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stopher's, Nevis, and Montserrat; and the fore ancient poffeßions of their respective allies, such treffes of these idands thall be delivered up in the as they were in the year 1776. condition they were in when the conquest of XVII. The King of Great-Britain being dethem was made. The same stipulations interted firous to give to his Moft Chritian Majeity a in the preceding article fhall take place in favour fincere proof of reconciliation and friendihip, of the French subjects, with respect to the islands and to contribute to render solid che peace reenumerated in the present article.
established between their said Majefties, confents IX. The King of Great-Britain cedes in full to the abrogation and suppression of all the artiright, and guaranties to his Moft Christian Ma
cles relative to Dunkirk, from the Treaty of jeity' the river Senegal, and its dependencies
, Peace concluded at Utrecht in 1713, inclufive, with the forts of St. Louis, Podor, Galam,
to this day. Arguin, and Portendic; and his Britannic Ma
XVIII. Immediately after the exchange of the jefty reitores to France the itland of Goree, which ratifications, the two high contracting parties Thall be delivered up in the condition it was in Thall naine commissaries to treat concerning new when the conquest of it was made.
arrangements of commerce between the two X. The Most Christian King, on his part, nations, on the balis of reciprocity and mutual syaranties to the King of Great Britain the pos- convenience; which arrangements shall be setleifion of Fort James, and of the river Gambia.
tled and concluded within the space of two years, XI. For preventing all discussion in that part to be computed from the first of January, in the of the world, the two high contracting partics year 1784. 1hall, within three months after the exchange of XIX. All the countries and territories which the ratifications of the present treaty, name may have been, or which may be conquered in commillaries, who Thall be charged with the set any part of the world whatioever, by the arms tling and fixing of the boundaries of the respective of his Britannick Majesty, as well as by those posleitions. As to the gum trade, the English of his Moit Christian Majesty, which are not iniball have the liberty of carrying it on from the cluded in the present treaty, neither under the mouth of the river St. John, to the Bay and head of ceilions, nor under the head of rettiu. Fort of Portendi inclusively. Provided thai they tions, thall be restored without difficulty, and thall not form any permanent settement, of what without requiring any compensation. nature loever, in the iaid river St. John, upon XX. As it is necessary to appoint a certain the coast, or in the bay of Portendic.
period for the restitutions and evacuations to be XII. As to the relidue o: the coast of Africa, inade by each of the high contracting parties, it the English and French subjects thall continue to is agreed that the King of Great-Britain thail refort thereto, according to the ulage which has caule to be evacuated the islands of St. Pierre and hitherto prevailed.
Miquelon, three months after the ratinication of XIII.' The King of Great-Britain restores to the preient treaty, or sooner, it it can be done; his Most Chriftian Majetty all the settlements St. Lucia (one of the Caribbee islands) and Gorec which belonged to him at the beginning of the in Africa, three months after the ratification of prefent war, upon the coat of Orixa, and in the present treaty, or fooner, it it can be done. Bengal, with liberty to furround Chandernagore The King of Great-Brituin ihall, in like manner, with a ditch for carrying off the waters: and at the end of three months after the ratitication his Britannic Majelty engages to take such mea- of the present treaty, or sooner, if it can be fures as thall be in his power, for fecúring to the done, enter again into the potletion of the idlands subjects of France in that part of India, as well as of Grenada and the Grenadines, St. Vincent's on the coasts of Orixa, Coromandel and Malabar, Dominica, St. Christopher's, Nevis, and Monta a safe, free, and independent trade, such as was ferrat. France shall be put in polletion of the carried on by the French Eait-India Company, towns and factories which are rettored to her in whether they exercise it individually, or united the East-Indics, and of the territories which are in a company.
procured for her, to serve as additional depelXIV. Pondicherry shall be in like manner de- dencies to Pondicherry, and to Karikal, sir livered up and guarantied to France, as also Ka- months after the ratification of the present treaty, rikal; and his Britannick Mujeity shall procure, or sooner if it can be done. France ihall deliver for an aduitional dependency to Pondicherry, the up, at the end of the like term of tix months, the two districts of Valanour and Bahour; and to towns and territories which her arms may
have Karikal, the four Magans bordering thereupon. taken from the English, or their allies, in the
XV. France shall re-enter into the polletion Ealt-Indies. In contequence whereof, the neof Mahe, as well as of its factory at Surat; and ceflary orders shall be lent by each of the high the French thall carry on their trade in this part contracting parties, with reciprocal paliports for of India, comfornably to the principles eita- the ships which shall carry tirem, inmediateig blithed in the thirteenth article of this treaty.
after the ratification of the present treaty. XVI. Orders having been sent to India by the XXI. The decision of the prizes and leizures hich conuacting parties, in pursuance of the made prior to the hostilities thall be relerred to fixteenth article of the Preliminaries, it is further the respective courts of justice; so that the le agreed, that is, within the turn of four months, gality of the laid prizes and seizures Ahall be dcthe respetiive allies of their Boitannick and Moft cided, according to the law of nations, and to Christian Majelties shall not have accided to the treaties, in the courts of justice of the native preient pacification, or concluded a separate ae- which shall have made the captures, or ordered commodation, their faid Niajerlies fail not give the feifures. them any altance, oireetly or indirectly, againt XXII. For preventing the revival of the lantie Briuh or French posledic., ur avent the suits which hari bcen ended in the itlands coe
quered or either of the high contracting parties,
DECLARATION. it is ag reed that the judgenients pronounced in the TUE King having entirely agreed with his lait reori, and which have acquired the force of Mot Christian Majeity upon the articles of the inatters de ermined, thall be confirmed and exe- Definitive Treaty, will feek every means i quted according to their form and tenor.
Thall not only ensure the execution theres, si XXVI. Theie Britannick and Mort Christian his accustomed good faith and punctuality, Ma eities promile to obferve fincerely, and bona will belides give, on his part, ali pollibie effica fide, all the articles contained and established in to the principles, which shall preverit eves us the prelent treaty; and they will not luster the least foundation or dispute for the future. fame to be infringed, directly or indirectly, by To this end, and in order that the tiheroes their respective lubjects; and the laid high con- of the two nations may not give cause tor daily tracting parties guaranty to each other, generally quurels, his Britannick Majesty will take the and reciprocally, all the itipulations of the pre- molt positive measures for preventing his fubiecte fent teaty.
from interrupting, in any manner, by elreir ccroXXIV. The solemn ratifications of the present petition, the tithery of the French, during ide treaty, prepared in good and due form, thall be temporary exercise of it which is granted tu thea exchanged in this city of Versailles, between the upon the coasts of the island of Newfound and; high contracting parties, in the space of a month, and he will, for this purpose, cause the fixed fetor fooner if poulible, to be computed from the tlements, which ihall be formed there, to be reday of the signature of the present treaty. moved. His Britannick Majesty will give orders,
In witness whereot, we, the underwritten am- that tue French tuhermen be not incommodei, in balladors extraordinary, and minifters plenipo- cutting the wood necelary for the repair of their tentiary, have tigned with our hands, in their fcattolds, huts, and fishing vetiels. names, and
virtue of our respective full pow- The thirteenth article of the Treaty of Utrecht, ers, the present Definitive Treaty, and have and the method of carrying on the thery which caused the seals of our arms to be affixed thereto. has at all times been acknowledged, shall be the
Done at Versailles, the third day of Sep- plan upon which the tihery thall be carried on
tember, One Thousand Seven Hundred, there; it shall not be deviated" trom by either and Eighty-three.
party; the French fishermen building only their (L. S.)
MANCHESTER. fcaffolds, contining themselves to the repair of L. S.) GRAVIER DE VERGENNES. their hihing veilels, and not wintering there; the
subjects of his Britannick Majesty, on their part, SEPARATE ARTICLES.
nt moletting, in any manner, the French finer
nen, during their fithing, nor injuring their Article 1. SOME of the titles made use of scarfolds during their absence by the cantracting parties, whether in the full The King of Great-Britain, in ceding the powers and other initruinents, during the course islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon to France, of the negociation, or in the preamble of the regards them as ceded for the purpose of lerving prelent treaty, not being generally acknowledged, as a real thelter to the French tithermen, and in it has been agreed that no prejudice thould ever full contidence that these poilellions will not berefult therefrem to cither of the faid contricing come an object of jealouts between the two naparlies; and that the titles taken or omitted, on tions; and that the fishery between the said either lide, upon occasion of the said negociation, itlands, and that of Newfoundland, thall beli. and of the present treaty, thall not be cited, or mited to the middle of the channel. quoted as a piedert.
With regard to India, Great-Britain haring ll. It has been agreed and determined, that granted to France every thing that can ascertain the French language, inade ute of in all the copies and confirm the trade which the latter requires of the present treaty, shall not form an example to carry on there, his Majesty relies with connwhich may be allouçed, or quoted as a precedent, dence on the repeated a jurances of the court or, in any m oner, prejudice either of the cel- ot Vertailles, that the power of fuitounding bating powers; and that they thall conform, Chandernagore with a ditch for carrying off the for the future, to what has been obferved, ar.d waters thall not be exercised in fuch a mioner, ought to be observed, with regard to, and on the as to make it become an object of umbrage. part of powers, who are in the proctice and for- The new ftate in which commen? may perletion of giving and receiving copies of like tra- haps be found, in all parts of the world, will us in a different language from the French; deiind revifions and explanations of the fubtitthe present treaty having, nevertheless, the iame ing treaties; but an entire abrogation of those force and virtue as if the aforeluid practice huu tuaties, in whatever period it might be, would burn theicin ofered.
thiow commere into luch contution as would be ; 1. witnes whereof, we, the under-written o imunite p.ejudice to it. an bailadours extraordinary, and ininters pievi- La fome not the treaties of this fout there are potentiary of their Britannick and Mot Chitian not only articles which relate merely to comAlajeitics, have figned the present separate article', merce, bui miny others which ensure reciproand have caused the teals of our arms to be ai- Calities, to the respective funjecis, o conduttfixed thereto.
ing their attairs, perional frotzer, and other Dene at Versailles, the third of Seprember, advantages, which are not, and which ou ht not
One Thousand Seren Hunded and fishey- to be of a changeable nature, such as the regla three.
lations relating me:cly to the value of goods and L. S.)
MANCHESTER. merchandiz, Variable from cincuntalices of il. S.) GRAVIER DE VERGLNVES.
STA TE P A P ER S.
359 When, therefore, the state of the trade between Seven Hundred and Thirteen. The King of the two nations ihall be treated upon, it is re- Great-Britain may judge from thence, that his quifite
to be underltood, that the alterations Majesty's intention is not in any wile to cancel which may be made in the sublisting treaties are all the itipulations in the above-mentioned teato extend only to arrangements merely com- ry; he declares, on the contrary, from hencetortta, mercial; and that the privileges and advantages, that he is disposed to maintain all the privileges, mutual and particular, be not only preserved on facilities, and advantages exprefled in that treatyo each hide, but even augmented, if it can be done. as far as they shall be. reciprocal, or compea
In this view, his Majesty has consented to the sated by equivalent advantages. It is to attain appointment of committaries on each side, who this end, detired on each side, that comnillaries Thall treat folely upon this object.
are to be appointed to treat upon the Itate of the In witness whereof, we, his Britannick Ma- trade between the two nations, and that a conjesty's ambassadour extraordinary and minister fiderable space of time is to be allowed for complenipotentiary, being thereto duely authoriled, pleting their work. His Majelty hopes that this have signed the prefent declaration, and caused object will be pursued with the lame good faith, ue seal of our arins to be set thereto.
and the fame Ipirit of conciliation, which preGiven at Vertailles the third of September, fided over the discuilion of all the other points
One Thouland Seven Hundred and Eighty- comprized in the Detinitive Treaty; and his laid three.
Majelty is turmiy perfuaded, that the respective (L. S.) MANCHESTER. commissaries will employ the utmost diligence
for the completion of this important work. COUNTER-DECLARATION.
In witneis whereof, we, the underwritten mi-
articles thereto annexed, and of which they form
LE COMTE DE MERCY
Mott Christian Majeliy, with the two leparare
of our anns to be trived hereto.
be DEFINITIVE TREATY of PEACE and FRIENDSHIP betuxer
bis BRITANNICK MAJESTY and the King of Spain. Signed at Versailles
vided Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy to his Moft Christian Majelty; and the Catho
lick King, the Most IUuitrious and Moit Eaccia
lent Lord Peter Paul Abarca de Bolea Ximenes in any manner concern: The Most Serene d'Urrea, &c. Count of Aranda and Caitel Fio. and Mott Potent Prince, George the Third, by rido, Marquis of Torres, of Villanan, and Rupit, the Grace of God, King of Great-Britain, France, Viscount of Rueda and Yoch, Baron of the Biand Ireland, Duke of Brunswick and Lunen- ronies of Gavin, Sientamo, Clamota, Eripol, Trazbourg, Arch-Treafurer and Elector of the Holy moz, La Mata de Castil-Viejo, Antillon, La AlRoman Empire, &c. and the Most Serene and molda, Cortes, Jova, St. Genis, Rabovilles, Most Potent Prince Charles the Third, by the Arcau, and Ste. Coluine de Farnes, Lord of the Grace of God, King of Spain, and of the Indies, Tenance and Honour of Alcalaten, the Valley &c. being equally desirous to put an end to the of Rodellar, the castles and towns of Maella war which tor several years palt afflicted their Mefones, Tiurana, and Villa Plana, Taradel, and respective dominions, accepted the offer which Viladrau, &c. Rico-Hombre in Arragon, by dietheir Majesties the Emperour of the Romans, and scent, Grandee of Spain of the first class the Empress of All the Rubias, made to them, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, and of their interpofition, and of their mediation. of that of the Holy Ghoit, Gentleman of the But their Britannick and Catholick Majelties, King's chamber in employment, Captain-Geneanimated with a mutual defire of accelerating ral of his orces, and his amballadour to the the re-estabahment of peace, communicated to Most Chritian King: who, after having exeach other their laudable intention, which Hea- changed their respective full powers, have agreed ven so far blessed, that they proceeded to lay the upon the following articles: foundations of pesce, by signing Preliminary Article I. There shall be a Chriitian, universal, Articles at Versailles, the zoth of January, in the and perpetual peace, as well by sea as by land; present year. Their faid Majelties, the King of and a lincere and constant friendlip shall be reGreat-Britain and the Catholick King, thinking eitablished between their Britannick and Cathoit incumbent upon thein to give their Imperial lick Majelties, and between their heirs and Majesties a signal proof of their gratitude for succesors, kingdoms, dominions, provinces, the generous orter of their mediation, invited countries, subjects, and valials, of what qux them, in concert, to concur in the completion of lity or condition fover they be, without exception the great and falutary work of peace, hy tak- tion either of places of persons; so that the high ing part as mediatours, in the definitive treaty contracting parties shall give the greatest atten. to be concluded between their Britannick and Can tion to the maintaining between the midves, and tholick Majesties. Their faid imperial Majelties their faid dominions and subjects, this reciprocal having readily accepted that invitation, they have friendship and intercourse, without permitting named as their representatives, viz. his Majesty hereafter, on either part, any kind of boitilities the Emperour of the Romans, the Most Illustrious to be committed, either by sea or by land, for and Moit Excellent Lord Florimond, Count any cause, or under any preteple whatever; and Mercy Argenteau, Viscount of Loo, Baron of they shall carcfuily avoid, for the future, every Chrichegnee, Knight of the Golden Fleece, thing which might prejudice the union happily Chamberlain, actual Privy Counsellor of State re-established, endeavouring, on the contrary, to to hr; Imperial and Royal Apoítolick Majesty, procure reciprocally for each other, on every of and his ambaladourto his Mon Christian Majelty; cation, whatever may contribute to their mutual and her Majeity the Empress of All the Rufias, glory, interefts, and advantage, without giving the Mott Tuttrious, and Moit Excellent Lord, any a littance or protection, directly or indirectly, Prince Iwan Bariatinskoy, Lieutenant-General of to thole who would do any injury w either of the the forces of her Imperial Majesty of All the high contracting parties. There ihall be a general Ruffias, Knight of the orders of St. Anne and oblivion and ainnelty of every thing which of the Swedith Sword, and her minuter pleni- may have been done or committed, betore or lince potentiary to his Moit Christian Majetty, and the the commencement of the war which is just Lord Arcadi de Marcott, Counsellor of State to ended. her Imperial Majesty of All the Rutiias, and her 11. The treaties of Westphalia of 1648; those minifter plenipotentiary to his Moit Christian of Madrid of 166%, and of 16-0; those of peace Majesty: In consequence, their said Majeities the and of commerce of Utrecht of 1713; that of King of Great-Britain, and the Catholick Baden of 1714; of Madrid of 1715; of Seville King, have named and constituted for their pleni- of 1729; the definitive treaty of Aix-la-Chapotentiaries, charged with the concluding and pelle of 1748; the treaty of Madrid of 17; 0; figning of the det.nitive treaty of peace, viz. and the definitive treaty of Paris of 1763, ferve the King of Great Britain, the Most Muitrious as a basis and foundation to the peace, and the and Moft Excellent Lord George, Duke and Earl present treaty; and for this purpose they are all of Manchester, Viscount Mandeville, Baron of renewed and confirmed in the beit form, as weil Kimbolton, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulo- as all the treaties in general which fubtite oca rum of the county of Huntingdon, aciual Privy tween the high contracting parties before th: Wal', Countellor to lios Britannick Majerty, and his and particularly all those which are speciae) and
renewed in the aforesaid Definitive Treaty of expressly agreed, that his Britannick Majesty's Paris, in the belt form, and as if they were herein subjects thall have the right of cutting, loading, inserted word for word; so that they are to be and carrying away logwood, in the district lie. exactly observed for the future in their full tenor, ing between the rivers Wallis or Bellize, and and religiously executed, by both parties, in all the Rio Hondo, taking the courte of the laid two points which shall not be derogated from by the rivers, for unalterable boundaries, lo as that present Treaty of peace.
the navigation of thein be common to both na111. All the prisoners taken on either side, as tions: to wit, by the river Wallis, or Bellize, well by land as by fea, and the hostages carryed from the sea, ascending as far as opposite to a away or given during the war, and to this day, lake or inlet, which runs into the land, and shall be reitered without ransom, in fix wecks forms an ithinus, or neck, wich another similar at lateit, to be computed from the day of the iniet, which comes from the side of Rio-Nuevo exchange of the present Treaty; each crown or New River; to that the line of separation respectively discharging the advances which thall Thall pats itraight across the laid iithmus, and meet have been made for the sublistence and mainte- another lake formed by the water of Rio Nuevo, nance of their prisoners, by the Sovereign of the or New River, at its current. The faid line shall country where they shall have been detained, ac- continue with the course of Rio-Nuevo, descend. cording to the receipts, attested accounts, and ing as far as opposite to a river, the source of other authentick vouchers, which shall be fur- which is marked in the map between Rio-Nuevo nilhed on each side; and sureties shall be reci. and Rio-Hondo, which empties itself into procally given for the payment of the debts Rio-Hondo; which river shall also serve as a which the prisoners may have contracted in the common boundary as far as its junction with Riocountries where they have been detained, until Hondo; and from thence descending by Riotheir entire release. And all thips, as well Hondo to the fea, as the whole is marked on men of war as merchant thips, which may the map which the plenipotentiaries of the two have been taken fince the expiration of the terms crowns have thought proper to make use of, for agreed upon for the cessation of hostilities by alcertaining the points agreed upon, to the end Tea thall likewise be reftored, bona fide, with all that a good correspondence may reign between their crews and cargoes. And the execution of the two nations, and that the Englith workmen, this article shall be proceeded upon immediately cutters, and labourers, may not trespass trum after the exchange of the ratifications of this an uncertainty of the boundaries. The respecTxaty.
tive commitlaries shall fix upon convenient placesy IV. The King of Great Britain cedes, in full in the territory above marked oui, in order that right, to his Catholick Majesty, the illand of his Britannick Majesty's subjects employed in Minorca. Provided that the fame ftipulations the telling of logwood, may, without interrupinserted in the following article thall take place tion, build therein houses and magazines neces. in favour of the British subjects, with regard to sary for themselves, their families, and their efthe above-mentioned island.
fects; and his Catholick Majesty allures to them V. His Britannick Majesty likewise cedes and the enjoyment of all that is exprelled in the preguarantees, in tull right, to his Catholick Ma.
sent article; provided that these ttipulations thall jefty, Ealt Florida, as allo Wett Florida. His not be considered as derogating in any wile from Catholick Majetty agrees that the British inhabi- his rights of lovereignty. Therefore, all the Eng. tants, or others, who may have been subjects of lith, who may be dispersed in any other parts, the King of Great-Britain in the said countries, whether on the Spanish continent, or in any of may retire in full sccurity and liberty, where the islands whatsoever, dependent on the aforethey shall think proper, and may tell their laid Spanish continent, and for whatever reason eitates, and remove their effects, as well as their it might be, without exception, thall retire persons, without being restrained in their emigr.. within the district which has been above de. tions, under any pretense whatsoever, cxcept on fcribed, in the space of eighteen months, to be account of debts, or criminal profecutions; the computed from the exchange of the ratifications ; term limited for this emigration being tixed to and for this urpose orders shall be illued on the the space of eighteen months, to be computed part of his Britannick Majesty; and on that of from the day of the exchange of the ratifica- his Catholick Majeity, his governours shall be tions of the prelent Treaty; but if, from the ordered to grant to the Enguith dilperted, every value of the polietlions of the English proprie- convenience possible for their removing to the tors, they should not be able to dispose of them settlement agreed upon by the prelent article, or within the said term, then his Catholick M.- for their retiring wherever they thall think picom jesty thall grant them a prolongation propor- per. It is likewise itupulated, that if any forutionate to that end. It is further itipulated, that fications thould actually have been heretofore his Britannick Majelty shall have the power of erected within the limits marked out, his Brie removing from Eat-Florida all the effects which tannick Majesty shall caule-them all to be demo. may belong to him, whether artillery, or other lished; and he wiil order his kibjects not to build matters.
any new ones. The English inhabitants, who VI. The intention of the two high contract. Máll fettle there for the cutting of Logwood, tha ing parties being to prevent, as much as pollible, be perınitted to enjoy a free mher; for their iub. all the auses of complaint and milunderitanding filtence, on the costs of the district above agreed heretoiore occafioned by the cutting of wood för on, or of the islands fituated opposite thereto, dying, or logwood; and several English settle- without being in any wile últurbed on thao ments having been formed and extended, under count; provided they do not citablith themselves, that pretente, upon the Spanith continent, it is in any manner, on the said illands. Loyd. Mac. Oct. 1783.