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good Christian is obliged to, namely, to do all in his God's word. Read it with observation, depending on power, according to his station, in appearing for God, God to make it useful to your souls. Compare Scripand against sin and error, but they are also binding be- ture with Scripture, as my custom was, and meditate cause of the oath of God. If Zedekiah escaped not, who therein both day and night. had despised the oath, when he had given the hand to “ 2. Beg of God to let you see your lost state by Nebuchadnezzar, how shall these lands escape, if we nature and practice, before it be too late. trample on our national and solemn league and cove- * 3. Fly to the city of refuge with all speed, and nant, when lo, we have given the hand to the Most close with Christ, as your prophet, priest, and king. High God? May we not tremble lest our offended 4. Learn to live by faith, in all the various acceptGod should send a sword, or some other judgment, to ations in which faith is taken, in the Word of God; as avenge the quarrel of his broken covenant ? * I ob- in the being of God, his testimony, the mysteries of reserved, however, from the Old Testament, that some ligion, the promise of God. reformations came a greater length than others; that in “ 5. I advise you to choose affliction rather than sin, some of them, they renewed the covenant, and in others and suffering, when called thereto, rather than to dery not; in some the high places were pulled down, in the faith, or make shipwreck of a good conscience. others they were not. I observed, that whatever refor- You know not what fiery trials you may yet meet wih mations they had, all who had been guilty of defections for righteousness' sake. Though Jerusalem has been were not punished, even though the idolater deserved a quiet habitation, for nearly forty years, God may yet death by God's law. I found also, that in these refor- again set up his furnace in Zion, and heat it seven mations, which came not all the length that could have times more, till he purge away the filth of the daughters been wished, and might have been expected, Old Tes- of Zion. tament believers joined in communion with the Church. “ 6. I beseech you be much in prayer to God, whe I came again to consider the Church, when Christ, our is the Hearer of prayer, and rely wholly on Christ to great pattern and example, came into the world, and I assistance and acceptance. I have told you, how the found a great many things wrong at that time. They Lord hath frequently prepared my heart, and bowed taught for doctrines, the commandments of men; they down his ear to hear, on purpose that I might ende were fonder of their un written traditions than they were rage you in the same exercise. of the divine law; their teachers were formal and corrupt, * 7. When the soul of any is cast down and di
: and the Church was, to a great extent, subject to a quieted, through a sense of indwelling sin, or the ht: heathen magistrate, who had too much influence in ing of God's face, I advise you to guard against a bas"; changing the high priesthood. And yet I found that razing of the foundation ; rather trust in God that our Lord owned that very Church as a true Church, and shall yet praise hiin. spoke honourably of her, as when he said to the woman * 8. I advise you seriously to consider your lat. ? of Samaria, 'We know what we worship, for salvation end. Remember, dear children, that God has ma? is of the Jews.' Yea, he himself joined in communion you rational creatures, capable of serious considera with her, as did Joseph and Mary, Zecharias and Eliza- tion ; and that your latter end is what God calls !! beth, Simeon and Anna, who were eminent believers. to consider in a special manner.
Beware of trito And our Lord even exhorted others to join her com. away precious time, as too many do. Study to filu: munion, as in Matt. xxiii. 2, 3. From all this, I con- every part of it with proper duties. Do with all you cluded that it was my unquestionable duty to join in might whatever your hands find to do ; for there is 2. communion with the Church of Scotland, though our work, wisdom, device, nor knowledge in the grave, covenants were not renewed, seeing she had all the es- wbither you hasten. Remember, also, that all sin f... sentials of a true Church ; her doctrine being pure and be bitterness in the latter end; for the wages of si uncorrupt, her government, discipline, and worship, is death, and the sting of death is sin. This is your according to the Word of God, and the sacraments be accepted time and the day of your salvation ; spese ing administered according to the pattern shewn in the your time, then, as knowing that
, in it, ye are to work Mount. In addition to these, she had also appointed a out your salvation, even with fear and trembling; for national fast, as the Jews did of old, after their cap- as the tree falls so it must lie. I will shut up ths tivity, to bewail the defections of all ranks. As such advice by telling you, what will prove a good curlis considerations cleared up my way for joining in com- for a never-dying soul, when in the dark valley al munion with the Church, since the Revolution, so I have shadow of death. It is, to be able to say with the ever since . loved the habitation of his house, and the sweet singer of Israel, “ Although iny house be no se place where his honour dwelleth ;' and I do adore his with God, yet he hath made with me an everlasting holy name, that he gave me counsel. For I must own, covenant, ordered in all things and sure ; and this is to his praise, that he has helped me to draw water out all my salvation and all my desire, though he make nok of these wells of salvation, with great joy; and has fre- my outward comforts to grow.' quently satisfied me with the · fatness of his house, even timony of a good conscience in dying moinents. For of his holy place.' He has made all his garments, his our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our con:cience, ordinances, smell to me of aloes, myrrh, and cassia; and that in simplicity and godly sincerity, to this day I am made joyful, when it is said, “Let us go wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had 06.
" up to the house of the Lord.' And while 'I live I will conversation in the world. O study to be found in ever pray for the peace of Jerusalem. * For my friends Christ. Give all diligence to make your calling and and brethren's sake,' for my own sake, and for the sake election sure. If once you know in whom of posterity, I will ever seek her good. My wish will believed, then may you cheerfully shake hands with cold still be, Peace be within her walls
, and prosperity death, and cry out with the apostle, We know thao within her palaces," and that a seed may be raised up when the earthly
house of this
tabernacle shall be disa in her, and also elsewhere, to do service to the Most solved, we have a building of God, a house not teade High, while sun and moon endure.
with hands, which is eternal in the heavens. Deur “* And now, my dear children, let me advise you with children, my last advice to you is, see that ye studi mo my dying breath,
perfect holiness in the fear of the Lord. Be ve hol
, "í. To set apart some time every day for reading as He who hath called you is holy, in all mai.ner of - We have given his sentiments on this point in full, although we do
conversation; for without holiness no man sbalite Dot, in all respects, concur; partly as a further elucidation of the facrcise of his conscience on all matters of duty, and partiy as a spe
the Lord; and every one who hath a well-rounded timen of sentiments then commonly entertained by our pious and
hope of seeing God as he is, must purify hinselt ever persecuted forefathers.
as he is pure. Pray much for the spirit of hclines;
Sweet will be the tes.
not wità deh,
and for your encouragement remember, that sanctifi- | ing instruments of his power, yielding up, in every faculty, cation is promised to the Lord's people ; and, there- to his directing influence. Thus, our regards fixed on our fore, they may, as their privilege, and should, as their Redeemer, may we walk with an even step along the duty, go daily to God by prayer and seek it. May, rough and twilight paths of life; neither dazzled with then, the very God of peace sanctify you wholly. And its vanities, nor dismayed with the dangers that surI pray God, with my dying breath, that your whole round us; thus shall we be enabled to receive and to spirit, and soul, and body, may be preserved blameless survey the changeful events of this world with an heaunto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
venly tranquillity; sharing, indeed, in its labours, tasting
its satisfactions, and sympathizing with every sorrow, CHRISTIAN TREASURY.
yet spiritual, cheerful, and serene. And thus, after a An Earnest Appeal.-— Reader, I take it for a great at that land, where fear and contlict, where doubt and
few years of mingled joy and suffering, shall we arrive mercy of God, that, before my head lies down in the dust, and I go to give up my account unto my judge, 1 disappointment shall be no more ; " into which no enemy have this opportunity once more earnestly to bespeak enters, and from which no friend departs." --Bowdlex. thee for thy own salvation. I beg it of thee, as one that Hearing Sermons.—Beware of critical hearing of must shortly be called away, and speak to thee no more, sermons, preached by good men. It is an awful thing to till we come into our endless state, that thou wouldest be occupied in balancing the merits of a preacher, inbut sometimes retire into thyself, and use the reason of stead of the demerits of yourself. Consider every opa man, and look before thee, whither thou art going, and portunity of hearing, as a message sent you from healook behind thee, how thou hast lived, and what thou For all the sermons you have heard, you will bast been doing in the world till now; and look within have to render an account at the last day.-L. Richthee, what case thy soul is in, and whether it be fit to enter upon eternity; and look above thee, what a hea
Questions for Solemn Consideration. Do you not ven of glory thou dost neglect, and that thou hast God
put off God with the world's leaving, and serve him to be thine ever lasting friend or enemy, as thou choosest, when you are at leisure? Must not God stand by, and as thou lovest, and that thou art always in his sight. while the world is first served? And are not your Yes, and look below thee, and think where they are
souls the least of your cares, and put off with some by that die uncon verted. And, when thou hast soberly scraps and ends of your time? Is religion your trade, ihought of these things, then do as God and true reason
and is your conversation in heaven? Do you walk with shall direct thee. I know, poor sinner, that lust and
God? or have you only now and then a turn with him ? appetite have no reason, but I know thou hast reason
When you have ended your prayers, is there an end of thyself, which was given thee to overrule them, and
your religion till you come to them again? or do you that he that will not be a man cannot be a saint nor
carry on a design of religion throughout your whole happy man. I know thou livest in a tempting and
course? Have you religion woven into the heart and wicked world, where things and persons will be daily life? into your discourse, and trades, and tables? Do bindering thee; but I know that this is no more to a
you first seek the kingdom of God and the righteousness man that by faith sees heaven and hell before him, than
thereof? Is it the chief care of your lives that God be a grain of sand to a kingdom, or a blast of wind to one
served and your souls saved? And is this the one thing who is fighting or flying for his life. O that thou didst but know the difference between that which the devil solicitous about? Do your very hearts say, with David,
necessary with you, that you chiefly mind and are most and sin will give thee, if thou wilt sell thy soul and
one thing have I desired of the Lord : that will I seek beaven, and that which God hath promised and sworn after ? "-ALLEINE. to give thee, if thou wilt heartily give thyself to him ! I know thou mayest possibly fall into company, at least
Prayer.--Prayer is the peace of our spirit, the stillamong some sots and drunkards, that will tell thee “ all ness of our thoughts, the evenness of recollection, the this is but troublesome preciseness, and making more
seat of meditation, the rest of our cares, and the calm ado than needs ;” but I know withal what that man
of our tempest. Prayer is the issue of a quiet mind, of deserveth who will believe a fool before his maker! for untroubled thought; it is the daughter of charity, and
the sister of meekness.-JEREMY TAYLON. he can be no better than a miserable fool that will contradiet and revile the Word of God, even the word of Be active in Seeking and in Serving Christ.-Now grace that would save men's souls.-BAXTER.
is the time to secure for yourselves a part in the resurA Pious Resolution.--I never loved those salaman-rection of the just. The which if you would do, unite ders, that are never well but when they are in the fire of with Jesus Christ by faith, rising spiritually from sin, contention.
I will rather suffer a thousand wrongs than and glorifying God with your bodies. He is “the reoffer one : I will suffer an hundred rather than return surrection and the life." If your bodies be members of one: I will suffer many ere I will complain of one, and Christ, temples of the Holy Ghost, they shall certainly endeavour to right it by contending. I have ever found, rise in glory. Get into this ark now, and ye shall come that to strive with my superior, is furious; with my
forth with joy into the new world. Rise from your sins; equal, doubtful; with my inferior, sordid and base; cast away these grave clothes, putting off your former with any, full of unquietness.—Bishop Hall.
lusts. How can one imagine that those who continue Christian Duty and Privilege.—“ As then we have dead while they live, shall come forth, at the last day, received Christ Jesus the Lord, so let us walk in him; privilege of all those, who, having first consecrated their
unto the resurrection of life? But that will be the The unreserved surrender of the whole heart to God, souls and bodies to the Lord by faith, do glorify him will bring with it whatever is really necessary for safety with their bodies as well as their souls; living and actof for happiness. In his hands are all the events of all ing to him and for bim; yea, and suffering for him too,
when he calls them to it.-- Boston. creation; and by him they are ordained, disposed, employed, to produce the ultimate and inconceivable feli- Piety and Policy. Piety and policy are like Martha city of his faithful servants. Our part is exceedingly and Mary, sisters. Martha fails if Mary help not; and plain and simple; to pray, to watch, to put our trust in Mary suffers if Martha be idle. Happy is that kinghim; to study and to do his will; to live under the con- dom where Martha complains of Mary; but most happy stant sense and protecting shadow of his providence; to where Mary complies with Martha. Where piety and have a growing love of his goodness, and a cheerful con policy go hand in hand, there war shall be just, and fidence in his unfailing care and kindness; to be the will. peace honourable.-QUARLES.
THE CHILD TO HER MOTHER.
And why are they perished! while garlands were
My mother, look not on me now
With that sad earnest eye ;
My heart's last wish-to die!
I once had heart to bear;
Full hath it been of care.
The age of grief--not years,
But ne'er wash out with tears.
Too weary even to sigh,
And say,_" 'twere best to die !"
I hear the pleasant tune
I feel the breath of June :
The bee sails singing by ;
Yet, mother ! let me die !
That hath a voice for me
The young, the glad, the free-
And that will live on high,
2 Sam. i. 17_27.
By J. W. WRIGHT.
MISCELLANEOUS. David Saunders.--In conversation with Dr Stenhouse, David Saunders, who is well known as the subject of Mrs Hannah More's beautiful tract, “ The Shepherd of Salisbury Plain,” gave the following narrative of facts concerning himself:-Blessed be God! through his mercy I learned to read when I was a boy. I believe there is no day, for the last thirty years, that I have not peeped at my Bible. If we can't find time to read a chapter, I defy any man to say he can't find time to read a verse ; and a single text, well followed and put in practice every day, would make no bad figure at the year's end ; 365 texts, without the loss of a moment's time, would make a pretty stock, a little golden treasury, as one may say, from new year's day to new year's day; and if children were brought up to it, they would come to look for their text, as naturally as they do for their breakfast. I can say the greatest part of the Bible by heart. I have led but a lonely life, and have often had but little to eat; but my Bi. ble has been meat, drink, and company to me, and when want and trouble have come upon me, I don't know what I should have done indeed, if I had not had the promises of this book for my stay and support.
An American Infidel.—Mr Robert Aitkin, a book seller of Philadelphia, was the first person who printed a Bible in that city. While he kept a book-store, a person called on him, and inquired if he had Paine's
Age of Reason" for sale. He told him he had not; but having entered into conversation with him, and found he was an infidel, he told him he had a better book than Paine's “ Age of Reason,” which he usually sold for a dollar, but would lend it to him, if he would promise to read it ; and after he had actually read it, if he did not think it worth a dollar, he would take it again. The man consented; and Mr Aitkin put a Bible into his hands. He smiled when he found what book he had engaged to read: but said he would perform his engagement. He did so: and when he had finished the perusal, he came back to Mr Aitkin, and expressed his deepest gratitude for his recommendation of the book, saying it had made him what he was not before-a happy man; for he had found in it the way of salvation through Christ. Mr Aitkin rejoiced in the event, and had the satisfaction of knowing that this reader of the Bible, from that day to the end of his life, supported the character of a consistent Christian, and died with a hope full of immortality.
Published by JOHN JOHNSTONE, at the Offices of the Scottisa CHRISTIAN HERALD, 104, High Street, Edinburgh, and 19, Glasford Street, Glasgow ;-JAMES NISBET & Co., HAMILTOX, ADAK & Co., and R. GROOMBRIDGE, London ; D. R. BLEAKLEY, Dublia: and W. M'COMB, Belfast; and sold by the Booksellers and Lexal Agents in all the Towns and Parishes of Scotland; and in the principal Towns in England and Ireland.
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HINTS ON SPIRITUAL DEPRESSION.
pose to us. Calamity, as dispensed to the prodiNo. III.
gal son, would induce him to think of his father's BY THE REv. WILLIAM MUIR, D.D.,
house, and restore him to a better mind; while
the infliction of calamity on the adopted children Minister of St. Stephen's Parish, Edinburgh.
is solely for the chastening that trains them up in Two great causes of spiritual depression are the holiness. There are no inequalities of the human visitation of calamity, and the consciousness of sins. lot which the wisdom of God does not superintend
Calamity exerts, in an obvious way, its influence and overrule ; no wounds in the soul which his for weakening, or even rem
moving, our impression mercy does not watch, and cannot render the of the divine favour. The thought of the divine means of spiritual health ; no delays in answering favour is naturally associated in our minds with the prayer; no frustrating of temporal hope ; no expereception of blessings. Guided in our view of what rience of earthly loss which his bountiful arrangetrue blessings are by the testimony of the senses, ments shall not richly make up to his children. we come to regard prosperity as simultaneous with Ever adored be the mysterious kindness in which the smile of him who dispenses its light; and ca- he carries on his procedure! He draws his dark lamity as the sure token of his wrath. It was cloud betwixt the sun and us; but the obscuring this association of thoughts, in judging of tempo- of the beams of prosperity was needed to recal ral events, which the kinsmen of Job followed, our ungrateful hearts to himself as the source of and on which they argued to the deepening of the our light. He sends the tempest to agitate the calamity of that patriarch. His calamity was ag- sea and to shake the bark almost to pieces; but gravated. It was inflicted when he was fearing were it not for this, Jonah would persevere in no evil, with overwhelming rapidness, and without “fleeing from the presence of the Lord.” He causes any circumstance of outward mitigation. Had he the furnace to be heated seven times ; but withbeen deprived of property alone, his children might out “the fiery trial,” multitudes who are to shine have comforted him, and health enabled him to in the kingdom could never be purified. retrieve his losses. Or even had health, as well will bring the third part through the fire, saith as property, been carried away, still his family left Jehovah, and will refine them as silver is refined. to him, might have soothed' his distress and la- They shall call on me, and I will hear them. I boured for his support. But he was bereaved, in will say, it is my people, and they shall say, the a day, of sons and daughters, and laid down under Lord is my God.” Why sayest thou, O Jacob, the weight both of poverty and disease. How and speakest, O Israel, my way is hid from the naturally did he feel the depressing inference, that Lord, and my judgment is passed over from my this triple visitation of calamity was the sure God? Hast thou not known, hast thou not token of divine wrath! Why, otherwise, would heard, that the everlasting God, the Lord, the Providence have set him up as a mark for the bit-Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, 1er arrows of the Almighty? or, put into his hand neither is weary? He giveth power to the faint; the cup of astonishment mixed with ingredients and to them that have no might he increaseth for poisoning his existence? Was such a dispen- strength.” 66 Blessed is the man whom thou sation to be solved in agreement with the love of chastisest, O Lord, and teachest out of thy law.” God?
“ Wherefore dost thou contend with me? Calamity, however, viewed as one cause of O that it were with me as in months past, when mental depression, would create but a temporary the candle of the Lord shone on me.”
effect, were it not for the consciousness of sins. In resisting these “ vexing thoughts," the con- This renders suffering heavy, by giving it the siderations, accessible to the minds of all who ex- quality of punishment. The mind looks back plain the events of Providence by the Word of on the omission, and the trespass ; on the many truth, are few and simple but powerfully comfort acts of ingratitude to God, abuse of his favours, ing. The divine procedure, even with its most rebellion against his authority, and despising of threatening aspect, bears in it no malevolent pur- his mercy; on the long tissue of vain thoughts,
criminal desires, and hurtful pursuits; on the co-overwhelm, nor to depress. Cherishing the faith pious streams of corruption which have flowed of him who died for sinners, you are to rest in the from the original fountain of heart-sin. What a persuasion that “ His blood cleanseth from all dark record of accusations have I framed against sin;" that “there is no condemnation to them myself! With Job, “ I repent in dust and that are in Christ;" and that “God, who bas had ashes;" with Ezra, “ I blush to lift up my cause to be angry, hath yet turned his anger away, eyes to heaven;" with the prodigal, I confess “ I and delighteth to comfort.” While love to the am no more worthy to be called a son ;” with the Saviour is purifying the soul, well may the as. publican I pray, “ God be merciful to me a sinner.” surar.ce of his love gladden the soul.
But is there forgiveness still—is there plenteous- Such are some of the suggestions fitted to yield ness of redemption even for sins numberless and relief under the mental depression that arises from aggravated, and the foul character of which is now the visitation of calamity, and the consciousness read in the calamity that seems to have descended of sins. They are fitted to yield relief, because on them as their punishment ? This depressing they are drawn from the Word of divine comfort
. question is answered by reiterating the plain truths They ought to be presented with earnestness to of the Gospel. The forgiveness of sins is offered, all who sincerely bewail the want of religious sais fully and freely offered. The covenant of mercy, tisfaction and light. They are to be presented to through which forgiveness is dispensed, is sanc- persons of that character, not with the vain design tioned by the oath of the Father, by the blood of of diminishing the sensibility either to calamity the Son, and by the seal of the Holy Spirit. You, or to sin; but, that calamity, being improved to equally with other men, are called to seek remis- sanctification, may accomplish its end; and that sion of sins. Destitute of merit, you are called in sin being repented of and forsaken, the proof may to plead, for your admission to the divine favoúr, be given, how the whole anguish of godly sorrow the righteousness of the Saviour. And, forsaking was awakened by the Spirit of grace and mercy. the refuges of human devising, and entering the Lastly, Amid unavoidable changes in our mental refuge which heavenly wisdom throws open, you frames, it is good that we be desirous, with earnest.. are called to receive the welcome which Jesus so ness, to ascertain their causes. When the changes graciously tenders: “ Come unto me all ye that are for the worse, it is the symptom of spiritual are weary and heavy laden, and I will give you health to feel them as the subjects of godly sorrow. rest." Come to my Gospel and admit the light of And, above all, the sign is one of encouraging prolife on the darkness of your nature. Come to my mise, should the experience of lamented changes, cross and apply “ the blood of sprinkling," that instead of sending us away from the Saviour, urge gives you both peace and purity. Come to my us, with an increase of devoted seeking, to him. ordinances and partake, in them, of the communi- self, as the only source of light and consolation. cations of my friendship and the pledges of my Spiritual joy is always to be partaken of with eternal inheritance.
humbleness. It is to quicken us to religious diliIt is true, even such encouraging invitations as gence, but not to engross us with its own emotions. these are often still resisted by the consciousness It is to be valued by us as a refreshing influence, of sins. This renders the proposal of forgiveness but is not to be rested on as a support ; and being and acceptance, though uttered by the Saviour received directly from the source of all grace, it is himself, incredible. But, why should it not be to carry the soul along the fuller stream of graticonsidered that the thoughts of your unworthiness tude to the supreme benefactor. and guilt are what render the Gospel suitable to When spiritual joy, however, gives place to you, and glad tidings to you? Why should it spiritual depression, we are still to consider that not be considered that the design of the invitations this experience does not diminish any one religious which the Gospel makes, is “to bless you by obligation that lies on us ; that though we change, turning you away from your iniquity ?” These in- God cannot ; that while we sink into deeper penivitations, therefore, are not to be put aside by you, tence, we are to resist the tendency to despair ; because your hearts have long been obdurate to their that while we are conscious of our own insufficiency, influence. It is well that the insensibility is known we ought, for that very cause, to cling with greater and bewailed. This deadness of heart is sin, and ardour to the provided strength; and that we are pardon is to be sought for it,—is a malady, and the called, through the many and strange varieties of cure is to be sought for it. That you be persuaded our earthly lot, to persevere in truth and holiness, of your having nothing by which to deserve a single anticipating the heavenly light, even “ the light of expression of divine favour, is the very sentiment God and the Lamb,” that shineth on the redeemed, which must be produced in you before you can be without either suffering or sin to cloud its glory. enriched with the blessings of salvation. And, in truth, be only desirous that the Saviour may re
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF deem you from the power, equally as from the
PHILIP MELANCTHON. miseries of sin, and the great end of the Gospel is answered in you. You may, then, enter on all Panlip MELANCTHON, the friend and coadjutor of Luthe privileges of believers. And though the re
ther, was born in the town of Bretten, in Saxony, in membrance of sins is never to cease, and the re
the year 1497. His father, George Schwartzerd, (for
Melancthon is a Greek translation of the family name,) membrance is always to humble, yet it is not to who filled the office of commissary of artillery in the