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day morning by persons worthy the believing, I resolved to stand upon iny guard; and we thought it the securest way for the Lords of the Council, who came to my house, to keep them there, not knowing what mischief might ensue. But I meant no more harm to any of their persons than I meant to my own soul; and if Sir John Davis and Tresham, during my absence abused themselves to their Lordships, it is not to be imputed to

And for any intent of Treason to her Majesty or to the State I am clear, and can say as much for all the rest there present.

Attorney-General. But, my Lord, you had three hundred men in arms in your house; why did you not dissolve them, being commanded upon your allegiance from the Queen to do it?

Esser. The hearing rumours of men put in arms about my house, drove them into such a fear and ecstasy that it was not in my power suddenly to dissolve them, or to quench their passions. They stood amazed and knew not what to do. But, my Lord High Steward, and the rest of your Lordships, I would that you

should not mistake my meaning in these speeches, as if I went about thereby to save my life; no, I despise it, and am at peace with God. I have forgiven the world and am far more desirous to die than live. That which I speak is in justification of this Nobleman that stands by me and the rest who were engaged with me; whose hearts are truly affected, and whose bodies are able to serve their Sovereign and Country. And for confirmation of the doubt I had of being surprised in my house, Sir Ferdinando Gorge told me that meeting with his kinsman, Sir Walter Raleigh, he gave him counsel to leave lis or else he was lost, and told him to come out of a sinking ship. And, my Lords, the intelligence that came to me on Saturday night and Sunday morning came not from light and vain report, but from an honourable advertisement.

Attorney-General. My Lord, your Grace sees that this is without colour or question; for my Lord Chief Justice has proved it plainly that they would not dissolve their company that was in arms, being charged upon their allegiance to do it.

Southampton. Mr Attorney, you speak all this as peremptorily as if it were true as gospel. How, I pray you, would this command upon allegiance satisfy the injury done me by my Lord Grey ?

Lord Grey. I protest I owe my Lord of Southampton no malice. God knows I delight not to press such as are in abject fortune; but that wbich I did to him in the street was not in respect of our old quarrel, but for new injuries.

Southampton. Your Lordship did mistake me; I never intended you any injury at that time.

Here the Lord High Steward commanded an end of these speeches, which were leading to a great expostulation between the Earl of Southampton and the Lord Grey.

Essex. Good my Lords, consider whether it were in my Lord of Southampton's power or in mine to dissolve the company so suddenly. For, n'ot long before Sir Walter Raleigh had sent to my house, to have Sir Ferdinando Gorge come to him to Durham-house, we, fearing him for a private enemy, would not suffer him to go thither, but returned answer that he would not go to Durham-house but would meet him on the water upon equal terms; where Sir Walter Raleigh then used the same speeches to Sir Ferdinando Gorge as formerly I have related; wishing him to leave our company, or else he would be in danger. And whereas we are charged 10 have dealt with Papists, I do assure your Lordships that it is most true, that Papists have been hired and suborned to witness against me, by means of one Udall, a seminary priest, who have counterfeited letters in my name to send into Ireland to Sir Christopher Blunt, whom they thought to be inward with me, thereby to touch my honour and reputation. Also Bales, the scrivener in the Old Bailey, hath confessed under his hand that he hath been dealt withal and forced to forge and counterfeit my hand in at least twelve several letters, as these two honest gentlemen can witness. What measure then might I expect from such beginning ?

Attorney-General. Ay, by my troth, this is true ; but Bales was bired thereunto by the procurement of John Daniel, one of your own men, to the end that if your

own hand should be produced to accuse you, you might have somewhat to say for yourself.

Essex. Thou swearest it, but it is not on a book; that man thou sayest I procured to do it is an arrant thief, one that broke a standard of mine, and stole a casket of my wife's with jewels and many other things. It is very probable that I should trust him so far that had before betrayed me, is it not? But it is well known who set him at work to attempt against me so much as he hath done ; and yet this man, by your judgment, must be a practiser in such matters by my own consent. Well, Mr Attorney, I thank God I have not so uncharitable a judge this day as you are.

Attorney-General. My Lord, we shall prove anon what you are, and what your pride of heart and aspiring mind have brought you unto.

Essex. Ah! Mr Attorney, lay your hand on your heart, and pray to God to forgive us both.

Sir Walter Raleigh was then called, and his oath given him.

* The matter here referred to, as it came out upon a strict inquiry in the Star-Chamber, was thus :- The Countess of Essex being apprehensive that in those troublesome times some mischiefs might befall herself and her husband, concealed some particular letters which she had received from him in a certain casket, which she committed to the care of one Mrs Rihove, who had been in her service. She hid them somewhere in her house, but by chance John Daniell, her husband, found and read them over ; and observing there was something in them which might affect the Earl's safety and provoke the Queen, he got them transcribed by one who was very dexterous in the imitation of hands and characters ; and just upon the Countess's lying in, he told her that he would most certainly deliver them into the hands of the Earl's adversaries unless she would immediately give him £3000. The Countess, to avoid the hazard, was obliged to sell her jewels and paid him down directly the sum of £1720, which, as large as it was, procured her only the bare copies ; the impostor, it seems, having a design to put off the originals at a round rate to the Earl’s adversaries. He was for this cheat condemned to perpetual imprisonment, fined £3000, whereof £2000 was adjudged to the Countess, and to have his ears nailed to the pillory, with this inscription, “A most notorious impostor.'

28*

VOL. XVI.

Essex. What booteth it to swear the fox ?

Then Sir Walter Raleigh was sworn, and testified as follows:

• It being known to me that Sir Ferdinando Gorge, who is my kinsman and friend, had come from his charge at the Port of Plymouth * without license, I sent for him to come to speak with me. He appointed to meet me on the Thames the Sunday morning that the Earl of Essex began to stir; and there meeting, I desired him to depart the town presently, or otherwise he would be laid in the Fleet. Whereunto he replied, “ Tush, Sir Walter, this is not a time to talk of going to the Fleet; get you back to the Court, and that with speed, for my Lord of Essex hath put himself into a strong guard at Essex-house, and you are like to have a bloody day of it.” Whereupon I advised him again to forsake that company, and he shoved off the boat that I was in, and bad me make haste thence, which I did. Then I saw a boat come off at Essexhouse Stairs, wherein were three or four of the Earl of Essex's servants with pieces.'

Essex. That which Sir Walter Raleigh_hath said, differeth altogether from that which Sir Ferdinando told us at Essex-house upon his return from the water.

Then was read the first Confessiont of Sir Ferdinando Gorge, Knt, taken the 16th of February, 1600-1:

• He saith, the Earl of Essex wrote a letter to him in January, complaining of his misfortune; that 'he desir. ed his company, and desired his repair up to him by the 2d of February; that he came to town on Saturday seven-night, before the Earl's insurrection, and that the same night, late, he visited the Earl; who, after compliments, told him that he stood on his guard, and resolved not to hazard any more commandments or restraints; that he desired him to rest him that night, and to repair unto him again, but in such sort as it might not be noted. That he had been with the Earl two or three times that week; and on Saturday, being

He was Governor of Plymouth. + This and the following Examinations are taken from the originals in the State-Paper Office. They are also to be found in a garbled state in Bacon's • Declaration of the Earl of Essex's Treasons,'

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the 7th of February, the Earl told him that he had been sent for by the Lords, and refused to come; delivering farther, that he resolved to defend himself from any more restraint.

• He farther saith, that it was in question the same Saturday night, to have stirred in the night, and to have attempted the Court. But being demanded, whether the Earlcould have had sufficient company to have done anything in the night ? he answered, that all the Earl's company were ready at one hour's warning, and had been so before, in respect that he had meant long before to stand upon his guard.

• That it was resolved to have the Court first attempted; that the Earl had three hundred gentlemen to do it; but that he, the said Ferdinando Gorge, was a violent dissuader of him from that purpose; and the Earl was most confident in the party of London, which he meant first to assure; and chat he was also assured of a party in Wales, but meant not to use them until he had been possessed of the Court.

• That the Earl and Sir Christopher Blunt, understanding that Sir Walter Raleigh had sent to speak with him in the morning, the said Sir Christopher Blunt persuaded him either to surprise Sir Walter Raleigh, or to kill him ; which, when he utterly refused, Sir Christopher Blunt sent four shot after him in a boat.

That at the going out of Essex-house gate, many cried out, “To the Court, to the Court !” But my Lord of Essex turned him about towards London.

' That he meant, after possession of the Court, to call a parliament, and therein to proceed as cause should require.

• At that time of the consultation on Saturday night, my Lord was demanded, what assurance he had of those he made account to be his friends in the City ? Wbereunto he replied, that there was no question to be made of that; for one, amongst the rest, that was presently in one of the greatest commands amongst them, held himself to be interested in the cause, (for so he phrased it,) and was Colonel of a thousand men, which were ready at all times ; besides others that he

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