gallant men, in a nation of men of honor and of cavaliers. I thought ten thousand swords must have leaped from their scabbards to avenge even a look that threatened her with insult. But the age of chivalry is gone.

Speech at Bristol on declining the Poll. 1780. The worthy gentleman who has been snatched from us at the moment of the election, and in the middle of the contest, whilst his desires were as warm, and his hopes as eager as ours, has feelingly told us what shadows we are, what shadows we pursue.


1765-1832. Vindiciae Gallicae. (April, 1791.) The commons, faithful to their system, remained in a wise and masterly inactivity.*



Letter to the Addressers. And the final event to himself (Mr. Burke) has been that, as he rose like a rocket, he fell like the stick.

* This expression is generally attributed to John Randolph. It is found in his speeches. 1828.

The Crisis. No. 1.
These are the times that try men's souls.

Age of Reason. Part ii. ad fin. (note). The sublime and the ridiculous are so often so nearly related, that it is difficult to class them separately. One step above the sublime makes the ridiculous, and one step above the ridiculous makes the sublime again. *



At the Siege of Saragosa. War to the knife.


Edinburgh Review, Oct., 1840, on Ranke's History of

the Popes. She (the Roman Catholic Church) may still exist in undiminished vigor, when some traveller from New Zealand shall, in the midst of a vast solitude, take his stand on a broken arch of London Bridge to sketch the ruins of St. Paul's.t

* Probably the original of Napoleon's celebrated mot, “Du sublime au ridicule il n'y a qu’un pas.”

† For this figure, Mr. Macaulay is indebted to Kirke White, and more particularly to Shelley, in the Dedication to Peter Bell the Third.


From Apophthegms, etc., first gathered and compiled in

Latin, by Erasmus, and now translated into English by Nicholas Vdall. 8vo. 1542. Fol. 239.

That same man, that rennith awaie,
Maie again fight an other daie.

From the Musarum Delicia, compiled by Sir John

Mennis and Dr. James Smith. 1640.
He that fights and runs away
May live to fight another day.* 46

RICHARD GRAFTON. Abridgement of the Chronicles

of Englande. .1570. 8vo. “ A rule to knowe how many dayes euery moneth in the


Thirty dayes hath Nouember,
Aprill, June, and September,
February hath xxviii alone,
And all the rest have xxxi.

The Return from Parnassus. 4to. London. 1606.

Thirty days hath September,
April, June, and November,
February eight-and-twenty all alone,
And all the rest have thirty-one;

* See Butler's Hudibras, ante, p. 135.

Unless that leap year doth combine,
And give to February twenty-nine.



A Songe. (Gammer Gurton's Needle.) Act ii.

I cannot eat but little meat,

My stomach is not good ;
But sure I think that I can drink

With any that wears a hood.


Back and side go bare, go bare,
Both foot and hand

But, belly, God send thee good ale enough,

Whether it be new or old.

Old Tarlton's Song.

FROM THE PIGGES CORANTOE, 1642. The King of France, with forty thousand men Went up a hill, and so came down again.


Ye gentlemen of England

That live at home at ease,
Ah! little do you


upon The dangers of the seas.

Lines used by John Ball, to encourage the Rebels in Wat

Tyler's Rebellion. Hume's History of England, Vol. I.
Chap. 17. Note 1.

When Adam dolve, and Eve span,
Who was then the gentleman ?

From the Garland, a Collection of Poems, 1721, by Mr.

Br-st, author of a Copy of Verses called The British Beauties.

Praise undeserved is Satire in disguise. *

From Ovid's Metamorphosis, translated by several hands

and published by Samuel Garth. 2 vols. 12mo. 1751.

Vol 2. Book vii. Line 20.
I see the right, and I approve it too,
Condemn the wrong, and yet the wrong pursue.f


[Published in the early part of the reign of George I.]
And he that will this health deny
Down among the dead men let him lie.

* This line is quoted by Pope, in the 1st Epistle of Horace,

Book ii.,

“Praise undeserved is Scandal in disguise.”
+ Video meliora proboque
Sed deteriora sequor.

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