederick speculations might be. — Berlin, of that I fancy there is no hope ! I am I conclude, must be the headquarter in habitually a bad sleeper; cannot do with regard to all that;- and mention espe- noises, &c., at all: and the arrangements cially what the proper time, both in regard for sleep, in all German places where to climate and to the presence of instruc. I have tried, are eminently unsuitable tive persons, might be for visiting your hitherto. — If you or any of your people city.' People speak of Berlin heats, and could advise where a quiet bedroom was sand, and blazing pavements, and again of to be had in Berlin, that would be one of Berlin sleets and frosts: a still more im- the valuablest favors! At all events, portant point would be the possibility of leave a line for me “ Berlin, Poste reslodging in some open-aired and above all tante ”; that I may know at once whether quiet place; doubiless all this is manage you are in Town; and where to find you. able, — with a maximum quidem, and also And now for the Sächsische Schweiz, with a minimum. Till your answer comes, and other confused journeyings ! - Yours I will stir no farther.

always truly,

T. CARLYLE. Miss Wynne, home from Paris this good while, seems as well as ever, and

Chelsea : Janr. 15, 1854. quite beautiful again. We all salute Varo. MY DEAR SIR, Your “ Bülow's Lehagen. — Yours always,

ben," with the kind letter in it, has come T. CARLYLE. safe to hand: many thanks for so wel.

come and friendly a Gift, which so many Dresden : Septr. 25, 1852. others, a long list now, have preceded! MY DEAR SIR, - Here I actually am It lay waiting for me here, on my return in Germany, and have been there three or from a short sad visit I had made to Scotfour weeks; in my great haste and consu- land, whither I had been called on the sion I despatch a line to announce that mourofullest errand, - the death of my small fa to you, - and farther that I aged, dear, and excellent Mother, whose hope to be in Berlin itself (and to see you, departure I witnessed on Christmas day; if I am lucky) about Tuesday or at farthest a scene which, as you can well believe, Wednesday next. I have come up the has filled me with emotions and reflexions Rhine from Rotterdam; have been at ever since, and caonot for the rest of my Ems, Homburg, Frankfurt, Weimar, &c. :flife be forgotten. I have kept myself this afternoon we go towards Schandau, very silent, and as solitary as possible Lobositz; and after Lobositz, direct to ever since my return; looking out more Berlin, - I suppose by Zittau and Frank- earnestly towards new labor (if ihat might furt a. O.

but be possible for me), as the one My wife is not here; she is safe at consolation in this and in all afflictions home, — where I wish I too were ! Neu- that can come. In the evenings of last berg alone accompanies me ; one of the week, three of them at least, I have read friendliest and helpfullest road-compan." Bülow," as an agreeable halting-place ions man ever had. I have of course for my mind; and was very sorry last seen many interesting things; in fact I night when it ended upon me, as all have prospered well in all respects, except things have to do. that I can hardly get any sleep, in these You have given us a flowing Narranoisy bedrooms, in these strange beds: tion, in your old clear style; painted out in fact it is now four weeks since I had a a stormy battling Life-Pilgrimage, with


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many interesting particulars in it. Bü. her kind politeness to me I often think of, low was not much other than a Name to with real regret that I was not in a condi. me before ; but I possess him now on tion to profit by it more : such goodness, much closer terms: the man and the coupled with such gracefulness, — what scene he worked in are very vividly but five weeks of want of sleep could have brought out in this Book. Boih in face rendered it of small use to a foreign way. and in character, I find him an intensely farer! Prussian Physiognomy; really very inter. We are busy here, babbling about Turk esting to me, — with his strange old Swe wars, Palmerston resigoation - reacceptdenborgian Father, his wild Brothers, and ances, Prince Albert interferences &c. all his peculiar environments and person. &c., — with very trifling degree of wis. alities. Almost a type Prussian, as I dom, and to me with no interest whatever. said ; reminding me of much that I saw, London, England everywhere are swelling and guessed, among your military people, higher and higher with golden wealth, and while among you.

Was that Tauentrien the opulences which fools most prize ;a kinsman of Frederick's Governor of London in particular is stretching itself Breslau ? A most ridiculous figure he out on every side, at a rate which to me is makes in that proposed duel with Bülow ! frightful and disgusting; for we are al

I have gone thro' great quantities of the ready two millions and more; and our new dreariest Prussian reading since I saw populations are by no means the beauti. you; but cannot boast to myself that fullest of the human species, but rather Prussia or Vater Fritz becomes in the the greediest and hungriest from all ends least clearer to me by the process. Hu- of the Earth that are Hocking towards us. man stupidity (with the pen, or with other We must take our destiny. “Unexamimplements in its hand) is extremely po-pled prosperity,” fools call it, — by no teat in this Universe! How am I to quit means I. — Yours ever with thanks, this Fritz after so much lost labor, is not

T. CARLYLE. clear to me; still less how I am ever

Neuberg requested me lately to ask if to manage any Picture of him on those terms. Mirabeau, so far as I can see, is you had got a copy of his “ Heldenverehthe only man of real genius that has ever

rung,” and to bid you demand one apo spoken of him; and he only in that cur.

pointed at Decker's, if not. — Adieu. sory and offhand way. In the end, I sup


Oct. 7, 1857. pose I shall be reduced to Fritz's own MY DEAR SIR, — Many thanks for your letters and utterances, as my main re two notes to me, – for your kind thought source, if I persist in this questionable in regard to that matter of “ Voltaire at enterprise. if I had been able to get any Frankfurt.” I already had a copy of that sleep in Germany my own eyes might still excellent little tract, - fruit of your good: have done a good deal for me; but thatness to me at its first appearance ; - and also was not possible : the elements were have again studied it over, more than once, too strong for so thin a skin; I was driven since these investigations began. It lies half-distracted after five or six weeks of bound up with other interesting pieces of that sort, - and to this hour the street of a kindred sort; ready for use when the the Linden, and with it all Berlin, is time comes. But you are not to think this incurably reversed to me; and I cannot second copy wasted either; the little pambring the North side out of a southern phlet itself I have already turned to good posture in my fancy, let me do what I account for my interests; - and the facts will. I remember Lobositz, however; I of its being sent me on those terms has a remember Kunersdorf too in a very im- value which I would not willingly part pressive manner; and wish I had gone to with. Reinsberg, to Prag, to Leuthen, &c., &c. How often have I wished that I had you

My wife had a pleasant Note from here “as a Dictionary !” but there is Miss Wynne at Rome the other day: nothing such attainable in these latitudes : Rome seems full of interest to the two the truth is, I should have come to Ber. fair Tourists, and they are doing well, – lin to write this book; but I did not car. in the middle of a large colony of English didly enough take measure of it, before visitants, if other interests should fail. starting, or admit to myself, what I dimly It is a very welcome hope of ours, at all felt, how“ gewaltigan affair it was sure times to see Miss Wynne settled within to be! In that case, I had probably never easy reach of us again.

attempted it at all. Nobody can well like You must recommend me to Mademoi. his own performance worse than I in this selle Solmar very kindly, if you please: instance, but it must be finished taliter

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qualiter. Nay, on the whole it needed to only abandoned her airy costume for a be done : the English are utterly, I may boy's uniform, which she wore till she say disgracefully and stupidly dark about went to Paris; who could not write till all Prussian and German things ; - and she was eleven, and passed her time in it did behove that some Englishman should acting, and in studying music and a few plunge, perhaps on his mere English re. romances, till she was married at sevensources, into that black gulph, and tear up teen, - if a soothsayer had stated these some kind of human footpath that others facts, and informed the prince of the role might follow. - At any rate, I hope to get that the ignorant little girl was to play in it done; and that will be reward enough the Orleans family, he would have laid for me after the horrible imprisonment I himself open to a good deal of mockery have had in it so long.

from the beaux esprits about the court. The Edinburgh Review on Goethe I Yet such, in a few words, is the early have not seen : somebody told me it was history of Madame de Genlis. She was by 5, whom you may remember: “Hat born on Jaouary 25, 1746, at Champcéri, nichts zu bedeuten," there or here. Nor near Autun, and lived there, and at anLord Brougham's speculations on the other house on the banks of the Loire, Great Friedrich any more ;

till she was five, when her father bought ulations of Lord Brougham's horse are as the estate of St. Aubin, and the marquiswell worth attending to. And indeed are ate that went with it. The St. Aubins about as much attended to by the best were at no time rich, not even before they kind of people here! For I am happy to were absolutely ruined; and during the say, there is, sparingly discoverable, a years that followed their ruin the marquis class among us of a silent kind, much su- was a good deal from home, his last jourperior to that vocal one; -- and many a ney being to St. Domingo, where he had * Palmerston," “ Crimean War," &c., &c., property. During all this while Félicité as mirrored in the Newspapers and in the was her mother's companion, sharing her heads of these Stillen im Lande would amusements, and more than sharing her surprise you by the contrasts offered. duty of entertaining any visitors. Her What they call • Liberty of the press " is brother intended for the Church, and become a thing not beautiful to look at in dressed as an abbé), was being educated this country, to those who have eyes ! at a lycée; and, although mentioned in

The Indian mutiny is an ominous re- the holiday amusements, he does not seem buke. It seems probable they will get it to have been much “accounted of.” “He beaten down again, but I observe those was nothing like so brilliant a child as 1," who know least about it make lightest of Félicité says, with the charming modesty it. What would Friedrich Wilhelm have to which she so often alludes. Who, in. said to such an “army as that black one deed, was there to compare with her ? We has been known for thirty years past to pass over her merely infantile triumphs, be !- Miss Wynne has returned to us ; of which there were plenty. At ten she bright as ever. Adieu, dear Sir, take care acts in "Zaïre ” and “Iphigenia," and is of yourself through the grim months. assured by the spectators that she outdoes Yours ever truly,

Clairon; she makes verses that are shown

T. CARLYLE. to the leading literary men in Paris, one The little Ahlefeld book (tell Madame) inexpressible delight!” At thirteen her

of whom, Mondorge, "reads them with is a great favorite here, as it deserves to be, with all who see it.

harp-playing is listened to with rapture by
the most accomplished musicians; her
mind “has a force quite exceptional at her
age;" and she shows “the greatest pos-

sible turn for dancing."
From The National Review. In her love affairs it is just the same.
A POSEUSE OF THE EIGHTEENTH “Before I left Burgundy there occurred

an event which no woman ever forgets — IF a soothsayer had suddenly informed the first passion she inspires. I was only Philippe Egalité, on his wedding day, that eleven,” she says, “and very small for my he would select as the person most capa-age, looking about eight or nine; yet a ble of giving his sons, as well as his young man of eighteen fell violently in daughters, a solid education, a lady who love with me.” The young man was a had spent many months of her childhood doctor's son, who had for two years been in running about the country dressed as one of the troupe of players whom her Cupid (wings omitted for church), who | mother had gathered round her. Madame




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