riage, a clause providing for the free lowing him, if there were windows in exercise of the Greek religion, and also the house, and sheets to enable her to that a chapel should be allowed in the let herself down from them. He spoke Tuileries for the worship of that faith, with interest of his boy, and appeared was strongly objected to by some of the pleased to relate that when the Queen members as likely to render the mar- of Naples said to the child, “Well, my riage unpopular in France. At this boy, your game is now over, you will be moment Swa enburg offered a Prin- obliged to turn Capuchin," replied, cess of the house of Austria. Napoleon “I never will be a priest, I will be a replied, it was quite indifferent to him, soldier.” In Germany he said he had so they gave him no trouble on the sub- intercepted a letter written by the ject: this business was speedily settled. young Prince of Orange, in which he This was at ten o'clock at night; before said the Prince was not very lavish in midnight the copy of a treaty was his praises of our Royal family, but that drawn out (copied nearly word for word a lady at Dresden, who had either been from the marriage contract between mentioned in it, or had some reason for Louis the XVIth and Maria Antoinette), wishing that it might not be made signed by him, transmitted to Vienna, public, entreated him so earnestly not and Maria Louisa became the new to send it to the Moniteur, that he Empress.

withheld it. Thursday, 17th.–Napoleon did not Saturday, 19th.-At dinner Napoleon make his appearance till dinner; he con- talked of Toulon with animation; he versed a little, and retired early to the said the only wound he had ever reafter-cabin; he remained but a short ceived was from an English sailor (by time at the card-table. In a conversa- a pike) in the hand, at the storm of Fort tion last night with Sir George Cock- Mulgrave, the possession of which led burn it turned on Waterloo; he said that to the evacuation of that town. This he should not have attacked Wellington led to talking of the navy; he said the on the 18th, had he supposed he would only good officer he had was one whose have fought him; he acknowledged that name he pronounced Cas-mo, who, he had not exactly reconnoitred the when Admiral Dumanoir position; he praised the British troops, quitted by a court-martial (having been and gave the same account of the final tried for leaving the battle of Trafalresult as in the official despatch; he gar, and for having afterwards surdenied that the movement of the rendered to Sir R. Strachan), took the Prussians on his flank had any effect; sword that was delivered to him by the the malevolent, he said, raised the cry President and broke it. The Admiral of sauve qui peut, and as it was al- asked him for some other naval charready dark he could not remedy it. acter, whose name I have forgotten; he "Had there been daylight,” he added, "I answered, "He behaved well in one should have thrown aside my cloak, action; I made him a rear-admiral on and every Frenchman would have the spot; the consequence was the very rallied round me; but darkness and next year he lost me two ships in the treachery were too much for me." Bay of Roses" (Rosas). In conversa

Friday, 18th. – Napoleon in good tion with the Admiral before dinner he spirits and looking well; he conversed made the following remarkable obserafter dinner for a considerable time vation: "I was at the head of an army with the Admiral; he mentioned Maria at twenty-four; at thirty, from nothing I Louisa, and said she was much at- had risen to be the head of my country; tached to him; she was asked by the for, as first Consul, I had as much Queen of Naples (at Vienna) why she power as I afterwards had as Emperor. did not join her husband in Elba? she I should have died," he added, "the day replied her inclination led her to do so, after I entered Moscow: my glory tben but she was prevented by her parents. would have been established forever." The Queen replied, that if she loved a The Admiral replied that to be a truly man nothing should prevent her fol- great character it was necessary to



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suffer adversity as well as prosperity. good action, it was answered, either He assented, but said, “My lot has been almsgiving, building (or contributing a little too severe."

towards building) a mosque, or digging Sunday, 20th.–Napoleon at dinner

a well in the desert. Having promised again began to question the clergyman faithfully to comply with these terms, respecting the Reformed religion, he concluded by saying, "We were rewhether we used the crucifix, how ceived into the mosque, and I derived many sacraments we used. Grace was from it the most important results.” said, and he asked whether it was a

December 6th.-Longwood is Benedicite. He walked for a consider- ready for the reception of Bonaparte, able time by moonlight, and, seeing and I called yesterday at the Briars to that the Admiral did not play at cards, accompany him thither. He received refrained himself. He talked of Egypt; me with some apologies in his robe de he said the “Mamelukes ought to be the chambre, and excused himself from first cavalry in the world; no French- going on account of the smell of paint. man is equal to them. Five Frenchmen He appeared to be in unusual good could never stand against the same spirits, having on the table English number of Mamelukes, or even one hun- papers to the 15th of September. The dred; but three hundred Frenchmen greater confusion there is in France, would, by maneuvring and having the greater chance he fancies there is of reserves, beat an equal number or even

his being allowed to return, as he thinks a greater.” He continued to say that the English Government will be obliged "Kléber was a good general, but not a

to recall him to compose the confusion politician sufficient to prosper in that that exists in that unhappy country. I country. Having landed in Egypt with have just seen Captain Mackey, the a small army, and cut off from any rein

officer who has the charge of him; he forcements, he was obliged to practise appears to wish to remain another day. every artifice to gain the goodwill of the There is no knowing what he is about. people: for this he and his followers He does not know his own mind two professed the Mahomedan religion,'

minutes together. which he made no scruple in acknowl

December 21st.–Since I last wrote, edging he had done himself. He had Napoleon has been removed to Longgreat difficulty in bringing the sheiks to wood. He appears in better health, waive what is considered both by the and has been in good spirits. I called. Jews and Mahomedans an important on him on Monday and bad a long part of the religion. The next difficulty audience, in which he was very parto be obviated was that of drinking ticular in his questions relating to our wine. He said the Franks were natives mess, entering into the most minute of a colder climate, and for so long a

particulars, even so far as to ask who time had been accustomed to it, that cooked for us, male or female, white or they could not relinquish it, and pro- black. On Friday I met him as I was posed they should be allowed a dispen- marching with my regiment. He rides sation. A consultation was held. The

now every day within his bounds (but result was, that the Franks might cer

never exceeds them), with a British tainly drink wine, but that they would officer, which he cannot yet reconcile

himself to. His attendants are, be damned for it. Bonaparte replied that they by no means wished to enter usual, split into parties, and they have the pale of their Church on such terms, has at least the merit of being his oldest

procured the removal of Bertrand (who and begged they would reconsider it.

and most faithful servant) from the The next answer proved more favorable: it was decreed that they should be superintendence of the household. allowed to drink wine, provided every

1 Sir George Bingham had not at this time reday before they did so they should re

ceived intimation of his promotion; nor was he

informed of his appointment of brigadier-general solve to do a good action. On being


on the Staff till the arrival of Sir Hudson Lowe. pressed to know what was considered a

His commission was dated the 21st of October.

1816. January 1st.–Last Tuesday I these are the whole of the small birds introduced all the officers to Bonaparte; on the island. When it was first disit was evidently an effort on his part, covered it had not a living creature on although the proposal, in the first in- it. Partridges are now plenty, and stance, came from himself; he asked a there are a good many pheasants—more number of questions, which were ex- like the golden pheasant of China than ceedingly absurd. He has been in great our English birds; and some peacocks, spirits since the last arrivals; he has which are rather smaller than our tame heard that “all the virtues,” with Sir ones. I saw two the other day; they Francis Burdett at their head, are to rose very majestically to fly away when advocate their cause and his recall, disturbed; they are not allowed to be and he sanguinely looks forward to the shot; and the pheasants are reserved result.

for the Governor only. Yesterday I January 8th.-Since I wrote last I went to call on Bonaparte; he was going have dined with Napoleon; it was a out to his carriage; he insisted on my most superb dinner, that lasted only going with him, and we had a drive forty minutes, when we retired into together of three miles. He always the drawing-room to play cards. The asks after you," and to-day, when he dessert service was Sèvres china, with heard a packet was arrived from Engold knives, forks, and spoons. The gland, he said, “Now the Colonel will coffee-cups were the diost beautiful I hear from Lady Bingham." ever saw. On each cup was an Egyp- April 19th. I called on Bonaparte tian view, and on the saucer a portrait last Sunday before the Phaeton had of some Bey, or other distinguished anchored, to announce to him the archaracter. They cost twenty-five rival of the new Governor. He reguineas, the cup and saucer, in France. ceived me in his bedroom, in his robe de The dinner was stupid enough; the chambre, and a dirtier figure I never be. people who live with him scarcely spoke held. He was pleased with the compllout of a whisper, and he was so much ment. He received Sir H. Lowe last engaged in eating that he hardly said Wednesday with marked attention, bea word to any one; he had so filled the having at the same time in a manner room with wax candles, that it was as pointedly rude to Sir George Cockburn. hot as any oven. He said to me, after You have no idea of the dirty little I had entered the drawing-room, “You intrigues of himself and set. If Sir are not accustomed to such short din Hudson Lowe has firmness enough not ners.” He has generally one or two to give way to him, he will in a short officers of the 53rd to dinner, or rather time treat him in the same manner. supper, for it is half past eight before For myself, it is said I am a favorite, he sits down.

I do not understand the claim I have to February 14th.-I send you a little be such. Cockburn has certainly used pen sketch of the house at Longwood, great exertions to make him as comfortas it appears from my tent. It does not able as circumstances would permit; look here much like an imperial estab- and for this, and for the care he took lishment; it has, however, great depth, of him on board, he did not deserve to and more room than there appears. be treated as he was on that day, which The trees about the camp are gum was nothing more or less than insult. wood, of a bluish-green color, and at a ing. When he was going to introduce distance give you the idea of an old Sir Hudson, and to say, “My charge umbrella; you see Fehrszen's marquee ends; I beg to introduce my successor," and servants' tent amongst the trees in they shut the door in his face, saying, the foreground. Those trees are full of “It is the Emperor's order that the a species of canary bird, that sings as Governor goes in alone.” sweetly but are not so handsome as There has been the usual fracas conours. There are also amadavats, and tinued in the family. About a week Java sparrows, with red beaks, and

1 Lady Bingham.



since it was intimated to Madame Ber- (as I afterwards found it was) to walk trand that she was so fond of the En with his head uncovered. He told me glish and partial to their society that I had an excellent husband; that I she might save herself the trouble of ought to be very happy, as he loved me attending at dinner. The Emperor had dearly; that he was also a gallant soldined in his room the day before, fear- dier, and that soldiers always made the ing he could not have kept his temperbest husbands. He asked me several and have displayed a scene before the questions about Louisa,” and made some servants. Madame then made known remark about her husband and herself; that Napoleon was frequently in the but this I lost, as, owing to his speakhabit of using language neither kingly ing so remarkably fast, it is sometimes or even gentlemanly towards his at- with the utmost difficulty he can be tendants, and that the ladies even were understood. Notwithstanding the connot respected in these fits of rage. The stant rain, I take a great deal of exerinterdiction lasted a week, at the end cise on horseback, and as I have a most of which time it was signified that "the quiet animal, I ride without the least Emperor permitted her to come to din- fear up Ladder Hill and other tre

Napoleon received the intel- mendous places, to the astonishment of ligence of the death of Murat and Ney the St. Heleneans. I assure you I pass with the greatest indifference. Of the here for a very superior horse-woman, former he observed that he was a fool, which gave rise to a question from and deserved his fate. He said he had Napoleon, whether in England I often behaved very ill to him, and had re- went a-fox-hunting? having a vast idea fused to lend him money when at Elba. that the English ladies are exceedingly of the latter he said he had done him fond of that amusement. I told him it more harm than good, and did not ap- was one I was by no means partial to, pear to care the least about either,

or ever took part in. Napoleon has [Letter from Lady Bingham.]

been much out of spirits of late, I fancy,

from the little probability he sees of

“May 30th. "On Tuesday last I went with Sir G. this island. He was within the last few

ever being able to make his escape from Bingham and Colonel Mansel to pay a

days taken to play at skittles. Of all visit to Buonaparte. When we first

his followers, Madame Bertrand is the arrived he was out airing with his

one for whom I feel the most interest, attendants, and after waiting for some

She is, poor woman, so thoroughly unlittle time in Captain Poppleton's room,

happy that it is quite melancholy to see we were informed of his return, and

her. She is extremely pleasing and were shown into a small ante-room, elegant in her manner. Just before I where, at an inside door, stood his foot- arrived, the French attendants had an man, dressed in green and gold, to open offer made them of returning home; but and shut it when necessary for his

they preferred signing a paper which imperial master. When he was quite

now precludes all future idea of leap. ready to receive us, we were ushered into his presence. I think him much ing the island. Bertrand, it is said, better looking than I had expected, agreed to this from an honorable motive, though his complexion is exceedingly with him during his captivity. Poor

having promised Napoleon to remain sallow. The likeness Mr. Still brought Madame, I fancy, would gladly have home with him from Plymouth, etched

laid aside all the honor had it been left by Mr. Planat, is a very just representa

to her arrangement. tion of him. He was extremely face

" EMMA BINGHAM." tious, and in excellent humor, and after asking me a few frivolous questions, he [Letter from Lieut.-Col. Mansel.] desired me to walk into the garden,

Deadwood Camp, Juno 14th. handed me out, and did me the honor “We neither hear or see much of Buonaparte now. I fancy he confines umes and volumes of fine poetry, numhimself much more than usual to the bers of prose romances, translated house, which will tend to increase his epics and sagas from the Greek, the corpulence. He appears to be dropsi. Latin, the Icelandic; poured forth pocal, and his complexion is very sallow; lemical tracts, histories, and treatises; in short, he looks exceedingly out of carried on a fine-art decoration business health. I understand the Governor is which during some thirty years nas rather desirous to move him nearer to been steadily revolutionizing British Plantation House (his own residence), taste in matters of building, decoration, being suspicious of his attempting his and upholstery; led for years that secescape, which makes Sir Hudson un- tion of the Socialists whose demands easy and feel somewhat alarmed. This are founded upon reason, editing several he has not the slightest cause for, as volumes of their journal; and lastly set he is perfectly secure both by sea and up and carried on a press from which land. I should regret his removal from have issued quite a number of books, Longwood, as there is not on the island forming, perhaps, the finest examples so beautiful a spot of ground as this. I of printing ever seen." Such a mass have an excellent suite of barrack- of work, to the public mind, must bring rooms, from the windows of which is visions of a man "well stricken in seen a very grand and noble view, com- years.” But to those who were priviprising sea, wood, a fine extensive leged to know him it was a standing plain, immense heights, rugged rocks, wonder that Morris, at the age of sixty, fortifications, barracks, tents, and peo- and not looking sixty, had done all this ple of all colors, etc,. the whole making work in the world—so various, so thora pretty panorama. I went to fish one ough, and so full of the most valuable day last week, and met with good suc. qualities, and yet always found time to cess: the fish we caught weighed from receive his friends and acquaintance, one to two pounds, some of which I sent and give them the benefit not only to Buonaparte. He was much pleased of his hearty, cheery, companionship, with them, and said they were the best but also of his unerring judgment and he had eaten since he was on Mount vast learning in all matters connected Cennis.

1 One of the officers of the 53d Regiment in at- 2 Mrs. Mangel. endance at Longwood.

8 Colonel Mansel.

with the ways and means of beautify“ J. MANSEL.'

ing the world and man's life in the world. This day week, if England did but know it, William Morris was the living Englishman she could least af

ford to lose. The personal qualities From The Illustrated London News (Oct. 10). which made up the character of this WILLIAM MORRIS.

man of genius would have been irreThose who knew and loved William sistibly attractive, even if he had had Morris—and to know aim was to love no genius at all. Kindliness, sagacity, him-will bave been th'uking for this courage, good comradeship, an invetweek past that sixty-two years and 1 erate habit of acting upon convictions half are but a little span of life for a deliberately formed, and an unswervman of his native vigor and robust ing sense of honor and true decorum babit. They cannot yet take their are admirable personal traits to find stand on the platform whence the pub in one man-apart from genius and erulic will view the matter—the great dition: he had them all; and their compublic who have gained so much from bination is not so common that his the life cut short this day week—who friends can afford to grieve more for knew not the man, but saw everywhere the genius than for the man. the output of his energy and his genius, William Morris was born at Wal

Marland who can but say, if the question of thamstow on March 24, 1834. his “allotted span” occurs to them: borough and Oxford (Exeter College) “Morris? Well, he has published vol- have the honor of his conventional

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