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Cæs. Are we all ready? what is now amiss, That Cæsar, and his senate, must redress? Met. Most high, most mighty, and most puissant

Cæsar,
Metellus Cimber throws before thy seat
An humble heart:-

[Kneeling. Ces.

I must prevent thee, Cimber. These couchings, and these lowly courtesies, Might fire the blood of ordinary men; And turn pre-ordinance, and first decree, Into the law of children. Be not fond, To think that Cæsar bears such rebel blood, That will be thaw'd from the true quality With that which melteth fools; I mean, sweet words, Low-crooked curt'sies, and base spaniel fawning. Thy brother by decree is banished; If thou dost bend, and pray, and fawn for him, I spurn thee like a cur out of my way. Know, Cæsar doth not wrong; nor without cause Will he be satisfied.

Met. Is there no voice more worthy than my own, To sound more sweetly in great Cæsar's ear, For the repealing of my banish'd brother?

Bru. I kiss thy hand, but not in flattery, Cæsar;
Desiring thee, that Publius Cimber may
Have an immediate freedom of repeal.

Cæs. What, Brutus !
Cas.

Pardon, Cæsar; Cæsar, pardon:
As low as to thy foot doth Cassius fall,
To beg enfranchisement for Publius Cimber.

Cæs. I could be well mov'd, if I were as you; If I could pray to move, prayers would move me: But I am constant as the northern star, Of whose true-fix'd, and resting quality,

And turn pre-ordinance,] Pre-ordinance, for ordinance already established.

There is no fellow in the firmament.
The skies are painted with unnumber'd' sparks,
They are all fire, and every one doth shine;
But there's but one in all doth hold his place:
So, in the world; 'Tis furnish'd well with men,
And men are flesh and blood, and apprehensive;?
Yet, in the number, I do know but one
That unassailable holds on his rank,
Unshak'd of motion:8 and, that I am he,
Let me a little show it, even in this;
That I was constant, Cimber should be banishid,
And constant do remain to keep him so.

Cin. O Cæsar,
Cæs. Hence! Wilt thou lift up Olympus ?
Dec. Great Cæsar,-
Cæs.

Doth not Brutus bootless kneel?
Casca. Speak, hands, for me.
[Casca stabs CÆSAR in the Neck. CÆSAR

catches hold of his Arm. He is then stabbed by several other Conspirators, and at last by

MARCUS BRUTUS.' CÆs. Et tu, Brute?_Then fall, Cæsar. [Dies. The Senators and People retire in

confusion. Cin. Liberty! Freedom! Tyranny is dead!— Run hence, proclaim, cry it about the streets.

Cas. Some to the common pulpits, and cry out, Liberty, freedom, and enfranchisement !

Brů. People, and senators ! be not affrighted; Fly not; stand still :-ambition's debt is paid.

Casca. Go to the pulpit, Brutus.

apprehensive;] i, e. intelligent, capable of apprehending. 8 Unshak'd of motion:] i. e. Unshak'd by suit or solicitation.

9 Go to the pulpit, Brutus.] We have now taken leave of Casca. Shakspeare for once knew that he had a sufficient number of heroes on his hands, and was glad to lose an individual in the croud. It may be added, that the singularity of Casca's manners would have appeared to little advantage amidst the succeeding varieties of tumult and war. STEEVENS.

Dec.

And Cassius too. Bru. Where's Publius ? Cin. Here, quite confounded with this mutiny. Met. Stand fast together, lest some friend of

Cæsar's Should chance

Bru. Talk not of standing ;-Publius, good cheer; There is no harm intended to your person, Nor to no Roman else:' so tell thein, Publius.

Cas. And leave us, Publius ; lest that the people, Rushing on us, should do your age some mischief.

Bru. Do so ;-and let no man abide this deed, But we the doers.

Re-enter TREBONIUS.
Cas. Where's Antony ?
Tre.

Fled to his house amaz'd : Men, wives, and children, stare, cry out, and run, As it were doomsday.

Bru. Fates ! we will know your pleasures That we shall die, we know; ’tis but the time, And drawing days out, that men stand upon.

Cas. Why, he that cuts off twenty years of life, Cuts off so many years of fearing death.

Bru. Grant that, and then is death a benefit : So are we Cæsar's friends, that have abridg’d His time of fearing death.–Stoop, Romans, stoop, And let us bathe our hands in Cæsar's blood Up to the elbows, and besmear our swords : Then walk we forth, even to the market-place ;

| Nor to no Roman clse:] This use of two negatives, not to make an affirmative, but to deny more strongly, is common to Chaucer, Spenser, and other of our ancient writers. Dr. Hickes observes, that in the Saxon, even four negatives are sometimes conjoined, and still preserve a negative signification,

>

And, waving our red weapons o'er our heads,
Let's all cry, Peace! Freedom ! and Liberty !
Cas. Stoop then, and wash.?-How many ages

hence,
Shall this our lofty scene be acted over,
In states unborn, and accents yet unknown?

Bru. How many times shall Cæsar bleed in sport, That now on Pompey's basis lies along, No worthier than the dust? Cas.

So oft as that shall be,
So often shall the knot of us be call'd
The men that gave our country liberty.

Dec. What, shall we forth?
Cas.

Ay, every man away:
Brutus shall lead; and we will grace his heels
With the most boldest and best hearts of Rome.

Enter a Servant.

Brú. Soft, who comes here? A friend of Antony's.

Serv. Thus, Brutus, did iny master bid me kneel; Thus did Mark Antony bid me fall down: And, being prostrate, thys he bade me say. Brutus is noble, wise, valiant, and honest; Cæsar was mighty, bold, royal, and loving: Say, I love Brutus, and I honour him; Say, I fear'd Cæsar, honour'd him, and lov'd him. If Brutus will vouchsafe, that Antony May safely come to him, and be resolv'd How Cæsar hath desery'd to lie in death, Mark Antony shall not love Cæsar dead So well as Brutus living; but will follow The fortunes and affairs of noble Brutus, Thorough the hazards of this untrod state,

2

Stoop then, and wash.] To wash does not mean here to cleanse, but to wash over, as we say, washed with gold; for Cassius means that they should steep their hands in the blood of Cæsar. VOL. VII.

Y

With all true faith. So says my master Antony.

Bru. Thy master is a wise and valiant Roman;
I never thought him worse.
Tell him, so please hiin come unto this place,
He shall be satisfied; and, by my honour,
Depart untouch'd.
Serv.
I'll fetch him presently.

[Exit Servant. Bru. I know, that we shall have him well to friend.

Cas. I wish, we may: but yet have I a mind, That fears him much; and my misgiving still Falls shrewdly to the purpose.

Re-enter ANTONY.
Bru. But here comes Antony --Welcome, Mark

Antony.
Ant. O mighty Cæsar! Dost thou lie so low?
Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils,
Shrunk to this little measure? Fare thee well.-
I know not, gentlemen, what you intend,
Who else must be let blood, who else is rank:
If I myself, there is no hour so fit
As Cæsar's death's hour; nor no instrument
Of half that worth, as those your swords, made rich
With the most noble blood of all this world.
I do beseech

ye,
if
you

bear me hard,
Now, whilst your purpled hands do reek and smoke,
Fulfil your pleasure. Live a thousand years,
I shall not find myself so apt to die:
No place will please me so, no mean of death,
As here by Cæsar, and by you cut off,
The choice and master spirits of this age.

Bru. O Antony! beg not your death of us. Though now we must appear bloody and cruel,

who else is rank:] Who else may be supposed to have overtopped his equals, and grown too high for the publick safety.

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