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Duke of Somerset's Wimbledon fête, was a base was sentenced to fourteen years' transportation and infamous falsehood.
for embezzling 300 sovereigns and various bills 29.-In committee on the Birmingham of exchange. Police Bill, Lord John Russell consented to 1 5.–The purchasers of land in the first townabandon his own clauses authorizing the Township of New Zealand meet in the rooms of Council to take special steps for preserving the the Company to determine by lot who shall peace of the town, in favour of others suggested have precedence of selection. One-tenth of all by Sir Robert Peel, making special com- the surveyed lands was said to be set aside for missioners appointed by the Home Office re the aborigines.
sponsible for the peace of the locality. The
6.-Lord Brougham's series of five resoluplea put forward for thus superseding the local
tions, involving censure on the Government for authority was the acknowledged democratic
their recent Irish policy, carried in the House character of the Town Council, and the doubt
of Lords by 86 to 52 votes. Lord Melbourne whether it had the power to levy a rate for such
described the ex-Chancellor's speech as violent, an increase in the police force as would be
intemperate, and criminating. required.
- The Chartist National Convention re– The new Postage Duties Bill passed the
moves from Bolt-court, Fleet-street, to the Housc of Commons.
Arundel Coffee-house, where they issue a 30.–Trial of Bolam at the Northumberland declaration concerning the postponement of Assizes for the murder of Joseph Millie, at the “sacred month.” Though the people are Newcastle (Dec. 7, 1838). The jury returned not generally prepared to carry out the month a verdict of manslaughter, and Baron Maule in its entirety, the delegates are convinced that sentenced him to transportation for life.
“most of the trades may be induced to cease
working on the 12th for two or three days, in 31.-Lord John Russell writes to the magis.
order to devote the whole of that time to trates of Manchester, warning them to be watchful of the movements of evil-disposed
solemn processions and meetings for deliberpeople, who were seeking to obtain money
ating on the present awful state of the country.” from householders and shopkeepers, by threat 7.-Cabul captured, and entered by Shah ening them with personal danger and loss of Soojah, accompanied by the British Envoy, the business, or marking down their names and commanding officer of the army, and a squadron reporting them as enemics.
of British cavalry. After traversing the streets --- A majority (39 to 13) of the Original
and reaching the palace in the Bala Hissar, a Burgher Associate Synod resolved to annex
royal salute was fired, and congratulations themselves to the Church of Scotland.
offered to his Majesty on regaining the throne
of his ancestors. Envoy Macnaghten describes - The House of Commons engage to-day
the breaking-up of the army and night of Dost in the discussion of another case of breach of
Mahomed Khan. “He was not accompanied privilege, the Messrs. Hansard presenting a
by any person of consequence, and his followers petition for protection from the consequences of
are said to have been reduced below the numan action raised against them for printing and
ber of 100 on the day of his departure." publishing a report and minutes of evidence respecting the island of New Zealand. The 8.-The Postage Duties Bill passes the action was subsequently departed from, SO House of Lords. It received the Royal assent that the House contented itself with a simple on the 17th. expression of opinion.
- Died at Rockhall, Dumfriesshire, Sir
Robert Grierson, the fourth baronet of Lag, a August 2.--Vincent, Edwards, Townsend,
lieutenant on half-pay in the nith Foot. He and Dickenson, Chartist agitators, tried at
was over 100 years of age, and had drawn halfMonmouth for sedition, and sentenced to terms
pay for seventy-six years. of imprisonment varying from six to twelve months.
9.--Pera, the Christian suburb of Constan. -- At a meeting of the Exeter Town Council,
tinople, nearly destroyed by fire. The loss the City Treasurer declared that he had neither
was estimated at 4,800,000!. money nor credit, and that the city did not - In a debate on Mr. Duncombe's series possess sufficient funds to pay 31. for a supply of resolutions censuring Ministers, Mr. Disof potatoes to the gaol.
raeli said: “They had been for seven years - In the House of Lords, Lord Brougham
attacking the Church. They had revolucarries his motion for an address to the Crown
tionized the parochial jurisdiction of the coun. un the subject of the Portuguese slave-trade. try — the most ancient jurisdiction, and one 3.--Five of the Birmingham rioters tried at
bearing a much finer relation to the feelings Warwick; Howell, Roberts, and Jones sen
and wants of the people than any other part of
the constitution. The Government had further tenced to death, but afterwards reprieved.
attacked trial by jury; they destroyed Corpora- At the Crown Court at Bodmin, Felix tions, and had not spared the ancient Police of Lovell, for twenty years a clerk in the Customs, the country. (Laughter.) They had impaired
all local administration, and had confiscated the property of the people. Why should not such things occasion discontent? Why should Dot a people be exasperated, whose physical comforts, moral resources, and self-respect were assailed in so reckless a manner ?" Mr. Duncombe's resolutions were rejected by 51 votes to 29.
11.-- This (Sunday) afternoon, a body of about 500 Chartists met in West Smithfield, and walked in procession to St. Paul's Cathedral, which they occupied for some time. At Manchester, in conformity with O'Connor's advice, they also took possession of the Cathedral, but left abruptly on the preacher announcing as his text, “ My house is the house of prayer, but ye have made it a den of thieves."
12.–At Manchester, Bolton, Macclesfield, and various other centres of industry, the Chartists seek to raise disturbances by compelling working men to cease from their labour during the “sacred month.” No excitement throughout the country generally.
- At Chester, Mr. Baron Gurney thus lays down the law of conspiracy as bearing on the prisoners now awaiting trial :-"In a conspiracy it is not necessary, nor is it even possible, that all the parties should do one and the same thing. A conspiracy is carried into execution by different persons in different places, doing different things, all conducing to the accomplishment of the design in which they are engaged. Some would call meetings ; others would preside ; others speak, instruct, and inflame." Others would go about privately to stir up; others distribute publications explanatory of the objects to be obtained, and the means to procure them. Others would manufacture arms, and others obtain their disposal. For the purpose of making a conspiracy it is not necessary that they should all have known of it ; but if by means of these speeches and publications they are induced to act, though at a distance from each other, in the execution of the same plan, they are still conspirators. The act of one is the act of all. An act done in this county for the furtherance of the common Gesign, is an act for which they are all answerable, even though the parties should never have designed it ; and though they should reside in another county, they may be properly charged in one and the same indictment.'
14.–The Commission of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland agree to Dr. Gordon's hostile resolution in the Auchterarder case : “The Commission are of opinion that the application of Mr. Young is incompetent, not only because he was finally rejected by a sentence of Presbytery, which was not appealed from, a similar application having been directed to be refused by the Assembly of 1838, but also because it would be a complete violation of the fundamental principles of the Cliurch, in contravention of her standing laws,
and in defiance of the authority of the last General Assembly, who, on a report of the Auchterarder case being laid before them, declared that no presentee should be forced upon the people; as also, because it was opposed to the sentence of the Commission in May last. And the Commission are further of opinion, that no sentence of the civil court can justify their compliance. The Commission, further, considering the motion which was made by the minority of the Presbytery to take Mr. Young on his trials, hereby prohibit the Presbytery in any event from taking Mr. Young on his trials, as they shall be accountable." - Dr. Cook moved an amendment : “ Having maturely considered the reference of the Presbytery of Auchterarder, the Commission earnestly advise that Presbytery, in conformity with the judgment of the Court of Session, affirmed upon appeal by the House of Peers, to take upon trial Mr. Robert Young, presentee to the parish of Auchterarder; so that, if they find him qualified, they may proceed to the settlement with all convenient speed, according to the rules of the Church.” Dr. Gordon's motion was carried by a vote of 104 to 23.
15.-Came on at Chester Assizes the trial of the Rev. J. R. Stephens, charged with misdemeanour, in so far as he had attended an unlawful meeting, and incited those present to a disturbance of the public peace. The meeting mainly relied on was held at the Cotton Tree, near Hyde. Many who attended it carried arms, and bore banners with the inscriptions—"Tyrants, believe and tremble," “Liberty or Death,” “ Ashton demands Universal Suffrage or Universal Vengeance,” “For children and wife we'll war to the knife." There was also a transparency with the word “Blood.” At this meeting the prisoner was charged with using inflammatory language. He told the meeting that “ he had good news for them ; he had been to the barracks, seen the soldiers, and the soldiers would not act against the people.” He asked if they had fire-arms, and were ready; and the answer was given by a discharge of fire-arms. This meeting continued till midnight. Stephens, who spoke for five hours in defence, was found guilty, and sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment in Knutsford Gaol.
- Don Carlos, closely pressed by Espartero, crosses the frontier and surrenders himself to the French Sub-prefect at Bayonne.
16.—The clergy of Ripon and neighbourhood having remonstrated with the Marquis of Londonderry for fighting a duel with Mr. Grattan, the Marquis replies :-—“I should lose the degree of character I have (I hope) obtained through life, for candour and straightforwardness, if I did not at once declare that while you, as clergymen, are compelled to view this transaction as unsanctioned and unauthorized by God, we as soldiers are, bound to fight to uphold the Altar and Throne wher attacked, and for this high duty our garmenis
must be unsullied as yours ; and while you in V. Chapman, involving the validity of the the due exercise of your high calling are bound Manchester Charter. The judge directe a to preach the Gospel and administer consolation verdict for the defendant, on the ground that to the repentant sinner, you must leave to the the Privy Council could grant the charter on British soldier the unfettered right of being the the petition which had been presented from best judge and arbiter of his own honour, while Manchester ; but allowed Mr. Cresswell to he religiously believes that in doing his duty tender a bill of exceptions, on which the case in that state of life to which Providence has could be argued in the court above. called him he will find mercy in the Redeemer, instead of drawing down the wrath of God, as
26.–To-day new writs were issued for Tipyou seem to announce.”
perary in room of Mr. Shiel, appointed Vice
President of the Board of Trade, and for 16.-Lord Tavistock writes to the Chronicle, Manchester in room of Mr. Poulett Thomson denying that Lady Tavistock took any part appointed Governor-General of Canada. whatever against Lady Flora Hastings, or ever imparted any suspicion, or made any communi
- Under severe threats from the native cation, direct or indirect, to her Majesty con
Government, the British residents leave Macao cerning that lady.
and seek shelter with Captain Elliot, who
ordered the British vessels to the Bay of 19.--The Lords' amendment to the Portu Coalloon. guese Slave Trade Bill agreed to by the Commons, and sent back to the Upper House to
27.-Parliament prorogued by the Queen in receive the Royal Assent. A protest against
person. The Speaker presented the last Supply the measure was entered by the Duke of Wel
Bill of the session. In the Royal Speech relington, on the ground that the right of search
ference was made to the treaty between Holland provided for in the bill was liable to be resented
and Belgium, negotiated by the mediation of and retaliated by other Powers.
the Five Powers, who were alike determined to
uphold the independence and integrity of the 20.-Detention of the army of the Indus Ottoman Empire. “I regret that the difto maintain Shah Soojah in Cabul. “I am ferences which led to the withdrawal of my anxiously desirous," writes Lord Auckland, Minister from the Court of Teheran have not “ that the forces should be once more yet been satisfactorily adjusted by the Governstationed within our own provinces. The
ment of Persia. In order to fulfil the engagepolitical effect of their return could not but
ments announced to you at the opening of the be advantageous. It would put an end to
present session, the Governor-General of India the injurious speculations which have been has moved an army across the Indus; and I founded on their absence. It might check the have much satisfaction in being able to informi restless and unfriendly spirit which has pre you that the advance of that expedition has vailed beyand our northern and eastern fron
been hitherto unopposed, and there is every tiers, and would give us disposable strength for reason to hope that the important objects for the requisition which it seems probable, in the which these military operations have been underpresent aspect of affairs, may in more quarters taken will be finally obtained. It has been with than one be made for military demonstration. satisfaction that I have given my consent to a Yet I need scarcely add that even these objects, reduction of the postage duties. I trust that and the immediate reduction of expenditure, the Act which has been passed on this subject would be ill attained at the price of leaving will be a relief and encouragement to trade, unaccomplished the great purposes with which and that by facilitating intercourse and correthe expedition to Cabul was undertaken.”
spondence it will be productive of much social As Shah Soojah was utterly unable of himself
advantage and improvement." It was with great to support his claim to the throne of Affghan
pain, it was mentioned, the Crown “had been istan, a general order was issued on the 9th
compelled to enforce the law against those who October, commanding the whole of the troops no longer concealed their design of resisting to be distributed between Cabul, Jellalabad, by force the lawful authorities, and of subverting Ghuznee, and Candahar, the latter under the the institutions of the country.” command of Major-General Nott.
28.–Tournament at Eglinton Castle. The 22.-The Morning Post gives currency to tilt-yard was formed on a lawn a little south of the rumour that the Queen was about to ally the castle. A wooden paling, about five feet herself in marriage with Prince Albert of Saxe in height, served to keep back the crowd ; Coburg
while the grand stand, with seats for 800 23.-In reviewing the legislative work of
persons, and two smaller galleries right and the session, Lord Lyndhurst taunted the Home
left, containing 700 each, formed nearly the Secretary with now being compelled to suppress
whole southern side of the arena. At each by force in Birmingham opinions which some
end, and within the enclosure, the encamp.
ments or positions of the various knights were time since he had said were as "the voice of the nation ” compared to “the whisper of a
pitched. The rising ground on the northern faction."
side of the lists was completely covered with
spectators, and in various places throughout 86.-Tried at Liverpool the case of Rutter | the park, wherever a glimpse of the lists could
be obtained, vehicles crowded with visitors were elected for Portsinouth without opposition. drawn up. The weather, unfortunately, was Mr. Spring Rice was called to the House of most unfavourable. The rain commenced to Lords with the title of Lord Monteagle. The fall heavily in the forenoon, which not only Marquis of Normanby and Lord John Russell led to a curtailment in the splendour of the change places, the former becoming Home grand procession from the castle, but damped Secretary and the latter Colonial Secretary. the enthusiasm of many who had undertaken Mr. Labouchere succeeded Mr. Poulett Thomlong journeys to be present at this revival of son at the Board of Trade. ancient state. After the procession had moved The Rev. Theobald Mathew organizes great round the arena, the King of the Tournament
temperance demonstrations at Limerick. On (the Marquis of Londonderry) and the Queen
one of the days the crush of people was so of Beauty (Lady Seymour), with their at
immense, that the cavalry called out to preserve tendants, took their places on the grand stand,
order were swept off the ground. Thousands and the knights, with thcir suites, withdrew to
were anxious even to touch the hem of his gartheir respective tents. Some jousting then
ment. At Nenagh 20,000 persons took the took place in the tilting-ground, the most
pledge in one day, and 100,000 at Galway noticeable encounters being those between the
in two days. Earl of Eglinton (Lord of the Tournament) and the Marquis of Waterford (Knight of the September 3.-A committee of MaryleDragon). There was also a broadsword en bone Vestry recommend the paving of the counter between Prince Louis Napoleon and whole of Oxford Street with wood. Mr. Lamb, Knight of the White Rose. On the
- Miss Ellen Tree makes her first appearfollowing day (Thursday), the weather put a
ance in the Haymarket Theatre after her return complete stop to all outdoor display ; but on Friday the sports were resumed, and carried
from America, as Viola, in “ Twelfth Night.” through with great spirit. Throughout the
- The Presbytery of Aberdeen declare their kingdom the interest in the Tournament was intention of withdrawing their certificate from so great, that it was calculated no less than Professor Blackie, on the ground that he did 100,000 visitors gathered round “the Castle not sign and accept the Confession of Faith o Montgomery” on the first day of the
| in that unqualified manner required by the Act of Parliament.
- Captain Wade reaches Cabul with Run28.-Intelligence arrives from Bombay to the
jeet Singh's detachment, having fought his 4th of July, and from Calcutta to the 18th of
way through the Khyber Pass, and seized the June, intimating that all was going well with
important hill fortress of Ali-Musjid. The the Affghanistan army. Sir John Keane in
Prince Timour, who accompanied him, was tended to march against Cabul on the 15th June,
received in state. and anticipated an easy victory over Dost Mahomed, who was reported to have fled in the
4.-In the Presbytery of Glasgow, the Rev. direction of Bokhara. At Herat, Lieut. Pot Mr. Fairbairn, of Bridgeton, calls attention to tinger was said to have completely established the extraordinary revival of religion which had British supremacy.
manifested itself among the people of Kilsyth.
The Rev. Mr. Burns afterwards addressed the - Died at Northampton, aged 70 years, Presbytery, detailing the chief characteristics William Smith, LL.D., F.G.S., “the father
by which this revival was distinguished. of English Geology."
- Affray between Captain Elliot and 29.-Affray at Egham Races between a Chinese, in the Bay of Coalloon, on account of band of thimble-riggers and certain soldiers of the latter refusing to supply provisions to the the 45th regiment.
boats till satisfaction had been made for the 30.–Mr. Macnaghten, the British Envoy
alleged murder of a native at Hong Kong. at Cabul, writes : * Everything is going on
7.-Fall of a house on the east side of the well here. Two regiments of infantry, and Edgware-road; one female killed. one of cavalry, are to be left at Cabul, and - M. Daguerre's new invention for taking another at Jellalabad, where it is thought Shah pictures publicly exhibited in the Quai d'Orsay Soojah intends to winter."
by order of the Minister of Interior. The - Grand entertainment at Dover to the
Journal des Débats described the apparatus Duke of Wellington, as Lord Warden of the
and process. The first experiment in England Cinque Ports. The toast of the day was spoken
was made on the 13th, when M. St. Croix exto by Lord Brougham, who bestowed bound
hibited the instrument and process in presence less praise on the noble Duke.
of a select party of scientific men and artists.
He also succeeded in producing a picture of the - The Directors of the Thames Tunnel
place of meeting, No. 7, Piccadilly. Company give a dinner in the works, to ciebrate the reaching of low-water mark.
11.-At the Surrey Sessions, John Benchey
and Martha Stone, indicted for stealing, with Ministerial changes. Mr. Baring became great violence, from the person of Robert Chancellor of the Exchequer, and was re- Young, W.S., Edinburgh, a watch, pair of spectacles, and wig, were sentenced to ten 23.-Ebenezer Elliott addresses his “plunyears' transportation.
dered fellow-townsmen” of Sheffield :-"You 11.-A young woman named Margaret Moyes could not, if you were unanimous (which you commits suicide by throwing herself from the are not), carry by physical or moral force, or top of the Monument. At the inquest a witness, any means whatever, any great public object, living in Monument-yard, said he saw the de
without the assistance of some of the other ceased in her descent. She turned round twice,
productive classes. The children of the Sunday and made motions with her arms. He found Schools, who walked through our streets in her on the ground, the left arm several feet procession last Whit-Monday, were then better from the body, and a good deal of blood prepared and able to contend with the military flowing. A rope was found on the railings, than you were. If you were this day arrayed which she had used as a stirrup to mount to for fight with all your present means, be they the top. The jury returned a verdict of tem what they may, a troop of soldiers' wives porary insanity, with a recommendation to the from the barracks, if they made their appearCorporation to rail in the top of the Monument, ance unarmed, and with or without their hus. to prevent the recurrence of similar acts. The bands' cloaks over their shoulders, would Common Council made some demur to this scare you out of the parish. And the adult recommendation, on the ground that druggists daughters of the other productive classes (bemight as well be prohibited from selling poi cause they have surplus funds, which you sons, or cutlers from disposing of a razor. have not, and cannot have, until you get rid 12.-Robbery in the United Service Club
of the Corn Laws) could, if need were, not house, which led to an inquiry, ending in the
by coming behind folks, as some of your dismissal of Mr. Fenn, the steward.
leaders advise you to do, but in fair battle, and - A detachment of British and native
without the aid of a single policeman or
soldier, defeat and exterminate you. . . Potatotroops leave Cabul to break up the power of
fed men, having no surplus, are necessarily Dosi Mahomed in the Hindoo Coosh district,
slaves—and the Breadtaxry mean to bring you where he had taken refuge. They passed the
down to potato wages. You will soon, then, winter at Bameean.
I venture to hope, see the folly of allowing - Daniel O'Connell issues a manifesto from
yourselves to be led the wrong way, by paid Darrynane, pressing upon his countrymen the
agents of the scoundrel Breadtaxry, who, necessity of registering, to prevent a flood of
favoured by your deplorable ignorance, have evils from overwhelming the land ; for “at no
contrived to place themselves at the head of period of English history did there exist towards
the Chartists, not merely to defeat the other Ireland, among the English people, a stronger
wise and holy movement, but, by so doing, to spirit of hate and antipathy than at present." sustain the all-beggaring food-monopoly, and
14.--Dissolution of the Chartist National make the Liberal cause itself hateful and Convention.
ridiculous.” 16.-Disturbance in various towns in France, 27.-Mr. Macaulay gazetted Secretary-atcaused by the scarcity, and consequent high War, and sworn of her Majesty's Privy Council. price, of corn,
A similar honour was conferred at this time 19.-The Bombay column of the army of upon Mr. R. L. Shiel, who had been appointed the Indus, under the command of General Vice-President of the Board of Trade. The Willshire, leaves Affghanistan on its return to excessive unfairness with which public men on India by the route of the Kojuck and the all sides were treated at this time may be Bolan. Such portions of the Bengal army as illustrated by a passage from the Times concould be spared returned to India under Sir cerning these appointments : -"These men John Keane, by the Khyber route.
Privy Councillors! These men petted at 20.-Feargus O'Connor arrested at Man
Windsor Castle! Faugh! Why, they are chester, on a judge's warrant, for seditious hardly fit to fill up the vacancies that have conspiracy.
occurred by the lamented death of her Majesty's - Died, aged 70, Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas
two favourite monkeys." On the Ist October Hardy, of Copenhagen and Trafalgar, flag
Mr. Macaulay forwarded to bis Edinburgh con. captain to Nelson on board the Victory.
stituents an address, dated “Windsor Castle,"
in which he said: “I have accepted office be21.-Lucy Brown, a young woman seduced
cause I am of opinion that in office I can most and afterwards discarded by a wine-merchant in
effectually promote the success of those prinLondon, commits suicide by leaping from the
ciples which recommended me to your favour. bridge into the Serpentine.
I shall quit office with far more pleasure than I 23.-Colonel Pasley, R. E. succeeds in raising accepted it, as soon as I am convinced that by a portion of the wreck of the Royal George quitting it I should serve the cause of temperate by an explosion of gunpowder. The main liberty and progressive reform.” The Times mast, 'pieces of the hull, capstan, and tiller, again attacked the member for Edinburgh :and several guns were brought up by the aid “But if the ground of Mr. Shiel's appointment of divers, who descended after the explosion. be still a mystery, there can no longer be any The operations were continued with interesting doubt of the qualification which recommended results for some scasons.
| Mr. Babble-tongue Macaulay to the favour of