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individuals among us ; they were there- the Spaniards and their descendants un. fore not a little surprised to be seriously derstand better than any other nation. assured, that neither the one nor the other The favour itself is nothing ; indeed, it belonged to any of us, but to a much seems essential to the civility that it richer and more powerful person, to whom should be a mere trifle; the merit lies in we all paid respect and obedience, and at the unaffected and simple expression of whose command we had come to visit and good will and kindness which, while it enrich the Innues, ( Esquimaux)., Ewe- really obliges, is of a nature to impose rat, on account of his steadiness and intel. no obligation. ligence, as well as the interest with which The Chilians are fond of making piche listened to any thing relating to Ka- nic parties, to dine in the country, at any bloonas, (Europeans) was particularly spot which may suit them during an exfit to receive information of this nature; cursion, and to-day I happened to fall in and a general chart of the Atlantic ocean, with some friends bent on such an expe. and of the lands on each side, immediately dition, all crowded into a careta or coconveyed to his mind an idea of the dis- vered waggon, on its way to the hills : as tance we had come, and the direction in they wanted one more cavallero, I was which our home lay. This, and similar well pleased to be permitted to join them. information was received by Ewerat and We reached the destined spot in safety, his wife with the most eager astonishment, though sufficiently jolted, and well nigh and interest, not merely displayed in the deafened by the creaking sound of the * Hei-ya!' which constitutes the usual wheels, which, like those in Spain, are extent of Esquimaux admiration, but evi. kept purposely without grease, in order, deatly enlarging their notions respecting it is said, by this clumsy device, to prethe other parts of the world, and creating vent smuggling-since no cart or waggon in them ideas which could never before can pass within half a league of a custom. have entered into their minds. By way house officer without calling his attention of trying their inclinations, I asked them to the spot. if they would consent to leave their own I went in the evening to visit a family country, and taking with them their chil. in the Almendral, or great suburb of dren, go to live in ours, where they would Valparaiso. The ladies
were ranged, as see no more Innues, and never eat any usual, along the wall, in a compact line, more seal or walrus. To all this they with their shawls drawn over the head and willingly agreed, and with an earnestness across the chin, so as nearly to conceal that left no doubt of their sincerity: To- the face. One young lady played the golat adding in an emphatic manner, harp, another the guitar, while some ocShagloo ooagoot mao,' (we do not tell casionally joined with their shrill voices a falsehood), an expression of peculiar in singing the patriotic songs of the day, force among them.
Others were chatting, or working, and “ The eagerness with which they as. the evening was passing away pleasantly sented to this proposal made me almost enough, when, without any apparent repent my curiosity, and I was glad to get cause, the whole party jumped up, cast out of the scrape by saying, that the great away their music and work, and flew in personage of whom I had spoken, would in the most frantic style out of the house, not be pleased at my taking them home screaming aloud, misericordia ! miseriwithout having first obtained his permis- cordia ! beating their breasts at the same sion. Information of the kind alluded to time, and looking terrified beyond deswas subsequently given to many of the cription. I was astonished at all this, other Esquimaux, some of whom could at but followed the company into the street, length pronounce the name of King calling out misericordia as loud as any of George," so as to be tolerably intelligible. them. It was a bright moonlight even
ing, and the street, from end to end, was ENTERTAINMENTS IN CHILI.
filled with people ; some, only half-dress
ed, having just leaped from their beds As soon as the despatches were sent off, children, snatched from their sleep, were I paid a visit to a Chilian family of my crying in all directions many carried acquaintance, and immediately on my lights in their hands in short, such a entering the drawing-room, the lady of scene of wild confusion and alarm was the house, and one of her daughters, each never seen, and all apparently occasioned presented me with a rose, apologizing, at by a spontaneous movement, without any the same time, for having omitted to do visible motive. After standing in the so before. This custom of presenting street for about a minute, the whole crowd strangers with a flower prevails in all turned round again and ran into their S panish countries, and is one of an ex. houses, so that, in the course of a few tensive class of minute attentions, which seconds, the hubbub was stilled, and ncı
THEATRE AT LIMA.
& mortal was to be seen. I now begged had set his fancy this day most particu. to know the cause of this amazing com, larly on a meat dish close to him, never motion, having a vague idea of its form- dreaming of what had been put into the ing some part of a religious ceremony, soup ; fish once tasted, however, his feast when, to my surprise, I learned that it was at an end, and he kept his vow in a had been produced by an earthquake, so manner worthy of an anchorite. severe, that the people had been afraid of the houses tumbling about their ears, and had run into the open street to avoid the The theatre which was opened during danger ; for my part, I was totally un
the festivities upon the accession of the conscious of any motion, nor did I hear
new Viceroy, was of rather a singular the sound, which they described as un- form, being a long oval, the stage occuusually loud. On mentioning this fact pying the greater part of one side, by afterwards in company, I was assured, which means the front boxes were brought that for a considerable period after the close to the actors. The audience in the arrival of foreigners, they are in like pit was composed exclusively of men, and manner insensible to shocks, which a native can at once distinguish. It may be borrowed, I believe, from Madrid, the
that in the galleries of women, a fashion mentioned also, as an unusual effect of intermediate space being divided into seexperience, that the sensation of alarm, veral rows of private boxes. Between the caused by feeling an earthquake, goes on acts, the Viceroy retires to the back seat augmenting instead of diminishing, and of his box, which being taken as a sigthat one who at first ridicules the terrors nal that he may be considered as absent, of the inhabitants, comes eventually to
every man in the pit draws forth his steel be even more frightened than they are. and Aint, lights his segar, and puffs away
furiously, in order to make the most of We sat down to dinner, a 'very merry the Viceroy again comes forward, there
his time, for when the curtain rises, and party, the master of the house insisting upon my taking the head of the table; a tently with Spanish etiquette. The spark
can no longer be any smoking, consiscustom, he said, that could by no means ling of so many flints at once, which be dispensed with. The first dish which makes the pit look as if a thousand fire. was placed on the table was bread soup, Aies had been let loose, and the cloud of exceedingly good, and cooked either with smoke rising immediately afterwards and fish or meat, a distinction so immaterial, filling the house, are little circumstances we thought, that our surprise was con- which strike the eye of a stranger as being siderable when we observed a gentleman more decidedly characteristic than inci. of the party start up, and, with a look as
dents really important. I may add, that if he had swallowed poison, exclaim, “O Lord, there is fish in the soup !” and these occasions ; and I once fairly detect
the gentlemen in the boxes also smoke on while we were wondering at this excla- ed a lady taking a sly whiff behind her fan. mation, our friend ran off to the kitchen The Viceroy's presence or absence, howto interrogate the cook. He returned
ever, produces no change in the gallery with a most woe-begone look, and finished aloft, where the goddesses keep up an his plate of soup as if it had been the
last unceasing fire during the whole evening. he was ever to taste. A feeling of delicacy prevented our asking questions, although our curiosity was raised to the highest pitch, by observing the gentleman touch A STRANGE custom prevails every where nothing else, but literally go without his in this country at balls, public as well as dinner. It was Friday, and it was in private. Ladies of all ranks, who hapo Lent, which might have accounted for pen not to be invited, come in disguise, his horror at meat ; but it was fish which and stand at the windows, or in the pashad shocked him ; besides, we saw the sages, and often actually enter the ballrest of the company eating both without room. They are called Tapadas, from scruple, which puzzled us exceedingly, their faces being covered, and their oband the more so as the self-denying indi- ject is, to observe the proceedings of their vidual was a very sensible man, and unconscious friends, whom they torment showed no other symptoms of eccentricity by malicious speeches, whenever they are We at last discovered that he had, for within hearing. At the palace, on Sunsome reason or other, come under a reli. day evening, the Tapadas were somewhat gious engagement not to eat both fish and less forward than usual; but at the Ca. flesh, though the South Americans are bildo, or magistrates' ball, given pre. permitted to do so, by an express bull in viously, the lower part of the room was their favour, and it so happened, that he filled with them, and they kept up a con.
stunt fire of jests at the gentlemen near the pnial is one-third filled. The phial the bottom of the dance.
must be carefully corked, and when used, Capt. Hall's Journal. should be unstopped a moment to admit
the external air, and closed again. The
empty space of the phial will then appear Scientific Amusements. luminous, and give as much light as a
dull ordinary lamp, and just sufficient to No. IV.
see the face of a watch. Each time that
the light disappears, on removing the The Frosted Branch.
stopper it will instantly re-appear. In
cold weather the bottle should be warmed TAKE a large glass jar, and turn its in the hands before the stopper is remouth downwards upon a brick or tile; moved. A phial thus prepared may be the jar to have fastened at its bottom used every night for six months. (now its upper side), a branch or sprig of any shrub, as myrtle or rosemary, quite fresh, and damped with water. Then, Curious Percussion Experiment. upon a piece of hot iron throw some bits If a blacksmith strikes his anvil with a of gum-benzoin, place the iron at the hammer, action and re-action are equal, same moment underneath your jar, when the anvil striking the hammer as forcibly the white fumes of the benzoin will ascend, as the hammer strikes the anvil If the and remain attached to the branch or anvil be large enough man may place sprig, beautifully covering it all over it on his breast, and suffer another perwith white particles, like the hoar frost of son to strike it with all his force, without winter: the access of atmospheric air, sustaining any injury, because the vis however, would soon decompose the acid, inertio in the anvil will resist the force of and must, therefore, be excluded. the blow; but if the anvil be too small,
the blow will be fatal Arbor Martis, or Iron Tree. In strong aqua-fortis dissolve steel-filings The Novelist. till the acid is tolerably well saturated
No. LII. therewith. Add thereto gradually a solution of fixed alkali, or oil of tartar, per deliquium. An effervescence accompanies
FLOR SILIN. each admixture; in the latter the iron, instead of falling to the bottom of your vessel, will ascend, covering the sides LET Virgil celebrate the fame of Augusthereof, and forming a great number of tus ! let the eloquence of flatterers glorify curious ramifications heaped one upon the sublime qualities of the great ;-I another, until they pass over the edge of will proclaim the renown of the worthy the vessel, in the form of an over luxuriant Flor Silin, who, though only a peasant, plant.
was withal a noble man; and in an unadorned relation of his actions shall his
fame alone consist ! The Silver Tree, in a Glass Frame.
I cannot at this moment reflect without DISSOLVE silver in aqua-fortis. Put a the most painful feelings, on that dread. few drops thereof on a square of glass, ful year, which is known in the vicinity and lay thereon small wire of copper or of the Lower Wolga by the name of the brass, previously formed into the shape Famine-year. With sorrow I remember of a tree with its branches. After lying the summer, in which, during a long an hour or two, a beautiful white vegeta- continued drought, the parched fields were tion will be perceptible round the wire, only watered by the tears of the unfortu'which will be partly covered therewith.
nate peasantry. I shudder when I think Then wash it carefully with water, put of the autumn, when naught but the over another square of glass, apply a sighs of the distracted villagers at the frame deep enough to take the thickness sight of their empty barns was heard, in. of both, and you will thus have a plea- stead of the usual songs of joy after an sing ornament for a sitting-room.
abundant harvest; and horror seizes me,
whenever I recall to my remembrance the Luminous Boitle, or Watch Light.
misery of that winter, when whole fami
lies left their habitations and passed day A BIT of phosphorus, the size of a pea, and night under the canopy of heaven, in is to be put into a long glass phial, and defiance of cold, as beggars on the highboiling oil poured carefully over it, till ways. I will no longer torture the heart
A RUSSIAN TALE.-BY KARAMSIN.
f the feeling reader, by more minutelyfected peasants, “ we will divide this corn depicting these shocking scenes. I then among the poor, and tell them, that 'tis resided on an estate not far from Sim- you they must thank for the benefit ; and birsk, where, though yet a child, I felt at the same time bid them join us and our my share of the universal want, and the children in prayers to God for you.”sufferings of my brothers filled my heart Silin raised his tearful eyes towards heawith anguish.
ven, but his feelings no pen can portray. In a neighbouring village lived Flor At another time, fourteen cottages beSilin, an industrious peasant, who culti- ing burnt down in a neighbouring village, vated his acres much better than his neigh- Silin sent each of the sufferers two rubles bours, for which reason he had always the and a scythe. richest harvest, and never had occasion to Soon after, a whole village was burnt sell all his corn. The dry season came, down, and the poor inhabitants who had and all the inhabitants of the village, nearly lost their all, took refuge with the Flor Silin alone excepted, were reduced to worthy Silin ; but his former benefits had beggary. Yet was not industry his only disabled him from giving them assistance virtue. Instead of taking advantage of equal to his wishes. He was without the general distress, and selling his super- money. “ Yet,” said he, “ there is a fluous grain at an advanced price, he as. horse, which at present I do not much sembled the poorest of his neighbours, want. Take it, and sell it.” and thus addressed them : “ Hark ye ! For two female slaves, whom he had my brethren ; you are in want of corn, I bought in the name of his landlord, he have more than sufficient ; help me to procured freedom, kept them as his own thresh out some measures, and every one daughters, and afterwards gave them good take as much as he has occasion for.”_ portions. The peasants were quite thunderstruck ; If thou yet tarriest upon earth, thou for noble sentiments are equally uncom- philanthropist, Flor Silin, if thou hast mon in a village, as in a city.
not departed for a better country, and one The report of Silin's benevolence spread more worthy of thee, where the hand of through the whole vicinity, and the im- the Almighty will raise thee far above poverished peasants from all the neigh- many kings and princes, thou art cerbouring villages came also to him, and tainly still doing good to thy fellow-creabegged for corn. The worthy Silin re- tures, and gaining a higher place in ceived them as brothers, and as long as he heaven. If ever I return to that country had any remaining rejected no one's pe- of which thou art the best ornament, tition. " At this rate,” said his wife, with reverence shall I approach thy cot“ we shall, at last, have none ourselves.” tage, and in thy person pay homage to “ In the Bible," answered Silin, “ it is humanity and virtue ; but if thou art no written, Give, and it shall be given unto longer in existence, I will visit thy grave, you.”
and water it with my tears. A stone The following year, God heard the en. shall cover thy vault, and I will engrave treaties of the poor, and blessed the har- on it with my own hands : 66 Here rest
The peasants, to whom Silin had in peace the remains of a Noble Man." given corn, now came, to pay their debts with interest. With tears in their eyes, they said to him ; « U's and our children Miscellanies. you have saved from perishing with hun. ger, and God alone can reward you for the noble deed—we can only pay that part
RUSTIC BRAVERY. of our debt with thanks.”—“ I am not at In the campaign of 1621, it was the inpresent in want of grain, my dear friends," tention of the Spanish general to possess answered Silin ; “the harvest has turned himself of a walled village in the Palati. out well with me. Return thanks to God; nate, named Oggersheim, and he sallied for He it was that relieved you in your from his quarters, at the head of a large misery, not I, a poor impotent indivi- body of troops, for this purpose. On the
In vain the debtors pressed it on first alarm nine-tenths of the inhabitants him. “ No,” said he, “ I will not take removed to Manheim, leaving behind only your corn. But if you have a superfluity, about twenty old persons and a poor share it with those unfortunate beings shepherd, who, besides being a brave who, not possessing the means to sow fellow, was a man of some humour. The their fields last harvest, now suffer from shepherd in good time fastened the gates, want. There are many of them in the pulled up the drawbridge, and made a neighbourhood. Let us help them, my wonderful shew of resistance. A trum. dear brethren, and God will bless us.”- peter summoned the town in form; on “ Yes, that we will,” returned the af. which the few remaining inhabitants
escaped through a postern gate, and left has seen her grave-stone. She was of the only the shepherd and shepherdess, who middle size, and a fair, good-looking was enceinte. The peasant, having woman. She had one daughter, married slipped on the old coat of an officer, gave to Joseph Green, a cooper, of Harlow audience from the walls to the military Bush, in Essex. She died of a quinsy, herald, and, in the style of a representa- from her inability to swallow. The song tive of the garrison, made his bargain of was popular in her own days, and she capitulation inch by inch, contracting, at frequently avoided all market-places and the same time, for the preservation of fairs, where it was constantly sung by estate, and the free exercise of the Pro- ballad-singers. She used to be engaged testant religion. Let the reader judge to work at plain-work in the family of what surprise the Spaniards felt, when, Mr. Pymm, at Rodwell, and lived by her upon their entrance within the walls, they industry. Her father gave her 1001. or found with what a garrison they had been 1501. when she married, so that she was making a capitulation. The fellow, how- indebted to her merit for her celebrity. ever, himself preserved a most inflexible The following is the song once so popular: gravity; and some weeks afterwards, when who has e'er heen at Baldock must needs know His wife lay in, requested the general to the mill, be sponsor. For the humour of the thing at the sign of the Horse, at the foot of the hill, the pompous Castilian did not decline the Where the 'grave'and the gav, the clown and the
beau, honour, and for ever afterwards protected, without all distinction promiscuously go. the child.
The man at the mill has a daughter so fair,
That once on the hay-field's greenbank as I stood,
I thought she was Venus just sprung from the WAEN the mother of a late King of
food. Spain was on her road to Madrid, she But looking again, 1 perceived my mistake, passed through a little town in Spain, Por Venus, though fair, has the look of a rake;
While nothing but virtue and modesty fill famous for its manufactory of gloves and The more beautiful looks of the lass of the mill. stockings. The honest magistrates of the
Prometheus stole fire, as the poets dosay, place thought they could not better ex.
To enliven the mass he had modell’d of clay: press their joy for the reception of their Had Mary been with him, the beam of her eye new queen, than by presenting her with Had sav'd him the trouble of robbing the sky, a sample of these commodities, for which Since first I beheld this dear lass of the mill, alone their town was remarkable. The I can never be quiet do whate'er I will;
All day and all night I sigh and think still, major-domo, who conducted the queen, I shall die it I have not the lass of the mill. received the gloves very graciously ; but when the stockings were presented, he flung them away with great indignation,
HOT CROSS BUNS. and severely reprimanded the magistrate The custom of crying“ hot cross buns" for this egregious piece of indecency, in London and in many parts of England, “ Know,” says he, “that a queen of on Good Friday, is thought to have had Spain has no legs.". The poor young its origin, anterior to the solemn event of queen, who at that time understood the which this day is in commemoration. language but very imperfectly, and had The Greeks were accustomed to present been often frightened with stories of Spa- to the gods a kind of consecrated bread, nish jealousy, imagined they were to cut purchased at the gates of the temples. off her legs; upon which she fell a crying, One species of this bread is said to have and begged them to conduct her back to been called by them boun, which Hesy, Germany, for that she never could endure chius describes as a kind of cake with that operation; and it was with some horns; and another ancient author dedifficulty they could appease her.-Philip scribes its composition to have been of IV. is said never in his life to have fine flour and honey. The prophet Jerelaughed heartily but at this story. miah notices this kind of offering, when
speaking of the Jewish women falling • See Mirror, No. 62
into idolatry in Egypt.
Formerly, a cake was in much request
on this day, called water cakes, composed THE MAID OF BALDOCK.
of flour and water only; but, to compen. This celebrated beauty was named Mary sate for the want of flavour, the tops of Cornwall, and was married about nine or the cakes were smeared with turmeric, ten years to Henry Leonard, a carpenter, which made them
a fine yellow colour. of Baldock. She has been dead between These have given way to the sweet crossforty and fifty years, and lies buried in buns. Baldock church-yard, where the writer Although the custom of having hot