false note, and a very curious effect is pro- months; and' by an extraordinary stretch duced. I merely write this to give my of indulgence, Mozart was permitted to refather some notion of clavier-playing and main at Munich till the middle of March, teaching, which he may at a future time 1781, when he was commanded to follow turn to account."

the Salzburg court to Vienna.” At Mannheim, where he next alighted, he was received lightly by the people. To

The Gatherer. France he next directed his course, in the strong hope that money was to be picked Orthography of Towns.—The name of up in Paris; but he happened to go there Mainwaring (Cheshire) is spelt one hunat an unpropitious season, and nothing but dred and sixty-three dífferent ways in the disappointments followed. The greatest deeds, &c., belonging to the family, and of all his vicissitudes there was the death of can be spelt in two hundred and ninetyhis mother, who expired after a fortnight's four different forms. illness. Soon after he returned to Salz

Daisies.-The word daisy is a thousand burg, where he composed " Idomeneo,” for times pronounced without our adverting to the carnival. We conclude the present the beauty of the etymology—"the eye of notice with a brief extract respecting the day.” success of that piece:

Malleable Glass.The Segusian Mercury “While • Idomeneo' was running its pros- states that a most marvellous discovery has perous course, the composer was in great been made of rendering glass as malleable spirits; and, probably thinking that his when cold as when hot. friends of the Munich orchestra had had

How to make Leeches bite.-The leech enough of passion's solemn tears,' he which it is intended to apply is to be thrown changed their weeping to a laughing mood into a saucer containing fresh beer, and is by one touch of his wand--the canon • 0

to be left there till it begins to get quite Du eselhafter Martin.' In this jovial pro- lively. When it has moved about in the duction he entirely postponed all pretension vessel for a few moments it is to be quickly to the sublime, and seemed bent only on taken out and applied. This method will showing how effectively music and words rarely disappoint expectation; and even might be combined for a laugh. Of the dull leeches, and those which have been same date with these varied compositions used not long before, will do their duty. is the offertorium in D minor, • Misericor. It will be seen with astonishment how dias Dcmini,' profoundly ecclesiastical

quickly they bite. its style, and uniting the severe school of March of Intellect.-Although the nineancient counterpoint with some of the ef- teenth century is nearly half passed over fects of the day, as governed by his own our heads, and now recorded in the pages turn of thought. For the first time, appa- of history, and considering all the improverently, fully aware of the high destiny of ments that have taken place in our own his genius, and of its influence on the lifetime, and the great talk which has amount of human pleasure, he became sometimes been about the schoolmaster more and more indifferent as to his own being abroad, and the many varied ways of immediate interest, thinking that the fa- diffusing useful and general knowledge, vourable hour would come, and that the considering all these things, a person could powerful of the earth could not remain for scarcely be prepared to see such a notice as ever deaf and blind to his merit., Gladly the following, in a shop window in a leadwould he have established himself for life ing thoroughfare in the west-end of Lonwith Cannabich, Wendling, and the rest of don:-“One Shiling a Barsket Cone Taine the old Mannheim orchestra in Munich; Pund harf.” Such a notice is at present and the efforts he made to accomplish this to be seen in the window of a large object have been told. It is certain that fruiterer's and greengrocer's shop fronting Count Seau was authorised to express the Church-street, Portman-market, Edgewarereadiness of

the composer to enter the ser- road. This notice is written in large letvice of the Bavarian court; but the elector ters, and stuck into several small baskets made no motion towards this object, and of foreign grapes. This fully equals the left the archbishop of Salzburg in undis- notice lately-exhibited in a shop window turbed possession of his organist. Again, in one of the newly opened streets leading it is doubtful whether he was truly served from Coventry-street to Leicester-square, by the friend whom he trusted. Greater which stated, " that this shop, will be credulity is required to believe his long opened in the course of a few days as & train of ill-success the effect of chance than chemist and druggist,” which gave rise of the jealous alarm of men already in of

to the pun of intellectual bricks and morfice, and fearful of their prerogative in the society of so gifted an associate. The leave of absence granted by the archbishop was gradually extended from weeks to H. A. Burstall, Printer, 2, Tavistock-street, Strand






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SHEFFIELD BOTANIC GARDEN. land in war lay in archery; and the same Sheffield, as we learn from that elegant writer adds, “ The poet Chaucer mentions and eminently useful work, “England and it as being famous for the blades of knives, Wales Delineated,” was distinguished by for in speaking of a character in one of his its superior skill'in manufacturing iron poems, he says, heads for arrows while the strength of Eng 'A Şhefeld thwytel bare he in his hose.”

NO. 1293.



A thwytel, or whittle, was a knife such as successful and superior cultivation; but was carried about the person so late as the now that the reduction of the duty on times of Charles I.”

glass has effected a favourable change in Though this ancient town has ceased to the price of this article, we hope the society make iron heads for arrows, it still pro. will soon be enabled to throw down these duces many band heads of another descrip- opaque divisions, and substitute glass in tion; and some of these, wisely judging their place. Whenever this can be done, that the industry and prosperity of Shef- and the range of glass extended backwards, field must be promoted by whatever adbut without opaque walls of any

kind vanced scientific knowledge and rendered higher than the ordinary tables or shelves more clear the laws of nature, resolved ele- upon which the plants are placed, this will ven or twelve years ago to establish a bo- then form one of the most imposing botatanical garden, and the useful and impor- nical ranges of glass in the country. This tant establishment, the subject of our cut, society has recently undergone an entire was the consequence of that resolution. It renovation, and its constitution is comconsists of an area of eighteen acres, pre- pletely altered. Owing to the depression senting a varied surface, with a south- of trade and other causes, it became ineastern aspect; it is to the west of the volved in debt; a new company was formtown, distant some two miles from its ed, consisting in part of the original pro

prietors, and others, who were anxious for No visitor should leave Sheffield without the preservation of the garden. A valuaviewing the interesting and beautiful scene tion of the latter was agreed upon by the which has here been formed by the combi; old proprietors, and a transfer of the pronation of skill and judiciously employed perty was thereby mutually arranged for capital. We cannot do better than copy the sum of £8,000 (?). In the present conthe description furnished of the details by stitution of the society the original shares an able and popular contemporary: are valued at £5 each, bearing an annual

“ The garden is surrounded by a sub- payment of 10s. upon every share; by this stantial stone wall, and the whole of the plan it is calculated that a revenue of ground was laid out at once. Besides the £1,000 will be raised annually for the supnecessary trees and shrubs required for port of the garden." shelter, a collection of hardy trees and That Sheffield with its immense popula. shrubs was procured from the Messrs. Lod- tion and large capital should prove so wantdiges, of Hackney; these were disposed in ing in spirit as to suffer such an ornament natural groups throughout the garden, to fall from neglect to decay, would be a partly with the view to general effect, but disgrace to the age. Of such a result chiefly with respect to scientific arrange- those who best know the town have no apment: they were also so arranged that, prehensions, and the probability is that it when fully grown, the entire space which will rise from year to year in general estiit would be desirable to devote to the growth mation from experience of its utility. of trees should be fully occupied without the aid of duplicates of any kind. An expensive and handsome entrance lodge, a dwelling-house for the curator, a secondary lodge, with an extensive range of glass,

MILITARY EXECUTIONS. were all commenced and completed at the first formation of the garden. The pur To ordinary minds the idea of a violent chase of the ground, the laying out of the death is dreadful. By reflection, many garden, the erection of stoves, entrance have apparently conquered all dread of it; lodges, and curator's house, were all com- but seldom has a sufferer appeared so perpleted at a cost of £18,000 or £19,000. fectly indifferent to his melancholy fate as The accompanying engraving presents a was the subject of the present notice. perspective elevation of the range of glass,

On the 12th of June, in the year 1830, which is very extensive, the entire length Debuire, a French soldier, convicted of being three hundred feet, and the width at murdering his serjeant, was executed. The the narrowest part twenty feet: the centre, coolness with which he perpetrated the which is a lofty stove for tropical plants, is crime, and finally expiated it, were the about thirty feet in width, and thirty-five subject of much conversation. At first he or forty feet in height; the other portions refused to appeal to the court of cassation, are less lofty, and are appropriated to the which, however, he at length did, saying, use of stove and greenhouse plants. This “I shall live forty-eight hours longer by is a complete, and, for the time it was it, and should be guilty of a sort of suicide erected, a comparatively capacious range. did I not.” On the evening of Friday (the Economy, however, in the first erection, day before he suffered) Debuire was made led to the introduction of a greater number acquainted with the rejection of his appeal. of opaque walls than is consistent with “I am glad of it,” said he, “ although I do

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not wish to anticipate my last moments; had been only viewing with wonder the my affair will soon be finished.” He had eagerness of the people to witness his sufa brief interview with his sister and her ferings, and be present at the death of a husband. “Do not stop long,” said he; fellow creature.” Then, in token of sin" I have only a very few hours to live, and cerity, he kissed the crucifix tendered to must prepare.” A change of linen was him by the priest, and attended to his words. brought to him at eight o'clock in the At the barrier l'Ecole Militaire, situate morning, which he accepted with thanks. beyond the Champ de Mars, "No.4,' on the " It is more necessary than ever,” said wall, marked the place fixed upon for the he, “ for this is an important day to me. execution. A few steps in the rear of the I shall be more an object of attention road stood a dozen men of the 50th regithan ever I was in the course of my life. ment. These were to be the executioners. My poor comrades of the 50th!” said he, They were all sub (non-commissioned) some moments afterwards, “they will have officers-serjeants, corporals, and fourriers, this day a melancholy job, and what is and (the prisoner being a voltiguer) were worse, they will get a wetting in perform- all of the elite companies (grenadiers or ing it.” At nine o'clock the captain rap- light infantry.) They were viewed with porteur (of the court martial) repaired to great interest, and appeared to suffer from Abbaye, and announced to Debuire that the the public gaze; but one of them, a foursentence of death would be carried into rier, a man of fifty years of age, whose fair execution at two o'clock. He saluted the mustachios were slightly silvered, was much officer respectfully, and immediately on his more affected than the rest. His yellow tuft retiring, recommenced reading the “ Imita- and epaulettes indicated the cause; he betion of Christ (Thomas a Kempis)," a book longed, like the prisoner, to the voltigeur which he had perused with much atten- company, and was, probably, his old tion during the period of his imprisonment, friend; for Debuire had served thirteen although in the intervals he amused him- years. There could not have been fewer self with playing and singing, which, being than fifty thousand persons present, among innocent relaxations, he said “he consider- whom were a vast number of females. X ed by no means sinful.”

tap of the drum summoned the troops to At ten the chaplain repaired to the pri “attention.” It announced the approach soner's apartment, and found him deeply of the prisoner. Immediately upon his occupied by the religious work above men- reaching the first soldier of the line, the tioned. Debuire, when aware of the chap- drums of the several regiments beat (and lain's presence, advanced, and with a smile continued to do so until his arrival at the thanked him. “I have not been unmind- fatal spot) a salute. The moment the carful of your exhortations, monsieur l'abbé," riage stopped the preparations commenced. said he.

“ I had resolved on suicide, but “This is the place," said the confessor, you have caused me to forego my inten- when the fiacre stopped. “ Eh bien !" said tion. See (said he, approaching his bed the prisoner; que la volunté de Dieu and unfolding a knife that he had concealed soit faite! J'attendrai !" (Well! the will in it), I had the means of committing it.” of God be done! I shall await it!) The When the clock struck half-past one he gendarmes then quitted their seats, and was told the time for his departure had ar descended from the carriage. Debuire rived. He said he was ready, and in pass followed. He looked round, and seeing ing by the turnkeys divided among them the picquet drawn up before the spot above some small money that still remained on described, " Ah,” said he, “ that is my his person, observing to one who showed place;" and immediately proceeded to it. some reluctance at accepting it, that he Recognising among the fatal platoon the had no further use for it. He then, in a old fourrier mentioned above, Debuire took brisk voice, said to the gendarmes, who off his cap, and bowed to him with great were in attendance, “Allons! Messieurs appearance of regard. He was asked to en avant! Marche!” The gendarmes led kneel, which he refused, and placed him

The prisoner followed with a self in the position of a soldier without steady step, entered a fiacre that stood at arms, but in the ranks. A clerk read the the foot of the steps, preceded by two gen- proceedings of the court-martial, commendarmes, and followed by the chaplain. The cing, with—"By the King." At these escort proceeded at a quick pace to the words the prisoner took off his cap, and place of execution. From time to time he listened to the reading of his sentence with put his head out of the window of the the utmost resignation. When it was ficoach, and looked earnestly at the immense nished he turned to the chaplain, kissed crowd that lined the whole road to the the proffered crucifix once more, and kissplace of execution. The chaplain, fearing ed also his confessor on both cheeks, thankhe was allowing himself to be distracted, ing him for his kindness. “ One moment remonstrated. The prisoner immediately more,” said he, “and I am ready." He withdrew his head-begged pardon, “he then took off his capote, and threw it aside

the way

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A young man, a corporal of his own regi- to induce them to land. He then descried
ment, with tears in his eyes, then ap a skiff which sailed out from Rowndown,
proached him from the flank of the pic- and joined the boats of the smugglers;
quet, and showing him a handkerchief, that the helmsman in the largest boat was,
told him he was ordered to bandage his he thought, Cumlin; that from the flash of
eyes. Debuire refused very firmly. The a pistol on the beach at Dover he saw it
other then looked at his officer, and re was Cumlin that fired. He had been to,
ceiving a nod, pressed his request. The Dover that day, and the fisherman Hamel
poor fellow again refused His captain had deserted the cottage. This was the
then said, “ Retire, corporal, and do not substance of Peake's evidence.
disturb his last moments.” Debuire took " You saw Cumlin in the boat as helms-
off his stock, and laid it on his capote, man off Folkstone?" interrogated Mr.
opened his shirt collar, and retook his po- Barnard.
sition. With his head erect and his eyes “ I did."
firmly fixed on the platoon, he awaited “ You will venture to swear this?"
(and but for an instant) his fate with for “I will."
titude and resignation. The platoon fired, “ You next assert that you saw Cumlin
rather irregularly, and with it gave the by the flash of a pistol on Dover beach?”.
coup de grace, it was supposed, for no “I did; and I swear to this most posi-

The troops were marched tively."
past him, as is usual on those occasions “Now then inform the bench whether
his own regiment first, and the principal the person you saw at the helm in the
part of it unarmed; after which the body smugglers' boat, and the person you saw
was placed in the wagon, and carried off on Dover beach is present?":
for interment, guarded by gendarmes. “Yes, sir; that is the man,” pointing to

Cumlin, whose back was turned to him.

How was he dressed?"


“Good; and you cannot now see that A TALE OF TRUTH AND FICTION. person's countenance, and yet you swear it

is the same man."

“I swear it is the same.” BY EDWARD PORTWINE.

“Please, sir, turn your face to Mr.

CHAPTER VI.-(Continued.)

The accused did so; when Peake looked But, sir,” interpolated Sir Michael, “ it lost in astonishment. Such an alterais usual; and, for your own sake, I must tion had taken place, that he doubted the insist—"

evidence of his own senses. He was no “Insist on no such thing, sir, with captain longer Cumlin, but a different being. Sarson, but should you receive the evidence Peake was then requested to sign his eviof yonder officers," glancing at Peake and dence, but he refused. Higgs, with contempt, “then swear them What," cried Sir Michael, “ you reby all the oaths that are binding on such fuse?” creatures; for they will lie—it is their vo Yes," muttered Peake; "he is a devil, cation.”

and not a man. That is not the counteCaptain Sarson then gave a brief and cor nance I saw in the boat, and on the beach rect account of all that had transpired on in Dover bay." the

evening of the landing of the smugglers. “ Then we must dismiss the case; but inThe magistrate asked if he could iden- form the bench-admitting that this man tify the person in the boat to be the fisher was on the beach, or in a boat, and without man he met on the cliff; captain Sarson contraband goods—would you feel justified replied in the negative; but affirmed that in seizing him?" the size of the man in the boat corresponded “I would.” with the height of the fisherman on the “What! without property in his possesbeach of Dover.

sion?” “ Will you swear they are one and the "Certainly." same person, and that that individual was “ Then,” cried Mr. Barnard, “no wonder Mr. Cumlin ?"

that there should be such reckless daring “I decline to do so."

among these unfortunate men, who are Peake was then called, and sworn, and seized if they do not transgress the laws. after having related the substance of Sar. Such injustice is openly perpetrated and son's evidence, stated that he had been de- avowed by the officers of the revenue. It ceived by the non-arrival of the cutter, is disgraceful.”. when the boats of the smugglers were within “ I agree with you,” added Sir Michael gunshot of the shore, and the men were Webb; “ and I will not entertain any more perceived laughing at the efforts of his men charges after such an unblushing avowal of

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