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“ Attention, sir," said he in a low voice. “ The old pareur shook with emotion at the escape of his bears are not far from us : let your aim be true, or young master; as for Malatour, his livid paleness, else"

and the convulsive shuddering of his limbs, testified Keep your counsels for yourself, sir !” the state of his mind. “ Attention!” repeated Villetreton, without “Take your arms," said the young baron, quickseeming to notice the surly response" he ap- ly replacing in his hands the carabine ; " here are proaches !”

our comrades—they must not see you unarmed; Those who were placed in front of the cascade, and, parenr, not a word of all this." seeing the animals directing their course to the "Look !" said he to his companions as they bridge, cried from all parts, Look out, look out, gathered around, pointing to the monstrous beasts Villetreton !” But the breaking of branches, fol "one to each. Now, Monsieur de Malatour, I lowed by the rolling of loosened stones down the wait you orders, and am ready to give the satisfacprecipice, had already given warning of the ani- tion you require." mal's near approach. Malatour became deadly The latter made no reply, but reached out his pale ; he, however, held his carabine firmly, in the hand, which Villetreton cordially shook. attitude of a resolute hunter.

That evening a banquet was given to celebrate A bear at length appeared, with foaming mouth the double victory. Towards the end of the repast and glaring eyes, at times turning as if he would a toast to “the vanquishers” was proposed, and fain struggle with his pursuers; but when he saw immediately accepted. Monsieur d'Argentré, glass the bridge, his only way of escape, occupied, he in hand, rose to pledge it, when Malatour, also uttered a fearful growl, and raising himself on his rising, held his arm, exclaiming—" To the sole hind legs, was rushing on our two hunters, when a vanquisher of the day!—to our noble host! It was ball struck him in the forehead, and he fell dead at he alone who killed the two bears; and if, through their feet.

his generosity, I have allowed the illusion to last Malatour convulsively grasped his gun-he had so long, it was simply for this reason : the affront become completely powerless. Suddenly new cries, which I gave him was a public one-the reparation louder and more pressing, were heard.

ought to be public likewise. I now declare that “ Fire! fire! he is on you !" cried the pareur, Monsieur de Villetreton is the bravest of the brave, who appeared unexpectedly, pale and agitated, his and that I shall maintain it towards all and against gun to his shoulder, but afraid to fire, lest he should all." hit his master.

" This time, at least, I shall not take up your The latter, perceiving his agitation, turned gauntlet," said Monsieur d'Argentré. round: it was indeed time. On the other side of “ There's a brave young man!” cried the pa. the bridge, a bear, much larger than the first, was reur, whom his master had admitted to his table, in the act of making the final rush. Springing and who endeavored to conceal a furtive tear. backward, he seized the carabine of his petrified " Nothing could better prove to me, sir, that, with companion, and lodged its contents in the animal's a little experience, you will be as calm in the pres. breast ere he could reach them. He rolled, in the ence of bears, as you are, I am sure, in the face of death-struggle, to where they stood. All this was an enemy." the work of an instant. The knees of the hardy

Diamond Dust.–The demand for diamond dust | hardness of the dust over the steel to give that within a few years has increased very materially, keenness of edge that has surprised all who have on account of the increased demand for all articles used it.- Church and State Gazette. that are wrought by it, such as cameos, intaglios, &c. Recently there has been a discovery made of Sir Robert Peel has, it is said, recommended the peculiar power of diamond dust upon steel : Mr. M'Culloch to the queen for a pension of £200, it gives the finest edge to all kinds of cutlery, and in recognition of the services which he has rendered threatens to displace the hone of Hungary. It is to political economny :--and we may mention, 100, well known that in cutting a diamond (the hardest while speaking of the rewards conferred on such substance in nature) the dust is placed on the teeth merit as comes within the purview of the Athena um, of the saw-to which it adheres, and thus permits by the retiring minister, that we find the name of the instrument to make its way through the gem. Sir Moses Montefiore in the batch of baronets just To this dust, too, is to be attributed solely the gazetted—the well-earned reward of his labors in power of man to make brilliants from rough dia- the cause of humanity; not the least conspicuous monds ; from the dust is obtained the perfection of (and we trust effectual) of which has been his late the geometrical symmetry which is one of the chief generous expedition to the foot of the Russian aubeauties of the mineral, and also that adamantine tocrat's very throne, in behalf of his oppressed copolish which nothing can injure or affect, save a religionists.-Athenæum. substance of its own nature. The power of the diamond upon steel is remarkable : it is known to At a late meeting of the Paris Academy of Sciparalyze the magnet in some instances—and may ences, an extraordinary communication was made there not be some peculiar operation upon steel by a Greek physiologist, M. Eseltja—who asserts with which philosophers have not yet taught us to that, by the assistance of electric light, he has been be familiar ?' How is it that a diamond cast into a enabled to see through the human body, and thus crucible of melted iron converts the latter into to detect the existence of deep-seated visceral dissteel? Whatever may be said, it is evident that ease. He has followed the operations of digestioa the diamond dust for sharpening razors, knives, and and of circulation—and has seen the nerves in mocutlery, is a novelty which is likely to command tion. M. Eseltja has given the name of “* Anthe attention of the public, whether or not it is throposcope" to his remarkable discovery.- Atheagreed that there is anything beyond the superior I næum.

From the Athenæum. French manufacturers; who generally keep a Theoretical and Practical Treatise on the Printing chemist constantly at work, making experiments

of Tissues.- [Traité Pratique et Théorique, &c.] upon colors in a well-mounted laboratory. By J. Persoz. 4 vols. Paris.

The work of M. Persoz—to which we earnestly This work we consider to be one of the most re

e invite the attention of our Lancashire manufacmarkable that has issued from the Parisian press

turing friends-shows the pains-taking manner in during the present year. Some time since, the

which one of our most important and pleasing arts French "Society for the encouragement of National

is studied. We observe that the Society under Industry," established in 1802, offered a prize for

whose patronage these volumes are published, anthe best essay on bleaching and printing calicoes.

nounces its intention to give copies of the work, as None of the papers sent in were deemed worthy of

prizes, to overseers and foremen who may produce the prize ; but, in the mean time, the author of the

new inventions in design or printing. above work, who is Professor in the School of Pharmacy at Strasburg, though unable to complete

CAUSE OF DOUBLE FLOWERS. his work by the specified day, persevered—and The cause of double flowers has lately been finally laid before the Society the result of his explained in the Revue Horticole, on a rather curious labors. That body fully appreciated the great and interesting principle. It is impossible for any value of M. Persoz's MS.; and published it, under inquiring mind not to attempt an explanation of the their patronage-at the same time, presenting the fact, that many plants which, in a state of nature, author with a medal, of the value of 3,000 francs. never present more than a single row of petals, M. Persoz was born and brought up in a calico begin to assume several rows under continued culprinting manufactory; and spent a considerable tivation. The effects of a richer soil, and other portion of his life at Alsace, in the midst of print genial circumstances, or the mere accident of works—where he taught chemistry.

| double petals in one plant transmitted with imThe first two voluines of the work are devoted provement through its progeny, are the common to the description of the various coloring matters, explanations ; and these are generally received as and the means employed in printing-embracing satisfactory, without reflecting that what we call the different kinds of machinery used in manufac- accident is itself a result of some cause, and that tories. The latter volumes contain the receipts change of condition must attack some physiologifor the colors actually used in printing on cotton cal principle before it can have any effect in modiand woollen cloths. To each receipt is annexed a fying the character of a plant. Nothing is now patlern of the cloth so printed; by which means so common as double flowers ; and “ to explain the the reader is put in possession of the effect pro- phenomenon," says the Rerue, " we must make duced. The illustrations to the work amount to practice agree with theory. Every gardener who not less than 105 designs and 429 patterns-printed sows seed wishes to obtain plants with double in with the text-besides a quarto atlas, of twenty flowers, so as to have blossoms which produce the plates. The patterns have been contributed by the greatest effect. Every double plant is a monstrous principal calico printers in Alsace, Switzerland, vegetable. To produce this anomaly, we must Normandy, Paris, England, and Scotland ; and it is attack the principle of its creation ; that is to say, pleasant jo find the author alluding gratefully to the seed. This being granted, let us examine in the liberality evinced by the different manufacturers what way these seeds ought to be treated. If, —who, rising above all petty national jealousies, after having gathered the seeds of ten weeks' were happy to have an opportunity of advancing stock, for example, we sow them immediately, chemical science, by placing the products of their the greater number of the seedlings will produce manufactories at the disposal of M. Persoz. single flowers ; whilst, on the contrary, if we pre

Some of the patterns are of great beauty-dis- serve these same seeds for three or four years, and playing a brilliancy of color which we have never sow them, we shall find double flowers upon nearseen excelled ; and, altogether, the work gives ly all the plants. To explain this phenomenon, abundant evidence that the art of calico-printing we say that, in keeping a seed for several years, has attained to extraordinary perfection. It is we fatigue and weaken it so, that the energy worthy of mention, that the English legislature which would otherwise have been expended in enacted, in 1720, an absurd sumptuary law, pro-producing stamens, produces petals. Then, when hibiting the wearing of all printed calicoes whatso- we place it in a suitable soil, we change its natural ever, either of foreign or domestic origin. This state, and from a wild plant make it a cultivated act remained in force during a period of ten years ; one. What proves our position is, that plants in and then, was repealed by an only half-enlightened their wild state, shedding their seeds naturally, body of senators—who permitted what were called and sowing them as soon as they fall to the ground, British calicoes, if made of linen warp, with weft yet in a long succession of time scarcely ever proof cotton only, to be printed and worn, upon pay- duce plants with double flowers. We think, then, ment of a duty of sixpence on the square yard. after what we have said, that whenever a gardener These acts had the effect of nearly extinguishing, wishes to obtain double flowers, he ought not to amongst us, the rising industry in this ingenious sow the seeds till after having kept them for as department of the arts: and it was only after 1774, long a time as possible. These principles are equalwhen that part of the act of 1730 which required ly applicable to melons, and all plants of that famthe warp to be made of linen yarn was repealed, ily. We admit, like many other observers, that that calico-printing engaged the serious attention melon plants obtained from seeds the preceding of English manufacturers.

year ought to produce, and do produce, really very The dread of encouraging the importation of vigorous shoots, with much foliage ; but very few cotton, and throwing flax (a native product) out of fruitful flowers appear on such plants ; whilst, on cultivation, had a similar effect in France ;- the other hand, when we sow old seeds, we obtain although that country had the good sense to per- an abundance of very large fruit. In fact, in all ceive its error at an earlier- period than Great varieties of the melon, the sceds should always be Britain. It is well known that the principles of | kept from three to eight years before being sown, calico-printing are now profoundly studied by the l if we would obtain fine fruit, and plenty of it."

NEW BOOKS AND RE-PRINTS. distinguish a portion of them before the world, and

the exhibitions of popular license which the counThe Bible, The Koran and the Talmud; or Bibli- try occasionally presents, originate in a combinacal Legends of the Mussulmans. Compiled from tion of religious and political influences, in which Arabic sources, and compared with Jewish Tra- the former has decidedly the largest share ; as in ditions. By Dr. G. Weil

. Translated from the the following pages is attempted to be shown. German. Vol. 15 of Harpers’ New Miscellany. The Modern British Plutarch; or Lives of Men

" The author's own experience has satisfactorily distinguished in the recent history of Englaud for proved to him, that even amongst the demagogue their Talents, Virtues, or Achievements. By w. political capitalists, the arrogance and conceit C. Taylor, LL. D. Vol. 17 of Harpers New which is erroneously charged upon the whole Miscellany.

nation is, in fact, only a 'defensive' weapon, re

sulting from the contempt which it was fashionable The Expedition to Borneo of H. M. S. Dido, for for English writers and public speakers to express the Suppression of Piracy: with Extracts from the for America and her institutions long after the war Journal of James Brooke, Esq., of Sarawak (now which made her independent of the mother counagent for the British government in Borneo.) By try. Captain the Hon. Henry Keppel, R. N. Vol. 18

“ The people of the United States—the author's of Harpers' New Miscellany.

experience and intimate knowledge of them enable Temper and Temperament ; or Varieties of Char-him to affirm it-Those who form the mind of the acter. By Mrs. Ellis. Published by Harper & nation, and who, it is hoped, will yet recover their Brothers.

legitimate control over the action of the country, The Wandering Jew is now completed.-Cop

are ready and desirous to join with us in securing land's Dictionary of Practical Medicine has reached a lasting alliance, and in all the schemes for more the letter 0 in Part 16.—Harpers’ Illuminated and enlarged benevolence to which such alliance must

naturally lead." Illustrated Shakspeare has reached No. 100.

[Mr. Waylen is of the Episcopal church, and it Pictorial History of England. This book it is may require a “ catholic spirit" on the part of pleasant to look at: so well is it printed, and so readers of other denominations to enjoy the book. good is it for the family.

We have not had time to read it, but look for Statesmen of the Commonwealth of England; much pleasure therefrom.] with a Treatise on the Popular Progress in Eng The Life and Correspondence of John Foster : lish History. By John Forster. Edited by J. 0. edited by J. E. Ryland. [Mr. Foster is so well Chowles. Sir John Eliot, the Earl of Strafford, known as the Author of the Essay on Decision of and John Pym, are the lives in Nos. 1 and 2. To Character, that American readers will take up be completed in five numbers.

these volumes with much interest.)

Responses on the Use of Tobacco. By the Rev. Wiley & Putnam have issued several good Benjamin Ingersoll Lane, Author of the Mysteries books :

of Tobacco. [This book consists principally of Ecclesiastical Reminiscences of the United States. letters to the author from twenty-five well-known By the Rev. Edward Waylen, late Rector of persons who carry on the war against tobacco with Christ Church, Rockville, Maryland. Eleven much zeal. We remember to have heard a man years resident in America.

of many bad qualities, among which a want of (Whether it arise from the longer residence politeness was evident, say to an old lady who here, or a better temper, or a clearer head than offered him a pinch of snuff—"I never snuif, many other English travellers have had—it is smoke, chew, swear, or drink rum.” She threat. pleasant to see an Englishman writing of us with-ened to throw her snuff-box into his eyes, for his out arrogance or pertness. And when we recol- classification, and perhaps that mode of disposing lect the high praise we received from Mr. Lyell, of it would have been useful to him, as it certainly who differs so much from Mr. Waylen in his reli- would have been to her. We do not use tobacco, gious opinions, we may perhaps, diffident as we are, except for the purpose of disgusting the moth, but be convinced that there is really some good among nevertheless are candid enough to see that there

few passages from his preface, must be something strong in it, for else the many dated Queen Square, Westminster.)

high-spirited young men about town would not " That he has poken favorably of the Ameri- submit to the labor of decocting it; and there must cans as a people, arises from his long and intimate be something good in it, or its use would not be acquaintance with them ; during which he has indulged in by so many clergymen and other wise associated with almost every class in that commu- men. Many distinguished temperance" med, nity. He cannot lend himself to a falsehood to appear to find help in it. There must be great make his book sell; though it has to be proved good, to make up in the minds of such men as we whether defamation or grotesque caricature, ap- have spoken of, for the offences to delicacy and plied to the people of a country, whose glory and cleanliness which are inseparable from the use of greatness are our own, furnish the only staple this or great medicine.''] commodities in this department of authorship. The Americans, as a race of people, inherit most GREELEY & McElrath have added to their of the good, and are free from many of the bad stock of good books, Incentives to the Cultivation qualities which dis guish the nation from whence of the Science of Geology. Designed for the use they have sprung; nor has the free intermixture of the Young. By S. S. Randall, Deputy Suof continental blood effected any deterioration in perintendent of Common Schools of the State of their mental or physical qualities. The defects of New York, Editor of Common School Journal, character (arising solely from education) which &c.

11s.

We copy

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.—No. 121.45 SEPTEMBER, 1846.

From the Foreign Quarteriy Review. Let us, before we proceed, glance for a moment De la Démocratie chez les Prédicateurs de la Ligue. pecially belong to our subject. It is not our inten

at the events that preceded those which more esPar M. Ch. LABITTE. 8vo. Paris : 1841.

tion to dwell upon those sanguinary persecutions From about the year 1576 to 1594, a period not of the Protestants which disgraced the reign of far short of twenty years, the fair realm of France, Charles IX., and seemed to have turned this part bound down with the iron fetters of that cruel, tur- of Europe into one wide unchanging field of murbulent, implacable" Ligue" which has obtained a der, rape, and pillage. The monks and Catholic place in history not less conspicuous than the “ Di- preachers acted a prominent part in these fearful rectorat” or the “ Consulat" of later times, was scenes ; they waded literally through blood to the prostrated at the feet of its clergy. Perhaps no pulpit, from which there seemed to issue but one period of history has ever presented a state of continuous cry of,“ Slay! slay! rob! rob!" a cry things so extraordinary in all its relations, or so re- which had, indeed, been heard long before it was plete with warning for future ages. None has put in execution. As early as the year 1554, ten been so generally misunderstood and misrepresent- years before the execution of Anne Dubourg, and ed by modern historians, who, judging only from a eighteen before the fatal St. Barthélemy, the dean superficial and partial view of the outward face of of St. Germaine l'Auxerrois at Paris, father Le events, have tried to give it a variety of physiog- Picart, had the effrontery to preach from his pulpit, nomies at their own pleasure, and have left it at when speaking of the Protestants, that, “the king last a sort of incomprehensible mystery:

ought for a time to counterfeit the Lutheran It is the duty of the historian to dive beneath amongst them, so that thus alluring them into his the surface of the stream of events ; he should seek power, they might fall upon them all, and purge out the cause which moves the waters ; it is not ihe kingdom of them at once.” As the support enough 10 watch merely the apparent actions of of the clergy became more and more necessary to those who, perhaps, in spite of their outward im- the ambitious designs of the Guises, their influence portance to the view, are in reality only the arms increased to such a point that even the royal will which execute, while a moving principle far less was no longer a bridle to it, and they undisguisedsplendid and less imposing sets them to work. ly and unequivocally urged on the populace to rise

Such was the case in an especial degree with and destroy the Huguenots. There was soon a this redoubtable “Ligue.” Writer after writer general insurrection of the clergy against the modhas traced the intrigues of the princes, has admired erate and peaceful policy of the king, whose weakthe persevering constancy and bravery of the King ness only increased their audacity. For several of Navarre, has spoken reproachfully of the politi- years priests and monks were everywhere busily cal pretensions of the pope, and of the selfish de- engaged in preaching to the people that they signs of the Spaniard; but few or none have with should take up arms; they hesitated not to point drawn their eyes from these more dazzling specta- out to the assassin men of wealth and influence cles, to trace the progress of a band of preachers who favored the reformers; they even went so far who kept these actors in motion, who used religion as to proclaim in their sermons that, “ if the king as a means of gratifying their ambition or their ap- showed too much reluctance to massacre the Calpetite, and who raised a storm which, as we have vinists, he ought to be dethroned, and shut up in a just remarked, it took nearly twenty years to allay. convent;' and, at the beginning of the memorable These formed the true body and soul of the year 1572, a bishop, Arnaud Sorbin of Nevers, "Ligue," and they furnish a political lesson which faisait rage (to use the expression of contemporary it would be well io remember. A French writer historians) against the king for not killing them, of good promise, who was recently cut off in the and publicly excited the Duke of Anjou to do the prime of his life, attempted, in the volume of which work himself, “ not without giving him some hope we give the title above, to compile their history from of the primogeniture, as Jacob had received that a class of documents too seldom consulted--the polit- of his brother Esau." The pulpit became a power ical sermons and satirical tracts, which, under cir- superior to the laws; the king was no longer cumstances like these, never fail to issue from the able to resist, and the result was the catastrophe press in profusion. A few pages will not be of the 24th of August, 1572, which is still rememthrown away in laying before our readers some bered with horror as the massacre of St. Barthéportion of the result of his researches, which are lemy. From this moment the French clergy, in very little known in this country. We take his the persons of its preachers, a number of turbulent, volume as a collection of materials; for in some seditious, unruly men, took the field undisguisedly, of his general views we entirely disagree. In and continued to overawe the crown by constantly many things M. Labitte appears to us to partake stirring up the passions of the mob. These preachtoo much of the character of a historian, who flat- ers soon became the masters of the kingdom. ters himself that he is viewing history from a neu Such was the state of France when, in 1574, tral and impartial position, because he treats the Henri III. ascended the throne. A powerful inprinciples of both parties with equal contempt; surrection against the crown already existed, which and, in so doing, he further runs into a fault too was excited by men who above all others had the common in French writers of this class—that of entry to every hearth and access to every car, and generalizing facts which are simply accidental, and who made no scruple of enlisting to their purposes of giving as general principles what are merely the every wild passion and revolutionary feeling under evident result of sudden political excitement. the specious pretence of the safety of the church.

28

CXXI.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. X.

All they wanted was organization, and a banner The curés were enjoined to act the part of men in under which to fight. The latter was furnished by condition to bear arms, and it was resolved that the the popularity of the Guises, whom, for more than king should be deposed and shut up in a monasone generation, the Catholic preachers had been tery. This was an attempt to force society back pointing out to the devotion of their hearers by the to the barbarism of the first ages of the monmost extravagant eulogies of which they were ca- archy. pable ; scarcely a distinguished member of the fam When Henri convoked the first states at Blois, ily had died within memory who had not been held he hoped that moderate men would have been electforth from the pulpit as a saint or a martyr.* On ed; but the preachers had caused so much exciteall these occasions, the preachers hardly concealed ment among the Catholics, that the Protestants did their wish to set up the House of Lorraine in oppo- not dare to offer themselves, and the deputies pressition to the reigning family; and they constantly ent were all liguers. The king felt the difficulty dwelt on the theme, that a king who shows favor of his position, and attempted to recover his influto heretics ought to be torn from his throne by his ence by suddenly placing himself at the head of the subjects, and one more orthodox substituted in his Ligue, but his weakness of character hindered him place. The organization, which the earlier oppo- from profiling by this step. The projects of the sition to the crown had wanted, was found in the Guises were for a moment only disconcerted; and “ Ligue.”

the edict of Poitiers strengthened their party, which This Ligue, of which the first serious symptoms now openly encouraged and invoked the democratie showed themselves in 1576, was only the realiza- passions of the mob as a weapon against the throne. tion on a large scale of what had already been at-| The violent attacks upon the king from the pulpit, tempted partially by the Cardinal de Lorraine. and the eulogies of the Guises, increased daily. When once formed, the association increased rap- Every vice and even every weakness of Henri III

. idly, and as it became stronger, its aim was directed was raked up and dwelt upon with malicious acriproportionably higher. One of the articles of its mony; his very acts of devotion, which in another programme was “The Defence of the King;' but monarch would have been lauded to the skies, were as that was only a secondary object, it was soon turned into crimes ; and when he founded a monasforgotten. In fact, it was covenanted from the tic order of penitents, one of the most distinguished first, that those of the “Holy Union," as it was and active preachers of the day, the benedictine termed, had a right to sustain their cause by force Maurice Poncet applied to them in his sermon the of arms against whoever it might be. The remiss- title of " la confrèrie des hypocrites et athéistes." ness which they thought Henri III. showed in per- In fact, the Catholics would not allow the king 10 secuting heretics, and the defection of the heir-pre-save his soul even in an orthodox manner. sumptive (the Duke of Alençon) to the united Under these circumstances, the principles of the party of the Huguenots and discontented Catho- Ligue rapidly spread themselves through every part lics, irritated the violent Catholics to that degree, of the kingdoni. " In the north, as in the south, that it was resolved to overthrow the house of Vaihe Union found its adepts as well amongst the lois. A messenger sent to the court of Rome rep- turbulent as among the moderate. At Nismes, it resented, that the benedictions bestowed by the was established by massacres and rapes ; at Laon, Holy See on the race of Charlemagne had not it was adopted in the name of reason and legality. passed to the family of Hugh Capet, and a geneal- In the pulpits of the provinces, the same principles ogy was drawn up by which the Guises were made and the same invectives resounded as in the pul

. to be the descendants of the Carlovingians. The pits of Paris ; at Lyons, there was the Jacobio first volume of the “ Mémoires de la Ligue” con- monk Bolo, and more especially the Jesuit Claude tains a note of the secret council held at Rome for Matthias, the courier of the Ligue, as he was called, the destruction of the house of Valois, and the an indefatigable traveller who, under the least pretransmission of the crown to that of Guise, in which text, ran from one end of Europe to the other for the preachers were to act a very important part. the interests of his party; at Soissons, there was They are brought forward even in the first article, Launay, who in the sequel became one of the which directs, " that in the pulpit and at the con- chiefs ; at Rouen, the cordelier Gilles Blouin ; at fessional the clergy shall exert themselves against Orleans, the learned but violent theologian Burhat; the privileges granted to the sectarians, and excite and above all, there was at Toul the archdeacon the populace to hinder them from enjoying them.”t of the cathedral, François de Rosières, who de

claimed against his king amid the applauding * The unscrupulous political violence of the Catholic shouts of the mob, “con plausibile e popolare diopreachers was as remarkable in their eulogies as in their quenza," as Davila says. This François de personal attacks, and many really amusing examples Rosières had in 1581 published a book in favor of might be given. M. Labitte takes the following anecthe title of the house of Lorraine, for which he dote from De Thou. Pierre du Chartel, in his funeral sermon on François I., proclaimed to his hearers that the was thrown into the Bastille ; the credit of the soul of the great monarch was already in heaven. The Guises procured his release ; but Rosières showed faculty of theology was singularly scandalized by this assertion, which they considered as a denial of purgatory. rather for his incredible apathy. At Châtillon, the

no gratitude to Henri III. for his clemency, or A deputation of theologians was sent to the new king, Henri II., to expostulate ; but Jean de Mendoze, wbo was

sermons of the preachers appear to have been to introduce them, said to them, “Je sais pourquoi vous thought insufficient ; to excite more effectually the venez içi ; je connaissais notre bon maitre mieux que vous, populace, the clergy caused to be represented in a et s'il a été en purgatoire il n'aura fait qu'y goûter le vin ; mystery or theatrical exhibition, the combat of il n'était pas homme à rester longtemps en place.” The David against the giant Goliah. David, as might Sorbonne appears to have been satisfied with this explana- easily be guessed,

was the symbol of Henri de tion.

+ "Qu'en chaire et au confessional ceux du clergé s'él- Guise." The result of this extraordinary activity èvent contre les privilèges accordés aux sectaires et exci- of the Catholics was, that Henri III, was univertent le peuple à empêcher qu'ils n'en jouissent.” We sally abandoned. The state of things became still have seen a similar political use made of the confessional in France in our own days, so certain is it that the bad more alarming, when the death of the Duke of principles of the Romish church are inherent to the sys- Alençon made Henri of Navarre, the Huguedot iem, and that they remain unchanged.

leader, heir-apparent to the throne. His claims

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