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preached seven evenings in succession preaching thus became a service of great from the tombstone of his father at Epc danger; and it is worth while to record, worth, and the historian says “ Some that itinerancy was very different from remarkable circumstances attended what it would be in the present day, Wesley's preaching in these parts. Some for then there were no turnpikes in Engof bis opponents in the excess of their land, and no stage-coach which went zeal against enthusiasm, took up a farther than York. In many parts of whole waggon load of Methodists, and the northern counties, neither coach nor carried thein before a justice. When chaise had ever been seen, and Wesley they were asked what these persons had usually travelled on horseback, accomdone, there was an awkward silence ; panied by one of his preachers, and at last one of the accusers said, · Why, reading as he rode. Some idea of the they pretended to be better than other hardships endured may be gathered people ; and, besides, they prayed from from the following extract. morning till night.' The magistrate
“ At the commencement of his erasked if they had done nothing else. rantry, he (Wesley) had sometimes to • Yes, Sir,' said an old man, “an't bear with an indifference and insensiplease your worship, they have convart- bility in . bis friends, which was more ed
my wife. Till she went among them likely than any opposition to have abatshe had such a tongue ! and now she is ed his ardour. He and John Nelson as quiet as a lamb !'—Carry them rode from common to common, in back, carry them back,' said the magis- Cornwall, preaching to a people who trate, and let them convert all the scolds heard willingly, but seldom or never in the town.' “Methodism, as we proffered them the slightest act of bos. have just stated had assumed form and pitality. Returning one day in autumn consistence. Meeting-houses had been from one of these hungry excursions, built, societies formed and disciplined, Wesley stopt his horse at some bramfunds raised, rules enacted, lay preach- bles, to pick the fruit. • Brother Nelers admitted, and a regular system of son,' said he,' we ought to be thankful itinerancy begun. Its furious symp- that there are plenty of blackberries, for toms had subsided, the affection had this is the best country I ever saw for reached a calmer stage of its course, and getting a stomach, but the worst that I there were no longer any of those out- ever saw for getting food. Do the peorageous exhibitions which excited scan- ple think that we can live by preaching?' dal and compassion, as well as aston- They were detained some time at St. ishment. But Wesley continued, with Ives, because of the illness of one of his constitutional fervour, to preach the their companions ; and their lodging doctrines of instantaneous regeneration, was little better than their fare. All assurance, and sinless perfection.” The that time,' says John, “Mr. Wesley populace however began to persecute and I lay on the floor; he had my the new sect; and, though frequently greatcoat for his pillow, and I had Burprotected by the local magistracy, and kett's Notes on the New Testament for by the laws, some instances occurred in mine. After being bere near three which the former forgot their duties, weeks, one morning, about three o'clock, and the latter were outraged. Wesley Mr. Wesley turned over, and finding himself, kad more than once very nar me awake, clapped me on the side, row escapes with life and limb; and saying, “ Brother Nelson, let us be of his followers were often treated with good cheer, I have one whole side yet; great brutality. As the rebellion of for the skin is off but on one side.'' 1745 approached, they suffered in pro It is worth adding, that Wesley was portion to the belief that they were dis- finely alive to the effects of oatural sitaffected and dangerous.
, uation in the spots which he selected especially, the founder was maltreated for his preaching ; insomuch that some and Nelson, Maxfield, and others, were of his landscapes are drawn with all the pressed, imprisoned, and ill-used. Field enthusiasm of a feeling and skilful artist.
It may be supposed that the Method- he was addressing those of a lower ist labours were most effectual among raok. the middle and lower orders. Wesley, “But though Wesley preferred the "writing to some Earl, who took a middling and lower classes of society to lively interest in the revival of religion, the rich, the class which he liked least which, through the impulse given, di- were the farmers. In the little jourrectly or indirectly, by Methodism, was nies which I have lately taken,' he says, taking place, he says,. To speak rough • I have thought much of the huge entruth, I do not desire any intercourse comiums wbich have been for many with any persons of quality in Eng- ages bestowed on a country life. How land. I mean, for my owo sake. They have all the learned world cried out, do me no good, and, I fear, I can do o fortunati nimium, bona si sua norint, none to them.' To another correspon
Agricolæ ! dent he says, ' I have found some of the But, after all, what a flat contradiction uneducated poor who have exquisite is this to universal experience ! See taste and sentiment; and many, very the little house, under the wood, by the many of the rich, who have scarcely any river side! There is rural life in perat all.'-—In most genteel religious peo- fection. How happy, then, is the farple there is so strange a mixture, that I mer that lives there ! - Let us take a have seldom much confidence in them. detail of his happiness. He rises with, But I love the poor ; in many of them or before the sun, calls his servants, I find pure genuine grace, unmixed looks to his swine and cows, then to with paint, folly and affectation. And his stable and barns. He sees to the again, “ How unspeakable is the plowing and sowing bis ground in winadvantage in point of common sepse, ter or in spring. In summer and auwhich middling people have over the tumn he hurries and sweats among bis rich! There is so much paint and af. mowers and reapers.
And where is fectation, so many unmeaning words his happiness in the mean time? Which and senseless customs among people of of these employments do we envy ? Or rank, as fully justify the remark made do we envy the delicate repast which 1700 years ago, Sensus communis in succeeds, which the poet so languishes illâ fortunâ rarus.”_' 'Tis well,' he for? says, ' a few of the rich and noble are
O quando faba, Pythagoræ cognatu, simulque called. Oh ! that God would increase Uncta satis pingui ponentur oluscula lardo! their number. But I should rejoice, Ob the happiness of eating beans well were it the will of God, if it were done greased with fat bacon ; nay, and cabby the mioistry of others. If I might bage too! Was Horace in his senses choose, I should still, as I have done when he talked thus ? or the servile bitberto, preach the gospel to the poor.' herd of his imitators ? Our eyes and Preaching in Mopk-town church, (one ears inay convince us that there is not of the three belonging to Pembroke,) a less happy body of men in all Enga large old ruinous building, he says, land than the country farmers. In general •I suppose it has scarce had such a con- their life is supremely dull; and it is usugregation in it during this century. ally unhappy too ; for, of all people in Many of them were gay genteel peó- the kingdom, they are the most discocple ; so I spa ke on the first elements of tented, seldom satisfied either with God the gospel : but I was still out of their or man.' Wesley was likely to judge depth. Oh, how bard it is to be shal- thus unfavourably of the agricultural low enough for a polite audience !' Yet part of the people, because they were Wesley's correspondence with the few the least susceptible of Methodism.” persons over whom he obtained any in- At this era of Methodism, “even where fuence in higher life, tho' written with it was well established, and, on the honest and conscientious freedom, is al. whole, flourishing, there were great together untain ted with any of that al- finctuations, and Wesley soon found loy which too frequently appeared when how little he could depend upon the
perseverance of bis couverts. Early in only qualification which he required. his career he took the trouble of enquir- “ If the aspirant possessed no other remg into the motives of seventy-six per- quisite for his work, and failed to prosuns, who, in the course of three duce an effect upon his bearers, bis armonths, had withdrawn from one of his dour was soon cooled, and he withdrew societies in the north. The result was quietly from the field; but such cases curious. Fourteen of them said they were not very frequent. The gift of left it because otherwise their ministers voluble utterance is the commonest of would not give them the sacrament : all gifts ; and when the audience are in these, be it observed, were chiefly Dis- sympathy with the speaker, they are senters. Nine, because their husbands easily affected ;* the understanding or wives were not willing they should makes no demand, provided the passions stay in it. T'welve, because their pa- find their food. But, on the other rents were not willing. Five, because hand, when enthusiasm was united with their master and mistress would not let strength of talents and of character, them come. Seven, because their ac- Wesley was a skilful preceptor, who quaintance persuaded them to leave it. knew how to discipline the uptutored Five, because people said such bad mind, and to imbue it thoroughly with things of the Society. Nine, because his system.” “ No founder of a mothey would not be laughed at. Three, nastic order ever more entirely possessbecause they would not lose the poorsed the respect, as well as the love and allowance. Three more, because they admiration of his disciples ; nor better could not spare time to come. Two, understood their individual characters, because it was too far off. One, be- and how to deal with each according to cause she was afraid of falling into fits : the measure of his capacity. Where ---her reason might have taught Wesley strength of mind and steadiness were a useful lesson. One, because people united with warmth of heart, he made were so rude in the street. Two, be- the preacher bis counsellor as well as cause Thomas Naisbit was in the Socie- his friend : when only simple zeal was ty. One, because he would not turn to be found, he used it for his instruhis back on his baptism. One, be- ment as long as it lasted. An itinerant cause the Methodists
mere who was troubled with doubts respecte Church-of-England-men. And one, ing his call, wrote to him in a fit of low because it was time enough to serve spirits, requesting that he would send a God yet. The character of the con- preacher to supersede him in his circuit, verts, and the wholesome discipline to because he believed he was out of his which they were subject, is still farther place. Wesley replied in one short exhibited, by an account of those who, sentence, • Dear brother, you are inin the same time,liad been expelled from deed out of your place ; for you are the same Society :--they were, two for reasoning, when you ought to be praycursing and swearing, two for habitual ing. And this was all. Thus temsabbath-breaking, seventeen for drunk- pering his authority, sometimes with enness, two for retailing spirituous playfulness, and always with kindness, liquors, three for quarrelling and brawl- he obtained from his early followers an ing, one for beating his wife, three for unhesitating, a cheerful, and a devoted habitual wilfal lying, four for railing obedience. One of them, whom he and evil speaking, one for idleness and Sewel relates, with all simplicity and sincerity, in laziness, and nine-and-twenty for light- his History of the Quakers, that his mother, a Dutch ness and carelessness. It would be well woman, preached in her native language to a congre for the community if some part of this gation of English Friends, and that though they did discipline were in general use.”
not understand a single word, they were nevertheless
edified by the discourse. A man returned from afThe aid of lay-preachers was very tending one of Whitfield's sermons, and said it was unpalatable to Wesley at first; but it good for him to be there : the place, indeed, was so was forced upon him by circumstances, crowded, that he had not been able to get near and in the individual cases zoal was the
enough to hear him ; " but then,"
"* I saw his bless
had summoned from Bristol to meet the early coadjutors in Methodist prosehim at Holyhead, and accompany him lytism, such as John Oliver, John Pawto Ireland, set out on foot, with only son, Alexander Mather, Thomas Olithree shillings in his pocket. It is a
vers, John Haime, Sampson Staniforth, proof how coofidently such a man George Story, &c. whose lives present might calculate upon the kindliness of considerable variety, and amusing biohuman nature, that, during six nights graphical incident. The wives of itinout of seven, this innocent adventurer erant preachers came to be allowed 4s. was hospitably entertained by utter per week, during the absence of their strangers, and when he arrived he had husbands, and 1l. per quarter for each one penny
left. John Jane (such was child. When the husband was his name) did not long survive this ex- home, 1s. 6d. a day was allowed for his pedition : he brought on a fever by board, at the rate of 6d. for dinner, and walking in exceeding hot weather; and 4d. for breakfast, tea, and supper. When Wesley, recording his death in his jour. invited out, the allowance was deducted. nal, concludes in this remarkable man- In 1748, Kingwood School near Brisder :- All his clothes, linen and wool- tol, was also, through the bounty of len, stockings, hat, and wig, are not Lady Maxwell, established for the eduthought sufficient to answer his funeral cation of fifty boys, and some very small expences, which amount to 1l. 17s. 3d. provision was made for the preachers All the money he had was 1s. 4d.- themselves. The annual conferences Enough for any unmarried preacher of began in 1744, when J. Wesley, C. the gospel to leave to his executors !". Wesley, four other clergymen, and four
Mr. Southey gives us here brief epi- lay co-operators, met for the first time tomes of the • Experiences' of some of on the affairs of the society.
From the New Monthly Magazine.
poble as it was discriminating.-- lodgings of Col. Gwynn and Col. DigDuring his illness in 1789, a committee by. The maid-servant was cleaning was appointed to examine the state of the door. The girl threw down her' the privy purse. When out of an in- mop, and ran away to the bell. The come of £60,000 per annum, it was King stopped her, and desired her to found that his Majesty never gave a- show him where the fellows slept. The way less than £14,000 a year in cha- girl obeyed, and his majesty went him rity!
self and called them up. The Colonels The first morning the king was at leaped out of their beds as if surprised Worcester, which was in August, 1788, in camp by an enemy, but the king was he went down the street incog. He was off, and they were obliged to run over soon recognized, and when he came up- the town to find him. on the bridge, he turned round to the The virtue of humanity was one people and said — This, I suppose, is which his majesty was always particuWorcester New Bridge ??— Yes,please larly careful to instil into the minds of your majesty,' said a cobler.-" Then,' his children. On one occasion at breaksaid he, my boys, let's have a huzza !' fast, while the king was reading a news His majesty set the example, and a fine paper, one of the younger branches of shout there was. Afterwards they con- the family, looking up in the queen's tinued huzzaing him all the way to the face, said, “Mamma, I can't think what palace.
a prison is ! Upon its being explained, The second morning the king was and understanding that the prisonerg
were often half starved for want, the His majesty asked lord Denbigh, afchild replied, “That is cruel, for the ter the civil list debate in the house of prison is bad enough without starving; lords, who were the priocipal speakers? but I will give all my allowance to buy He was told that lord Talbot shone bread for the poor prisoners!' Due more than any one else, especially in praise was given for this benevolent in- stating the great expense which his matention, which was directed to be put jesty was at from having such a number in force, together with an addition from of children. This made the king laugh their majesties.
beartily. The next levee lord Talbot In the severe winter of 1784-5, bis was present at, the king weot immedimajesty, regardless of the weather, wag ately up to him. “So, Talbot, I find I taking a solitary walk on foot, when he have offended you most egregiously, was met by two boys, the eldest not and that you have abused me by bell, eight years of age, who although igno- book and candle.' The old lord, struck rant that it was the king, fell upon their half dumb, faltered out, “ Sir~-your knees before him, and wringing their majesty-sir, I hope—surely,” &c. Uplittle hands, prayed for relief." The on which the king, laughing still more, smallest relief,” they cried, “ for we are said, Why, my lord, you are very aphungry, very hungry, and have nothing gry I find at my presumiog to have so to eat.”—More they would have said, many children.' «Lord, sir !" ejaculabut a torrent of tears checked their ut- ted his lordship. • It is very true, my terance. The father of his people rais- lord, I assure you: you complained ed the weeping supplicants, and encour- heavily the other day in the house of aged them to proceed with their story. lords at the number of tables necessary They did so, and related that their mo- upon account of such an unconscionable ther had been dead three days, and still number of children. “Jadeed, your lay unburied; that their father, whom majesty has- I protest, sir, 1 ” Nay, they were also afraid of losing, was my lord, don't deny it; and you said stretched by her side on a bed of straw, farther, that if I was a booby of a lord in a sick and hopeless condition; and I might have so and so, but being a that they had neither money, food, nor king, I ought to know better. The firing at home. This artless tale was poor lord was then perfectly agitated to more than sufficient to excite sympathy conceive who should have made such in the royal bosom : his majesty there- reports ; and this made the good nafore ordered the boys to proceed home- tured monarch laugh ten times more, ward, and followed them until they who enjoyed lord Talbot's confusion reached a wretched hovel. There he for some time before he undeceived him. found the mother dead, apparently When the late king visited Portsthrough the want of common necessa- mouth in 1789, in order to be present ries, the father ready to perish also, but at the grand review, he was much pleastill encircling with his feeble arm the sed with the following bon mot of lord deceased partner of his woes, as if un- Lothian." A boy mounted aloft with willing to survive her.. The sensibility such agility as to surprise every spectaof the monarch betrayed itself in the tor. The king said to his lordship, tears which started from his eyes; and · Lothian, I have heard much of your leaving all the cash-which he had with agility ; let us see you run up after that him, he hastened back to Windsor, re- boy. “Sir, it is my duty to follow lated to the queen what he had witness- your majesty." ed, and sent an immediate supply of When his majesty was about to reprovisions, clothes, coals, and every turn thanks to the Almighty in public, thing necessary for the comfort of the after his happy recovery in the year helpless family. Revived by the boun- 1789, he was advised to keep himseti ty of his sovereign, the man soon re- very warm when be visited St. Paul's covered
; and the king, to finish his cathedral for that purpose. I hope,' good work, educated and provided for replied he, I shall never feel cold at the children.