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bered Sisters of Charity,” or “ Saints of the “ The standard of morality and Christian excelGreen Veil,”—and, lastly, that of “ Clois- lence with them is quite unstable. Joe Smith has tered Saints,” “Consecratees of the Closter," but to give the word, and it becomes the law “ Saints of the Black Veil ;" the adepts of
which they delight to obey—BECAUSE IT COMES
FROM GOD!!! Acts, therefore, which but yesterthe last and highest degree in this ascending day were considered the most immoral, wicked, scale of corruption being exempted from any and devilish--to-day are the most moral, rightrestraint, and living in the indulgence of the cous, and God-like; because God, who makes grossest debauchery wth the leaders of the right, has so declared it by the mouth of his anointsect, and especially with the prophet himself, ed prophet.”—Bennet's History of the Saints, pp. who in this select circle assumed the fami- 148, 149. liar soubriquet of the “Old White Hat." Another and most frightful part of this
Although, after all that has been stated secret organization was the body of despe- respecting the character and carreer of the radoes, incorporated originally at Zion, in founder of Mormonism, it is impossible that Missouri
, under the mysterious name of the he should be regarded in any other light Daughter of Zion,"otherwise called the Dan-than that of a daring impostor, yet the folites ;” men who were solemnly bound under, lowing anecdotes are not without interest, as a fearful oath, and under the penalty of in- showing the tone of his mind. stant and certain death, to execute the de
“One day, Joe, the prophet, was gravely diccrees of the leaders, and especially of the tating to George
Robinson a revelation which he prophet himself
, whatever they might be : had just received from the Lord. Robinson, robbery, perjury, murder, or whatever other according to custom, wrote down the very words crime it was desirable to commit, in further the Lord spake to Joe, and in the exact order in ance of the interests of the ruling body, these which the latter heard them. He had written for “ Danites” were ready to execute. At the
some considerable time, when Smith's inspiration time of General Bennet's sojourn at Nauvoo, Robinson to read over what he had written. He
began to flag; and to gain breath, he requested their number was 1200, and out of them the did so, until he came to a particular passage, twelve most desperate characters were se- when Smith interrupted him, and desired to have lected, and distinguished by the appellation, that read again. Robinson complied; and Smith, the “ destroying angels,” or, less obviously shaking his head, knitting his brows, and looking to the uninitiated, the “ flying angels.” Most very much perplexed, said — That will never do! daring assassinations, at great distances, as
you must alter that, George.' Robinson, though well as at the Mormon city itself, were
not a little surprised at ihe Lord's blunder,' did planned and carried into effect; among
as he was directed, and changed the offensive them
passage into one more fit for the inspection of the that of Governor Boggs of Missouri, whose | Gentiles." — Bennet's History of the Saints, p. violent death Smith had the audacity to pre- 176. dict. Bennet himself was in no small danger from these emissaries of death, after his Upon another occasion :separation from the sect; but being thoroughly aware of the system, he was on bis guard “ As General Bennet and Smith were walking and managed to escape :
together on the banks of the Mississippi, Smith
suddenly said to him, in a peculiarly inquiring “ Nine hundred and ninety-nine thousandths of faith, and that you do not believe that we shall
manner : General, Harris says that you have no all the faithful,” says General Bennet“ “ of the
ever obtain our inheritances in Jackson County, Mormon Church, regard Joe Smiih as God's vice, Missouri.' Though somewhat perplexed by the gerent on earth, and obey him accordingly; and prophet's remark, and still more by his manner
, all the Danites of that Church (and, by-the-by, Bennet coldly replied: What does Harris know they compose no very inconsiderable proportion about my belief, or the real state of my mind ? I of their mighty hosts), are sworn to receive him like to tease him now and then about it, as he is as the supreme lord of the Church, and to obey so firm in the faith, and takes it all in such good him as the supreme God. If therefore, any state part.” “Well,' said Joe, laughing heartily, 'I officer, in the administration of public justice, guess you have got about as much faith as I have, happens to give offence to his Holiness the Pro- Ha! ha! ha!°• I should jndge about as much,' phet, it becomes the will of God. as spoken by the
was Bennet's reply.”—Bennet's History of the mouth of his prophel, that that functionary should
Saints, p. 176. DIE ; and his followers, the faithful saints, immediately set about the work of assassination, in
It is no wonder that a community governobedience, as they suppose, to their Divine master; and for which NOBLE DEED they expect to re
ed upon a system of such daring iniquity ceive an excellent and superior glory in the ce- should have been torn by internal dissensions, jestial kingdom ...
and regarded with suspicion and hostility by
all around. Many of those whom the given to the “ Latter Day Saints” by the prophet associated with himself in the gov- vilest religious impostor which the world has ernment of Nauvoo, separated from him; seen since the days of Mahomet. At this among them some of his early accomplices, present moment we have reason to believe and even Sidney Rigdon himself, the partner that the number of Mormonites in England of his fraud from the beginning--the feelings is not much under 30,000. In London and of the father overcoming every other consid- | the suburbs alone they have near upon eration, on his making the discovery that twenty different meeting-houses, though all Smith had attempted to add his daughter to of very moderate dimensions. With fanatithe number of his “spiritual wives." The cal expectations of worldly prosperity and
" depredations of the Mormonites, and their temporal glory, the professors of Mormonism lawless conduct, soon rendered them as combine the most bitter hostility against obnoxious in Illinois as they had been in Mis- every existing religious system, and especialsouri, and after another Mormon war, in the ly against the true Catholic and Apostolic course of which Joseph himself, with his Church, whose commission they deny, and brother Hyrum, lost his life, being shot by whose ordinances they revile in the grossest an armed mob, in Carthage gaol, the rem- and most offensive terms. Their creed is a nant of the Nauvooans migrated still further tissue of ignorance and profaneness, founded west, and effected a settlement in California, upon the most palpable perversions of Holy where they cut a conspicuous figure, in that Scripture, and characterized by the most entertaining and instructive work, recently carnal conceptions of things spiritual. We published ; Life in the Far West, by G. F. had intended to have given an outline of the Ruxton.
doctrines of the sect as they are set forth at But what is truly surprising, is that, not the present time by the preachers of Mormonwithstanding all the reverses which the lead- ism in Europe and in America ; but we have ers of the sect suffered, their dissensions already so far exceeded our limits, that we among one another, and the exposure of the must adjourn this part of our proposed labors fraud and imposture of the prophet himself, to a future opportunity, if, indeed we shall thousands should still be found who regard | ever be able to afford leisure and space to Joseph in the light of a martyr ; who receive revert to a subject which would be altogether the “ Book of Mormon” and the “Doctrine unworthy of serious attention, but for the and Covenants" as inspired writings; and extensive spread among our benighted popuwho look for the ful6llment of the promises llations of so fearful a spiritual pestilence.
The AUTHOR OF “The Amber Witch.”—ation, and not as almost all the German critThe Pomeranian pastor, Meinhold, whose sin- | ics believed it to be when it first appeared, gular romance, the Amber Wilch, is well known , the reprint of an old chronicle. “It was, in in England through more than one transla- fact," says the correspondent of the Times, tion, has just been condemned to three “written as a trap for the disciples of Strauss months' imprisonment, and a fine of one and his school, who had pronounced the hundred thalers, besides costs, for slander Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments against another clergy man, named Stosch, in to be a collection of legends, from historical a communication published in the New Prus- research, assisted by internal evidence.' sian Zeitung. The sentence was rendered Meinhold did not spare them when they fell, more severe than usual in such cases by into the snare, and made merry with the his-. the fact that Meinhold had previously been torical knowledge and critical acumen that condemned for the same offence against could not detect the contemporary romancer another party. The Amber Wilch is one of under the mask of the chronicler of two centhe “curiosities of literature,” for in the last turies ago, while they decided so positively. German editition the author is obliged to as to the authority of the most ancient writ-prove that it is entirely a work of imagin. Iings in the world."
From Chambers', Edinburgh Journal.
AN ANECDOTE OF HIS PRIVATE LIFE.
The public life as well as the private char- , whose knowledge did not extend much beacter of Mirabeau are universally known; but yond the names and qualities of their dogs the following anecdote has not, we believe, and horses, and in whose houses it would have been recorded in any of the biographies. The been almost in vain to seek for any other book particulars were included in the brief fur than the local almanac, containing the list of nished to M. de Galitzane, advocate-general the fairs and markets, to which they repaired in the parliament of Provence, when he was with the utmost punctuality, to loiter away retained for the defence of Madame Mirabeau their time, talk about their rural affairs, dine in her husband's protest against her. M. de abundantly, and wash down their food with Galitzane afterwards followed the Bourbons strong Auvergne wine. into exile, and returned with them in 1814 ; Count du Saillant was quite of a different and it is on his authority that the story is stamp from his neighbors. He had seen the given as fact.
world, he commanded a regiment, and at that Mirabeau had just been released from the period his château was perhaps the most civildonjon of the castle of Vincennes near Paris. ized country residence in the Limousin. PeoHe had been confined there for three years ple came from a considerable distance to visit and a half, by virtue of that most odious its hospitable owner ; and among the guests mandate, a lettre-de-cachet. His imprison there was a curious mixture of provincial odd. ment had been of a most painful nature; and ities, clad in their quaint costumes. At that it was prolonged at the instance of his father epoch, indeed, the young Limousin noblemen, the Marquis de Mirabeau. On his being re- when they joined their regiments, to don their conciled to his father, the confinement ter- sword and epaulettes for the first time, were minated, in the year 1780, when Mirabeau very slightly to be distinguished, either by was thirty-one years of age.
their manners or appearance, from their rusOne of his father's conditions was, that tic retainers. Mirabeau should reside for some time at a It will easily be imagined, then, that Midistance from Paris ; and it was settled that rabeau,' who was gifted with brilliant natural he should go on a visit to his brother-in-law, qualities, cultivated and polished by educaCount du Saillant, whose estate was situated tion—a man, moreover, who had seen much a few leagues from the city of Limoges, the of the world, and had been engaged in sevecapital of the Limousin. Accordingly the ral strange and perilous adventures--occucount went to Vincennes to receive Mira- pied the most conspicuous post in this beau on the day of his liberation, and they society, many of the component members pursued their journey at once with all speed. whereof seemed to have barely reached the
The arrival of Mirabeau at the ancient | first degrees in the scale of civilization. His manorial château created a great sensation vigorous frame; his enormous head, aug. in that remote part of France. The country mented in bulk by a lofty frizzled coiffure ; gentlemen residing in the neighborhood had his huge face, indented with scars, and furoften heard him spoken of as a remarkable rowed with seams, from the effect of smallman, not only on account of his brilliant pox injudiciously treated in his childhood ; talents, but also for his violent passions; and his piercing eyes, the reflection of the tuthey hastened to the château to contemplate multuous passions at war within him; his a being who had excited their curiosity to an mouth, whose expression indicated in turn extraordinary pitch. The greater portion of irony, disdain, indignation, and benevolence ; these country squires were mere sportsmen, his dress, always carefully attended to, but
in an exaggerated style, giving him some- vance, in order to combat them, as he did what the air of a traveling charlatan decked with great force of logic and in energetic out with embroidery, large frill, and ruffles ; language; and thus he gave himself lessons in short, this extraordinary looking individual in argument, caring little about his auditory, astonished the country folks even before he his sole aim being to exercise his mental inopened his mouth. · But when his sonorous genuity and to cultivate eloquence. Above voice was heard, and his imagination, heated all, he was fond of discussing religious matby some interesting subject of conversation, ters with the cure of the parish. Without imparted a high degree of energy to his elo- displaying much latitudinarianism, he disquence, some of the worthy rustic hearers puted several points of doctrine and certain felt as though they were in the presence of a pretensions of the church so acutely, that the saint, others in that of a devil; and accordo pastor could say but little in reply. This ing to their several impressions, they were astonished the Limousin gentry, who, up to tempted either to fall down at his feet, or to that time, had listened to nothing but the exorcise him by making the sign of the cross, drowsy discourses of their curés, or the serand uttering a prayer.
mons of some obscure mendicant friars, and Seated in a large antique arm-chair, with who placed implicit faith in the dogmas of his feet stretched out on the floor, Mirabeau the church. The faith of a few was shaken, often contemplated, with a smile playing on but the greater number of his hearers were his lips, those men, who seemed to belong to very much tempted to look upon the visitor the primitive ages; so simple, frank, and at as an emissary of Satan sent to the château the same time clownish, were they in their to destroy them. The curé, however, did manners. He listened to their conversa- not despair of eventually converting Mirations, which generally turned upon the chase, beau. the exploits of their dogs, or the excellence At this period several robberies had taken of their horses, of whose breed and qualifi- place at no great distance from the château: cations they were very proud. Mirabeau four or five farmers had been stopped shortly entered freely into their notions ; took an in- after nightfall on their return from the marterest in the success of their sporting pro- ket-towns, and robbed of their purses. Not jects; talked, too, about crops ; chestnuts, one of these persons had offered
resistof which large quantities are produced in the ance, for each preferred to make a sacrifice Limousin ; live and dead stock; ameliora- rather than run the risk of a struggle in a tions in husbandry; and so forth ; and he country full of ravines, and covered with a quite won the hearts of the company by his rank vegetation very favorable to the exfamiliarity with the topics in which they ploits of brigands, who might be lying in felt the most interest, and by his good wait to massacre any individual who might nature.
resist the one detached from the band to de. This monotonous life was, however, fre- mand the traveler's money or his life. These quently wearisome to Mirabeau; and in order outrages ceased for a short time, but they to vary it, and for the sake of exercise, after soon recommenced, and the robbers remained being occupied for several hours in writing, undiscovered. he was in the habit of taking a fowling-piece, One evening, about an hour after sunset, a according to the custom of the country, and guest arrived at the château. He was one putting a book into his game-bag, he would of Count du Saillant's most intimate friends, frequently make long excursions on foot in and was on his way home from a neighborevery direction, He admired the noble ing fair. This gentleman appeared to be forests of chestnut-trees which abound in the very thoughtful, and spoke but little, which Limousin; the vast meadows, where nume- surprised every body, inasmuch as he was rous herds of cattle of a superior breed are usually a merry companion. His gasconades reared; and the running streams by which had frequently roused Mirabeau from his that picturesque country is intersected. He reveries, and of this he was not a little proud. generally returned to the cháteau long after He had not the reputation of being particusunset, saying that night scenery was pecu- larly courageous, however, though he often liarly attractive to him.
told glowing tales about his own exploits ; It was during and after supper that those and it must be admitted that he took the conversations took place for which Mirabeau roars of laughter with which they were supplied the principal and the most interest. usually received very good-humoredly: ing materials. He possessed the knack of Count du Saillant being much surprised at provoking objections to what he might ad- I this sudden change in his friend's manner
Has it any.
took him aside after supper, and begged that “Well
, then, it appeared to me that the he would accompany him to another room. robber was your brother-in-law, MIRABEAU ! When they were there alone, he tried in vain But I might be mistaken; and, as I said befor a long time to obtain a satisfactory an
fore, fear" swer to his anxious inquiries as to the cause "Impossible: no, it cannot be. Mirabeau of his friend's unwonted melancholy and taci- a footpad! No, no. You are mistaken, my turnity. At length the visitor said—“Nay, good friend.” nay; you would never believe it. You would “Certainly-certainly." declare that I was telling you one of my fa- “Let us not speak any more of this,” said bles, as you are pleased to call them; and Count du Saillant. “ We will return to the perhaps this time we might fall out." drawing-room, and I hope you will be as gay
“What do you mean?” cried Count du as usual; if not, I shall set you down as a Saillant: “ this seems to be a serious affair. madman. I will so manage that our absence Am I, then, connected with your presenti- shall not be thought anything of.” And ments ?”
the gentlemen re-entered the drawing-room, “Not exactly you, but”.
one a short time before the other. “ What does this but mean? Has it
The visitor succeeded in resuming his acthing to do with my wife ? Explain your- customed manner ; but the count fell into a self.
gloomy reverie, in spite of all his efforts. He “Not the least in the world. Madame du could not banish from his mind the extraorSaillant is in nowise concerned in the mat- dinary story he had heard : it haunted him
; ter ; but”
and at last, worn out with the most painful “ But !—but ! you tire me out with your conjectures, he again took his friend aside, buts. Are you resolved still to worry me questioned him afresh, and the result was, with your mysteries ? Tell me at once what that a plan was agreed upon for solving the has occurred what has happened to you?" mystery. It was arranged that M. De
— Oh, nothing--nothing at all. No doubt should in the course of the evening mention I was frightened.”
casually, as it were, that he was engaged on " Frightened !--and at what ? By whom? a certain day to meet a party at a friend's For God's sake, my dear friend, do not pro- house to dinner, and that he proposed comlong this painful state of uncertainty." ing afterwards to take a bed at the château,
“Do you really wish me to speak out ?” where he hoped to arrive at about nine in
“ Not only so, but I demand this of you the evening. The announcement was acas an act of friendship.”
cordingly made in the course of conversa“Well, I was stopped to-night at about tion, when all the guests were present-the distance of half a league from your châ- good care being taken that it should be teau.”
heard by Mirabeau, who at the time was “Stopped! In what way? By whom?" playing a game of chess with the curé.
“Why, stopped as people are stopped by A week passed away, in the course of footpads. A gun was leveled at me; I was which a farmer was stopped and robbed of his peremptorily ordered to deliver up my purse; and at length the critical night arrived. purse; I threw it down on the ground, and Count du Saillant was upon the rack the galloped off. Do not ask me any more ques- whole evening; and his anxiety became alLions.
most unbearable when the hour for his • Why not? I wish to know all. Should friend's promised arrival had passed without you know the robber again ? Did you no- his having made his appearance. Neither tice his figure and general appearance ?". had Mirabeau returned from his nocturnal
"It being dark, I could not exactly dis- promenade. Presently a storm of lightning, cover: I cannot positively say. However, thunder, and heavy rain came on; in the it seems to me".
midst of it the bell at the gate of the court“What seems to you? What or whom yard rang loudly. The count rushed out of think
the room into the court-yard, heedless of the • I never can tell you."
contending elements; and before the groom “Speak—speak : you cannot surely wish could arrive to take his friend's horse, the to screen a malefactor from justice ?" anxious host was at his side. His guest was
“No; but if the said malefactor should in the act of dismounting. be".
“ Well,” said M. De I have been "If he were my own son, I should insist stopped. It is really he. I recognized him upon your telling me."
you saw ?”