him. If therefore ye be loath to dishearten utterly and discontent, not the mercenary crew of false pretenders to learning, but the free and ingenuous sort of such as evidently were born to study, and love lerning for itself, not for lucre, or any other end, but the service of God and of truth, and perhaps that lasting fame and perpetuity of praise which God and good men have consented shall be the reward of those whose publisht labours advance the good of mankind, then know, that so far to diftrust the judgement & the honesty of one who hath but a common repute in learning, and never yet offended, as not to count him fit to print his mind without a tutor and examiner, left he should drop

a scism,

a scism, or something of corruption, is the greatest displeasure and indignity to a free and knowing spirit that can be put upon him. What advantage is it to be a man over it is to be a boy at school, if we have only scapt the ferular, to come under the fescu of an Imprimatur ? if serious and elaborat writings, as if. they were no more then the theam of a Grammar lad under his Pedagogue must not be utter'd without the cursory eyes of a temporizing and extemporizing licençer. He who is not trusted with his own actions, his drift not being known to be evill, and standing to the hazard of law and penalty, has no great argument to think himself reputed in the Commonwealth wherein he was born,


for other then a fool or a foreiner. When a man writes to the world, he summons up all his reason and deliberation to assist him; he searches, meditats, is industrious, and likely consults and conferrs with his judicious friends ; after all which done he takes himself to be inform'd in what he writes, as well as any that writ before him ; if in this the most consummat act of his fidelity and ripeneffe, no years, no induftry, no former proof of his abilities can bring him to that state of maturity, as not to be still mistrusted and suspected, unlefie he carry all his considerat diligence, all his midnight watchings, and expence of Palladian oyl, to the hafty view of an unleasur'd licencer, perhaps much his


younger, perhaps far his inferiour in judgement, perhaps one who never knew the labour of book-writing, and if he be not repulst, or flighted, must appear in Print like a punie with his guardian, and his cenfors hand on the back of his title to be his bayl and surety, that he is no idiot, or seducer, it cannot be bue a dishonor and derogation to the author, to the book, to the priviledge and dignity of Learning. And what if the author shall be one so copious of fancie, as to have many things well worth the adding, come into his min:after licencing, while the book is yet under the Presle, which not seldom happ’ns to the best and diligentest writers : and that perhaps a dozen times in one book. The Prin


ter dares not go beyond his licenc't copy; fo often then must the author trudge to his leav-giver, that those his new insertions may be viewd ; and many a jaunt will be made, ere that licencer, for it must be the same man, can either be found, or found at leisure; mean while either the Preffe must stand still, which is no small damage, or the author loose his accuratest thoughts, & send the book forth wors then he had made it, which to a diligent writer is the greatest melancholy and vexation that can befall. And how can a man teach with authority, which is the life of teaching, how can he be a Doctor in his book as he ought to be, or else had better be filent, whenas all he teaches,


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