Miniftry.' Prepare, says he,' a new remonftrance and petition, bgn it, and let it be sent to all the corporations in Britain. Let them be urged and entreated by all that is dear to Englishmen, also to sign it. With this in your hands once more approach the throne, and believe me, as you will now be more respectable, you will be more fuccessful. Bus should your petition be ftill disregarded, yet withhold not your aslistance. Confider that the Ministry muft know the precipice on which they fand; that danger will operate like patriotism upon them, and trust to providence and the courage of Englifmen for the seit. When your country, by your aliftance and ex® ample, is delivered from external danger, then turu your attention to domeftic enemies. Let the conduct of every man you suspect be feratipized. Let the traitors, if such they are found, receive the reward of their treason on the block. Let Majesty itself feel your resentment, if Majelty lift itfelf up against the liberty of the people.' Art. 14. A Shorter Answer to the Short History of the Opposi

tion. {vo. 6 d. H. Payne. 1779. In our lait Month's Review, we gave fome account of a Short Answer to the Hittory of the Opposition: this Shorter Answer is rather too short for the refutation of a performance which many of its readers have considered as worthy of much attention : even though it should not be regarded as containing altogether a fair and candid view of the general principles and conduct of the party against which the ingenious Writer has employed his pen. Art. 15. An Inquiry into the State of the Militia: Containing a

Recital of the different Manner in which Military Service has been performed; a full Description of the ancient Norman Cuftom of holding Lands by Military Tenure: With the various Arms used, and Manner of levying the Forces, from the Origin of the Britons to the prefent Period: In which is included an historical Account of the Eftimation in which the Militia of London was formerly held. And a brief Inquiry into the Cause of their present Situarion, and an Account of the Expenditure of the Trophy Tax. To which is added, feveral Plans, by which they may be made of public Usility. 8vo.

Bew. 1779 There is a strong vein of true humour in the English populace, who seldom mistake the object on which they feel themselves dis. posed to exercise it; and the Trained Bands, of the city of London, are never mer by an old drunken basket woman, but she is up with obem in a style that both parties very well onderstand. The rank and Gle, if they may be claffed under such a defcription, are a true burlesque of every military idea, and they are suitably officered ; we mean in the subordinate departments. The Writer before us understands them as well as any old basket-woman whatever, and offers several plans for their improvenent, to the choice of the court or Lieutenancy. These gentlemen, if they are not immediately in the military line themselves, wish, no doubí, to place the militia of London on a respectable footing; and we are persuaded, that when a plan is laid before them, practicable in its nature, and easy to the inhabitants, the militia of London will be able to face any drunken cobler, or old woman, boldly, and disarm them of all their yulgar wit.


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Art. 16. Political Arithmetic. Part II. * Containing Confis

derations on the Means of raising the Supplies within the Year. Occafioned by Mr. Pulteney's Pamphlet on that Subject +. By Arthur Young, Esq; F. R. S. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d.

Cadell. . 1779. Mr. Young is not less summary in collecting data to reason from in politics, than in agriculture ; and he burries his reader from one deduction to another, with a celerity that a person less quick in his conceptions, and therefore cautious in his aflent, may think not altogether safe in momentous subjects. A farmer who has rent and fubfiftence to raise from his land, may have improvements in view, and may try experiments on suitable parcels of ground; but would he act wisely were he to reft the whole produce of his farm, his whole de pendance, on the issue of a project? In this raih light, however, does Mr. Young's scheme for raising the supplies within the year appear to us; notwithstanding his confidence of its success. After arraigning the principle, and application of the tax raised for the support of the poor, as being applied to the production of very little real good, but of the most ample mischief,' he proceeds in the following manner :

• If the neceilities of the state make it expedient to raise the supe plies within the year, where can a minifter turn for a fund larger, or more certain in the amount, easier in the collection (for it is collected to his hand), or which would prove less busthensome to the subject ? The fact is, that if a part of this productive tax was applied to the use of the state, it would be the application of a large revenue, from mischievous to beneficial purposes.

It is very easy to foresee a mukitude of objections to such a plan, and I will admit this circumstance alone to be sufficient, when I see a minister raise a million a year additional revenue without ab. jections. There is, however, one which should be guarded against

sudden changes that concern great bodies of people might and would be dangerous, the measure should therefore be brought about as gradually as might be. Perhaps it might be proper to pass an act, limiting poor rates for ever in all parishes to a sum not exceeding the average of the last seven years. And then to enact, that no paşochial alii itance of any sort whatever, should be given, under the age of lixty years, except to persons with broken limbs, or other impossibilities of supporting themselves.

Annexed to these acts, a tax to be laid on the amount of poor rates, begioning with 10 per cent. applicable to the uses of the pubs lic, which might be gradually increased.

• If such a system was in time to wipe out the present, the charity of individuals would revive a spirit of humanity in poor famią lies, for aged and helpless relations, which is so strikingly manifeit in Ireland, where there is not the veftige of a poor rate, would arise, and of which there at present is scarcely a trace in England: a spirit of care and forefight would be kindled among the poor, induitry would flourish in consequence, and the only visible change in the economy of poor families, would probably be a less liberal cona

* For the former publication, see Review, vol. li. p. 470.
+ See Review, vol. Ix. p. 124.

fumption Tumption of tea, sugar, and spirits. No person can have had many opportunities of witnessing the effect of poor rates, without being fengible that a benefit, instead of a burthen, would result to the public from raising, by this means, an increasing revenue.

. If notwithstanding these circumstances, government found, or thought itself so essentially weak as to be apprehensive of the resentment of a mob, upon such an occasion, and the measure was rejected in favour of a direct land-tax on those long and feady friends, the country gentlemen, then some contrivance, in laying on that land-tax,"should be had recourse to, which might promise an ease in this burthensome ariicle of rates. Such, for instance, as making the tax so much per cent, on the rates, that it might rise proportionably with them; which by making one burthen the index and regulator of another, the greater activity might be exerted in the country to lessen both.-The laziness and idle inattention of country gentlemen, even to their own interests, have been so remarkably exhibited, in permitting rates to come to their present amount, that they well deserve such spurs. It would, literally speaking, be a tax upon folly-I need not add, a most productive one! It might also be considered in the light of a domestic regulation, as well as a tax-it would in some measure be voluntary, as the amount would depend on the care and attention with which gentlemen exerted themselves in lessening an evil, which they have almost entirely brought on themselves.

An argament must contain some convincing truths, to render it plausible, and the application of the poor's rare has undoubtedly been too much-neglected, and left to improper management; bat if our workhouses and houses of industry truly deserved their names, there needs no speculation or calculation to see that the poor would keep out

them as long as they could ; that those within would in great measure support themselves; and the rates grow lighter in proportion with the resorm. But after near two centuries have so intimately interwoven this mode of fubfiling the poor into our parochial policy, to begin a reformation by loading this fund, already sufficiently appropriated to purposes that admit of no suspension, with the support of a war,-this remained for M:. Young to propose.- What is to become of the poor until the expected charge takes place, by a less liberal consumption of tea, sugar, and spirits;' or when this change may be expected, from the mere abridgment of their allowance, are circumftances the calculation of which is not allowed to fhade the bright side of the scheme. But as no preparatory restrictive statutes can fill empty bellies, the first step toward such an alienation, or tax upon misery, must be the Hottentot principle of economy, of knocking on the head a sufficient number of useless beings at home, that their food may be applied to the nourishment of those who are able to serve our enemies in the same manner abroad. In brief, this plan would produce far more immediate distress and popular commotion than the suppression of religious houses; which must be encountered with a far greater exertion of legal cruelty to eradicate Violent as such measures must be, the Hottentor scheme only could give them that inftant energy to support our military operations next year

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out the affiftance of a loan ; the ability to do which, Mr. Young thinks would detach the French from their American alliance.

The great need which our eftablishment relating to the poor has of a wise reform, is too apparent to be infitted on ; it may neverthelefs be hoped, that the military operations of the next year, critical as our circumstances may appear, are, in no degree, dependant on it.

POETICAL. Art. 17. Poems, by John Hawthorn, Light Dragoon in the

Innikilling Regiment. Printed for the Author. 400. 3 s. Dodsley, &c. 1779.

Of honest John Hawthorn's poetical attainments the Reader will form his own judgment from the following extract, which is given, not as the mot favourable specimen of his abilities, but merely that, by pointing out the Writer's situation and circumstances, the humane may be induced to become purchasers of his book :

• It is not many months ago, fince I
Enjoy'd my freedom and my liberty,
Before I e'er took up a haversack,
Or bullying serjeant to rattan my back,
When on my stockings there might be a spot;
No matter if my shoes were black or not :
Then, calmly I could lie, and take my reft,
No powder'd hair, or ruffles at my brealt :
When at my ease I liv'd in a warm cot,
And had of land a fertile handsome spot :
What chough my roof no tiles or flates fuftain,
The well pack'd thatch kept out the driving rain,
A chearful fire glanced through my floor;
My wife could milk her own cow at my door ;
Each day, a dinner dress’d by my good dame,
And chearing (mells from boiling beef-pots came :
My horse was sure to know me at first sight;
Nay more, my dog would know my feet at night ;
Ori' I would walk

in a fair evening tide,
And muse in quiet by a river's lide;
Where oziers green were nodding o'er the waves,
And water lilies spread their moiften'd leaves;
Then home return with calm and serene breast;
Return my thanks to God, and go to reft.
Thus did I live but in a low degree;
If some liv'd better, some liv'd worse th n me :
Till trading bad, and loss of different kind,

Made me enlist, and leave them all behind.'
Art. 18. The Hero of H.--s, or, Black e-Moor, waped White,
Dedicated to JEMI

Hookham. 1779. Low abuse of some Middlefex Justice, who, if his character be here juftly represented, is but a poor subje&t for public notice, in a printed lampoon ; but, as was observed of the Als eating thifles, " Like lips, like lettuces,"


M E N.

Art. 19. England's Defiance. An irregular Ode 4to. So

T Payne. 1779.
Irregular indeed!

I England hath ever been

Towards her children
A parent joft, beneficent, and mild:
Ev'n now she would forgive, forget,

And tenderly receive,
But not so long as the doth live,

Can the submit

Unto America, her froward child.' "This is neither verse, nor prose, nor rhyme, nor measure ; but such a jumble of all together, as cannot fail of convincing every reader, who knows what poetry ought to be, that the Author of this piece must have conceived a strange notion of the spirit and compolition of an ode.

MISCELLANEOUS, Art. 20. A Treatise on Silk, Wool, Warsted, Cotton, and Thread,

describing their nature, Properties, and Qualities, with Inftructions to clean the Manufactures in the Hosiery Branch, and at the fame Time prefeve their Colour and Beauty; calculated for the Use of Families. To which are added, Descriptive Remarks on Framework Knitting, knitting with Wires, and Patent Mapufacturies. By R. March, Hofier, No. 230, Temple-Bar. 8vo. 1 8. Murray, &c.

Here are some things which some of Mr. March's readers may think not unworthy their attention; but, perhaps, the circumftance which he would have them chiefly regard, is, the direction to his shop" No. 230, Temple-Bar." Art. 21. The Publican's Guide; or, Key to the Distill House.

Containing, I. An Account of Rom, Brandy, and other Spirituons Liquors, in their original State ; the most advantageous Method of purchasing each Article, with Instructions for the Buyer, by which every Retailer will be enabled to reduce his own Liquors, and fell on Terms equal to—and with far more Credit than-the Generality of advertifing Merchants. II. The Discovery of Adulteracion in what called Genuine Rum; the iniquitous Practice of Adulteration in the Distillery; with the Use of False Proof, and its Effect on Spirits. III The Use of the Hydrometer, an Instrument to ascertain the true Strength of Spirits. IV. Tables shewing the Prices of Liquors, from 5 l. per Tun to 100}. and from one Gallon to a Tun. Also the exact Weight of Rectified Spirits of Wine, Brandy, Rum, and Proof Spirit, from One Gallon to Two Hundred. Interspersed with Anecdotes and Remarks, neceffary to be known by all Dealers in Spirits, and highly interesting to the Public in general. By William Augufus Smyth. 8vo. 29. 6 d. Harrison. 1779.

The arts by which spirituous liquors are do&ored, and our conMitutions sported with, for the emolument of unprincipled dealers, are here displayed in general terms; but the information might have

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