guese officers accompanied me ; but on four days afterwards, being driven to it arriving at the Sulla gate they let me go by my constant importunity ; but by on alone, saying it was too far ; how- that time three of the unfortunate men

; éver, near the village of Moura I met had died. I helped to move the surthree men who agreed to go with me. vivors to a room where they had abunA short distance further on we found dance of straw to lie on,

and were twelve French soldiers lying close to supplied by us with food until they the roadside. They were so badly hurt were able to join their comrades in the that not one of them could raise him- chapel. self; some had their legs broken, and In the early morning of October 1 we three of them were dying, woru out were alarmed by the report that the with pain and cold, with bunger and French were at Villarica, a village not thirst. The moment they saw us they more than a quarter of a league distant. raised their hands to Heaven, sobbing While discussing this news with the and crying out, “Oh, Mother of God 1 priest who had remained with me, the Mother of God! Water, for the love latter said he was at a loss to know of God !” I asked the peasants who how to get rid of the two officers I had come with me if they would go for have already mentioned ; these were a water, and they replied most certainly captain of militia and a lieutenant of not — that it was not likely they were the rilles. It was now more than a going to do good to their enemies. week since they had introduced themHurt by their inhumanity, I did all in selves, with much show of friendship, my power to arouse feelings of com- and we were supporting them without passion in them, but in spite of my being either their friends or debtors. efforts they did not move a step, and I After considering the matter, I said, declared that as they would not help “I see how it can be done without me I would go for the water myself. offending them. As the French are at Taking some bottles which the men Villarica, let us give out that we wish had brought with them, I started down to shut up the convent and leave this the hillside. Seeing how determined I neiglıborhood, lest we fall into their was they began to relent, and one of hands; we will then take a walk over them went with me. On my return Ithe hills, and when it seems good to us distributed the water amongst the we will return.” He approved of my wounded, and as they had no food ex- suggestion, for we had no intention of cept some maize which grew close by, a leaving the convent, having been peasant gave them a piece of black warned that as soon as we did so it bread which he had in his pocket. I would be plundered by people from the wished to take one of the soldiers back neighboring villages, and possibly even with me, but he had lost so much blood the French might not treat us as badly from a wound in his head, that even

as that. when leaning against me he was too I went at once to the officers and weak to walk, and was so overcome by told them to fetch whatever belonged this slight exertion that he fell sense- to them, as we intended to close the less to the ground. Being unable to convent and could not allow any one to render further assistance I returned to remain inside. As they did not wish the convent, and after midday again set to leave they began to argue the point, out with a supply of water, bread, saying that the French would not come wine, and fishi. carried one of the here, that they were not even at Vilwounded on a hand-cart as far as larica, and that the boy who had spread Moura, being helped by a poor old man tlie report ought to be well beaten. My from Labao. Two of the villagers had reply was that they should get ready joined us, and I impressed on them immediately, as most decidedly we were that they should give the Frenchmen going to shut up the convent and take water, and, if possible, take them to refuge in a safer place. When the some place of shelter. This they did farm servants heard this they declared


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that it was not possible for them to go I been told so. I assured them that it with us, as they were engaged in bak- was not the case and that they had ing bread and could not leave it. I been deceived. On this they remarked, told them secretly of my plan, which “ To-worrow another Freuch officer they applauded, for they also were tired will come here to find out whether you of these officers, who did nothing but speak the truth.” These words caused collect all the powder and muskets they me no little uneasiness, and I said to could lay hands on, while they ate and the officer, “If you will dismount I drank at our expense ; they therefore will show you over the whole conthrew their coats over their shoulders vent." He was quite pleased, and told and urged us to depart without delay. me that I need not be in the least anxThe officers said we must breakfast ious, as they had no intention of harmfirst, but I replied, - There is no time ing either our persons or property and for that; take a sip of wine and noth- would give us an official document ing more. Let us get away from here which would ensure us good treatment at once."

in case any more French troops should While they haruessed an old horse visit the convent. to carry the things they had collected, My comrade the priest and the two I went to the cellar to have a drink of persons we had planned to get rid of wine, but was interrupted by the noise now joined me. The lieutenant was at of horses outside. I shut the door once made prisoner, but was allowed to quickly and went to the yard gate retain his sword. The other officer eswhence I saw a number of cavalry sol- caped notice, as he was not in uniform diers advancing towards me. At first and had torn the gold lace off his cap sight I took them for English, but on without being seen. looking more closely at their shakos I I was again asked what provisions saw they were French. They marched we had, and replied that the dough was slowly past without addressing a word ready to be baked and that there was a to me, at which I was much surprised. little corn and wine, which I showed In the middle of the troop were three them. They thereupon asked for officers, who beckoned to me, and when sacks, which having been brought, they I got near, one of them took off his sent some bushels of corn, a great shako and bowed politely. He then pitcher of wine, a basket of maize said, “We have come to take charge of bread, and fifty salt codfisli' to the solthe stores of food which the English diers who had remained near left behind.'

chapel where the wounded still lay. "The English left nothing here but One of the officers chanced to uotice a large quantity of powder, to which a large iron bolt on the door of the oilthey themselves set fire when the last store, which he requested should be party evacuated the place," I replied. opened at once, thinking something

At what hour did this take place ?" valuable was hidden there. The first he inquired.

thing he saw inside was a basket of “At night," I answered ; then they very salt mackerel ; of these he gave laughed because they saw that I was some to a soldier who was standing by, speaking the truth, for they had heard and ordered others to be cooked with the explosion. They further asked if all haste. I told him they were much there were any troops in the woods and too salt, and that without being first how many friars there were in the con- soaked in water they were not fit to eat. vent. I told them that no troops re- He replied that it did not matter, he mained, and that there were only three wished to have them cooked at once. friars here, all the others having left in His attention was so entirely taken up accordance with orders received from with the fish that, without examining the English general.

any further, he asked me to show them They still insisted that there must be the way to the dining-room and to send large stores of food here, as they had I them something to eat. I explained

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that, as there was not anything ready, On our way to the gate a soldier they would have to wait uutil our usual came to say that he had found arms midday dinner. This they declared was and ammunition in one of the servants' quite out of the question, as at that rooms. He then went back again and hour they were to meet the general at broke up six guns, emptied out a keg Coimbra ; adding that they preferred of powder in the yard, and threw all their food underdone, like the English. the cartridges he could find into a bowl

We gave them maize bread, as the of water. Just as the force was about other was not yet baked, wine, eggs, to march some one called out that a fruit, and

the aforesaid mackerel. certain person amongst the bystanders While at table they asked for port was a captain. Hearing this one of the wine, cheese, and preserved fruit, but officers asked him if it was true, on were satisfied with my assurance that which he turned pale, not knowing we had none of these luxuries.

what to reply. We explained that he As they were finishing their meal an really was a captain, but only of militia, orderly came to say that a number of and had no men under his command. armed peasants were collecting outside They said to him, “We must take you our walls. The officers sent me to rea- with us." He did all in his power to son with them, and recommend them to avoid going, even saying that my comgo home again, cultivate their fields, panion was his cousin and he could not and leave fighting to be done by sol-leave him, but the priest replied, “Go, diers. I begged that the orderly might go; do as these gentlemen wish,” so come with me, and we went together he was obliged to accompany them. as far as the gate, where he asked me I now begged them to give me the to wait while he spoke to his compan- document they had promised, and havions, who had remained the ing been provided with ink and paper, chapel. Presently he returned and they handed it to me written as folsaid it was all a mistake and no peas- lows : ants were to be seen.

Au nom de l'humanité. Having made his report to the offi

Je prie et supplie tous les militaires cers he rejoined me, and begged me to françois qui viendront au Couvent Bussaco, pour a little wine into his bottle ; this I de ne rien exiger ni des pères ni des payconsented to do, but immediately the sans des villages voisins. Soixante blessés cellar door was opened all the other françois seroient victimes de la moindre soldiers crowded in. I ordered them to violence. Ces pères ce sont obligés à go out, but they objected to do so until fournir des vivres aux blessés jusqu'au their bottles were also filled. On this moment de l'évacuation. I shouted in an angry voice to one of

Le 1er d'octobre, 1810.

offr au 3me régt. d'Hussares. the farm lads, “ Call one of the officers to drive out these men !” Hearing They asked me for a written declarathis they began to go, but sadly. The tion which would satisfy the general captain came and cleared the place in that we had undertaken the care of the an instant, and I at once locked the cel- wounded, and I made it out in these lar door. Our visitors asked for some words :food to take with them, and we gave We, the friars of the Convent of Bussaco, them four fowls and two partridges. hereby certify that sixty wounded French They begged us to supply the wounded soldiers have been under our care since the with bread, wine, and broth; to protect retreat of the English troops. We promise them from the peasants, and that one to continue to look after them, and to of us should stay with them at night. supply them with the best food we possess. A lay brother and a servant slept for

Bussaco, 1st October, 1810. two nights in the chapel, but the for- After saying that we might expect mer did not go any more, because the another detachment next day, they wounded men themselves said that the took leave of us with the same courtesy servant was sufficient.

they had shown on their arrival, and


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returned by the road along which they excuse himself, but the sub-lieutenant, came, the two prisoners having to ac- snatching up a piece of board, gave company them on foot. These French him such heavy blows on his back that, did not demand money from any one, fearing bloodshed inside the church, I

were they in the least rude, caught hold of his arms and begged although they found arms and ammuni- him to stop. The third culprit did not tion in the convent.

say a word, and escaped punishment, Between eight and nine o'clock next but he was as white as a sheet. The morning, as I was standing at the gate officers were profuse in their apologies of the courtyard, I saw some fifty sol- and recommended me to write to the diers slowly ascending the hill. When general, who would, without doubt, do they came near I advanced to meet all in his power to make amends for them and handed one of the officers the the outrage. document which had been given to me After a pause the captain asked me the previous day. After reading it and whether, as a favor, the officers could speaking to his comrades he returned be given just a little bread and wine. it, saying that there was no need to be I replied “Certainly, sir,” and led alarmed as they had only come to make them to the dining-room, where we a list of the wounded, whom they supplied them with the best food we wished to move to the hospital. Hav- had. One of them mentioned that he ing dismounted, and posted guards at had not tasted bread for a month ; and the end of the courtyard and at the when I inquired what they lived on, door leading to the convent, they ac- he said they were obliged to eat the companied me to where the wounded same grain as was given to the horses, were lying, and the whole party, con- grinding it between their teeth as best sisting of a captain, lieutenant, sub-lieu- they could. When they were ready to tenant, and a Spanish doctor, conversed start, it was found that the peasant with me by the way.

whom they had brought as a guide was Having examined the sick, the doc- lying on the ground and groaning intor asked for hot water to wash their cessantly. On being asked what was wounds, and we returned to the con- the matter he put his hand on his chest vent to get it. On our arrival the lay and declared that he was in such pain brother came up to us, looking very that he could not stand up. I sugpale, and said, “ The soldiers have gested that the doctor should examine done much damage to the church, and him, which he did, and then told me have even torn my waistcoat in looking to make an infusion of elder-flowers. for money.” When the officers joined The other officers mounted, and laughed us I told them what bad occurred and more and more as the man's groans betook them to the church to prove my came louder. The fact was that he did statement. They all appeared very not wish to return with them. Another sorry, but said nothing until I had peasant agreed to show the way, and finislied ; then they asked me if I could they promised to send him back as point out the culprits. My companion soon as they could find any one to take said that a sergeant who had come to his place. They then bade us adieu his assistance knew who they were. most politely and took the road which He was accordingly sent for and or-led across the summit of the hill. dered to bring them in. After a short Scarcely were they out of sight when delay he returned with three soldiers the sick man jumped up and asked, who were without shakos, arms, or " Have those devils gone away? They belts. The officers pointed out the jeered enough at me. May they have damage they had done, and one of Barabbas for company !” At this we them beginning to deny his guilt, the all burst out laughing, and he, havlieutenant seized him by the collar and ing rapidly recovered from his illness, threw him backwards on to the steps of made off without saying good-bye to the high altar. A second also tried to any one.

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The French continued their march These troops were

militia ;

and to Coimbra, and thence to Lisbon, so whereas their conduct ought to have that we saw no more of them.

been better, it was far worse than that During the time that our army had of the regulars. its headquarters here we provider beds Colonel Trant had the wounded sent for most of the officers, and divided to Oporto soon after the capture of all the bedding we possessed amongst Coimbra. During the twenty days they them. A general who slept in the remained liere they were supported by bishop's chapel was lent a tablecloth, us. As there were so many of them two brass lamps, and a great copper we were obliged to give only a small pitcher to hold water — all these we ration to each, so that all might have a lost. Lord Wellington was given our share. However, but for us they would, best napkins and four dozen candles ; undoubtedly, have died or been murbesides which, we supplied the endless dered by the peasants. demands made by the other officers. Before Lord Wellington's arrival no Even to the soldiers and fugitives we English came here, though they passed gave salt and whatever else we could continually along the road close to the spare. Quantities of our bread, cheese, convent; but after the battle the hithwine, and oil were consumed by the erto unknown name of Bussaco became troops, but when Lord Wellington sent famous all over the country.

Not a a message that he would pay for it all, week now passes without a visit from and begged to know what sum the English officers who are either going to prior wished for, the latter replied that or returning from the front, and all are the only thing he wished for was the enchanted with the place. These visits peace of the realm.

cause us great expense ; but if at last The loss and damage suffered by the we obtain the peace and security which convent was very great. Almost every- are as necessary and desirable as our thing supplied to the officers had disap- very existence, we shall consider the peareil, at least nothing remained that money well spent. was of any value. Our maize was cut May the God of Hosts grant it to us for the horses ; the soldiers and other without delay, for his glory and our people picked our beans as long as one joy! remained ; our cabbages were taken,

Translated by W. VIVIAN. and the troops and camp-followers did not stint themselves in firewoodl, which they cut in our woods. Doorways were made in our walls, and, besides the

From The Fortnightly Review. plunder taken from the church by the

A PALACE IN THE STRAND. French soldiers, a chapel was broken

PROBABLY not one person out of a into and a chalice and some other thousand of those who hurry along the things were stolen.

busiest part of the Strand notices even When the French had retired into the existence of a closed iron gate Spain, the English commander — Wil- by the side of a public house opposite encamped here for two days, the Vaudeville Theatre.

If you peer and was supplied with everything he through the grating you will only see a required for his bed and board. The dark, narrow court, now blocked up by soldiers were given bread and much the building operations on Lord Salisbesides ; yet in spite of this, they stole bury's estate, and you will have no all our oranges, broke into our store- difficulty in coming to the conclusion room and helped themselves to more that this avenue, which has been gradbread, also wine, a basket of eggs, a ually going down in the world for the tin of honey, and many other things last two centuries, is destined before to which they took a fancy. In fact, very long to be blotted out altogether. wherever they went they behaved as For this was an important thoroughfare badly as, or worse than, the French. once, called Ivy Lane, one of the three

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