Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

er; but it bore a different aspect while Colonel Adams had, with that huI was there, and it is this of which I manity which forms 30 conspicuous am about to inform you. The case a part of his character, directed his own was that of a full grown woman, who principal hircarrah, and a Brahmin to came to destroy berself in conformity accompany us, and to explain to the with a former vow of her mother's, and woman that no such sacrifices were ormy curiosity being greatly excited, I dered, or in any way authorized, by went in company with another gentle- any of their own laws, and to use their man, to witness the whole proceeding utmost endeavours (excepting force) -in the event of our not being able to to prevent the self-destruction. The put a stop to it altogether. We found Brahmios who accompanied the wothe woman sitting near the base of the map, joined us most heartily in our ef. rock, from which she was to cast here forts to change her resolution. She self headlong; having in one hand a was perfectly sensible, and understood kaise and a cocoa-nut, and in the other every thing we said to her,; but a dea small looking glass. She appeared cided negative was the only answer we to be about thirty, and as ugly as any could get to our entreaties that she woman could well be ; several Brah- would refrain from sacrificing herself. mins were near her, but she seemed to Her Brahmins told us that if she would regard no one,-merely exclaiming, at only return, her friends would willingly the intervals, “ Deo b,hur Jee,” in a and kindly receive her, and that no loud and disagreeable tone of voice. disgrace whatever would attach itself to

On enquiring into the cause of the ber name if she declined fulfilling the approaching suicide, I was informed vow of her mother. We likewise that the woman's mother had vowed, made known to her that Colonel Adin former days, to offer up her first- ans would have her conducted safely born, to Mahadeo ; and that her ster- back, and the Soubadar of Hurdah, ility having thereby been removed, she the place of her residence, would (as had borne this child and several oth- the Brahmins said he had offered to do ers. Either through forgetfulness, before she set out) give her a pair however, or the strength of maternal of bullocks and a small piece of ground affection, she neglected to destroy this for her support. In fine, every thing eldest proof of the god's omnipotence, that could possibly be urged, and eveand the girl grew up, and got married ry advantageous offer that could be in due course of time. Her husband made, proved quite ineffectual in shaksoon after died, and a second, whom ing, even iò the least degree, her resoshe wedded, followed the example of lution of dying. his predecessor ; as did her father and The warmth and good will with mother not long after. These accumu- which the Colonel's hircarrah (bimself lated misfortunes drove the woman a high-caste Hindoo) endeavored 10 nearly mad, and for two months pre- save the unhappy woman, were not vious to the time of which I am speak- less creditable that surprising; and iog, she had done nothing but wander every Brahmin present seconded his about the village, eating every thing efforts with the most sincere good will that was offered her--no matter by imaginable. She was so determined, . whom. In consequence of this she however, upon taking the leap, that inhad soon lost her caste, and the seclu- stead of listening to us with satisfaction, sion from her own friends, which this she repeatedly ordered the music 10 circumstance rendered indispensable, play, so that our voices might be drowncompleted her misery: and having ed; but a slight and silent hint from taken it into her head, that all these us, was quite enough to insure disobemishaps were the consequences of her dience to her orders on the part of the mother's vow remaining unfulfilled, she musicians ; and indeed every oue predetermined to proceed and execute it in sent seemed heartily to wisla u3 success. her own person.

One old Brahmin W1s so very impor2T ATHENECY Vor, 7.

tunate with her, that she threw the be- countenance, took adrantage of the fore-mentioned cocoa-nut at his head, circumstance, and, falling at her feet, with such force and violence as would, coujured her to abandon ber horrible had it struck him, have very speedily intention. The Brahmins joined with stopped his rhetoric; but luckily it him until she was prevailed upon to recame against a stone and was dashed turn to camp, whence Colonel Adams, to pieces.

having furnished her with money to After remaining there several hours, defray her expenses, got her conducted (during which time great quantities of home. sweet-meats were offered to her, of From the above account, for the auwhich she ate very greedily) and see- thenticity of every part of wbich I can ing that her determination had not been vouch, it may be Anferred that these sain the least degree subdued, I thought crifices are not owing to the Brahmins, it useless to stay any longer ; but left and that no intoxicating drugs or lie the hircarrah there with directions to quors are made use of to stimulate continue his efforts, and to give me a the victim's resolution, or to deaden her regular account of the sacrifice, in case feelings; but that the Brahmins themhe found it impossible to put a stop to selves are ready and willing to use all it. About two hours after my return their endeavours to prevent so horrible to camp, I had the pleasure of seeing a custom. The infanticide, which is the woman enter it also, accompanied practised at Puchmurry, is a most borby an immense crowd ; and on enqui- rible and barbarous custom, but that is ry I learned that after my departure the act of the parents, not of any one she had continued inexorable till she else ; and it would, I doubt oot, be got near the top of the precipice, when probibited altogether if practised in she fainted away, and remained sense our territories ; but those bills belong less for a long time; that upon coming to the Bhoonslah; and we have of to berself again, Ram Sing (the bircar. course nothing to say to them. rab) seeing a little irresolution in her

From the Literary Gazette.
SOUTHEY'S LIFE OF JOHN WESLEY.

on his.

Concluded from p. 400. IN raiddle life, the wilder enthusiasm separated in a violent and injurious

of the . Charles, in the 41st year of his age, was

She lived ten years after. married by his brother at Garth in The characters of the two brothers are Brecknockshire, to Miss Sarah Gwynne, thus drawn by Mr. Southey. and a few years after left off itinerancy, “ But even if John Wesley's marsettled, and enjoyed domestic life. A riage had proved as happy in all other match wbich Jobo resolved on in 1745 respects as Charles's, it would not have was broken off by his brother, and this produced upon him the same sedative caused a breach of their cordiality for effect. Entirely as these two brothers some time. He afterwards married a agreed in opinions and principles, and widow of the name of Vizelle with cordially as they had acted together four children, and called the single men during so many years, there was a radiof the society together to show his rea- cal difference in their dispositions. Of sons for so doing, in exception to his Charles it has been said, by those wbo owo general rule laid down in his trea- knew him best, that if ever there was a tise in recommendation of celibacy. human beiog who disliked power, This marriage was unbappy. Mrs. avoided pre-eminence, and sbrook from Wesley was jealous and a perfect praise, was be: whereas no conqueror shrew; and the preacher was the re or poet was ever more ambitious tbas verse of a submissive husband. They John Wesley. Charles could forgive

an injury; but never again trusted one “ His disposition to believe whatever whom he had found treacherous. he was told, bowever improbable the John could take men a second time to fact, or insufficient the evidence, was his confidence, after the greatest wrongs not confined to preternatural tales. He and the basest usage: perhaps, because listened to every old woman's nostrum he had not so keen an insighi into the for a disease, and collected so many of characters of men as his brother ; per- them, that he thought bimself qualified baps, because he regarded them as his at last to commence practitioner in instruments, and thought that all other medicine. Accordingly he announced considerations must give way to the in- in London bis intention of giving physterests of the spiritual dominion which ic to the poor, and they came for many he had acquired. It may be suspected years in great numbers, till the expense that Charles, when he saw the mischief of distributing medicines to them was and the villany, as well as the follies, to greater than the Society could support. which Methodism gave occasion; and At the same time, for the purpose

of when he perceived its tendency to a enabling people to cure themselves, he separation from the Church, thought published his collection of receipts, upthat he had gone too far, and looked der the title of Primitive Physic; or, an with sorrow to the consequences which easy and natural Method of curing most he foresaw.

Joha's was an aspiring Diseases.” lo the 28th edition of this and a joyous spirit, free from all regret work,the cold-bath is prescribed forague, for the past, or apprehension for the fu- just before the cold fit; for preventing ture : his anticipations were always apoplexy; for weak infants, every day; hopeful; and, if circumstances arose

and for cancer.

For films in the sight, contrary to bis wishes, which he was

the

eyes are to be touched with lunar unable to controul, be accommodated caustic every day; or zibethum occidenhimself to them, made what advantage tale, dried slowly, and finely pulverized, of them he could, and insensibly learnt is to be blown into them.

For siphyto expect, with complacency, as the in- lis an ounce of quicksilver every mornevitable end of his career, a schism ing: and for the twisting of the inteswhich, at the commencement, he would tipes, quicksilver, ounce by oudce, to have regarded with horror, as a dutiful the amount of one, two or three pounds! and conscientious minister of the Church Toasted cheese is recommended for a of England."

cut; and, for a rupture in children, When the nonjurors disappeared as a " boil a spoonful of egg-shells, dried in party, they joined the methodists as a an oven, and powdered, in a pint of middle course between the church and milk, and feed ihe child constantly with the dissenters; but it was owing to bread boiled in this milk!" such of the dissenters themselves, as These destructive recipes must have united with them, that their separation produced much misery where acted upfrom the church was gradually brought on. The preacher however cured on. The Bishop of Exeter, Laving- himself of an illness so severe, that his ton, in a comparison between the en- friends addressed to him farewell letters : thusiasm of Methodists and of Papists, and he wrote his own epitaph, of wbich drew a lively picture of the extravagan- the annexed is a copy. cies so potently revived by Berridge,

Here lieth vicar of Everton, and Hickes, another the body of John Wesley, clergyman who went over to the Wes a brand plucked out of the burning : leyans.

John Wesley answered him who died of a consumption in the fiftyill-humouredly, and bad the worst of first

year Dr. Warburton was not leaving, after his debts are paid, ten another strong opponent; but Wesley pounds behind him ; made a better defence against him, on praying God be merciful to me an unthe question of divine grace. The cre

profitable servant ! dulity of this otherwise astonishing «He ordered that this (if any) inscription person appears to have been very great. should be placed on his tombstone."

of his age,

tbe argument.

Whitfield was as unfortunate in his Much more of like abuse and inmarriage as bis friend Jobo Wesley. temperance preceded the fipal breach. His death in America, in 1769, severed lo 1776, Dr. Coke, one of their most the personal bonds which had hitherto valuable labourers, joined the Methoheld the methodists in sort of union; dists, and from his rank and fortune, and the calvinistic sect, finding a pat- the place dext to Wesley was paturally roness in the celebrated Selina Lady assigned to him. lo 1780 Wesley Huntingdon, finally and entirely sepa- began to publish the Arminian Magsrated from Wesley's connection. The zine, to meet the scurrilous attacks of calvinistic leaders were Richard (after- the Gospel Magazine, and maintain wards Sir R.) and Rowland Hill, and defend bis owo doctrines. The A. M. 'Toplady, vicar of Broad Hem- Christian and the Spiritual Magazines bury, Devon, the hon. Walter Shirley bad preceded these, and were the first and others; among the Wesleyan con- religious journals, of which we have troversialists, Walter Sellon,a lay preach- now such a multitude, published in er, originally a baker, Mr. Fletcher or England. in 1768 Methodism was rather Fiechiere a very pious and ami- organized in America, by an Irishman able foreigner, and Thomas Olivers, a of the name of Philip Embury, and a Welshman, were distinguished. The Captain Webb, who lost an eye at QueCalvinists published the following sa- bec, and used to preach in his uniform. tirical lines on Wesley's endeavours to In the political struggle between Eng, explain bis opinions so as to prevent a land and her colonies, Mr. Wesley sirupture.

ded with the mother country, and

wrote a very sensible pamphlet on the Whereas the religion, and fate of three nations, occasion. This brought a host of edeDepend on the importance of our conversations ;

mies upon his head; but bis conduct Whereas some objections are thrown in our way, And words have been construed to mean what they was upright, and the abilities be displaysay ;

ed of the highest order. Be it known, from henceforth, to each friend and Dr. Coke organized Methodism unWhene'er we say one thing, we mean quite another,

der an episcopal form in America, and

Washington addressed the heads, or And Wesley thus ridiculed Topla- superintendants as they were called in dy's treatise on absolute predestination. England, by the appellation of bishops.

He also established ibe new sect in maThe sum of all this is-one in ny of tbe West India Islands; and twenty (suppose) of mankind is elect- may justly be considered the Xavier of ed; nineteen in twenty are reprobated. the socieiy. His energy and success The elect shall be saved, do what they may be appreciated by the following will; the reprobate shall be damned, do anecdote: what they can.

Reader, believe this, A captain in the navy, from whom he or be damned. Witness my hand, obtained a subscription, calling upon an A---TM Toplady denied the acquaintance of Coke's the same moro. consequences, and accused Mr. Wesley ing, said, “ Do you know any thing of of intending to palm the paragraph on a little fellow who calls himself Dr. the world as his. In almost any other Coke, and who is going about begging case,' said be,' a similar forgery would money for missionaries to be sent transmit the criminal to Virginia or among the slaves ?”—“ I know him Maryland, if not to Tyburn. The well,” was the reply. “He seems, "replied satanic guilt of the person who could the captain, “ to be a heavenly-mindexcogitate and publish to the world a ed little devil. He coaxed me out of position like that, baffles all power of two guideas this morning." description, and is only to be exceeded “ The year 1784 has been called the (ifexceedable) by the satanic shameless- grand climaterical year of Methodism, ness which dares to lay the black posi- because Wesleyiben first arrogated tion at the door of other men."" to himself an episcopal power ; and be

each brother ;

cause in that year the legal settlement er. They might not appoint any one of the conference was effected, whereby to preach in any of their chapels who provision was made for the government was not a member of the connection, of the society after his death, as long as por 'might they appoint any preacher it should continue.

for more than ibree years to one place, “ His first thought was to name some except ordained ministers of the Church ten er twelve persons. On further con- of Eogland. They might delegate any sideration he appointed one hundred, member or members of their own body believing, he says, there would be to act with full power in Ireland, or more safety in a greater number of coun- any other parts out of the kingdom of sellors,' and judging these were as many G. Britain. Whenever the conference as could meet without too great an ex- should be reduced below the number pense, and without leaving any circuit of forty members, and continue so redeprived of preachers while the confer- duced for three years, or whenever it ence was assembled. The hundred should neglect to meet for three succespersons thus nominated being preach- sive years, in either of such cases the ers and expounders of God's holy conference should be extinguished ; Word, under the care of, and in connex- and the chapels and other premises ion with, the said John Wesley,' were should vest in the trustees for the time declared to constitute the Conference, being, io trust, that they should appoint according to the true intent and mean- persons to preach therein.” ing of the various deeds in which that The covenant, (borrowed from the term was used ; and provision was now Puritans) was another of Wesley's made for continuing the succession and institutions, and origioated so far back identity of this body, wherein the ad- as 1755. It is defined by the author ministration of the Methodist connec- to be “ one of the most perilous practition was to be vested after the founder's ces that ever was devised by enthusideath. They were to assemble yearly asm; the entering into a covenant in at London, Bristol, or Leeds, or any which theglevoted promises and rows other place which they might think to the most dreadful God,’ (begioning proper to appoint; and their first act the address with that dreadful appellawas to be to fill up all vacancies occa- tion!) to become his covenant servant; sioned by death or other circumstances. and, giving up himself body and soul, No act was to be valid unless forty to his service, to observe all his laws, members were present, provided the and obey bim before all others, and whole body bad not been reduced be- this to the death !'

Mr. Wesley may low that number by death, or other cau- perhaps have been prejudiced in favour ses. The duration of the assembly of this practice, because he found it should not be less than five days, nor recommended by the non-conformist more than three weeks, but any time Richard Allein, whose works had been between those limits at their discretion. published by his maternal grandfather, They were to elect a president and sec- Dr. Annesley; so tllat he had probaretary from their own number, and the bly been taught to respect the author president should have a double vote. io bis youth. In the year 1755, he Any member absenting bimself without first recommended this covenant; and, leave froin two successive conferences, after explaining the subject to his Lonand not appearing on the first day of don congregation during several succesthe third, forfeited his seat by that ab- sive days, be assembled' as inany as sence. They had power to admit preachers were willing to enter into the engageandexpounders upon trial, to receive them ment, at the French church in Spitalinto full connection, and to expel any fields, and read to them the tremendous person for sufficient cause; but no formula, to which eighteen bundred person might be elected a member of persons signified their assent by standtheir body, till be had been twelve ing up. • Such a night,' he says, ' I months in full connection as a preach- scarce ever saw before : surely the fruit

« VorigeDoorgaan »