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458
Trials for High Treason.

[May, mised spirits ; and the tall man cautioned pistol. The man fell. It was impossible against drunkenness, as ruinous to a cause for him to give a particular account of the like that. They went along the street, other transactions. He got away, went two and two, and at some distance, that home, was apprehended on the Friday, they might not be observed. There was and remained in custody since. He idena cupboard ia the room, used for swords, tified Davidson, Wilson, Bruut, logs, band grenades, and flannel bags for cart Cooper, Harrison, Tidd. There were two ridges, one of which was full. The rest he did not know. They were again called of the arms were in Tidd's rooms; that forward; he said he could not swear to was the depot. Thistlewood was always them, He was sent forward near the in a hurry to carry every thing that was dock, but he said he did not know them. got ready into the depot, lest any officer One of them, he said, be saw at the should see it. Witness carried a brass. ineeting. barrelled blunderbuss. There were pikes Joseph Hall, an apprentice to Brunt, made of old files. Witness as he went John Hector Morrison, James Aldons, on missed all his associates. He turned Thomas Hydon, were exarnined, and corback, and met Brunt, who returned with roborated the former evidence. hird along the Edgeware-road, till they The Earl of Harrowby stated the cirmet Thistlewood. They went altogether cumstances of his receiving intimation of to the stable in Catc-street. Witness the intended assassination. staid behind till Harrison came up, and John Monument, and Thomas Dwyers, made bim go io. He saw there, David who had turned King's evidences, and son and Wilson below, Thistlewood, Ings, several of the Bow-street officers, were Hall, Bradburo, Strange, Cooper, the tall then examined. man, and others, above. There were, as The various articles found in Cato. Thistlewood calculated, at last, 18 above, street, the belt found ou Tidd, together and two below. There was a beuch above with all the other arms and ammunition and arins on it. Some beer was standing found on the persons of the prisoners, and on the table. There were lighis. 'There at their lodgings, were then produced, and was a chest. Before Tidd came, Thistle. identified by the witnesses. The fire armas wood went out for some time. Witness were loaded till yesterday, when the charges heard a deal of talk below, and he found were drawn--they were loaded with ball. Thistlewood, Brunt, Harrison, Davidson, One of the grenades had been given to a and Wilson. They spoke of the good person by an order of Colonel ConQews; they heard that the carriages were greve to be examioed.

The production arriving at Lord Harrowby's as fast as of Ings's knife excited an involuntary they could.

Witness went up to the loft, shudder; it was a broad desperate-lookand saw Toistlewood and Brunt much agi. ing weapon. taled. They spoke of Tidd's absence. The Jury inspected the arms-separately, Brunt pledged his word that he would and particularly the pikes, the construction

He soon afterwards came. 'This and formation of which were ininutely tlewood said, “I hope you will not give

described. The whole had a inost formidup what you are going to do; if you do, able appearance. this will be another Despard's business." (Some other witöesses were examined, He then counted 20 persous, and said that but their evidence was not material.] was enough; 14 would be sufficient to go Serjeant Edward Hanson, of the Royal into the room, and the other six would take Artillery, examined by Mr. Gurney. care of the servants aud doors. They then examined one of frenades, produced set apart 14. The gin bottle was then to me at Bow-street. It is composed of a started. Thistlewood said, if Lord Har. tin case, in which a tube is soldered. The rowby had 16 servants, that was nothing, case contains three ounces and a half of as they would not be prepared. A noise gunpowder; the priming in the tube is a was heard below. Thistlewood took a can. composition of saltpetre, powder, and dle and looked down to see who they were, brimstone; the tin was pitched and wrapand then set down the candle quite con ped round with rope-yarn, which was cefused, according to witness's judgment, mented with rosin apd tar. Round the Two officers took command of the room, tin, and the rope-yarn, 1:2 pieces of iron holding small pistols, and said,

were planted. From the lighting of the nest there is of you. We have got a war fuse to the explosion might take abnut rant to apprehend you all, and hope you half a minute, If one of them were to be will go peaceably.” A man who was on exploded in a room were there were a the step of the ladder said, " Let me come number of persons, it would produce great forward." This was the man murdered. destruction. The pieces of iron would fly A group of persons had got into the little about like bullets. room, and then came forward, and one of After the conviction of Thistlewood, all them stretched forward an arm ; witness the prisoners were tried and found guilty saw pothing in it; another preseuted a ou the same evidence, as stated in our

last.

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1890.) Trial and Execution of the Conspirators.

459 last. They severally addressed the Jury The preparations for the execution were in their defence.

going on during the whole of Sunday, and James Wilson, J. Harrison, R. Brad. the Old Bailey was crowded with spec. burn, J. S. Strange, J. Gilchrist, and C. tators. Cooper, were then placed at the bar, and On Monday morning, as early as fire permitted to plead Guilty.

o'clock, the Old Bailey was crowded to On Friday morning, soon after nine excess, and as the time approached for o'clock, the Lords Chief Justices of the the criminals to be brought out, the ad. Court of King's Bench and Common jacent streets, the windows and roofs of Pleas, the Chief Baron Richards, Mr. the houses, even to the chimpies, were Justice Best, and Mr. Justice Richardson, completely filled. took their seats on the Bench. The pri. The arrangemeuts for the preservation soners were then placed at the bar, and of the peace were complete. Bodies of called in order by Mr. Shelton to urge Life Guards were stationed in the Old what they had to say, why sentence of Bailey, Newgate-street, Ludgale-bill, and death should not be passed upon thero. other places adjacent, and six pieces of

After each of the prisoners had seve artillery, with about 100 artillerymen, rally addressed the Court, the Lord Chief were placed in the centre of Blackfriars. Justice Abbott put on that solemn part of road, about 300 yards beyond the Bridge. the judicial insignia, the black velvet cap, The Civil power was also in great force. and proceeded to pass the sentence of the The scaffold was lined with black cloth, Court, viz.

and on one part immediately behind the “ That you return to the jail from drop, five coffins of plain wood were placed, whence you came, and from thence be together with a block, on which lo lay the drawn on hurdles to the place of execu heads of the criminals tor the purpose of tion, there to be hung by the neck till decapitation. you are dead; your heads cut off, and At an early hour the five criminals were your bodies divided into four quarters, to brought from their cells and placed in a be disposed of as his Majesty shall think room together, where they were attended proper. And I pray to God to have mercy by Mr. Cotton, the Ordinary, who, with on your souls."

other gentlemen, was unceasing in his

efforts to awaken in their iniuds some EXECUTION OF THE CONSPIRATORS.

sense of religion. These humane endeaOn Saturday, April 29, the Common vours were, however, fruitless with all but Serjeant, in consequence of having been Davidsou ; who prayed most 'fervently. written to by the Lord Chancellor, made He took a glass of wine early in the mornhis report to the King in Council of the ing, and also received the Sacrament. eleven men convicted under the late spe The others repeatedly refused. cial commission. After two hours deli. When the irons were displaced, and beration, and beariog the report of the their hands secured in the usual way, the trials, the following were ordered for exe prisoners were led to the entrance of the cution on Monday morning, in front of prison ; and, at a quarter before eight Newgale, viz. Arthur Thistlewood, James o'clock exactly, Thistlewood caine on the Ings, John Thomas Brunt, Richard Tidd, scaffold. He walked with a firm step, and William Davidson. The remaining and appeared perfectly collected. He six, who pleaded guilty to their indici. looked round upon the crowd and bowed ments, were respired. On Mr. Brown, twice. His demeanour was serious, and the keeper, communicating the falal news, becoming his situation. While the final Thistlewood immediately (and in the calm arrangements were making by the execu. est manner) said, “ The sooner we go, Sir, tioner, Mr. Cotton stood beside the wretchthe better. Our wish is to die as soon as ed man, and continued exhorting bim to possible." The others expressed the same pray, and also put the question, if he resentiments. Being asked if they wished pented of his crimes ; he exclaimed sevefor the assistance of a clergyman, no an ral times, “No; not at all !” He was swer was made by either. Mr. Brown also heard to say, “ I shall soon know the then went to the other prisoners, and in. last grand secret." formed them that their lives would be Tidd was the next brought up. He ran spared ; Strange, Cooper, Bradburn, swiftly up the steps, and bowed around, and Gilchrist, immediately fell on their with a hardened smile. There was a parknees, and after a pause, gave utterance tial cheering when he made his appearto incoherent and unintelligible expres ance. sions of gratitude. Harrison and Wilson Ings then came out. The conduct of were silent, and apparently uvmoved.

this man

was truly horrible. The moGilchrist has been respited, without men meot he had taken his station, be moved tion of the commutation of punishment; bis head to and fro, and cried, " huzza !'' but Harrison, Wilson, Cooper, Strange,and

three times. He then commenced singBradburo, are to be transported for life, ing, "O gire me death or liberty !" Here

there

460 Execution of the Conspirators.-Foreign News. (May, there was a partial cheering from the top nal was about to be given, Ings was obof the Old Bailey. He continued now served to join Davidson in prayer. and then exclaiming-—" Here we go, my When the bodies had been suspended lads

- you see the last remains of James half an hour, the executioner and ap asIngs remember I die the enemy of ty- sistant appeared on the scaffold to preranny, and would sooner die in chains, pare for the revolting ceremony of dethan live in slavery.When Mr. Cot- capitation. Thistlewood was first cnt ton addressed him, he said laughingly, down, and being placed with his head on I am not afraid to go before God and the block, a man disguised in a rough man ;' then addressing himself to the jacket and trowsers, and a mask on his executioner, he exclaimed "Now, old face, appeared with his amputating knife, man, finish me tidy! Put the halter a and the head was almost momentarily little tighter, it might slip!" He then, severed from the body, and given to the as well as he could, waved a handker. executioner's assistant, who held it up by chief three times; and said, he hoped Mr. the hair, and turning North and South, Cotton would give him a good character. and then to the front of the scaffold, he

Davidson, the man of colour, came out exclaimed three times, “ This is the head next. His behaviour presented a grati: of Arthur Thistlewood, a traitor.” The fying contrast to that of his companions. body with the head was then placed in His deportment was mild, yet firm, and a coffin.-The same ceremony was perbe prayed wiih great fervency. When he formed with Tidd, Ings, Davidson, and stepped upon the scaffold, he said to Brunt in succession.-The operation was those within, “God bless you all! good performed with great skill, and in as short bye.” He joined in the Lord's prayer, and a time' as possible. The operator was said, “God bless the King !" He repeatedly loudly hissed by the mob, and some atro. expressed great penitence for his crimes. cious expressions were applied to him.

Brunt came out last. He said very The universal groan, accompanied by little, but was as hardened as any of the some female shrieks, when he first comrest. He said just before he came out, menced upou Thistlewood, had an awful that he had no snuff box, but he had some effect. The bodies were soon after re. spuff in his waistcoat pocket, and request. moved to a room in the prison. ed some stander-by to get some out for When the malefactors first appeared him, as his hands were tied. This was on the scaffold, there was a signal given, done, and he took it with great coolness. upon which the troops stationed in the ad. He said he wondered where they would jacent streets drew as close as possible to put him, but he supposed it would be the place of execution. We are happy somewhere that he wouid sleep well. He to state that there was not the slightest added, that he would make a present of indication of disorder amongst the people, his body to King George the Fourth. and they dispersed quietly after the dread

Thistlewood, just before he was turned ful scene had finally closed. off, said, in a low tone to a person under Part of the railing of St. Sepulchre's the scaffold " I have now but a few Church fell, on which a great number of njoments to live, and I hope the world people of both sexes bad climbed. Sewill think that I have at least been sin veral were severely hurt. It was a mat. cere io iny endeavours.”

ter of much surprise that an extraordi. Tidd said to Ings, about the same mo nary number of women, some of them ment,-' how are you, my hearty.” well dressed, were present at this most

Al about six minutes after eight the awful exhibition. signal was given by Mr. Cotton, and the Five of the men who pleaded guilty to unhappy men were launched into eter. the charge of high treason, viz. Wilson, nity. Thistlewood died almost without a Strange, Harrison, Cooper, and Bradburn, struggle. , Ings struggled extreniely, and were removed from Newgate to Portsappeared to suffer much.

It is a re mouth, on Tuesday, to be transported to markable fact, that just as the fatal sig New South Wales for life.

FOREIGN OCCURRENCES,
FRANCE.

lege, who are to choose the members for The Election projet has been withdrawn the Chamber. This indirect mode is not from the Deputies, and another substi very favourable to freedom of election. tuted ; the latter divides the electors into The attempt made at Paris to evade the two bodies; each deparıment is to have law of Ceasorship, by publishing pamphtwo electoral colleges; one composed of lets not purporting to be journals or peelectors highly taxed, and another of low riodical works, has been met by prosecutax-payers: the latter to return a certain tions on the part of the Government against uumber of candidates to the higher col. the editors. It is said, that there are no

fewer

1820.] Abstract of Foreign Occurrences.

461 fewer than fifty authors or editors under An important proclamation has been prosecution, either at Paris or in the De addressed by Ferdinand to his American partments.

subjects. Its main object is, to produce Authentic accounts from France com a reconciliation between the colonies, now municate the particulurs of a barbarous fighting for independence, and the parent attempt upon the life of the Duchess de

country. Berri; aud, through her, upon the exist Mina has received a reprimand from ence of the reigning house of Bourbon. the Provisional Junta, for having under. It is stated, that on the 6th at night, soon taken to raise troops in Navarre, and levy after twelve o'clock, a man made his ap- arbitrary contributions. pearance very silently at the wicket of the

PRUSSIA. Rue de l'Echelle, near the windows of that Letters from Berlin of the 14th ult, state, part of the Thuilleries where the Duchess that on the preceding day a tumult of a de Berri resides, and placed there a pe very formidable nature occurred in that tard containing one or two pounds of city. About 300 individuals of the workgunpowder, the match of which he ignited ing classes-by what motives impelled, or by means of a lighted segar. He was by whom iostigated, is not known-sud. then immediately seized by the Police deply made an attack on the guard house, agents, placed in concealment near the which was occupied at the time by not spot by Count Angles, the Prefect of Po. more than thirty soldiers. It was not till lice; who, it appears, had previous in. two or three detachments of the military formation of what was to take place. had been brought against them, that the The uame of the inan thus taken into cus. insurgents were reduced to subniission; tody is Graviers, and he was formerly an when several of the ringleaders were seofficer in the 5th regiment of Lancers : cured and thrown into prison. he is said to have made disclosures, in

RUSSIA. consequence of which three other indivi.

The Emperor Alexander has taken the duals were arrested early the next moruing. resolution of banisbiog the whole body of

Discontents, fomented by the inveterale Jesuits from his dominions; and confisenemies of the Bourbons, and made greater cating their property, whether in land or by the irritating conduct of those who pro money, to pious and charitable uses. The fess to be their friends, increase ju Paris ; reason of this is, their repeated abuse of the worst political symptoms shew them. the toleration they enjoyed. selves, and the night patrole service is

ASIA, &c. now performed by mounted grenadiers of Letters from St. Helena, dated March the royal guard, upon whose fidelity the 26, have been received by the Waterloo. greatest reliance is placed. The effect of Buonaparte was enjoying excellent health. mental anxiety is visible in the King. The He continued to occupy himself in the Duke d'Angouleme has, it is asserted, not mornings by working in the garden; and, been received very courteously in his pro as he wore a white jacket and straw hat, gress throughout the Southern provinces. was not to be distinguished, except on a SPAIN.

very close approach, from his servants. On the 4th ult. Cadiz was the scene of

AMERICA. an interesting spectacle -- the triumphal American papers confirm the statement entry of Quiroga, the great author of their of the death of Commodore Decatur, who restored liberties, into the city. Quiroga was mortally wounded, on the 22d, in a was drawn, in a kind of open car, iuto the duel with Commodore Barron, also of the square of the Constitution, which is in the United States' navy, and expired the same heart of the city, and there crowned with evening. laurel amid the shouts and benedictions The question relative to the cession of of his fellow-citizens.

the Floridas has been put off until the The King has issued a decree, permit next Session of the Congress, as appears ting the return to Spain of the persons by the President's message to Congress. called “.Josephinos ;' in other words, those New York papers of recent date, however, who followed the fortunes of Joseph Buo. say, that General Vives, the new Spanish naparte.

Minister, had, immediately on his arrival, The King of Spain, to gratify his troops, delivered in to the Government the Florida has declared bimself the first soldier in treaty, ratified by King Ferdinand, with. the nation ; and has appointed as his out any restrictive conditions. Aides-de-Camp eight of the most po The Senate of the United States hare pular Generals, including Quiroga, Riego, passed their new Navigation Act, with O'Donohue, and Ballasteros.

only one dissentient voice. The purpose Ferdinand has issued two decrees; one of the Act is avowed: it is to coerce of which orders, that all children shall be Great Britain into a relaxation of her own taught the "

Sovereignty of the People !" Navigation Act, as it affects her colonies. the other is for organizivg a national To this end, the American Legislature de. militia.

clares, that, as we will not admit their

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462 Abstract of Foreign Occurrences.--Domestic News. (May, shipping to the ports of our colonies, they Bustos, who were previously joined by will not admit any British shipping from the forces under General Belgrano. Tbe those colonies to the ports of the United Supreme Director, Puerreydon, having States.

no force sufficiently numerous to reuder On the 4th of April the theatre at Phi opposition likely to be attended with sucladelphia was totally destroyed by fire : cess, fed from the place, taking refuge on it is supposed, by incendiaries.

board the American sloop of war Jobo Advices from Rio Janeiro, bring the in Adams. It is stated further, that the Bri formation that Artigas, the Independent tish vessels of war on that station had ap: Chief on the banks of the Rio Plata, had a proached as near as possible to Buenos battle in December last with the Portu Ayres to afford protection 10 British per. guese ; when it is said he was defeated sons and property. A new Constitgtion, with the loss of 1300 men.--The Spanish termed Federal, had been formed, and all Patriotic Governments in that quarter the old Members of the Government dis, are stated to be literally falling to pieces placed, and other persons bad been nomifrom disunion among themselves.

pated to discharge their several functions. Letters from the head-quarters of Ge A new island has been discovered off peral Bolivar state, that the Independent Cape Horn, in latitude 61 deg. longitude General Paez lost his life while in the act 55 deg. by the ship William, on a voyage of forcing an important pass. He was im from Monte Video for Valparaiso. The mediately succeeded by Gen. Soubletree. same ship having been dispatched by

Letters from Monte Video, dated 6th Captain Sheriff, of the Andromache fri. of February, communicate the important gate to survey the coast, explored it for intelligence, that a revolution had taken 200 miles. The Captain went ashore, place at Buenos Ayres. This important and found it covered with snow, and unchange, it is said, was occasioned by the inhabited : abundance of seals and whales entrance of the Monteneros, or Indian were found in its neighbourhood. He Mountaineers, commanded by Colonel bas named the island New Shelland.

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS on account of the active part they took

PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. in the armed associations of the district. March 29. A numerous and respecta So serious is the depression in the price ble meeting took place at the Three Crowns of wool, that farmers who sold it at this Ion, in Leicester, for the purpose of esta time last year at 241. per pack, can now blishing a society for the dispersion of cheap obtain 131. only for it. Tracts to counteract infidel and disloyal In the course of the last two years, it principles. His Grace the Duke of Rut is said, the woollen manufacture of York. land presided. It was resolved that the shire bas declined, from a fifth to a fourth society be called, “A Committee of Sub. part of its entire amount--a depression scribers for Promoting the Circulation of wholly unprecedented. useful Publications in the County of Lei. A site has been fixed upon for the cester, and be attached to the Diocesan erection of the Fitzwilliam Museum at Committee for Promoting Christian Know Cambridge ; but the probable expence of ledge.”

completing it, requiring a sum litile short April 23. An occurrence, we believe of twenty thousand pounds more than the unparalleled in the anpals of this county, Fitzwillian Fund is competent 10 defray, took place at Stopsley, in Bedfordshire. an application is to be made to the UniA man named Bean, by trade a wheel. versity, to contribuie the sum necessary wright, took out his two children, one for its completion. aged about three years, and the other

May 1. The Dowager Duchess of about fourteen months, in a small child's Norfolk's fine coppice-wood at Brock. chaise cart, into a lane, at a short dis- hampton, in Herefordshire, was set fire tance from his house; where, having al to, and nearly consumed. most severed their heads from their bo Oxford, May 3. The Vice-President and dies with a razor, he cut his own throat Fellows of Magdalen College went in prowith the same instrument.

cession from St. Mary's Church to the dis. April 29. A dwelling-house, and the solved College of Hertford, for the purfurniture therein, with a range of farm pose of laying the foundation-stone of the buildings, vine cows, a horse, and several new buildings intended for the future resi. sheep, belonging to a tenant of Sir Wm. dence of the members of Magdalen Hall : Napiers, bart. in Renfrewshire, were all the Principal and Vice Principal of that destroyed by fire ; supposed to be the Society'were also in the procession. The act of an incendiary, from political dis stone was laid by the Rev. T. N. Blagden, affection against the landlord and tenant, B.D. Vice-President of Magdalen College,

Assisted

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