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one.

To the Editor.

corrupt and false one. Yet in London, Sir,—I do not quite like Mr. Elliott's the vast metropolis of our now Proexposition of the Three Frogs. He al- testant country, we have reared no lows his own political opinions to in- thankful memorial as a visible and exfluence his judgment. "I think Cun- press remembrance of the noble army ningham's notion, that the first Frog of martyrs who, with their lives, puris a symbol of the “Spirit of despotism chased for us the religious light and aiding the Papacy,a very feasible freedom we now enjoy. Surely, sir,

See what it is now doing, in we must seize the opportunity which Austria, Italy, and Germany. Demo- the removal of the market from the cracy is not of itself an evil spirit,- large area of Smithfield now presents, Infidelity is; so Popery, so Despotism for the very stones of Smithfield teli in alliance with Popery.

such a true and startling tale in the paYours, Laicus. ges of history, that we ought, now that

Rome is unmasked even in the eyes

of the most liberal, to grasp the idea THE STONES OF SMITHFIELD.

and the opportunity which are now To the Editor.

alike offered, to erect upon them a Sir,—The authorship of a happy noble metropolitan if not a national idea is sometimes as much to be co- memorial to the martyrs of London. veted as the execution of a celebrated Surely, in the plans for the occupation literary work, some beautiful produc. of the large space soon to be set at tion of the painter's pencil, or the life- liberty, either for the healthful recrelike creation of the sculptor's chisel. ation of the thousands who are still I have had this feeling in a strong compelled to pass their lives within degree, since hearing of a proposal the crowded precincts of the city, or, to place on the site of the soon to be even if the spot is to be converted abolished Smithfield Market," a Mar- into fresh piles of building, a suffityr Memorial.” Oxford has its beau- cient space in its very centre ought to tiful tapering cross, in remembrance be granted and set apart, for the erecof the martyred Bishops, Cranmer, tion of a lasting memorial to the marRidley, Latimer, who there bore wit- tyrs of Smithfield. ness for the truth of the Gospel Whether the tribute assume the against its base counterfeit, the Ro- shape of a simple memorial-cross, as mish apostacy. Why should London at Oxford, or "The Martyrs' Church,” want as striking a memorial of the —which, to the densely populated deeds of blood which Rome, in days neighbourhood of Smithfield would be gone by, enacted in her midst. În most acceptable,- I could venture to Smithfield, what numbers of the saints prophesy that the required thousands of God were burned with fires, kin- would be forthcoming with thankful dled by the blood-loving priests of and speedy liberality. an unchangeably wicked and cruel Only let some well drawn up tract Church; which is now, as it ever has on this subject be at once written, and been and ever will be, trying to root widely circulated, and I feel sure that out the very existence of every other the earnest response will at once faform of Christianity besides their own vourably manifest itself.

H. L.

Rebiews, and short Notices of Books. Cautions For The Times. Addressed the Irish Church. In our judgment, the

to the Parishioners of a Parish in rumour is pretty accurately confirmed England, by their former Rector.

by the style; but if so, we are some

what at a loss to understand why the No. 9. 8vo. J. W. Parker.

writer should have felt any difficulty Rumour very confidently refers the in giving the very excellent and ably authorship of the above series of Tracts written subject, the additional weiglit to the pen of a very high dignitary of of his name and station.

We

The tract before us is, in the first Royal Supremacy is the same in both place, a kind of recapitulation of the countries; they required measures to be foregoing Numbers, and a summary

taken in England for checking Roof the reasons which caused their pub- manism, which they said would be no lication, and the manner in which the persecution there, while they granted that question should be met. They will be

such measures would be persecution if found to possess sound sense, tinged great alarm at the increase of the num

extended to Ireland. They professed with the well-known and peculiar po

bers of Roman-catholics in England, and litical sentiments of the author.

called for legislation to prevent the danwill let him state the question in his

gers thence likely to arise to civil and own words :

religious liberty, while they thought that “ What led us to send you these 'Cau. no such danger was threatened by the tions,' was the great agitation raised in numbers of the Irish Roman-catholics, England by the • Papal aggression. The which are more than twice as large. Pope had put in force the claim (which Their inconsistent demands, in short, he had always made), of governing all might remind one of the Prince in the baptized persons in England, just as if Arabian Nights, who asked for a tent we had no bishops of our own; and the large enough to cover an army of 100,000 gentleman whom he appointed Archbi

men, and yet small enough to fit in his shop of Westminster openly declared, in pocket. That would be a very unreasona very offensive manner, that he had the

able thing to ask, except (as he did) of a exclusive right of ruling, in spiritual fairy queen. matters, all persons throughout the dis “In this state of things, we thought it trict attached to his see.

expedient to address to you some timely " The avowal of such bold pretensions, Cautions—to point out to you the folly and the arrogant way in which they were and wickedness of attempting to put down put forward, excited general indignation; religious error, or to repel insults and and many people in England seemed aggressions upon our faith or Church seized with a kind of panic, as if the Pope by civil penalties or laws of any kind ; were just going to make us all his sub

and to show you that the great danger, jects by force, whether we would or not, in the present case, was one which could and that, consequently, we should pre be met by no legislative cnactment, but pare ourselves for a forcible resistance: by each individual for himself.” and, in men's common talk in conversation, and their speeches at the public The author then glances at the conmeetings called upon that occasion, there tents of Nos. 2, 3, and 8, in which he was such a mixing up of civil and religi- has examined the tracts recently put ous questions of the danger to our liber. forth by the Romanists in support of ties from Roman-catholic ambition and intolerance, and the danger to our faith have ourselves seen quite enough of

their pretensions; some of which we and morals from Roman-catholic false teaching: and then, again, of the insult

to agree with him “that, wherever

the secret of their success may lie, it offered to our Church by acting as if it did not exist, and of the insult to the

does not lie in the strength of their Queen in assuming such titles as she only arguments.” He, however, accurately has a right to bestow,—there was such a ascribes this success to the tendency mixing up of all these matters together of corrupt human nature towards such as seemed to show that many of those a system as the Romish; and he then who talked most, and seemed most likely traces, with great truth and power, to lead others, had themselves very con the development of the same princifused notions of the whole matter.

Men ple of the famous

“ Tracts for the declared their wish to tolerate the Roman. Times,” the false teaching of which catholic Church, which is essentially epis- he ably refutes in the Number becopal and subject to the Pope, and, at the same time, not to allow of Roman

There is much of excellent matter catholic bishops, or direct intercourse

in the whole of these “ Cautions" for with the court of Rome-they demanded measures to vindicate the Royal Supre- the thoughtful study of our clerical macy, by preventing the assumption of brethren; they may perhaps suggest certain titles in England, while they were weapons of defence in controversy, willing-many of them-to put up with which it may not have occurred to such assumption in Ireland; though the them to use; while our lay brethren

fore us.

will find the whole question so suc thor sets out by appealing to Lord John cinctly, and yet so fully stated, that as the adviser of the crown, in its chathey will do well to read very care racter of supreme earthly head of the fully what are, with but very few ex national Church :ceptional passages, admirable manuals

“ I have presumed to address these refor a people among whom Romanists

marks, in the form of a letter to your are working with inconceivable acti- Lordship, as having been the first to vity. The examination, in No. 7, of direct public attention effectively to the the Romish tract, “Old Stones tell true point of danger, namely, the proTales,” in a “dialogue between Tho- gress of Romish error within the Church; mas the carpenter, who is a Protestant and, likewise, as having occupied for so and (of course) very ignorant, and long a period the first place in the counJohn the mason, who is a Roman- cils of a sovereign, whom that Church catholic and of course) intelligent acknowledges to be her supreme earthly and well informed;"—is capitally han- head. They involve, it is true, the disdled. We should like to get, -what, belong to the province of the theologian,

cussion of topics, generally supposed to from the fearful spiritual power of the rather than to that of the civil ruler. But Romish priesthood over the minds it should be remembered that the supreand wills of their people, is almost an macy claimed by the civil power of this impossibility, - the intelligent Ro country, over the national Establishment, manist to read this one tract most is, in an important sense, a spiritual suattentively.

premacy; for it has always asserted the right of veto, upon even the most purely

dogmatic decisions of the ecclesiastical SCRIPTURAL Revision of the LITURGY: synod. And, even if it were not so, re

cent events have shewn most conclusively, A Remedy for Anglican Assumption that religious belief lies, especially in times and Papal Aggression : A Letter to of moral and intellectual advancement, at Lord John Russell. By a Member the very foundation of the entire frame

work of society,—that its influence over of the Middle Temple. pp. 194. the deepest springs of human action, and London. R. Groombridge.

the current of human thought is, in spite

of the theories of metaphysical speculaIn this closely reasoned and tem- tion, irresistibly powerful, and that it perately written pamphlet, we have cannot therefore be neglected, even by an earnest application to the Premier the practical politician, with impunity. to set on foot a revision of the Prayer “Of this great truth, and of its imporbook. It is needless to say that in

tant bearing upon the present ecclesiasthis prayer the author meets with the

tical crisis, the proceedings of the Papacy, open response of thousands of the best especially as exemplified in the late

decision of the synod of Thurles, -afford of Churchmen; while the secret wishes and aspirations of thousands besides, tion. Indissolubly united as are the se

a striking and most instructive illustramust be also given to its success. veral elements of the spiritual, the eccle

In the case of this pamphlet, as with siastical, and the temporal, in the practical that of many other works, we have to development of the Papal system; it is regret that the author does not give plain that its encroachments can never his name; we cannot too frequently be effectually resisted by the machinery express our conviction, that where of a merely secular policy. Romanism, writers have either a known character it is true, assails our secular interests, or status, they should, if they wish to

and aims at nothing less than secular ashave a chance of literary life, publish cendancy; but it can only accomplish boldly in propria persona. There may

these temporal objects, by first enslaving be insuperable objections, but if none

the soul of man, through an instrumensuch exist, we would strongly advise Auences which are essentially and pro

tality exclusively sacerdotal, and by inthose who are in earnest on Church foundly spiritual. It is upon the ground matters especially, to give their names of the spiritual, therefore, that its preas well as their opinions.

tensions must be met. Conscience must We have not space to enter largely be emancipated from its grasp; and this into a notice of this pamphlet: the au can only be done by opposing truth to AUGUST-1851.

2 A

error,—the simple Gospel of the Divine isting evils, the magnitude of which can Redeemer to the unscriptural dogmas, no longer be concealed.” and unauthorized observances, of an idol

The author has some valuable reatrous and puerile superstition. “To render our national Church effec

marks upon the proper position and tual to this great end, ought henceforth

duties of the laity, in the settlement to be the chief aim and purpose of all

of Church matters; but we must in her true members. A question, however, some degree dissent from the manner of no small perplexity immediately arises, in which he appears to consider the By what instrumentality is such an object voice of the laity as expressed in the to be made attainable in the present day, crown. At page 31 he says, and under existing circumstances ? I trust it will appear, in the course of the

“It is true, indeed, the laity cannot as following remarks, that there still sur

yet give effect to their desires for the good vives, in the supremacy of the crown, a

of the Church, through the regular chanconstitutional power adequate to its suc

nel of a representative assembly. There cessful accomplishment; and fully com

still, however, survives to them, another, petent, both to suppress flagrant abuses,

and no less legitimate medium of operaand likewise to authorize such modifica

tion, in the royal prerogative of supretion of our devotional services, as may

macy. This, as the highest civil authorender the Church more scriptural as a

rity, has frequently been exercised to the Christian communion, and more compre

great benefit of the Church : and more hensive and efficient as a national Es

especially has it been employed, and that tablishment."

with effect, to check by timely interposi

tion, those abuses in doctrine and practice The idea of the appeal to Convoca- which have been so frequently arising tion, in its antiquated and impracti- from the excesses of party zeal, or the cable form, is altogether repudiated, undue assumption of priestly domination. in a very able statement of its past

* We hold,' says the Rev. Mr. Goode, character and history. Our corres

'that the power belonging to the sovepondent “H. L.” will, however, find reign, as the representative of the laity, matter for encouragement in the fol

even in matters of faith, is of the highest

value to the interests of truth; and that lowing remarks :

we are now, in this country, reaping the “But, my Lord, these observations benefit of the exercise of that power at the upon the inexpediency of attempting to period of the Reformation.' No other revive convocational action in the Church power, indeed, appears to exist at the at the present time, and in its pristine present juncture, at once so authoritative form, are by no means intended to apply and so readily available, both for the supto the case of ecclesiastical councils in pression of unwarranted doctrines and general, if properly constituted. That is practices, and likewise for the origination altogether a different question. Cranmer of such measures as may tend to establish attempted, at the Reformation, to es. the Church upon the only stable foundatablish in this country the Provincial tion of sound scriptural Protestantism. Council after the model of the ancient Great, indeed, is the responsibility of those Church. And so it might be again; or whose province it is to advise the soveperhaps some other council might be de. reign, with regard to the exercise of that vised, so constituted as really to deserve exalted prerogative which her Majesty to be called the true Church of Eng. now wields as supreme earthly head of the land by representation.' This, however, national Church; capable as it is, by is a subject for future consideration. The timely interposition, of such extensive day is, perhaps, not far distant, when the benefits to the cause of true religion. ecclesiastical affairs of this country may Without assuming to define the exact nabe regulated by a synod, constituted ac- ture and extent of this prerogative of the cording to the only scriptural model for crown, it is enough to say that it has, as such an assembly, namely, the first ge- an appendage of the sovereign power, a neral council of Jerusalem; and animated constitutional existence, and an undoubted by a happy spirit of catholic moderation, right to interpose its authority. The and of implicit deference to the teaching precise extent of its powers is not at all of the inspired word. In the meantime, material to the great question of responhowever, a crisis has come upon us which sibility. These powers are sufficient to admits not of delay. Immediate mea- meet the wants of the present occasion ; sures are required for the remedy of ex- and being supreme and paramount in

he says, –

their nature, they must necessarily in- because they perceive both the Protestant volve corresponding obligations."

faith, and the Church herself, to be in ac

tual danger; and that such modification We may at the present time be

has become indispensable for the presercomparatively satisfied with that ex- vation of both. They believe that it is ercise of the civil power which has utterly vain to repudiate the false theology for a while stemmed the tide of the of Anglicanism, if the language upon Tractarian heresy, and frowned upon which it is supported be suffered to rethe tyrannical usurpation of authority main. They are convinced, moreover, by the Bishop of Exeter; but we must

that the time has coine, not only for hold that the government of the day, cleansing the Establishment effectually - which one hour may be, like the

from Romanizing errors, but likewise for present, hostile to Church bigotry, widening its base, as a national Establishand another , like that of the possibly ment, by an enlightened regard to the

wants and sympathies of our national incoming party, just the reverse,

Protestantism; and for exhibiting someis not that body in which we should what more of the spirit of comprehensive be satisfied permanently to vest the christian charity towards our Noncon. right to deliberate and decide in mat- formist brethren. Peace and unity they ters of a spiritual nature. It would desire, not less than the clergy; but they be far wiser, were we to busy ourselves feel persuaded that these blessings can with framing a reformed constitution only be secured permanently, upon the for such an assembly as we have seen basis of truth and equity; and that, to that the author himself has hinted at. stave off the dangers of the present crisis He has in the following passage very by a hollow compromise, or by an obsticorrectly stated the moderate views

nate resistance to the claims of justice,

would be to ensure the eventual downfall and language held by those who, with

of the Church. him, are sincerely bent on obtaining

“Let me not be misunderstood. To a revision of the Ritual. At page 64

any rash or latitudinarian treatment of our invaluable Liturgy, every sound and

considerate Churchman must entertain “It is, however, rather a spirit of ear

the utmost repugnance. Let us be connest and hopeful enquiry, than of feverish

tent with such alterations only, as present and perilous excitement, which is now discernible amongst the mass of Church

necessity, and the marked intimations of men. And it certainly cannot be denied, quire. The stain of an unscriptural su,

an over-ruling Providence, seem to rethat moderation is a feature eminentlyperstition is now upon our altars; and characteristic of the minds of all those, whose position would entitle them to take

our business is to provide for its effectual

removal. If we be but faithful to our exan influential part in the work of liturgical isting obligations, then, should further reform. Of such moderation, the Primate's 'reply' is itself a most striking ex

amendments be hereafter required, we may

rest assured that, with the necessity, the emplification; and proves beyond a doubt that, although the initiative must proceed likewise be afforded. Let our immediate

opportunity of accomplishing them will from another, and a still higher quarter,

attention, therefore, be confined to the the Archbishop is eminently qualified to take charge of such a work, and to guide phraseology in our services as may tend

exposure and correction of all such it to a successful termination. It should, likewise, be remembered, that the sooner

to foster Romanizing tendencies, and to the present movement assumes a practical truth."

impede the progress of evangelical character, so much the sooner will vapid declaimers, and reckless schemers, lose We regret that our space will not their influence and their power of doing admit of a more extended notice of mischief.

this pamphlet, in the later pages of “Even amongst the laity, the most

which the author enters very fully prominent advocates of revision, no proposition has yet appeared, -no demon

into an examination of the Baptismal stration has yet been made,- of such a

Service, and the way in which its lancharacter as to afford just cause of alarm. guage ministers to the delusive and Laymen, it is true, are beginning to inti- dangerous doctrines of the so-called mate a strong desire for some modification Sacramental Scheme. We must hasten of the Prayer-book : but the reason is, to give the author's own summary,

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