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again received. During this long in- prudence and information of respectaterval, they must be supported either ble persons. by their respective friends or parishes. As soon as the lunatic is judged a The expence of maintaining and pro- fit object for this charity, he is deliperly fecuring them far exceeds the al- vered to the steward, who, under the lowance that is usually made for pau- direction of the physician, afsigns him pers; and in middling life, where the such a degree of care and confinement feelings of a worthy fon or husband
as his case may require. The wards revolt at the idea of a near relation be- are spacious and airyt, and the concoming an object of parochial alms, venience of the apartments allotted to the distress and difficulties of the luna- each unhappy individual, together with tic's unhappy friends must be greatly the order, decency, and cleanliness that aggravated." Besides, for want of due are conspicuous through the whole care and security, accidents, far too house, cannot but strike the curious fhocking to be related, have sometimes and charitable visitant. happened.
It is scarce necessary to assert, that These manifeft evils, which arise the unhappy patients enjoy the ableft from the want of a proper provision for medical assistance, administered with the fo great a number of incurable patients, greatest humanity. The provisions have induced many benevolent persons of the hospital, the vegetables, milk, to wish that the hospital might be beer, &c. are all excellent in their enlarged. True policy must join with kindý: they are carefully inspected by humanity in the wish, that this may the steward ||, who is resident, and frenot any longer be, what at present it quently viewed by gentlemen of the is, almost the only branch of charity in committee. this great city that wants a sufficient The cells are visited early every establishment*.
morning by the servants of the house: The conduct and management of these make their report to the apothethis hospital is more immediately in. cary I, who goes round about eight trusted to a committee of forty-two o'clock to inspect them himself, and governors, seven of whom, together to give such orders and directions as with the treasurer, physician, and other may be necessary. The physician visits officers, attend every Saturday, in the hospital three days in a week. monthly rotation, for the admislion of There are certain days fixed for the propatients, and for the regulation of such per medical operations; and the cold other matters, as may concern the case, or hot bath is used in those cases where welfare, and convenience of so large it is judged to be falutary. Every paa family. The committee is open to tient is indulged with that degree of every governor, and receives all the liberty which is found consistent with benefit which it can derive from the his own and the general safety. In
the It may not be improper here to rectify a mistaken notion that has gone forth’ into the world. It has been prefumed by many, that the Hospitals of Bethlem and St. Luke are connected: the latter, it has been thought, is appointed for the reception of incurables discharged by the former; and 10 prevalent has been this opinion, that the steward of Bethlem Hospital has often received letters from persons of education and credit, who were interested for patients discharged incurable, defiring to know when they would be sent to St. Luke's? How such an idea could have obtained, except from the nearness or their situation to each other, it is not easy to say; certain it is, that it has not the least toundation in truth. Both hospitals are engaged in the same good work, have the same object in view, the reftoration of reason to the distracted; and both admit a limited number of incurables; but the governors, officers, and funds of each charity are totally separate and distinct.
+ The length of each ward or gallery is 321 teet, the width 16 feet 2 inches, and the height 13 feet. There are 275 cells, each of which measures 12 feet 6 inches by 8 feet. *
The physician to the hospital is Dr. Monro, and the surgeon, Mr. RICHARD CROWTHER. has produced the most falutary effects upon the general health of the patients, as the medical officers have observed, that the patients have not been fince fo much afflicted with scurvy or Auxes as formerly. Il Mr. HENRY WAIT E. 1 Me Joux Gossa: he has apartments in the kolpital, and is constantly residente
the winter there are certain rooms with circumstances which the prudence of comfortable fires *, where those who the hospital regards as obje&tions to adare in a convalescent state meet and mission. These are few in number; associate; and in the summer, they and the wisdom and propriety of them walk in the large adjoining court- will be easily allowed. Mopes, peryards, and sometinies amuse themselves fons afflicted with the palsy, or subject with such diversions as are deemed not to convulsive or epileptic fits, and such improper to quiet their spirits, and as are become weak through age, or coinpofe the agitation of their minds. long illness, are excluded. Objects of
The hospital used formerly to derive this defcription, it is presumed, may a revenue of at least 400l. a year be sufficiently protected and secured from the indiscriminate admission of by their friends, or in a parish work. vifitants, whom, very often, an idle house. It is peculiarly deserving noand wanton curiosity drew to these re- tice that no person is considered as disgions of dittrefs. But this liberty, qualitied for admission here, who may though beneficial to the funds of the have been discharged uncured from any charity, was thought to counteract its other lunatic hospital. When the grand design, as it tended to disturb friends of a lunatic are satisfied that he the tranquillity of the patients. It is a proper cbject of the charity, and was, therefore, judged proper, in the the petition and certificates of the payear 1770, no longer to expose the tient's legal parish settlement are prehouse to public view; and now, it is paredt, it then becomes necessary to scarce ever open to strangers, unless procure a governor's recommendation. they are introduced by a particular or- The hospital also requires, that, upon der. The friends of the poor objects admission, two house-keepers residing have a limited access to them. Ai the in or near London shall enter into a admission of a patient, a ticket is de- bond to take the patient away when Jivered, which authorises the bearer of discharged by the committee, and pay it to come to the hospital, on Mon- the expence of clothes, and of burial days and Wednesdays, between the in case of death. If the lunatic is sent hours of ten and twelve. And here by a parish, or any other public body, it may not be amiss to contradiet a the sum of three pounds four shillings most injurious notion that has been is paid for bedding, but if he is placed adopted, chiefly indeed by that class there by friends, the hospital, anxious of people who are most prone to form to lighten their barthen, reduces the prejudices against eleemofynary insti- fum to tho pounds five shillings and tutions. The patients in Bethlem Hof- fixpencet. It is expected that the papital are never beaten, or in any other tient should be fupplied with clothing; respect ill treated, in order to compel in failure of such supply, the hospital them to submit to the necessary opera- provides proper garments at the lowest tions. No servant is allowed fo wan- rate, and the bondíinen repay the exton an abuse of the authority that is pence. gisen hiin; and it is ftri&rly enjoined, There is no particular time limited that a patient shall never be ftruck, for the continuance of a patient in the except in cases of self-defence. hospital, who is under cure, It is
The admission of patients into Beth. generally seen in a twelvenonth, whelem Hospital is attended with very lit- ther the case will admit relicf; and tle difficulty. It is first necessary to sometimes in a few months health and confider, whether the case of the sup- reason are restored. Nor does the care posed lunatic includes any of those of the governors cease when the re, Lond. Mag. Nov. 1783.
covered These, to prevent mischief, are defended by large quarl-irons. + The forms of these are readily obtained by an aprication at Bethlen, or at the clerk's office in Bridewell liofpital; and a governor's recominendation is never refujed to the friends of any proper objeci.
| When an incurable patient is finally settled in the house, the sum of half a crown per week is paid to the hospital by his friends, or the pariin to which he beings.
BETHLEM HOSPITAL. Ordered, That the apparel wanung for the patients, may be
covered lunatic is dismissed from the gives himn such advice and medicines hospital. At the time of discharge, as are proper to prevent a relapse, and, he is interrogated as to the treatment if it should appear that his circumwhich he has received, and, if he has stances are particularly distrefling, the had cause of complaint, required to de- treasurer and physician potless a difcreclare it. He is encouraged to apply tionary power to relieve him with a occasionally to the medical officer, who fmull fun of money at his departure.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE LONDON MAGAZINE. SIR, THE distresses of the survivors of the Grosvenor's crew have seldom been
equalled. Four only have reached England, whose names are Price, Lewis, Warmington, and Larey. Their relation has been fanctified by the approbation of the Court of Directors. It has been collected and published by Mr. Dalrymple. A fictitious account has been sent into the world. With its fuccefs we are not acquainted. Lelt it Ihould, by any accident, be disleminated, we have extracted the following narration from the genuine production, for your readers. But for the prefent race merely we do not confult. The pamphlet will probably be preserved by few: the contents ought to be recorded. Your mifcellany appears to me the best receptacle. If you poffefs a better memorial publish it:
“ Si non, his utere mecum." Clement's-Inn, 07. 29, 1783.
CAUSIDICUS. ACCOUNT OF THE LOSS OF THE GROSVENOR INDIAMAN,
August 4, 1782.
was only the reflection of the fky. He incommanded by Captain John ftantly came out, but the ship struck Coxon, and when she left Trincomalé, in wearing. They had time to call on June the 13th, there were an hun. all hands once, but the vessel was soon dred and forty-two persons on board. full of water, which gained upon them They faw no land till Sunday the 4th with great rapidity. of August, and but one refil.
The yawl was hoisted out, but imThe captain imagined that he was mediately went to pieces, and a raft, three hundred miles from land, and by the breaking of a rope, drove afhore would not listen to a boy who had with four men, of which one only was been jutt aloft, during a high wind, faved. Some escaped initant death, by which blew hard in fqualls, and thought the assistance of a lead line, which two he saw thore. About an hour after Lafcars had fastened to å rock, by this, at half past four in the morning, swimming off as soon as the thip wis the boatswain told the captain, that loft. The whole of the crew, except ther had plainly feen land from the fifteen, got to fhore; among these were deck, which the third mate said was several ladies and children.
A tent provided by their friends; but, if not done, the steward shall furnih what the weekly committee ihull order, at the following prices: For VEN.
До 10 A waistcoat
A gown and petticoat A piro: breeches
An under pelli cat À lluirt
A thift A pair of jocs
A pair of shoes A pair oi tockings
A pair of things A blanket gown
3 Alait waitcoat
buckies * Su our Hugsziroc july 1, p. 1?.
OO - 6.0 a ON
A tent was immediately erected on dressed high, with a hollow in the the flat part of the rock, and covered middle. Those the crew saw were with a fail. Here they found fresh not the Tallozu Heads, which are menwater.
tioned in the account of the Caffree The ship was lost to the northward country, which is published with of a rocky point, on the coast of Afri- Dampier's Voyages. ca, between 28° 30' and 29° 20' S. The natives, during the time of Tiere the surf was high: the coast rug- their remaining with the wreck, did ged: the land covered with high grass, not offer any violence. They piltered which the natives use for fuel. The whatever they could find, and ran off distant country was hilly and woody. To with the spoil. When they began to the fouthward, the clitls were perpen- depart, however, they threw itones, diculariv fteep, which rendered a par- and hurled their lances at them. fage along the sea-side impracticable. The chief mate, as his illness preto the northward were some fands, vented his walking, was carried. A which ended in a low blackish point. lame man, John Bryan, and Joshua On there was creek, which was full Glover, an ideot, remained with the of rocks, there made it paffable at low wreck.
The second mate led the van, the On these lands, and in this creek, Captain was in the rear, and the ladies many things from the thip were driven were in the centre. They kept a reon fhore. "Timber, boons, fails, and gular watch during the journey. tools were brought by the tide from The fteepness of the cliffs prevented the wreck, togetter with several pieces their keeping the sca-lide constantly. of beef and pork, a caík of flour, and Along the tops of these they travelled. some hegs, which were killed by the In some places they found paths and natives.
Icng grass, sometimes the shore was The ihip’s feward ditributed among fandy, and sometimes rocky. them all the clothes which they could The day after leaving the wreck, find, and provisions for eight or nine from which the natives followed thein, days; and on Wednesday, August the they fell in with a man lighter-coloured 7th, they set out to travel to THE than the natives, with straight-hair: they CAPE OF Good Here, which Cap supposed him a Malayman, though the tain Coxon hoped that they would Dutch fuppose it was a Dutchuman reach in ten days. They were armied nained Trout. He came up to them, with five or fix cutlaires. The want clapping his hands, and calling Engles, of gunpowder rendered the fire-arins Engles : he talked Dutch with john which had been cait a-Thore useless. Suffman, Mr. Williams's servant, and
It has been imagined, that the point told thein the CAPE was a great way to the northward of the spot where the off: and being defired to guide them, Grosvenor funk was Point St. Lucia, said he could not, as he was afraid of and that that space of the coat was being killed if he went into the vand Downs, in the Caffree country, Chriftian country; they offered him which is terminated on the fouth by any money if he would conduct Great Vich river, in about 30° S. la
them. He said he did not want money titude. This conjecture appears to us but copper: they faid they would load highly probable, from the defcriptions himn with copper; but he would not go. of the men who were preserved.
He advifed them to go along the cell, When they were preparing to set for that irl:nd they would mect to out, the native's poinici to the north Befcker.ca Hatientcs, who would kill east, which would have led them from them all: this man was with che nathe Cape. These people are woolly tires, who did not appear to be the headed, and came among them to fame people as those where the thip gather the pieces of iron and metal valolt. They were taller, and not to *hich were driven afnore. The bales black, and had their cheeks painted they disregarded. Their heads were red, with feathers on their heads.
They fulpected the honesty of this on which the natives made a noise, as Malay, as he pointed out to the na- if in triumph. tires the situation of their pockets. In
One of them fell down as he was the journal of the Doddington, a boy running away. The boatswain and about eleven or twelve years
of others overtook him, and bruised him mentioned, who lived among the Caf- terribly, but the captain told them not frees. The crew then furpeeted him to kill any. to be an European.
The natives afterwards brought foine The captain * had a stick with a bay- sweet potatoes to exchange for the onet on it, which the natives snatched lance-stafís and sticks they had thrown away out of his hand, but the Malay- at our people. man persuaded them to give it back : They fat down peaceably, and the the natives, with whom the Malay captain gave them some toys, with was, came and cut off their buttons, which they went away. After stop
The natives always left them at ping about two hours our people pronight; they have but one shoe, made ceered. The natives did not moleft of buffaloe hide, which they wear on
ther, but let them go on. the right foot, it has no top leather, After this scuffle they never opposed cxcept orer the toe, and is tied round the natives, but let them take what the ancle with two strings from the they pleased. heel. The Dutchman, with whom he After they had proceeded about three afterwards remained, told him they or four miles farther, in the evening make great springs when they go a the Malay came up with them. He hunting. They are sometimes out for laughed at the dispute which had hapthree or four days from their huts; pened. They asked which was the they feed their dogs with what they right road? He said that which he catch, and only bring home a little on was going. He had been at the wreck, their knob sticks.
where he got a load of iron, and had on August 10 or 11. The captain a long gown of the captain's, which he ascended a very high hill, and took a had found there. lance from one of the natives, whom After the Malay left them, they he met. In vain did he by signs and marched on, and met some other naintreaties endeavour to get it return- tives, with whom they exchanged but, cd. He went away, and soon return- tons for sweet potatoes. After traveled with a large party from his village, ling a little way, it began to rain. who were armed with lances and targets. They made a fire of grass and tufts, as
The ladies, and those who were in- there were no bushes nigh; and after capable of faring in the action, were resting a little, went on, and took up placed with the baggage, on a rising their lodgings for the night at some ground, while the captain and the re- bushes on the top of a hill, under a mainderattacked the natives, and drove bank. A stream of fresh water ran in them out of the village.
the hollow beneath. 'The weapons used by the natives Auguit 11 or 12. They reached the were targets made of hides to cover village in which the Malavman lived. themselves, so that when our people His house was near the sea-fide: he threw ftones at them they could never brought his child to them, and begged hit them; they had reddih sticks, a piece of pork froin the captain, who fcemingly dyed, with a wooden knob gave him a little bit, though at the at the end, and lances; but not choosing same time he told him of his dittress. to loose the iron of the lance, they This ivalayman examined their butdrew out the lance-flaffs and happened tons, and cried out Zimie, which ligthe end, and threw these îaff at then, nifies copper. Captain Coxon now orand struck one of the company in the dered the reamen not to give any thing He was siunned, and fell down, to the natives, or to hold any parley
with * Ir many places I quote the words of the printed account, but have not marked the paßiagos,
lo have the fearance or une 119"radicit.