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scious of, the observation of those around him. He is an island as England is. He is a bulky and sturdy mass, with his clothes built up about his body, and he lives in, thinks in, and speaks from, his-building." To the listener, this last word, which was dug out, smelted, coined and put away to be produced and used with cautious and artistic effectiveness, seems an accident of that moment's suggestion-as new a thing to the orator as to himself, and which he came very near not hearing, as it came very near not being said.
musical composer would despair of blending into one. It bespeaks a life that is half contempt, half adoring recognition, and very little between. But it is noble, altogether. And what seems strange is to hear such a voice proceeding from such a body. It is a voice with shoulders in it which he has not—with lungs in it far larger than his— with a walk in it which the public never see-with a fist in it which his own hand never gave him the model for—and with a gentleman in it which his parochial and "bare-necessaries-of-life" sort of exterior gives no other betrayal of. We can We are gossiping only-not trying to estimate imagine nothing in nature-(which seems, too, to or criticize. What our readers might not otherhave a type for everything)-like the want of cor-wise get at, is what we aim to give-in this as in respondence between the Emerson that goes in at most else that we describe editorially. Emerson the eye and the Emerson that goes in at the ear. is too great a man to be easily or triflingly appreWe speak, (as we explained,) without having had ciated. The more studied as well as more properly an opportunity to study his face-acquaintance with deferential views which we entertain of his nature features, as everybody knows, being like the and power, we leave unexpressed, because others peeling of an artichoke; and the core of a face, to are likely to do it better (as is shown in another those who know it, being very unlike the eight or column) and because we write, stans in uno pede, ten outside folds that stop the eye in the beginning. and can let the ink dry on nothing. We can only But a heavy and vase-like blossom of a magnolia, say of this Lecture on England that it was, as all with fragrance enough to perfume a whole wilder- is which he does, a compact mass of the exponents ness, which should be lifted by a whirlwind and of far-reaching thoughts-stars which are the poledropped into a branch of an aspen, would not seem points of universes beyond-and at each close of a more as if it never could have grown there, than sentence, one wanted to stop and wonder at that Emerson's voice seems inspired and foreign to his thought before being hurried to the next. He is a visible and natural body. Indeed, (to use one of suggestive, direction-giving, soul-fathoming mind, his own similitudes,) his body seems "never to and we are glad there are not more such. A few have broken the umbilical cord" which held it to Emersons would make the every-day work of one's Boston, while his soul has sprung to the adult mind intolerable. stature of a child of the universe, and his voice is the utterance of the soul only. It is one of his fine remarks, that "it makes a great difference to the force of any sentence whether a man is behind it or no"-but, without his voice to make the ear stand surety for his value, the eye would look for the first time on Emerson and protest his draft on admiration, as not "payable at sight."
Let us close by giving our readers an advancetaste of a grand similitude with which he closed his lecture, and which we see is not given in the newspaper reports of it. It is one of those Titanic thoughts that would alone make a reputation, and a prophetic metaphor of England's power for which Victoria should name one of her annual babies Emerson. After some very bold and fearless comment on the croaking that predicts the speedy downfall of England, he compared her to the banyan tree, which, it will be remembered, sends up shoots from its roots that become, themselves, huge trunks of parent vegetation. "She has planted herself on that little island," he said, "like the banyan tree, and her roots have spread under the sea, and come up on far away continents and in every quarter of the world, flowering with her language and laws, and forever perpetuating her, though the first trunk dismember and perish." In his own words, this thought will have as banyan an eternity as England.-N. P. Willis.
From the Indiana State Gazette, Jan. 10. EXHIBITION OF THE DEAF AND DUMB.
The first twenty sentences, which we heard, betrayed one of the smaller levers of Emerson's power of style which we had not detected in read- | ing him. He works with surprises. A man who should make a visit of charity, and, after expressing all proper sympathy, should bid adieu to the poor woman, leaving her very grateful for his kind feelings, but should suddenly return, after shutting the door, and give her a guinea, would produce just the effect of his most electric sentences. You do not observe it in reading, because you withhold the emphasis till you come to the key-word. But, in delivery, his cadences tell you that the meaning is given, and the interest of the sentence all over, when-flash!-comes a single word or phrase, like lightning after listened-out thunder, and illuminates with astonishing vividness, the cloud you have striven to see into. We can give, perhaps, a partial exemplification of it, by a description rather than a quotation of a droll and graphic sketch which he drew in his lecture, of his first impression of Englishmen on the road. The audience had already laughed in two or three places, and-with and thank him for furnishing us with the followthe intention to be longer attended to on that pointing report. The exhibition was held at Wesley quite gone out of his eyes-he was fumbling with his manuscript to look for the next head-when the closing word, just audible, threw us all into a fit of laughter. "The Englishman" (if we may paraphrase rather than quote, for it is impossible to recall the subtle collocation of his words)" dresses to please himself. He puts on as many coats, trousers and wrappers as he likes, and, while he respects others' rights, is unaffected by, and uncon
BUSINESS engagements preventing our attendance on the exhibition of the pupils of the Institute for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb, we avail ourselves of the kindness of a friend present,
Chapel, on Friday evening last; and the whole of that large church was filled by citizens, members of the legislature, and transient strangers.
The exercises commenced at an early hour, and were opened with prayer by the Rev. Mr.
Mr. Brown, the superintendent, first gave a brief history of the two modes of instructing the
deaf and dumb, the French by signs, the German, son, with the battle and some of the results folby articulation, which originated almost simulta-lowing; which was given in the most perfect neously during the latter part of the last century. manner. He contrasted the two, giving preference to the French system, which is the one in universal use in American institutions, and best calculated to extend the blessings of education to all mutes.
Mr. B. also gave an illustration of this system of teaching, by the aid of two of his pupils, on his large slates. The process is the same as with other pupils, except that the alphabet is taught by signs, and written by the pupils. Words and ideas are taught by the association of certain letters with particular objects, as giving names to them, by which an idea of words is obtained; and finally, by associating words together, they learn to form sentences, and thus a written language is communicated, by which every other part of an education is obtained.
Mr. Osgood followed with a very graphic description of a scene at a blacksmith's shop, where a countryman brought up a wild young colt to be shod. The blacksmith comes out with his smutted face and rattling apron-the colt takes fright and starts back. He is finally forced into the shop and tied up to the stall-the shoes and nails are made-the blacksmith, while chewing his tobacco, eyes the colt slyly, but finally ventures to take up his leg, and places it between his knees, when he is kicked over, and gets up in a perfect rage. He perseveres, however, and, after several mishaps, succeeds in finishing his job. The countryman pays him off, and leads his colt out. colt, in new shoes, refuses to go for a while; but finally steps off slowly and stiffly, when he is
lently to the ground; he gets up in a very bad humor, gives his colt a thrashing over the head, and then succeeds in riding off. Mr. O.'s power of description and imitation, by signs and expressions of face, is inimitable.
To show with what facility mutes could com-mounted by his master, who is soon thrown viomunicate their ideas, several pupils were introduced upon the stage, who gave descriptions of various incidents and scenes which were both instructive and amusing to the auditory. These were interspersed along between more grave exercises, to give relief and interest to the exhibition.
The first was by Mr. Osgood, who gave us a description of a hunter, who procures his ammunition, moulds his balls, cleans his gun, loads it, and, with his dog, goes out to hunt game. He soon finds a turkey and kills it; then a squirrel, shoots at it and misses it;-gets mad with his gun and frets over his luck; and finally, finding another, he shoots that; but, in his eager grasp to get hold of it, gets dreadfully bitten, and returns home.
A portion of the senior class were next introduced-Misses Orchard and Hatton, and Messrs. McCarter and Wolverton;-who answered many questions in geography, several of which involved a wide range of geographical research.
A domestic quarrel, or an illustration of the fact that mutes know how to scold, was next presented, in which the youngest Miss Hatton and Mr. Osgood were the actors. No one could look upon this amusing scene, and doubt that mutes have ways and means enough left, when their tongues are tied, to do a passable business at scolding.
Miss Orchard then gave a thrilling and tragic description of the capture of Mrs. Dunstan, with her child and nurse, by the Indians, in the settlement of New England, and of their sufferings and final escape, after having put several of her captors to death on the night of her exit.
This scene was succeeded by a conversation between a mute and a blind boy! It was carried on by signs on the fingers, which were read by the blind boy by feeling, and reciprocated by him to the mute in the same manner.
Mr. Osgood then gave a description of the adventures of Captain Smith, in Virginia-his being captured by the Indians-his trial and sentence, with his rescue by Pocahontas; which was performed with his usual ability. Mr. Brown also read a brief history of the life and adventures of Captain Smith, written by Mr. Wolverton. composition was correct and in good taste. The senior class were examined in sacred history, and showed themselves well versed in the history of Bible events.
Miss Orchard next gave us a most thrilling exhibition of the scenes of the temptation in the Garden of Eden, when Eve was induced to eat the forbidden fruit, give it to Adam, and realize the fatal effects of transgression.
Mr. Hanson then related the story of Abraham offering up Isaac, and gave a demonstration of the unwavering faith of the "friend of God." And also Elijah's contest with the prophets of Baal.
Miss Orchard then represented, in thrilling pantomime, the wild and tragic story of Judith taking the life of the Assyrian general, Holofernes. also gave a perfect description of the taking of Babylon by Cyrus, and of the circumstances connected with that event. The same lady portrayed, in the most striking and affecting manner, the
There were several questions then answered by members of the senior class, on the history of early American settlers, which were very satis-scenes connected with the resurrection of Lazarus factory.
from the tomb, and the conversations of our Lord with his devoted sisters on the subject, just before that solemn event.
Mr. Hanson was next called upon for a description of the battle of New Orleans, Jan. 8, 1815, with the incidents connected with the approach of Near the close of the exercises, Mr. Brown the British troops under Gen. Pakenham, and the made some pointed and appropriate remarks, in preparations made for his reception by Gen. Jack- [which he adverted to the fact that Indiana enjoyed
the high distinction of having been the first state harpoons into him, or poisoned arrows from a disin the American Union to provide for the education of all her mutes without charge, and that for years she had educated a greater number of deaf and dumb, in proportion to her population, than any other state.
Miss Orchard then repeated the following, Mr. Brown interpreting the signs :
THE MUTE'S PRAYER.
God bless the state whose generous arm sustains,
Fom the New York Evangelist. LETTER FROM A WHALE-SHIP. Homeward Bound, South Pacific Ocean, Lat. 54 S., Long. 82 W.
DIFFERENT practised whalemen tell me of twelve or fourteen different species of this great sea-monster right, sperm, black-fish, hump-back, razorback, fin-back, grampus, sulphur-bottom, killer, cow-fish, porpoise, nar-whale, scrag-whale, and elephant-whale. In the attempt to capture one of the latter kind, a New London ship, not long since, lost eleven men, including the first mate.
The first four of this catalogue only are much sought after for their oil; now and then some of the others are taken by chance. The razor-back is sometimes 100 feet long, but not so large round as the right-whale, bearing about the same comparison to the latter that a razor-faced fellow you now and then meet with among men, does to a fair, round alderman. The porpoise, as everybody knows, is harpooned from a ship's bow, hauled on board, and its carcass eaten by the name of "sea-beef." Its oil, like the ship's slush, is a perquisite of the cook's.
The fin-back, so called from a large fin on the ridge of its back, looking just like the gnomon of a dial, is a large whale found all over the ocean, and could it be taken would add greatly to the productiveness of the whale-fishery. It often comes near a ship, with a ringing noise in spouting, like the sound of bell metal, but it can seldom be come near enough to by a boat to dart a harpoon; and when it is struck it is said to run with such amazing swiftness as to part the line before it can be let out, or compel them to cut it loose. Its spout at a distance, especially near the Falkland Islands, where I have seen them in great numbers, flashes up from the ocean just like smoke from the breech of a gun fired in a frosty morning. I have seen the horizon thus, for an extent of many miles, all smoking with them, and the ocean all alive with their gambols. It is not a thing beyond the reach of probability, that this hitherto unmolested searover may yet be brought within the grasp of predatory man by swivels or air-guns that shall fire
The places where the right-whale is now most sought by the adventurous American whalemen, are, in the Atlantic Ocean, what are called Main and False Banks, between Africa and Brazil, the parts around the Falkland Islands and Patagonia, and the region of ocean in mid-Atlantic in the vicinity of the Islands Tristan d'Acunha; in the Southern Ocean, south of the Cape of Good Hope, there are the uninhabited Crozettes Islands, St. Paul's and other parts of the Indian Ocean; in the Pacific Ocean there are the New Zealand Cruising Ground, the New Holland, Chili, and the Northwest, from the coast of America clear over to Kamtschatka.
This last is now the great harvest-field of American whalers from May to October; and it will be likely to last longer than any other, because they are prohibited by the Russians from bay-whaling, which destroys the cows about the time of calving. Almost all ships fill up there. Some have even thrown overboard provisions, to make way for oil. The havoc they make of whales is immense. There are ships that took during the last season twenty-five to even thirty-three hundred barrels in a few months. I have heard of one ship that sunk twenty-six whales after they had been killed; of another one that killed nine before they saved one; of another that killed six in one day, and all of them sunk; of another that had three boats stove, and all the men pitched into the sea, without any one's being lost. This forced trial of hydropathy is indeed so common an occurrence that whalemen make nothing of it.
Those huge north-west whales are more vicious, and less easily approached after they are struck, than the whales of other latitudes. It is considered no disgrace to be run away with by one of those jet black fellows found in forty or forty-five degrees north; and many an old whaler, who has made his boast that never yet did a whale run off with him, has been compelled to give in beat, when fast to one of these north-west Tartars. One captain says he has seen instances of the most wonderful strength and activity in these whales, greater than he ever saw before in either right or sperm. He was once fast to a large cow-whale, which was in company with a small one, a full grown calf. They kept together, and after a time the captain hauled his boat up between them.
When they were both within reach, he shoved his lance "into the life" of the cow, at which she threw her flukes and the small part of her body completely over the head of the boat, without touching it, (although they were half drowned with the water she scooped up,) and the full weight of the blow intended for the boat fell upon the back of the other whale. He sunk immediately, going down bent nearly double, and the captain thinks must have been killed by the blow. The same person has seen a stout hickory pole, three inches in diameter and six feet long, broken into four pieces by a blow from a whale's tail, and the pieces sent flying twenty feet in the air, and that too when no other resistance was offered than that of the water upon which it floated.
The first whale this man struck turned him over in two different boats, and afterwards knocked them into kindling wood, while spouting blood in thick clots, and yet this whale lived four hours after, showing its great tanacity of life. He came up alongside the boat, and turning it over with his
nose, as a nog would his eating trough, and then I believe, from the extent of ocean it embraces, with his flukes deliberately broke it up. Of course greater than all the other cruising grounds togeththe crew had to take to nature's oars, and they all er, that it will continue good at least twenty or marvellously escaped unhurt, although one of them twenty-five years from its commencement. An exwas carried, sitting on the whale's flukes, several perienced captain thinks that as there is not, nor is rods, till he slid off unharmed from his strange sea likely to be, any bay-whaling on this cruising chariot. ground, the whales will be less constantly hunted, and nearly all the calves born will arrive at an age when they can take care of themselves, before the old whales are encountered in the summer season by their sworn enemy, man. He estimates that, by three hundred ships capturing or mortally wounding forty whales each, 12,000 whales are killed in a season. And, as many of these, perhaps full half, are cows with calf, the number of whales to be born and arrive at maturity, in order to make up for this sweeping destruction among them, must be not less than 18,000.
This north-west cruising ground was first visited n the spring of 1836, by two or three of the Chili whalers, who saw, indeed, numerous whales, but gave it as their opinion that the fishery could never be prosecuted there with any success, by reason of constant and dense fogs. The following year several more of the Chili fleet started to the northward, "between seasons," and, looking further to the north and west, found better weather and made a good cruise. During the three years following few ships were found there, but, upon the almost entire failure of the southern whale fishery, the right whalemen were forced to turn their prows to those inhospitable seas, and the north-west, as all men know, became a very El Dorado to the intrepid American whalers. This cruising ground extends properly from 34 to 59 degrees of north latitude, and from the coast of America in west longitude, say, 130, to the meridian of 170 east longitude, or about fifty degrees. The largest whales are said to have been found between 50 and 60 north, and from 145 to 180 west. At the Fox Islands, in Latitude 52, sperm whales of the largest size have been found as well as right, and, near the peninsula of Alaska, they are very numerous.
By a recent arrival from the Sandwich Islands, we learn that the Arctic Ocean has been entered at Behring's Straits by our intrepid whalemen. Captain Royce, of the barque Superior, from Sagharbor, is thus reported in the Friend :
He thinks, therefore, that the poor whale, chased from sea to sea, and from haunt to haunt, is doomed to utter extermination, or so near to it, that too few will remain to tempt the cupidity of man. The history of the sperm whale fishery from the first, when only five and six months were necessary to complete a cargo upon the Brazil ground, and fifteen upon that of Chili, to its present almost entire abandonment as a separate business, confirms this calculation. Before the end of the present century, therefore, we may expect to see the hunting of whales on the sea no more pursued as a business, than the hunting of deer on the land.
H. T. C.
From the Transcript.
AN AMERICAN COMEDY IN LONDON.
THE principal theatrical item of interest in our London papers is the production of Mrs. Mowatt's comedy of "Fashion," at the Olympic Theatre, January 9th, with the most complete and remark
We have the London Times and the
London Sun of January 10th, both of which papers
"I entered the Arctic Ocean about the middle of July, and cruised from continent to continent, going as high as latitude 70, and saw whales wherever I went, cutting in my last whale on the 23d of August, and returning through Behring's Straits on the 28th of the same month. On account of powerful currents, thick fogs, the near contain long and highly commendatory notices of vicinity of land and ice, combined with the imper- the play. After describing various scenes, the fection of charts, and want of information respect-Times says: ing this region, I found it both difficult and dangerous to get oil, although there were plenty of whales. Hereafter, doubtless, many ships will go there, and I think some provision ought to be made to save the lives of those who go there, should they be cast away. During the entire period of the cruise no ice was seen, and the weather was ordinarily pleasant, so that the men could work in light clothing.
"In most parts of the ocean there was good anchorage, from 14 to 35 fathoms, and a part of the time the vessel lay at anchor. The first whale was taken at 12 o'clock at night. It was not difficult to whale the whole 24 hours; so light was it that at midnight it was easy to read in the cabin. The whales were quite tame, but quite different from any Captain Royce had ever before taken. He took three different species, one of the largest yielding 200 barrels of oil. The first species much resembled the Greenland whale, yielding 160 or 170 barrels; the second was a species called Polar whale,
a few of which have been taken on the north-west coast; and the third was a small whale peculiar to that ocean. The last three whales which were taken yielded over 600 barrels."
If we inquire for the probable duration of this north-west whaling, there seems good reason to
lay on the shoulders of Mr. Davenport, who played However, the great responsibility of the piece the old farmer-a part quite out of his usual lineand introduced his hearty outpourings with a vigor that never failed to excite the audience. A story the end of the play, was one of the grand points of which he told of his daughter's misfortunes, towards the piece. The mise-en-scène is superb. A ball
room and a conservatory, with transparent sides, which proves that Mr. Watts is determined to reare represented with an elaborate magnificence the fall of the curtain the applause of the audience store its old character to the Olympic Theatre. At was tumultuous, and cries for Mrs. Mowatt, who had not acted in the piece, were raised on every
She was led on by Mr. Davenport, and tion of her work. The house was crowded in seemed much overcome by the enthusiastic recepevery part, and, from the novelty of its character, doubt that Fashion will for some time prove atand the evident satisfaction it gave, there is little
was represented at this theatre, with the most de- | with feelings which crave the melancholy relief served success, an original American five-act of expression. comedy, the scene of which is laid in New York, and which delineates American manners after the
plot, or rather of the three plots interwoven with each other, in the most skilful and artistical manner, of this most admirably built comedy.
After giving a full outline of the plot, the Sun
Dr. Gay was the son of Honorable Ebenezer same fashion as our own Garrick, Colman, and Gay, and was born in this city, in the year 1803. Sheridan were accustomed to delineate English His father, who was then engaged in the practice manners, and which, as regards plot, construction, of law, subsequently removed to Hingham, and character or dialogue, is worthy to take its place there Dr. Gay spent most of his early life. He by the side of the best of English comedies. It is was educated at Harvard University, and received from the pen of that most delightful of actresses, the degree of Doctor of Medicine in the year Mrs. Mowatt, and is entitled Fashion, or Life in 1826. He was one of the original members of New York; and the following is an outline of the the Boston Society of Natural History, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His acquired knowledge, particularly in his profession and in the sciences of Chemistry and Mineralogy, was accurate and extensive. The comedy was perfectly acted; Mr. Daven- His judgment was sound and discriminating, and port, as Adam Trueman, the old farmer, threw a he was skilful in the application of his knowledge feeling of warmth and heartiness into the part to practical purposes. He occasionally delivered which has not been equalled since the days of Faw-courses of lectures on Chemistry, and always with cett; and Miss F. Vining, as Gertrude, his gov- success. In many of the analytical processes of erness' daughter, was most interesting. Mr. John- this science, especially those required in toxicostone acted the part of Mr. Tiffany with considerable power, and Mrs. Marston, as Mrs. Tiffany, was the pink of vulgarity. Scharf, as the roguish clerk, was full of truthfulness; his abashed manner when threatened with prosecution contrasting most artistically with his previous vulgar and overbearing insolence. Mr. and Mrs. A. Wigan acted the French count and the French waiting-maid as they alone can act such characters. Mr. J. Herbert was excessively humorous as a high-minded Nigger. All the characters grouped round the Tiffanies were admirably sustained, but, to our thinking, the character of the group, nay, we are almost inclined to think that, as far as English audiences are concerned, the character of the comedy, is that of Prudence, the sister of Mrs. Tif
logical researches, he was thoroughly versed; and his scientific services were sought in many cases of suspected poisoning.
Dr. Gay was not ambitious of the fame of authorship. He published nothing in his own name except a pamphlet, in the year 1847, entitled, · Discovery, by Charles T. Jackson, M. D., of the Applicability of Sulphuric Ether in Surgical Operations."
Whatever difference of opinions may exist as to the question at issue in the controversy respecting the discovery of Etherization, there can be none as to the ability, fairness, and gentlemanly spirit with which that production is fany, a prim, puritanical, Yankee old maid, who which prompted him to undertake the defence of written, nor the generous devotion of friendship has not " fairly given the matter up," and who, when not making hot love, is making diabolical what he believed, with the strongest conviction, to mischief. She is the chorus of the piece, remind- use his language, to be "the cause of truth and ing every one of their faults, and every parvenu of justice." his or her origin; she is, in fact, a dreadful He had a lively sensibility to the charms of woman," and, what is better still, an original char-music, and to the beautiful in nature and art; and acter, a specimen of American society to which his taste was cultivated, during his travels in acter was admirably acted by Mrs. Parker, who Europe, by a careful study of many of the proevidently revelled in the part. The comedy was ductions of the great masters in painting and admirably put on the stage; the applause was en- sculpture. Of his professional merit the writer thusiastic, and at the conclusion there were loud is not competent to speak; but he has the authorcalls for Mrs. Mowatt, who had taken no part in the ity of accomplished medical men for saying that performance, but who at length appeared before the he fully deserved the great confidence which his curtain to receive that enthusiastic applause which she had so highly merited by the production of this patients reposed in him. most excellent comedy. The house was crowded
we had never before been introduced. This char
From the Boston Daily Advertiser.
THE recent death of Dr. Gay is deeply and widely lamented in this community. Few even of his most intimate friends were aware, before the general manifestation of sympathy and sorrow which that event has called forth, how extensively and how justly his modest and unpretending worth was appreciated. The loss of such an individual, in the midst of his usefulness, is always felt as a public calamity; and many hearts are now sad
It is not, however, intellectual gifts and attainments that are most worthy of commemoration. When a good man dies, whatever may have been his intellectual endowments, or worldly distinctions, it is not these things that survivors dwell on with most satisfaction, or mourn with the deepest sorrow. It is felt that there is something in a noble, virtuous character that far transcends them in value. The recognition of this great truth, in the general and spontaneous expression of grief for Dr. Gay's death, is highly creditable to the moral sense of this community. He possessed neither wealth, conspicuous station, nor the qualities that command popular applause; yet few deaths have occurred in this city, for many years,