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consider of all that is in it, and after mature delib- humbler persons continued to despise “ King eration, I beg you may send an express to your George's laws,” and we need wonder the less at sister, and write to her and to Fairfield, what you their rising so readily against him, when we conthink proper upon the subject of this letter.” sider how very little they enjoyed of that protecAgain

tion of life and property which constitutes the “There is no man that has betrayed, deserted, chief claim of a government upon the allegiance and forsaken his chief and his kindred, but the un- of its subjects. Where there is no protection, grateful regenade Fairfield. If my information attachment cannot exist. The inhabitants of the from Inverness, from honest men there, holds true, Highlands generally, and of the country adjacent he is as mad as ever his brother Jonathan, or John to them, were grievously oppressed by gangs of was. But I do assure you it is not him that I lawless thieves and robbers, inhabitants of the regret, though he was drowned in the river of remote Highlands, who stole or openly carried off Ness, or in Lockmurrie, where it was said his their horses and cows; and as Badenoch, in parbrother Jonathan was drowned; by which he saved ticular, lay near the seats of those ruffians, great his portion; for, (observe Lovat's conscientious- numbers of its inhabitants had been entirely ruined ness!) when great narrowness and greed are joined and reduced to beggary. The gentlemen of that together in one man, and come to a height with district made several attempts to obviate this evil him, there is no crime but that man is capable of. by a watch kept up at their own expense, but they A little money, or an advantage to his private in- could not support a sufficient force for their proterest, would not only make him sell all mankind, tection. Feeling the absolute want of that secubut Christ Jesus, if he was again upon earth; for rity which the government was too negligent to he has no belief in God, nor in a future being. afford them, they held a general meeting, and apMy great concern is for your dear sister, who is plied to Macpherson of Cluny,* Lovat's son-inone of the best women in the world, and for her law, but a man of a very different character. children, for they must be all ruined by this mad- Cluny told them that unless his majesty would proman's villanous behavior; and if it had not been tect them, he saw no means for their relief, but for my positive and express orders, he had been cut one, viz., a subscription of all the suffering disin pieces before now, for it is impossible to express tricts towards making a sufficient fund for setting the zeal and the violence with which he is hated up a strong watch for the mutual security of all; by all the kindred. But, besides that I could never the fund to be paid to one undertaker, and the unallow a drop of the Frasers' blood to be shed, of dertaker to become liable for the losses of all conthose very men that were contriving to take away tributors. Cluny himself became undertaker, my life, I know that the meddling with him now though the fund was very small. He set out his would wrong our affair, and if an Arabian killed watch on the 22nd of May, 1744, all picked men, him, it would be called my deed. But I hope to and stationed them to waich night and day at all live long enough to see him chastised with as the passes and inlets used by the robbers, and 10 great a punishment as death would be to him at intercept, seize, and inprison the villains, not sufpresent.

fering them on any pretext to pass or repass, even "If I thought that the miserable wretch could to or from the districts which were not included in be retrieved, I would beg of you to go and see the league. The thieves, finding themselves inyour sister for a day or two, and try what you and tercepted by land, began to convey the stolen catshe can do with him ; but as he is an ignorant, ob- tle in boats across Loch Ness, but Cluny set guards stinate blockhead, as most madmen are," &c., on all the ferries, he recovered and restored the &c. * * * “ Upon reflection, I am afraid I must cattle of persons living far beyond the bounds of put you to the trouble and expense of going for his district, and he reduced the robbers to such two or three days to Inverness, to see what you straits that they proposed in vain to give him can do with that obstinate greedy brute ; and if security for the safety of his own country of Badyou and your sister cannot retrieve him and bring enoch, if he would give up being concerned for him back to his duty, I humbly beg that you may any other district. In short he acted strictly upon wash your hands of him ; for I am very certain the theory of the old black-mail system, which that you 'll never put him in balance with me; and had never been practically adhered to before. when you abandon him I shall leave him to the This species of engagement, says Sir Walter resentment of his kindred, which I am afraid will Scott,f was often undertaken by persons like Rob be fatal to him.” [It would seem, however, that Roy,f who prosecuted the trade of a freebooter, Fairfield was quite irreclaimable, for it is stated, and was in the habit of stealing at least as many somewhat later, that) “ Fairfield is the only re- cattle as he was the means of recovering. But negade of the lordship of Lovat, to the great dis- Cluny pursued the plain and honorable system exhonor of the clan. Duke Hamilton and several pressed in the letter of his contract, and by actuother lords, asked me, in a joking way, whether ally securing and bringing to justice the malefactors that fellow that has deserted his chief and his clan who commiited the depredations, he broke up the 13 still alive or not. I answered that he was, by greater part of the numerous gangs of robbers in my precise and erpress orders, and I said but what the shires of Inverness and Aberdeen. So much was true."

was this the case, that when a clergyman began a And this is the man full of moral savings, pious sermon on the heinous nature of ihe crime of and patriotic sentiments—the man who talks of theft, an old Highlander of the audience replied " belief in God, and a future being," who could console himself in the pangs of gout, by repeating * See Account of Cluny's Watch, Spalding Miscellany, Buchanan's Translation of the First Psalm, vol. ii. "Felix ille animi, quem non de tramite recto," + Prose Works, vol. xxvi., p. 103. &c.-the man who laid his gray head on the block Though justice compels us to adopt Sir Walter's rewith “ Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori !" mask, we mean no disrespect to Rob Roy, who was an

eminent patron of historical literature, as appears by his When a great chief, like Lord Lovat, could

name being on the original list of subscribers for Spottisthink, and write thus, it is not surprising that, woode's History.

that he might forbear treating of the subject, since With emotions our lips may not tell, Cluny with his broad sword had done more to But the hand's fervent clasp and the glistening check it than all the ministers in the Highlands eye could do by their sermons.

Must silently speak our farewell. Gibbon mentions* a valiant tribe of Caledonia, The sunshine of friendship fell not on our hearts the Attacolii, who are accused by an eve-witness With a radiance fading away, of delighting in the taste of human flesh, and of Not a beam of its light but has faithfully traced whom it is said in the scandalous chronicles of the There an image which will not decay ! times, that they hunted the woods for prey, they attacked the shepherd rather than his flock. If,” | The past comes before us, and fain would we stay he continues, " in the neighborhood of the com- | Yet a little to pensively dwell mercial and literary town of Glasgow, a race of | On the shadowy forms that are gathering fast cannibals has really existed, we may contemplate,

w contemplatel At the conjurer memory's spell. in the period of the Scottish history, the opposite

There were voices that welcomed, and faces that extremes of savage and civilized life. Such reflec

smiled, tions tend to enlarge the circle of our ideas, and to

When we met, that we looked for in vain ; encourage the pleasing hope, that New Zealand They but tasted the sweetness and freshness of may produce, in some future age, the Hume of

life, the southern hemisphere." We will not specu

And left us the goblet to drain. late upon the literary destinies of the New Zea

Long and earnest our gaze as each moment relanders, nor can we bring in contrast, like the

turns, great historian, the two extreme points of the na- With a thouse

With a thousand dear memories fraught, tional existence of Scotland. But so far as mate

| Enchanted we linger, as pictures of youth rials serve, we have ventured to glance along the

Pass by in the mirror of thought.

past stream of time: exhibiting at intervals some of

But it is not for us, with our hand on the plough, those detached specimens of Scottish life from

To look back on the pathway of life ; which its general spirit may be inferred; stating

Our watch word is “ forward,'' and onward our some of the original evidence upon which the reader

march, may found that unwritten history, that systematic historical belief, which is gradually constructed by

With to-day and to-morrow our strife!

D. S. c. a thinking mind, which matures itself insensibly in the understanding, and exercises, unperceived, a control over the feelings, long after dates and names, and all the mere scaffolding of history have

A STUDENT'S FANCY. been, not perhaps forgotten, but dismissed from the mind. How many days would we not give

Oh! could I write as I can think, for the privilege of living but a day in each cen

My words would burn the very soultury that has gone by, and testing the progress,

Promethean fire must furnish ink, physical and moral, of a whole nation. During

And earnest mind afford the scroll. many ages, the progress of Scotland was tardy

No worldly song should wake my lyre, enough; there was less difference than might have been looked for between the country for which the

No Pæan to please wayward youth ; early Jameses legislated, and the country which

The master-hand should still aspire Sir Archibald Grant recollected ; between the men

To tune the chords to hymns of truth. of Cullen's day, and the men whose excesses were prompted by Lovat, or repressed by Cluny. But

As David soothed the Jewish king, within the last hundred years how rapid has been

At first I'd calm the troubled mind, the national advancement! The brown heath has

Some dear domestic ballad sing, become green, and the barren hill waves with

Whose echo childhood leaves behind. foliage ; nor have the inhabitants been without their share of moral and social improvement. May

And when the storm of rebel thought

Had spent its force in contrite tears : their course ever be onwards.

And mem'ry had the picture brought

Of all the hopes of early years ;
CLASS ODE.—JULY 16TH, 1846.

I'd bid prophetic record tell
FAIR HARVARD.

God's promise to the race of Shem, Farewell to thee, Harvard ! Adieu to thy And sing the marvels that befell shades,

Upon the plains of Bethlehem.
The scene of our youth's golden days;
We leave thee forever, and here at thy shrine

My fingers, which at first might creep The hymn of our parting we raise.

With thoughtful pauses o'er the strings, Though linked to each other, as ever to thee,

Anon with fuller burst would sweep
By ties round our hearts close entwined,

A torrent of imaginings.
The morrow shall scatter us wide as the leaves
Of the autumn before its chill wind.

The mighty tide of perfect love

Would overwhelm imperfect words, Friends! brothers! we pause with our souls run And Feeling's voice soar far above ning o'er

The cold response of Music's chords. * Chap 25. | University, Durham.

TOGATUS.

From Punch. into my eye, and the words involuntarily escaped THE LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF MISS ROBIN- my lips-" What a lovely shot for a dress !” And SON CRUSOE.

this is human vanity! Alas! how little did I

dream of the terrors of the coming night. The CHAPTER II.

sun went down like a ball of dull fire, in the midst Being booked as a married lady about to return of smearing clouds of red-currant jam. The winds to her husband at Hyderabad, I was particularly began to whistle worse than any of the lowest cautious in my conversation with many of the orders of society in a shilling gallery. Every female passengers, the greater number of whom wave was suddenly as big and high as Primrose were really the wedded wives of officers and state Hill. The chords of the ship snapped like bad civilians ; ladies who had really left their little stay-laces. No best Genoa veliet was ever ones in England, and were returning to their blacker than the firmament; and not even the Indian firesides. I say I was reserved in my voices of the ladies calling for the stewardess speech, lest I might betray my inexperience. Be- were heard above the orchestral crashing of the sides the married ladies, there were a dozen young elements. gentlewomen, consigned to the captain for the For myself, with one hand clutching the side of same purpose as I proposed to myself; namely, my berth, lest I should be rolled into the bosom of for instant marriage on their arrival. I will con- a whole family lying in disorder before me, and fess it, that the number of spinsters a little discon- the other grasping a smelling-bottle, my thoughis certed me ; as I had picked out from newspapers - what could they do?-flew backward, home. something about the harmony of demand and sup- | Then I saw my father, mildly sipping his one glass ply, and therefore knew that if only twelve officers of toddy ere he departed for bed; my mother came off in the yam and cocoa-boats for a wife, making believe to knit ; Tib, the cat, upon the there must, by every rule of arithmetic, remain one hearth ; Joss, the pug, upon the stool ; and my virgin unwedued. I will not attempt to describe sampler-yes, so roused was my fancy, I saw my my perturbation when I reflected that this one own sampler—with the row of yew-trees, in green might be myself! However, after I had well sur- silk, framed and glazed above the chimney! And veyed the whole twelve, I took great heart. Three then my father's words, “I'll get you a sober and had very red hair ; four irregular teeth ; two-but steady husband," rang in my brain ; and—50 no ; it is a melancholy, a thankless task to num-/ quick is imagination in moments of peril-I absober the imperfections of our fellow-creatures. Let lutely saw that interesting man, saw him as my it suffice that, with the ingenuousness of a wedded Jord, and beheld myself in a very sweetly woman's soul, I knew myself to be the most furnished house, surrounded by I know not how attractive of the lot. Thus, I would not de- many happy children. The thought was too much spair should even a general officer come off in the for me. I wept. cocoa-boat.

I know not how long I had remained in this sad Much that I saw and heard, naturally enough, condition, when I heard the voice of Captain Bissurprised and disconcerted me. I was a week at cuit shouting down into the cabin—" Tumble up, least before I could reconcile myself to the fre- ladies! Ship 's going down !" I leapt from my quent order to “ put the ship in stays." At first berth, and with wonderful presence of mind seized I believed it was nothing but Captain Biscuit's a favorite bandbox. Nor, even in that hour of wit ; but as nobody laughed, I of course looked as terror, were the curls (spoken of in my last chapgrave as the rest. When, too, the captain de- ter) forgotten. I will not dwell upon the scene clared that “ he knew we should have a squall that met my view when I rushed upon deck ; before night," I, innocently enough, asked him, though the patterns of some of the nightcaps I saw “ which lady among us he thought most likely to never can go out of my mind. scream ?" Silly creature that I was! But I was As I was about to rush by the gangway, I was soon to learn the difference between a feminine seized—I know not by whom-and literally flung scream, and the scream of Boreas. A warning into the barge below. This violence struck the this, I trust, to all roving young ladies who, not bandbox from my hand ; and I saw it borne away content with the chance of steady and sober hus forever by the remorseless deep. Ere, however, I bands (as my dear mother, with tears in her eyes, could express my feelings upon this bitter loss, I used to call 'em) at home, must even take ship for heard a shout-the voice, I think, of Captain Bisthe Indies to marry officers in regimentals, and so cuit- the barge gave a lurch, and when I was next -but I will not anticipate the sorrows that over- conscious, I found myself alone upon the deeptook me,

miraculously supported by my garments—and in We had sailed for many days with the wind, as this manner passed along from wave to wave. they told me, south-west by west ; which, as well | This, however-I knew it-could not last. Gathas I could then make out, was as much as to say ering my senses about me, I therefore began 10 the Elephant and Castle by St. James' Church. swim. Thus, alter my own fashion, did I make out the And here let me bless my prudence that had theory of the winds. When we had been at sea turned a month's visit to Margate to profit, teacha week, Captain Biscuit with peculiar emphasis ing me to swim. I might, with the thoughtless declared that we were at last "in blue water.” It and vain, have raffled at libraries—I might have was not of course for me to contradict him : but, sat whole hours upon the beach pretending to read looking over the ship, the color appeared ex- the last new lovely tale-but no, I knew-I feltactly what I had often bought at the mercer's for a that life was made for better things, and therefore, sea-green. But Captain Biscuit was an old man. once a day, launched out into the deep, and-in

We had been at sea, I think, twenty-seven days, flowing garments, learned to swim. The curious when we killed a dolphin. The sweet creature world might be gathered on the beach ; I cared died beautifully. As I stood contemplating the not, but struck out. And now, at the most eventbrilliant hues of the expiring fish, beholding how ful moment of my life, I found the value of my the colors burned and intermingled, a tear stole skill. Therefore is it, that I hope my example

will turn some of my sex from dancing in all its What, then, were my feelings when I thought of variety of vanity to a more worthy and enduring wild beasts-beasts that revenged the wrongs of accomplishment. True, dancing may obtain a the beasts in cages, by eating the unprotected husband; but swimming saves a life. Happy, travellers on their shores? I had read horrid tales then, the woman who quits the ball-room for the of bears and apes; and when I remembered I had deep-who turns from cork-soles for a cork-jacket. nothing but a pair of scissors (with one point blunt To return to my story.

too) to protect me, how I wept-how I repented After much swimming, a mighty wave threw of niy folly, that had brought me in search of a me ashore ; but Neptune, doubtless for some un military husband, coming in a boat with cocosknown purpose, sent a bigger wave to fetch me nuts and yams, to perish at last, perhaps, in the back again; fortunately, however, my flounces- claws of some wild and foreign animal. they were worn then very full-catching among Daylight, as if in mockery of my terrors, waned the rocks, held me fast ashore. Taking advantage fast away. Where was I to sleep! Tbat I, who of this circumstance, I rose and ran away from the at the least dusk had never walked from number next billow,

Dine to the Thompson's at number six, without the I looked about me. It was plain I was upon man or the maid—that I should sleep out all night, some island. Yet, although my father had been I knew not where, shocked me past words to regularly charged for my learning the use of the paint! Respectability seemed sinking with the globes at the Blackheath school, the fault was sun! Suddenly, I heard a sound-whether the either in the teachers or myself, that I could not voice of a tiger or a frog I knew knot; but equally possibly guess upon what part of the world I was alarmed, I ran to a tree. Instinctively looking landed.

about to see that nobody observed me-and, for Not wearing pockets, I had secured nothing the moment, (silly creature that I was ) thinking about me, except a pair of scissors, a smelling- only of the country stiles of happy England-I boule, and a box of peppermint drops.

put one foot upon the lowest bough, and with an

agility that surprised even myself, continued to CHAPTER 111.

climb. At length I threw myself into the um I continued to walk about on the shore, much brageous arms of a young hawthorn, and prepared wondering at the fortune that had saved me, and myself for rest. I put one peppermint drop in my grateful to my own discernment, that at Margate mouth, and soon sank to sleep. Even at this had prompted me to shun the meaner pleasures of lapse of time I wonder at myself; but I never the place, to learn to swim. And then I suffered even thought-vain as the thought would hare alternations of happiness and despair. I thought been-of paper for curling my hair. of my female comrades; and believing them to be I awoke, as usual, about eleven o'clock. It was in the deep, all thoughts of rivalry charitably died a love of a day. The sun shone beautifully hot, within me. I thought of ardent hair and irregu- and the sea was like a looking-glass. For the larity of teeth with a pity-a sympathy that sur-first few minutes-ere fully awake-I thought I prised me. So true it is that no trouble, however was at Margate ; and, so were images mixed and great, has not, in the core of its very greatness, confused, that as the small shingle was moved and some drop of comfort-(for the human heart, like shaken by the advancing and receding wave, I a bee, will gather honey from poisonous blossoms) thought I heard the rattling of the library dice. -that from my very solitude I snatched a triumph. Moving, a sharp thorn-the tree was full of them Should I meet an Indian prince-and, for what I brought me, as adversity lowers pride, instantly knew, I might be in the empire of the Mogul- to myself. With a heavy heart I descended the there was no lady to contest with me his royal | tree, feeling it vain to wait for the breakfast bell. affections. And again, this feeling was saddened Again and again I looked around me I was such by the thought that no other woman could witness a figure! It was foolish, weak; but nevertheless, my conquest. For all my acquaintance were it showed the beauty of the female character. I gone ; I never saw them, or any sign of them dreaded least even some savage should see me in my afterwards, except a jaconet muslin nightcap horrible déshabillé. And then-though my noble (the horrid pattern !) and a wave-tossed rouge- reason told me it could not be so-Isbrank at

every motion of the sea and air, lest the Indian And still my feelings of satisfaction began to prince, or general officer, should suddenly rise beabate, for looking about me, I saw no habitation ; fore me, and then-in such a dress what would be and though I listened-my sense of hearing sharp- think of me? In such a state, it seemed to me a ened by my peril-I heard not the sound of a muf- blessing when I could really think that I was upon fin-bell. I therefore concluded that I was in a a desert island, all alone! Solitude was bad, bot land to which the blessings of civilization were to be caught with my hair in such a fright-with utterly unknown. And besides this, I began to all my flounces limp, (much starch was then feel that my feet were very wet ; and—though I worn,) and my gown as though waxed about struggled long-I at length burst into tears when me, I felt it, I should have died upon the I thought of my evening blue buried in the bosom beach. of the deep. And then I began to have confused After a time my pride abated as my hunger feelings of hunger. A sea-bird screamed in the rose. I could not have believed it, but I thought distance, and I thought of the liver wing of a less of my hair and more of my breakfast. A les chicken. This threw me into terrible disorder. son to human arrogance-for did I ever believe Only that I knew nobody was there to catch me, that the human soul could so have hungered for å or what could I have done but faint ?

twopeppy twist? I walked upon the beach : 16 As a child, I always screamed at a spider. As was strewed with oysters. Nevertheless, though .a woman-I throw myself upon the sympathy of there were thousands about me, it was June, and my sex--though fond of milk, I always ran into I knew that oysters were not in. " At least," I the first shop or door-way, or grasped the first arm thought, "' and whatever fate in its bitterness may of the first gentleman on meeting even a cow. I have in store for me, as I have lived in the fashion

pot.

in the fashion I'll expire." And this determina- believed, the statesman likely to carry the abolition-mere men cannot conceive its deliciousness tion: now, that measure is accomplished, facilitat. -comforted me exceedingly. Nevertheless-for ing the whig return, and removing from their path I write down here every then emotion of my soul many old sources of embarrassment. There is no —though I abhorred the thought of oysters in necessity to revive past reproaches on that score; June as food, I could not forget them as the pro- but it is not salutary quite to forget so cardinal a bable depositaries of precious pearls. Famished point in the new position. Another favorable cirand destitute, I thought, being in the Indian seas cumstance lies in the utter disruption of parties -as I believed I was—I might be destined to be and the confounding of party tactics. The antagoone of those lucky people of the world, who have nism which, in other circumstances, the whigs pearls washed ashore at their feet, and never run would have encountered from various quarters, is ihe risk of diving for them. Though I was as thus for the time destroyed; besides which, even hungry as the sea, the thought like a sunbeam if there were in any one party the strength to opplayed about me, that I might be destined to wear pose, all are baffled to strike out, on the spur of my own head-dress of pearls, obtained from the the moment, a policy at once effective and safe. living fish by my own hands, at some future draw- Spite, too, against the departed minister, instigates ing-room! And whilst I thought this, my hunger a sort of transient kindness for his quondam antagwas in abeyance! Cleopatra dissolved her pearl, onists; and the protectionists are patronizing the as ill-nature dissolves the treasures of life, in vine- whigs, in such a temper as that of a splenetic wogar; but I enriched my pearls by honeyed thoughts. man, who, after scolding the husband that will not (What would I give had either of the Misses be her slave, falls to hugging the children with unWhalebone, principals of the Blackheath Semi- wonted caresses, before his face, by way of renary, lived to read this—this from their pupil !) proachful contrast. So we see even the Post and

Standard patting Lord John Russell on the back. From the Spectator.

There may, however, be some sly hope of conciliLORD JOHN RUSSELL'S MINISTRY.

ating his remains of aristocratic predilection, and

enticing him to do as little as possible. But a LORD John Russell's ministry is completed. I parting blow was given to faction by Sir Robert Its character, no doubt, is determined by the prin- Peel's farewell speech ; which aroused more gencipals-Lord John Russell, Viscount Palmerston, erous sentiments in the well-disposed of all parties. and Earl Grey ; but even those chiefs appear under One of its fruits is the remarkable address to the greatly altered circumstances. Lord John Russell constituents at Pontefract, in which Mr. Monckton seems to act under the influence of new views; so Milnes signifies that, for the present, and for as does Lord Palmerston. Lord Grey is in a position long a time as possible, he shall give a cordial supto give his views better effect. Although the port to Lord John Russell's government. range of Lord John's search for assistance may be We have now attained the third stage in the said to have extended from conservatives to radi great national movement which began with the recals, it was not found easy to “infuse new blood” form bill. The first stage was the struggle to deinto the administration. Nevertheless, some ex- velop the germ of a real representation of the peocellent names have been added in the subordinate ple; which, however imperfect in its extent, was posts; and it must be allowed that the premier sets actually established and put in operation. The out with a considerably greater amount of talent in next stage was the struggle to abolish the ascendthe working departments than Sir Robert Peelancy of class interests, which were assailed in the could command. When “ the tories" returned to “ monster monopoly” of the corn-laws. Sir Roboffice, great expectations were formed of their ad- ert Peel gave the crowning stroke to that struggle, ministrative ability, based on traditions of their and smoothed the way for the third stage—the sopractice; but in fact the practised men had died cial ameliorations promised by Lord John Russel). off, or had, like Sir Robert Peel himself, been pro- This stage has just begun. moted ; and the expectations were disappointed. It is to be hoped that the expectations now based on greater personal talent will be justified.

Rome.-Like our premier, the Roman pontiff Many of the new ministers have gone through has completed his government, and constructed it the form of reëlection ; for in most instances it has well. Cardinal Gizzi, who was too liberal to comproved to be little more than a form. The Morn- mand a majority of suffrages in the sacred college, ing Chronicle exultingly imputes that political phe- has been appointed secretary of state ; Cardinal nomenon to popular " confidence in the men ;' but Amati, friend to M. Rossi, the French Ambassaour able contemporary draws somewhat too largely dor, has also taken office. Divers measures for the on obliviousness of facts not yet ancient. It was improvement of the state are said to be under connotorious in December last, that an election for a sideration, and among them are projects for railwhig government, even with free trade, would roads. have been hazardous in the extreme : it was even Meanwhile, a movement has been going on about stated by an intended member of that evanescent the country beginning at Bologna. Petitions, nuministry, that the whigs at their outgoing in 1841 merously signed, pray that effect may be given to had not a rag of popularity left. Now the men the memorandum which certain foreign ambassawho come before ihe constituencies are identically dors laid before the high pontiff in 1831, giving to the same ; and the striking difference in their pub- the people such representation as enables them, not lic reception must be found in the altered circum- to legislate, but to declare their wishes, and adstances, and in the popular confidence that those mitting laymen to official employ. These petitions circumstances will work out desired ends. In De- have been signed by several influential persons, cember, even the liberals deprecated the whig ac- and among them by the pope's elder brother. There cession to office; because the chief anxiety was, I are, therefore, signs of a healthy activity among that the protective corn-law should be abolished, the people, and of an unprecedented disposition to and Sir Robert Peel alone was believed, and justly advancement in the ruling body.—Spectator.

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