I am grieved, but not surprised, that the Clergy should so universally have acquiesced in the erasure of my name from the Liturgy. Charity is the most essential part of piety; but this sort of piety may often be an obstruction in the way of ecclesiastical advancement. While the pastors of the church are so worthily occupied, it could not be supposed that more than two or three of them, would step beyond the line of ecclesiastical decorum to administer spiritual solace to a persecuted Queen.

It is not a little remarkable, that the only innovation which the hierarchy has been willing to admit in the ancient Liturgy for about a century and a half, is one that was dictated by malevolence. But, if any alterations had been proposed in the Liturgy, which harmonized at once with the genius of Christianity, and with the improved sentiments of the age, the authors of the proposition would have been reviled with as much rancour, and as little moderation as if they designed, not merely to prune the superfluous branches, but had come prepared with an axe to cut down the very trunk of the establishment.


I am grieved in common with the rest of the people, that the highest judicature in the kingdom, should have been contaminated by the presence of so much foreign perjury. Witnesses have been admitted against the Queen Consort of these realms who would not have been allowed in a petty action in any of the minor Courts.

My enemies never lost sight of me in my remote and spacious travels. No ground that I ever trod was too hallowed for the step of perfidy to invade. The emissaries of the enemy followed me with the rapidity of blood-hounds to Nazareth and Jerusalem. To bite the hand by which you have been nurtured is hardly the property of the envenomed reptile; and it is emblematic of the highest degree of insincerity and inalevolence. But, amongst those who have assailed me with falsehoods of the most aggravated kind, how many have I tenderly cherished, or largely benefited!

The grave puts an end to animosities; and even the death of a commou friend will often serve to reconcile two bitter enemies. But what must we think of that enmity, which, instead of being appeased, is excited to fresh acts of cruelty, and fresh enormities of injustice, by the death, not only of a common friend, but of more than one common relative?

When forgiveness is taught by the moralist or the divine, it cannot usually be inculcated from a better pulpit than that of the sepulchre; or with more impressive effect from any locality than that of the grave. But in the instance to which I allude, the voice from the tomb in vain exclaims that vengeance ought to cease, and rancour to vanish from the heart. The words "ashes to ashes and dust to dust" in vain reminded my insensate adversaries of the instability of human greatness, and the uncertainty of human life!


I have been much gratified by this loyal and affectionate Address from the Inhabitants of the Parish of Croydon in the County of Surrey.

It is not possible for the dim sight of man to penetrate far into the dark immensity of the moral world. But still there is light enough upon the confines of that awful vast to teach us a few simple but salutary truths. Our limited experience and confined observation are sufficient to prove that evil is often one of the means of good; and that the seeds of misfortuge often throw up a harvest of happiness. My life will furnish numerous instances of a moral retribution; and will, at the same time, VOL. IV. No. 8.

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prove that there is more native strength in unprotected innocence, than in the most systematic falsehood or the best fabricated perjury.

In the conspiracy against me in 1806, there was no want of well-contrived circumstantial particulars, which were formed into a very plausible story: nor did the tale want the support of witnesses who had no scrupulosity about an oath: but the whole fabric was no sooner touched by the wand of truth, than it dissolved into empty air. The present conspiracy, in like manner, is demonstrated to have been the deliberate contrivance of falsehood and malevolence.

Where a country has been long governed for the benefit of a fow, it is not surprising that the people should be clamorous for such an extension of political rights, as may enable them to check that corrupt influence which, while it lasts, will more or less, paralyse the moral energies of those within the sphere of its agency, and finally sap the very vitals of the constitution. All political institutions, like the material Fabrics of man, are composed of perishable elements. They contain in themselves the principle of decay, of which the agency, unless scrupulously watched, and carefully retarded, is never still. But, how few governments ever see the necessity of early reformation? Hence they delay reform till it is too late; or too late to be beneficial. They either never intend a remedy; or they procrastinate the application, till it is applied

in vain.


I have been much gratified and deeply impressed, by this loyal and affectionate Address, from the inhabitants of the town of Paisley, when I knew what correct moral feelings prevail among the natives of Scotland in general, and what progress political knowledge has made among the inhabitants of Paisley in particular, I am the less surprised that my affliction should have so warmly interested their tender sympathies, that my numerous indignities and wrongs should have excited their vivid resentment, and that the present proceedings against me should have occasioned their most unqualified reprobation: in those proceedings all decency has been outraged, all morality set at defiance, all laws superseded, and the principles of the constitution as little heeded as if they were the visions of

a romance.

I am but too well convinced that deep distress hath prevailed, and does prevail, amongst the industrious population of Paisley, and in other parts of the united kingdom. In the midst of this distress I am happy to remark, that no disposition to ravage and tumult has been so evident as it would have been in former periods, under a similar pressure of calamity; but the increased diffusion of political knowledge hath produced an increased obedience to the laws, and an increased repugnance to any insurrectionary movements. Violence there has been, but that has not originated with the people. It has been instigated by the enemies of the people. Secret agents and invidious emissaries have been busy in creating disloyalty where it did not exist, and in producing treason where it would not otherwise have been found. We have heard of flagitious miscreants encouraging the commission of crimes in order to profit by their detection; but what blame must attach to the authors of those treasonable placards, which were recently fabricated in order to implicate the Queen in a false charge of attempting to disturb the peace of the community !!!

If this atrocious contrivance had succeeded, my enemies hight, have bad a momentary triumph, but it would have been only momentary; their own acts would have proved their destruction; and they would have perished in the hurricane they had occasioned.




I take the liberty of enclosing you the following Manifesto of his Holiness the Pope, it will afford you much pleasure at perceiving the extreme anxiety, which constantly pervades all institutions that are founded on the ignorance and credulity of mankind, and will exist as a specimen of the means adopted to stifle inquiry, and prevent the human intellect proceeding beyond the barrier which interest and ambition has raised. It maintains the same tone that characterizes the intolerance of priest craft in all ages. Whose zeal is more awakened by the fear of losing its followers than by its affectation of dread," at the peasantry being tainted with the deadly poison of perverse doctrines." It is that exhibition of terror that displays the. foreknowledge of a certain destruction to the Catholic church, if it. ever suffers its votaries to question its infallibility.

In a similar situation does the Vice Society place the Christian religion by the persecution of yourself and Mrs. Carlile, believing it cannot bear investigation, they persecute, with the utmost severity, ' those who enable mankind to enquire into the truth of that divine religion which requires upwards of 20,000 men to explain or expound its doctrines-and this, at the enormous expence of ten millions annually. They, like the Pope, prate about the effects of "deadly poison," seducing the youthful population," and " eradicatiug from their hearts and affections the truth of the orthodox faith." But the cause is evident,--it is, that their craft is in danger, and for this they alternately bully and tremble, lest their occupation should be gone, and their means of plunder be detected---this is the cause that produces the anger of the Pope against the methodists, and it is the same cause that makes Churchmen and Methodists, and the Vice Society oppose your exertions. While the Pope can abuse the Methodist and the Methodist the Pope, they act like two rival tradesmen, who are desirous of obtaining customers, by deprecating the value of each others' wares. But the moment you stepped in and proclaimed they were both knaves, fattening on the credulity of their admirers, the Vice Society steps forward and adopts the language, and follows the example of his Holiness the Pope, and denounces you as an "insidious wolf," but I must not pursue this subject further, as it is probable it may furnish a topic for an essay from your pen. I will merely subjoin the document addressed to the Catholic prelates.

Right Illustrious and Right Reverend Sir,-That forewarning speech of Jesus Christ, our Lord, long since uttered by him, when employing the parable of the husbandman, "who had sown the good seed in his field; but his enemy, while mankind were asleep, came, and made an after-sowing of tares in the midst of the wheat corn," (Matt. ch. 13, v. 24,) appears to be realizing in our days, particularly in Ireland, to the grievous loss and wrong of the Catholic weal.


For information has reached this sacred congregation, that schools o a bible society have been set up in almost every part of Ireland; upholden with the resources and by the patronage of the higher Anti-Catholic gentry; and that, in those schools, under the artificial complexion of charity, the untutored youth of either sex, especially those of the peasantry, and of the indigent class, allured by the cajolement, nay, by affectionate petty presents from the teachers, come to be tainted with the deadly poison of perverse doctrines. It is further stated, that the teachers of those schools, lately described, are methodists, who make use of the Bibles rendered into English by the Bible Society, and pregnant with errors; those teaching having in view the sole object of seducing, the youthful population, and eradicating from their hearts and affections the truths of the orthodox faith.

Considering these things to be certain, your Lordship is already aware, that great solicitude, application, and vigilance, are to be demanded of the shepherds, in sedulously guarding their flocks from the ambuscade of wolves, who come in sheep's clothing. If the shepherds will slumber the while, quickly will the inimical man steal in, and sow his noxious seed; quickly will the after-growth of tares show itself, and overlay the wheat

corn. I

Wherefore, it is indispensably requisite to make every possible effort, in order to recall the useful sort from the pernicious schools; and to admonish the parents, that they are not, by any means, to suffer their offspring to be led into error. However, for avoiding the snares of the adversaries, nothing appears more fitting than the setting up of Catholic schools, wherein to educate the poor and the peasantry, in a course of moral instruction and reputable learning. Perhaps it may be said, that a fund cannot be provided. As to this point, you will have naturally gained a lesson from those very seceders from the right faith for, as we are told, they ask individually, from the people at large, a penny subscription by the week, for the support, of those mentioned schools. What should hinder the Catholics from doing likewise?


Wherefore we exhort, and, by the tender sympathies of Jesus Christ, our Lord, we conjure you, my Lord, to guard with diligence your flock, in that best manner which your discretion may suggest, from such persons as insidiously are introducing themselves into the sheepfold of Christ, with the design of carrying away from him the incautious sheep; and to exert yourself most carefully, (recollecting the prophecy of Peter, the Apostle, who delivered of old in these words, “and amongst you shall there be lying teachers, who shall bring in sects of perdition") to prevent the corrupting by those meu of the Catholic youth. This object I hope you will easily attain by instituting within your diocese Catholic schools. And in the well-founded hope that in this most important matter your Lordship will exert all your force and resoluteness to prevent the souml wheat from being choked by the tares, I beg of the Holy Divine Majesty to be your protector and safeguard for very many years.

Your Lordship's, in all brotherly affection,

C. M. PEDICINI, Secretary.

From the Palace of the Propaganda Fide.
Rome, 14th August, 1820.


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The next is the book of Micah, which has nothing worth notice, was it not that a part of it is twisted into a Christian prophecy, and said to relate to the birth of Jesus: it is the second verse of the fifth chapter, thus:

"But thou, Beth-lehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he conie forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting."

It is evident from reading the whole chapter, that the object of the writer was the supposed prince that was to be' raised up for the restoration of the Jews, and has no very distant allusion. The Jews when under the Babylonish captivity had flattered themselves, that if they could once get restored to their country, they should take warning by past events and become prosperous. This delusion was kept up. At first we find that Cyrus was to be the Messiah as foretold by Isaiah, but the Jews were no sooner fallen into trouble and captivity again, than they made their prophets to allude to another Messiah, and not Cyrus that had gone by. In the last captivity by the Romans, Josephus pays the compliment to Vespasian, and tells him that he is the Messiah alluded to by the Jewish prophets, but Vespasian was not to be taken in the same trap with Cyrus, and the poor Jews continue to look for another Messiah to this day. Long may they look, or at least, until they see their folly and learn that it is vain.

I have now noticed all that is worthy of notice in the books of the Old Testament, the remaining books of the Prophets are but a mere variation of the tales so often mentioned about the desolation and prosperous restoration of the Jews. One would imagine that sufficient time had elapsed to satisfy the most fanatical and most credulous mind, that nothing of the pretended restoration has ever taken place or can ever take place. The books of the Maccabees give the truest account of the real state of the Jews in Judea, and the deplorable condition in which they continued from the return from the captivity at Babylon to the time that Judea became a Roman

Vol. IV. No. 8.


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