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" I listen, sir!"
“ Monsieur d'Argentré just now stated that the [From the French.)
bravest have their moments of fear. Without One evening, a short time after the battle of taking as serious his anecdote of Monsieur de Fontenoy, (1745,) a group of the king's body- Turenne, I shall add that, with the exception of guard was congregated near the Latona basin, at the difference that exists between muscles and Versailles, listening to two of their number dis- nerves, the courage of the duellist is more an cussing a subject which at that period was rarely a affair of habit than of principle; for it is the matter of controversy in military circles.
natural state of man to love peace, if not for the " Refuse a duel after a public affront!” ex- sake of other, at least for himself. Do you wish claimed the tallest of the speakers, whose bronzed me to prove it?" features were rendered almost ferocious by a “Enough, sir: we are not here to listen to a thick red mustache : “it is a stain that all the sermon." waters of the deluge would not wash away.” “ Yet a moment. Here is my proposition : we
“ I repeat, Monsieur de Malatour," replied the are all assembled this evening previous to our other in a calm, polite tone, " that there is more leave of absence : I invite you, then, as also these true courage in refusing than in accepting a duel. gentlemen present, to a bear-hunt on my estate, or What is more common than to yield to passion, rather amongst the precipices of Clat, in the Eastenvy, or vengeance ; and what more rare ihan ern Pyrenees. You are very expert, Monsieur de to resist them? Therefore it is a virtue when Malatour-you can snuff a candle with a pistol at exhibited at the price of public opinion ; for what lwenty paces, and you have no equal at the smallcosts nothing, is esteemed as worth nothing." sword. Well, I shall place you before a bear,
“A marvel! Monsieur d'Argentré, I would and if you succeedI do not even say in lodging advise, if ever the king gives you the command of a ball in his head, but merely in firing upon him 3 company, to have engraven on the sabres of the -I shall submit immediately after to meet you soldiers the commandment- Thou shalt do no face to face with any weapons you choose to name, murder.'"
since it is only at that price I am to gain your “And wherefore not? His majesty would have good opinion." better servants, and the country fewer plunderers, “ Are you playing a comedy, sir?" if we had in our regiments more soldiers and fewer “Quite the contrary. And I even repeat that bullies. Take, as an example, him with whom this extreme haste shows more the courage of the you seem so much incensed : has he not nobly nerves, than of the true courage arising from avenged what you call an affront by taking, with principle.” his own hands, an enemy's colors, while your “What guarantee have I, should I accept your knaves most likely formed a prudent reserve be- proposition, that you will not again endeavor to hind the baggage?"
evade me?" " Cowards themselves have their moments of “My word, sir ; which I take all my comrades courage."
to witness, and place under the safeguard of their " And the brave also their moments of fear.” honor.” “The expression is not that of a gentleman." There ran through his auditory such a buzz of .“ It is that of Monsieur de Turenne, whose approbation, that De Malatour, though with a bad family equalled either of ours, and who avowed grace, was obliged to accede to the arrangethat he was not exempt from such moments. ment. It was then agreed that, on the 1st of SepEverybody has heard of his conduct to a bragga- tember, all present should assemble at the Chateau docio, who boasted in his presence that he had du Clat. never known fear. He suddenly passed a lighted. Whilst the young lord of the manor is making candle under the speaker's nose, who instantly the necessary preparations for their reception, we drew back his head, to the great amusement of the shall explain the accusation of which he was the bystanders, who laughed heartily at this singular object, yet which had not branded him with any mode of testing the other's assertion.”
mark of disgrace among a class of men so punc“None but a marshal of France had dared to lilious on the point of honor. try such a pleasantry. To our subject, sir. Il The young Baron de Villetreton, in entering maintain that your friend is a coward, and amongst the gentlemen who formed the household you "
guard of the king of France, carried with him " And I- " repeated D’Argentré, his eyes principles which remained uncorrupted amidst all flashing, and his lips firmly compressed.
The frivolities of one of the most licentious courts “Holla, gentlemen!” exclaimed a third party, in Europe. Such, however, is the charm of virwho, owing to the warmth of the argument, had lue, even in the midst of vice, that his exemplary joined the group unperceived. “This is my conduct had not only gained him the esserm of his affair," said he to Monsieur d'Argentré, holding officers, and the friendship of his companions, but his arm ; then turning to his adversary, added had attracted the attention of the king himself. “ Monsieur de Malatour, I am at your orders.” One alone among his comrades, Monsieur de Mala
“ In that case, after you, if necessary,” said tour, look umbrage at this general favor, and, on D'Argentié, with his usual calmness.
the occasion of some trifling expression or gesture, “ By my honor you charm me, gentlemen! Let publicly insulted him. Villetreton refused to us go.''
challenge him, as being contrary to his principles, "One moment," replied the new comer, who, but determined that this seeming cowardice, in not young as he was, wore the cross of St. Louis. fighting a well-known duellist, should be redeemed - No remarks. Gentlemen, hasten.”
by some action of eclat during the campaign just “ Too great haste in such cases evidences less a commenced. That moment had arrived ; and for contempt for death than an anxiety to get rid of his noble conduct in taking the English colors at his phantom."
I the battle of Fontenoy, he received the cross of
St. Louis from the king's own hand on the field, guarded a dozen large mastiffs, held in leash by the eulogium of Marsha) Saxe, and a redoubled his vigorous helpers. The young baron and his enmity on the part of De Malatour.
friends, armed with carabines and hunting-knives, The first care of the young baron on arriving at had scarcely appeared, when, by a sign from the his estate was to call his major-domo, an old and pareur, the whole troop moved silently forward. faithful servant.
The dogs themselves seemed to understand the "I have business of thee, my master," said he importance of this movement; and nothing was cordially shaking him by the hand.
heard but the confused tramp of feet, blending * Speak, monseigneur," replied the pareur, with the noise of the distant torrent, or, at interwho was deeply attached to his young lord: “ you vals, the cry of some belated night-bird flying know the old hunter is yours to his last drop of heavily homeward in the doubtful glimmer of the blood."
yet anopened day. "I never doubted it, my old friend. Did you As the party reached the crest of the mountain receive my letter from Paris?”
which immediately overhung the chateau, the first * Yes, sir; and those gentlemen, your com- rays of the sun breaking from the east glanced on rades, will have some work before them."
the summit of the Pyrenees, and suddenly illumin* Are there bears already on the heights ating the landscape, discovered beneath them a then !" asked Villetreton, extending his hand in deep valley, covered with majestic pine-trees, the direction of one of the lofty peaks, whose sum- which murmured in the fresh breeze of the mornmit, covered with snow, glittered in the morning ing.
Opposite to them, the foaming waters of a cas" Five in all-a complete ménage-father, cade fell for some hundreds of feet through a cleft mother, and children ; besides an old bachelor, which divided the mountain from the summit to the whom the Spaniards had driven to this side." base. By one of those caprices of nature which
** In less than a week we shall go in pursuit of testify the primitive convulsions of our globe, the them. Do you know, pareur, some of my com- chasm was surmounted by a natural bridge-the rades are rather rough sportsmen : there is one of piles of granite at each side being joined by one them who is able to snuff a candle with a pistol at immense fat rock, almost seeming to verify the twenty paces."
fable of the Titans ; for it appeared impossible that. “ Easier, perhaps, than to snuff a bear at four," these enormous blocks of stone could have ever replied the old man laughing.
been raised to such an elevation by human agency. ** That is what I said also. But as I should Sinister legends were attached to the place; and wish to judge for myself of his prowess, you must the mountaineers recounted with terror that no place us together at the same post-at the bridge hunter, with the exception of the pareur, had ever of Maure, for instance."
been posted at the bridge of Maure without becom" Hum !" said the pareur, scratching his ear; ing the prey of either the bears or the precipice. "* it would better please me to have you else But the pareur was too good a Christian to partake where."
of this ridiculous prejudice: he attributed the fatal* Why?" .
ity to its real cause—the dizziness arising from the " Because, to guard this post, a man ought to sight of the bears and the precipice combined, by be in a state of grace, for he will be between two destroying the hunter's presence of mind, made his deaths-the bears and the precipice."
| aim unsteady, and his death the inevitable conse* I know the one, and do not fear the other ; quence. He could not, however, altogether divest thanks to your lessons."
himself of fears for his young master, who obsti"I am sure of that. But, with your leave, Inately persevered in his intention of occupying the should like to guard the bridge myself."
bridge with his antagonist. * You are sure, then, that the bears will pass After placing the baron's companions at posts that way?"
which he considered the most advantageous, the "Sure-yes; but quite sure-no. Recollect pareur rejoined his men, and disposing them so as that they are sullen and prudent beasts, which to encompass the valley facing the cascade, comnever confide their plan of route to any one." manded the utmost silence to be preserved until
* It is agreed on. I shall guard the bridge with they should hear the first bark of his dog. At that my comrade. Now, go and have the trackers signal the mastiffs were to be unleashed, the inready."
struments sounded, and all to move slowly forward, * Very well, very well," murmured the pareur contracting the circle as they approached the casas he retired; “I shall have my eye on him." cade. These arrangements being made, the pareur
Eight days afterwards, all those invited, not ex. and his dog, followed by the mandrin alone, discepting Monsieur de Malatour-who, despite the appeared in the depths of the wood. delicate attentions of the host, preserved a cold For some minutes the silence had remained unreserve-were assembled at the chateau. The broken, when suddenly a furious barking commagnificent grandeur of the Pyrenees, their shin- menced, accompanied by low growling. Each pre. ing summits relieved against the blue sky of pared his arms; the instruments sounded ; and the Spain, was an unlooked for pleasure to the greater mastiffs being let loose, precipitated themselves number of the guests, who for the most part pell-mell in the direction of the struggle. Their belonged to the rich and fertile plains of the in- furious barking was soon confounded with the cries terior.
of the hunters and the din of the instruments, minThe morning following their arrival, a body of gled with the formidable growling of the bears, trackers and scouts, provided with all manner making altogether a hideous concert, which, rolling of discordant instruments-trumpets, saucepans, along the sides of the valley, was repeated by the drums, &c., &c.--were assembled under the walls distant echoes. At this moment the young baron of the chateau, with the pareur at their head ; regarded his companion, whose countenance, though while by his side stood the mandrin, who proudly pale, remained calm and scornful
“ Attention, sir," said he in a low voice. “ The old pareur shook with emotion at the escape of his bears are not far from us : let your aim be true, or young master; as for Malatour, his livid paleness, else "
and the convulsive shuddering of his limbs, testified “Keep your counsels for yourself, sir!"
the state of his mind. " Attention!” repeated Villetreton, without “Take your arms," said the young baron, quickseeming to notice the surly response_ he ap- ly replacing in his hands the carabine ; “ here are proaches!"
our comrades—they must not see you unarmed; Those who were placed in front of the cascade, and, pareur, not a word of all this." seeing the animals directing their course to the “Look !" said he to his companions as they bridge, cried from all parts, “Look out, look out, gathered around, pointing to the monstrous beasts Villetreton !" But the breaking of branches, fol. -"one to each. Now, Monsieur de Malatour, I lowed by the rolling of loosened stones down the wait you orders, and am ready to give the satisface precipice, had already given warning of the ani- tion you require." mal's near approach. Malatour became deadly The latter made no reply, but reached out his pale ; he, however, held his carabine firmly, in the hand, which Villetreton cordially shook. attitude of a resolute hunter.
That evening a banquet was given to celebrate A bear at length appeared, with foaming mouth the double victory. Towards the end of the repast and glaring eyes, at times turning as if he would a toast to “ the vanquishers" was proposed, and fain struggle with his pursuers; but when he saw immediately accepted. Monsieur d'Argentré, glass the bridge, his only way of escape, occupied, he in hand, rose to pledge it, when Malatour, also uttered a fearful growl, and raising himself on his rising, held his arm, exclaiming—" To the sole hind legs, was rushing on our two hunters, when a vanquisher of the day!—to our noble host! It was ball struck him in the forehead, and he fell dead at he alone who killed the two bears; and if, through their feet.
his generosity, I have allowed the illusion to last Malatour convulsively grasped his gun-he had so long, it was simply for this reason: the affront become completely powerless. Suddenly new cries, which I gave him was a public one-the reparation louder and more pressing, were heard."
ought to be public likewise. I now declare that “ Fire! fire! he is on you !" cried the pareur, Monsieur de Villetreton is the bravest of the brave, who appeared unexpectedly, pale and agitated, his and ihat I shall maintain it towards all and against gun to his shoulder, but afraid to fire, lest he should all." hit his master.
"This time, at least, I shall not take up your The latter, perceiving his agitation, turned gauntlet," said Monsieur d'Argentré. round : it was indeed time. On the other side of " There's a brave young man!” cried the pa. the bridge, a bear, much larger than the first, was reur, whom his master had admitted to his table, in the act of making the final rush. Springing and who endeavored to conceal a furtive tear. backward, he seized the carabine of his petrified “ Nothing could better prove to me, sir, that, with companion, and lodged its contents in the animal's a little experience, you will be as calm in the pres. breast ere he could reach them. He rolled, in the ence of bears, as you are, I am sure, in the face of death-struggle, to where they stood. All this was an enemy." the work of an instant. The knees of the hardy
DIAMOND Dust.-The demand for diamond dust hardness of the dust over the steel to give that within a few years has increased very materially, keenness of edge that has surprised all who have on account of the increased demand for all articles used it. Church and State Gazette. that are wrought by it, such as cameos, intaglios, &c. Recently there has been a discovery made of Sir Robert Peel has, it is said, recommended the peculiar power of diamond dust upon steel : Mr. M'Culloch to the queen for a pension of £200, it gives the finest edge to all kinds of cutlery, and in recognition of the services which he has rendered threatens to displace the hone of Hungary. It is to political econoiny :--and we may mention, 100, well known that in cutting a diamond (the hardest while speaking of the rewards conferred on such substance in nature) the dust is placed on the teeth merit as comes within the purview of the Athenaun, of the saw-to which it adheres, and thus permits by the retiring minister, that we find the name of the instrument to make its way through the gem. Sir Moses Montefiore in the batch of baronets just To this dust, too, is to be attributed solely the gazetted—the well-earned reward of his labors in power of man to make brilliants from rough dia- the cause of humanity; not the least conspicuous monds; from the dust is obtained the perfection of (and we trust effectual) of which has been his late the geometrical symmetry which is one of the chief generous expedition to the foot of the Russian aubeauties of the mineral, and also that adamantine tocrat's very throne, in behalf of his oppressed copolish which nothing can injure or affect, save a religionists.-Athenæum. substance of its own nature. The power of the diamond upon steel is remarkable : it is known to At a late meeting of the Paris Academy of Sciparalyze the magnet in some instances-and may ences, an extraordinary communication was made there not be some peculiar operation upon steel by a Greek physiologist, M. Eseltja--who asserts with which philosophers have not yet taught us to that, by the assistance of electric light, he has been be familiar? How is it that a diamond cast into a enabled to see through the human body, and thus crucible of melted iron converts the latter into to detect the existence of deep-seated visceral dissteel? Whatever may be said, it is evident that ease. He has followed the operations of digestion the diamond dust for sharpening razors, knives, and and of circulation and has seen the nerves in mocutlery, is a novelty which is likely to command tion. M. Eseltja has given the name of " Anthe attention of the public, whether or not it is throposcope” to his remarkable discovery.- Atheagreed that there is anything beyond the superior I næum.
From the Athenæum. French manufacturers; who generally keep a Theoretical and Practical Treatise on the Printing chemist constantly at work, making experiments of Tissues.- Trailé Pratique et Théorique, dc.) upon colors in a well-mounted laboratory By J. Persoz. 4 vols. Paris.
* The work of M. Persoz-to which we earnestly This work we consider to be one of the most re
invite the attention of our Lancashire manufacmarkable that has issued from the Parisian press
turing friends shows the pains-taking manner in during the present year. Some time since, the
which one of our most important and pleasing arts French "Society for the encouragement of National
is studied. We observe that the Society under Indastry,” established in 1802, offered a prize for
whose patronage these volumes are published, anthe best essay on bleaching and printing calicoes.
nounces its intention to give copies of the work, as None of the papers sent in were deemed worthy of
prizes, to overseers and foremen who may produce the prize ; but, in the mean time, the author of the
new inventions in design or printing. above work, who is Professor in the School of Pharmacy at Strasburg, though unable to complete
CAUSE OF DOUBLE FLOWERS. his work by the specified day, persevered -and! The cause of double flowers has lately been finally laid before the Society the result of his explained in the Revue Horticole, on a rather curious labors. That body fully appreciated the great and interesting principle. It is impossible for any value of M. Persoz's MS.; and published it, under inquiring mind not to attempt an explanation of the their patronage at the same time, presenting the fact, that many plants which, in a state of nature, author with a medal, of the value of 3,000 francs. never present more than a single row of petals, M. Persoz was born and brought up in a calico begin to assume several rows under continued culprinting manufactory; and spent a considerable tivation. The effects of a richer soil, and other portion of his life at Alsace, in the midst of print genial circumstances, or the mere accident of works-where he taught chemistry.
double petals in one plant transmitted with imThe first two voluines of the work are devoted provement through its progeny, are the common to the description of the various coloring matters, explanations; and these are generally received as and the means employed in printing-embracing satisfactory, without reflecting that what we call the different kinds of machinery used in manufac- accident is itself a result of some cause, and that tories. The latter volumes contain the receipts change of condition must attack some physiologifor the colors actually used in printing on cotton cal principle before it can have any effect in modiand woollen cloths. To each receipt is annexed a fying the character of a plant. Nothing is now pattern of the cloth so printed ; by which means so common as double flowers; and “ to explain the the reader is put in possession of the effect pro- phenomenon," says the Rerue, " we must make duced. The illustrations to the work amount to practice agree with theory. Every gardener who not less than 105 designs and 429 patterns-printed sows seed wishes to obtain plants with double in with the text-besides a quarto atlas, of twenty flowers, so as to have blossoms which produce the plates. The patterns have been contributed by the greatest effect. Every double plant is a monstrous principal calico printers in Alsace, Switzerland, vegetable. To produce this anomaly, we must Normandy, Paris, England, and Scotland ; and it is attack the principle of its creation; that is to say, pleasant to find the author alluding gratefully to the seed. This being granted, let us examine in the liberality evinced by the different manufacturers what way these seeds ought to be treated. If, --who, rising above all petty national jealousies, after having gathered the seeds of ten weeks' were happy to have an opportunity of advancing stock, for example, we sow them immediately, chemical science, by placing the products of their the greater number of the seedlings will produce manufactories at the disposal of M. Persoz. single flowers ; whilst, on the contrary, if we pre
Some of the patterns are of great beauty-dis serve these same seeds for three or four years, and playing a brilliancy of color which we have never sow them, we shall find double flowers upon nearseen excelled ; and, altogether, the work gives ly all the plants. To explain this phenomenon, abandant evidence that the art of calico-printing we say that, in keeping a seed for several years, has attained to extraordinary perfection. It is we fatigue and weaken it so, that the energy worthy of mention, that the English legislature which would otherwise have been expended in enacted, in 1720, an absurd sumptuary law, pro-producing stamens, produces petals. Then, when hibiting the wearing of all printed calicoes whatso- we place it in a suitable soil, we change its natural ever, either of foreign or domestic origin. This state, and from a wild plant make it a cultivated act remained in force during a period of ten years ; one. What proves our position is, that plants in and then, was repealed by an only half-enlightened their wild state, shedding their seeds naturally, body of senators-who permitted what were called and sowing them as soon as they fall to the ground, British calicoes, if made of linen warp, with west yet in a long succession of time scarcely ever proof cotton only, to be printed and worn, upon pay- duce plants with double flowers. We think, then, ment of a duty of sixpence on the square yard. after what we have said, that whenever a gardener These acts had the effect of nearly extinguishing, wishes to obtain double flowers, he ought not to amongst us, the rising industry in this ingenious sow the seeds till after having kept them for as department of the arts: and it was only after 1774, long a time as possible. These principles are equalwhen that part of the act of 1730 which required ly applicable to melons, and all plants of that famthe warp to be made of linen yarn was repealed, ily. We admit, like many other observers, that that calico-printing engaged the serious attention melon plants obtained from seeds the preceding of English manufacturers.
year ought to produce, and do produce, really very The dread of encouraging the importation of vigorous shoots, with much foliage ; but very few cotton, and throwing flax (a native product) out of fruitful flowers appear on such plants ; whilst, on cultivation, had a similar effect in France ; the other hand, when we sow old seeds, we obtain although that country had the good sense to per- an abundance of very large fruit. In fact, in all ceive its error at an earlier period than Great varieties of the melon, the sceds should always be Britain. It is well known that the principles of kept from three to eight years before being sown, calico-printing are now profoundly studied by the l if we would obtain fine fruit, and plenty of it."
NEW BOOKS AND RE-PRINTS. distinguish a portion of them before the world, and
the exhibitions of popular license which the counThe Bible, The Koran and the Talmud; or Bibli-try occasionally presents, originate in a combinacal Legends of the Mussulmans. Compiled from tion of religious and political influences, in which Arabic sources, and compared with Jewish Tra- the former has decidedly the largest share ; as in ditions. By Dr. G. Weil. Translated from the the following pages is attempted to be shown. German. Vol. 15 of Harpers' New Miscellany. | * The Modern British Plutarch; or Lives of Men
" The author's own experience has satisfactorily distinguished in the recent history of England for
proved to him, that even amongst the demagogue their Talents. Virtues, or Achievements. By W. | political capitalists, the arrogance and conceit C. Taylor, LL. D. Vol. 17 of Harpers' New
which is erroneously charged upon the whole Miscellany.
nation is, in fact, only a defensive' weapon, re
sulting from the contempt which it was fashionable The Expedition to Borneo of H. M. S. Dido, for for English writers and public speakers to express the Suppression of Piracy: with Extracts from the for America and her institutions long after the war Journal of Jaines Brooke, Esq., of Sarawak (now which made her independent of the mother counagent for the British government in Borneo.) Byl try. Captain the Hon. Henry Keppel, R. N. Vol. 18 '*The people of the United States—the author's of Harpers' New Miscellany.
experience and intimate knowledge of them enable Temper and Temperament : or Varieties of Char- him to affirm it-Those who form the mind of the acter. By Mrs. Ellis. Published by Harper & nation, and who, it is hoped, will yet recover their Brothers.
legitimate control over the action of the countryThe Wandering Jew is now completed.-Cop
are ready and desirous to join with us in securing
a lasting alliance, and in all the schemes for more land's Dictionary of Practical Medicine has reached the letter in Part 16.-Harpers’ Illuminated and
enlarged benevolence to which such alliance must Illustrated Shakspeare has reached No. 100.
Mr. Waylen is of the Episcopal church, and it Pictorial History of England. This book it is may require a “ catholic spirit" on the part of pleasant to look at : so well is it printed, and so readers of other denominations to enjoy the book. good is it for the family.
| We have not had time to read it, but look for Statesmen of the Commonwealth of England; / much pleasure therefrom.] with a Treatise on the Popular Progress in Eng The Life and Correspondence of John Foster : lish History. By John Forster. Edited by J.O. | edited by J. E. Ryland. [Mr. Foster is so well Chowles. Sir John Eliot, the Earl of Sirafford, known as the Author of the Essay on Decision of and John Pym, are the lives in Nos. 1 and 2. To Character, that American readers will take up be completed in five numbers.
these volumes with much interest.]
Responses on the Use of Tobacco. By the Rev. Wiley & PUTNAM have issued several good Benjamin Ingersoll Lane, Author of the Mysteries books :
of Tobacco. (This book consists principally of Ecclesiastical Reminiscences of the United States. letters to the author from twenty-five well-known By the Rev. Edward Waylen, late Rector of persons who carry on the war against tobacco with Christ Church, Rockville, Maryland. Eleven much zeal. We remember to have heard a man years resident in America.
of many bad qualities, among which a want of Whether it arise from the longer residence politeness was evident, say to an old lady who here, or a better temper, or a clearer head than offered him a pinch of snuff-“I never snuff, many other English travellers have had it is smoke, chew, swear, or drink rum." She threat. pleasant to see an Englishman writing of us with-ened to throw her snuff-box into his eyes, for his out arrogance or pertness. And when we recol- classification, and perhaps that mode of disposing lect the high praise we received from Mr. Lyell, of it would have been useful to him, as it certainly who differs so much from Mr. Waylen in his reli- would have been to her. We do not use tobacco, gious opinions, we may perhaps, diffident as we are, except for the purpose of disgusting the moih, bat be convinced that there is really some good among nevertheless are candid enough to see that there us. We copy a few passages from his preface, must be something strong in it, for else the many dated Queen Square, Westminster.]
high-spirited young men about town would not " That he has spoken favorably of the Ameri- submit to the labor of decocting it; and there must cans as a people, arises from his long and intimate be something good in it, or its use would not be acquaintance with them ; during which he has indulged in by so many clergymen and other wise associated with almost every class in that commu- men. Many distinguished “temperance” men, nity. He cannot lend himself to a falsehood to appear to find help in it. There must be great make his book sell; though it has to be proved good, to make up in the minds of such men as we whether defamation or grotesque caricature, ap- have spoken of, for the offences to delicacy and plied to the people of a country, whose glory and cleanliness which are inseparable from the use of greatness are our own, furnish the only staple this “ great medicine.''] commodities in this department of authorship. The Americans, as a race of people, inherit most GREELEY & McElrath have added to their of the good, and are free from many of the bad stock of good books, Incentives to the Cultivation qualities which distinguish the nation from whence of the Science of Geology. Designed for the uso they have sprung; nor has the free intermixture of the Young By S. S. Randall, Deputy Suof continental blood effected any deterioration in perintendent of Common Schools of the State of their mental or physical qualities. The defects of New York, Editor of Comrnon School Journal, character (arising solely from education) which &c.