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‘Mellows, I allow very well of your advice to desire to speak with a preacher, and I would have you, upon your return from Cobham, to write to my wife that you hear I am not well, and that I have made a request unto the Lieutenant to have a preacher come unto me. Now your advice unto her shall be, to be a means unto the King, that he will send Mr Galloway, or some of his preachers unto me, to move me out of conscience to confess more, if that I know anything, that thereby the King might be satisfied of the truth in every point. If this might be brought to pass, it would, I think, do ine a great deal of good. My motion to the Lieutenant shall be for Mr Doctor Andrews, for I would not have it known for the world that I desire to have any of the King's Ministers, but that motion to come merely from my wife as a matter altogether unknown unto me.

I hope you have sent unto Sir Thomas Fane an answer of that letter I desire to have written with his own hand, dated some days after the receipt of mine ; that he is glad of my purpose to go to Dover and be there at Bartholomew-tide, but gladder that he doth find I do mean to stay my determination from travel. When you have this letter I would have you put it into the Spanish Bible with the other papers that you know of, and by chance seem that in searching among my books you have found both the one and the other. It will be good proofs to move the Lords that iny purpose was altered froin my travel.

• This is now come into my head: I hear the peace is likely to go forward. I could wish that you spoke with La Řensy, to deal with Count Aremberg, to move the Spanish Ambassador with himself to move the King for my pardon, and to keep me from my arraignment. I would likewise have Aremberg moved to speak unto the Queen, and to use his master's name to move the King in my behalf, and to let her know that he doth daily expect letters from him unto her Majesty, to desire her favour for ine. I'n the mean time he was commanded to deliver this upto her. It may be, it will

ing to have invented it. The reader will probably draw the same conclusion ; though no great power of mind seems neces sary for such an artifice.

37*

VOL. XVI.

be objected unto him that I am mainly touched with the speeches of the “Cubs.” To that he may answer he doth hear that I am burdened but with the accusation of one witness, which he doth think hard to condemn a man for. And if it be answered there be more, he may reply that it comes but from one man's report, if that be true wbich vulgarly is spoken. He must be earnest both with the King and Queen and all the Lords, and intreat the Spanish Ambassador to join with him ; but if he can procure a letter from his master to the King and Queen in my behalf, I presume it will do me a great deal of good. In the mean time I will desire to have conference with some preacher, unto wborn, upon my soul, I will deliver all truth and will not lie, and thereupon I will take the sacrament. More than I have said I cannot upon niy salvation; but let that alone, and speak not you so much, for if that were known, I should not now be suffered to speak with any

reacher; the hope being I will speak more, will be the means to procure to have one sent unto me. I pray you be earnest with Sir John Levison to pray him to let me have it under his hand, that of his knowledge he knows my brother never loved me, but did hate me; it is as much as my life is worth, and this my affliction is a trial of my true friends. [My Lord Cecil did write a letter unto the Lieutenant wherein he protested he will do for me as he would do for his own soul ; but arraigned I must be, and he knows not what the King will do for my life; so you see what my hope is. God is my record, the innocency of my cause I hope shall quit me. I am the first Peer in England that shall be called in question upon a conceit which was never intended to be put in execution.]* God is my hope, in whom only I do put my trust, for vain is the hope of man. I remember you told me that my own confession in itself was not treason, nor my brother's accusation of me,

but both together doth make it treason; this I would gladly know, because it is very material for me to remember it at my arraignment. I pray you stay no longer at

* This passage between brackets is marked in the original for omission, in the hand-writing of Sir Edward Coke.

Cobham than you must needs, for time with me is precious. Remember my velvet gown, and let my wife want no money ; remember well the contents of my letter, and burn it afterwards. My brother's wife is permitted to come unto him daily, and this is only but to put him in heart that he may come to give evidence against me. Your Master,

HENRY COBHAM.' Then was read Lord Cobham's Letter to Lord Cecil, found in the Spanish Bible, as follows:

May it please your Lordship, As I was bold to make you the first acquainted with my purpose of travel, so now having altered that determination, I am as bold likewise to acquaint you therewith. I have looked into iny estate, and I find myself further behindhand than I conceived, so that possibly I cannot dispose of my business to take my journey as I meant. Yet I would be loath to have it so suddenly known, though I am desirous to give you satisfaction of my purpose now and alteration. One favour I would pray of you, that if I may be spared for meeting of any Ambassadors, especially you shall bind me unto you for it. And so I huinbly take my leave. • Your Lordship's brother-in-law,*

llumbly to command,

HENRY COBHAM.' Then was read the Letter from Mellows to Sir Thomas Fane, inclosing a letter from Lord Cobham, which was also read :

“Sir, — I have here-inclosed sent you a letter from my Lord Cobham, which, indeed, should have come long since unto your hand; but, by reason of my Lord's restraint, there was no use of it nor cause why he should send it. But within these few days, by chance perusing certain papers of his Lordship’s for other uses, arnongst others I found tbis letter, which I presently showed his Lordship, and advised with him whether it might not stand hirn in stead to have it sent unto you, and to pray you to write an answer accordingly. In the end, upon some reasons, he agreed in opinion with me, and

* Cecil had married a sister of Lord Cobham.

gave me express charge to entreat you, by the ancient friendship you bear him and his house, that you will vouchsate to write hiin an answer with a date according to bis letter ; and therein to take notice that you are very glad that his resolution was altered from travelling, using other words to dissuade him, which he leaveth to your wiser consideration. The meaning hereof is only that, with other circumstances, he may show by your letter that he had no purpose to travel, but had given it over ; whereby he shall remove some doubts that he only intended to travel to practise against the king. His lordship would have written unto you himself, but that I persuaded him not, holding it safe for him, especially being so surely kept and waited as he is. Wherefore he commends his entire affection unto you, and desires you to pray for him; protesting you have ever been the truest of men to him, and if God had blessed hiin to have spoken unto you, you had saved his house, which now, through ig. norance rather than sin, is entirely ruined.

'I can write no more of him, but that, by the exactest letter of the law, he shall be tried, for he is wholly left, and hath not one friend in Court that is of power or willing to do him good. The arraignment will not be until the term, at which time I expect nothing but the rigour of the law, and his absolute conviction, unless God move the hearts of his Peers to judge him by a more favourable construction. And this is all the hope I have; if this fail, the next and only good is to refer him to the protection of Almighty God.

And so I leave to be further troublesome, and will be ready to do you any service. RICHARD MELLOws.'

'Sir, — This bearer, my servanı William Ward, can tell you what I have done to procure money from my Lord Treasurer for Dover Haven,* which is to small purpose, for he hath made me a direct answer that he

* This letter is very artfully composed ; the reference to the applications for Dover Haven, no doubt, corresponded with the fact, which would, of course, be in the recollection of the Lord Treasurer, and tend to remove all suspicion of the genuineness of the letter.

were.

can spare no money till Michaelmas. I wrote unto his Lordship again, that if he would but write unto me that he would see this 5001 paid at Michaelmas, that so much money should be disbursed for the present for the cost of that harbour. My lord hath made the self-same answer ; money now cannot be spared, and that he will give no word for any money that is to be issued out of the Exchequer. More I cannot do. At Bartholomew tide (God willing) Iwill be at Dover, and stay there with you some fifteen days, about the barbouring business, which sooner I would do, but that I would have all the Ambassadors gone. In the mean time I will remain at my house at Cobham, whither I mean to go very shortly, from whence you shall hear from me.

* Touching my travel, I have half altered my purpose; so soon as I meant to go, I cannot : and when I shall see you, your persuasion may alter my purpose altogether, for I confess unto you I am not so forward in it as I was. I am glad to hear you are better than you

Commend me very kindly to my Lady; and so I leave you to God's protection. From iny house at Black Friar's, the 4th of July, 1603.

• Your loving Friend,

• HENRY COBHAM. To my loving Friend, Sir Thomas Fane, Knight,

• Lieutenant of Dover Castle.' The Evidence now seemed at an end; whereupon Sir Walter Raleigh addressed himself to the Jury, and used a speech to this effect :

Sir Walter Raleigh. You, Gentlemen of the Jury, I pray you consider there is no cause so weak, no title so bad, but the King's learned Counsel, by wit and learning, can maintain it for good, and that against men of their own profession; much more can they do so with me who never studied the law till I came into the Tower of London, - who have been all my life practised in other affairs, and am weak of memory and feeble of health, as you may see ; I beseech you,

therefore, consider their abilities and my weaknesses. For all that is said to the contrary, you see my only accuser is the Lord Cobham, who, with tears, hath lamented his false accusing me,

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