worth's life, and the last in which she this little packet to you, as I cannot visited London. It was in the early make time for the pleasure myself. days of March, that with her half- The packet contains a Celestial rose, sister, Mrs. Lestock Wilson, her beloved what its botanical name may be I can“Fanny,” she made a call at a house not say, but I suspect that called by: at the entrance of Kilburn, at that time any other name would look as fair or still a rural looking village with green as red and smell as sweet. This is from fields, country lanes, and a little old my own garden at Edgeworthstown, hunting lodge which had belonged to from which I flatter myself you will Charles the Second still standing just like to have a vegetable love. My sister off the highroad. The semi-detached joins in kind remembrances to you. villa which they entered had at its back Your pot of mignonette-I mean the pot a long garden, which during the three without the mignonette-is here at your seasons of the year, used to be a blaze orders, but I cannot send it by this opof color.

portunity, as my brother rides, and The smoke of London did not then rides a mettlesome horse. cover every geranium and verbena leaf

“Yours sincerely, with black; the great city was still far

" MARIA EDGEWORTH. enough away to cause those who went

“The rose there to speak of “going to town." At

was packed by Mrs. E. the beginning of March, the spring after the good example of a professed flowers in the gardens were few and

florist gardener, so I hope it is all right, far between; but the little drawing and may the Celestial rose live to never without something

please you, and long life to it and you! pretty to look at and sweet to smell.

"We go into the country on Monday In one window, on a table, stood a pot and stay till Thursday, and then go of tree-mignonette, which instantly at

again to Sir John Herschel's on Saturtracted the attention of Miss Edge

day, and then return only to pack up worth. She went up to it, and putting and be off for ever, probably. her arms round it, exclaimed in her

"M. E." warm-hearted Irish way, “Oh, you dar- This letter is written in fine and deliling!"

cate, but clear handwriting on a halfIt was during this visit that the anec

sheet of notepaper folded. The postdote already related was told. It need script has a touching interest, for the hardly be added here that her hostess,

prophecy concerning herself was too who was an enthusiastic admirer of

true. At the end of April she left Lonher writings and also as great a lover don, never to return to it. of flowers, insisted on the mignonette The “Celestial rose" was carefully accompanying her visitors home. Be

tended, and it climbed and twined and fore leaving the house, however, Miss flourished in luxuriance, taking kindly Edgeworth said she would send to

to its English soil. The present owner Edgeworthstown for a plant which she

of the letter feels strongly inclined, trusted would take root in the sub

when at rare intervals she passes by urban garden. Some weeks later the the old house, to ring the bell and ask following letter was received from

for permission to walk round the garher:

den, even, perhaps, to beg for a slip “1 North Audley Street,

from the Irish rose should the hand of “ March 30th, 1844.

time and of the stranger have dealt Dear Mrs. H.-My brother, Paken- gently with this fragrant memorial of ham Edgeworth, undertakes to carry

Maria Edgeworth.


Sixth Series,
Volume XII.


No. 2730.-October 31, 1896.


From Beginning,

Vol. CCXI.



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WARDS? By Roland Knyvet Wilson, Contemporary Review,
II. LUCILLE. A Tale of the Franco-German
War. By Andrew W. Arnold,

Blackwood's Magazine, .
sary Study. By F. Maurice,

Cornhill Magazine,
IV. AT SEA. By Martin Morris,

Nineteenth Century,
H. D. Rawnsley,

Blackwood's Magazine, .

Cornhill Magazine,
VII. A DAY IN GOA. By J. Lawson, : Temple Bar,


Chambers' Journal,


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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. BR Six DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forvarded for a year, free of postage.

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Singie copies of the LIVING AGE, 15 cents.


The picture in your eye; and when time

strikes, The air is sweet with flowers and

And the green scene goes on the instant summer sun,

blindAnd yet I feel a darkness everywhere,

The ultimate helpers, where your horse Grim scent from open graves is in the

to-day air;

Conveyed you dreaming, bear your body About my feet the happy children run,

dead. But a voice rings across their play-all fun

Stevenson's “ Songs of Travel.” And frolic cease that voice was wild

despair. The table smiles with guests and dainty

fare, The food is sour ere feasting has begun.

BLINDNESS. In every mountain cleft are withered

Darken'd the world! Each day the glory bones

fades, Bones of our sheep-like human bones

All the bright sunshine lost in endless they lie,

shades. Each rowan-tree seems red with Chris- First a dim twilight, then the day and tian blood.

night All through the day I hear a people's Lost in one sbadow, curtain'd from the groans,

light. At night Armenia wakes me with a cry, Never to see the earth Thou mad'st so "Traitor! thou hast foresworn thy


Never to see the sun reflected there!

Never in Love's fond thoughtfulness to

trace An answering smile upon a loved one's

face. To wait in darkness for the Light of Life,

To grope thro' endless years of earthly PREPARATION.

strife; Hast thou a cunning instrument to play, To bear with patience such a burden laid 'Tis well; but see thou keep it bright,

Till all earth's darkness sink into the And tuned to primal chords, so that it may

shade; Be ready day and night.

And passed the night, Heav'n's g?or For when He comes thou know'st not, who pierce the skies,

Shining more perfect to the sightless eyes. "These virginals are apt;" and try a note,


E. C. And sit, and make sweet solace of de

light, That men should stand to listen on the

way, And all the room with heavenly music Thou, Abba, know'st how dear float.

My little child's poor playthings are to her;

What love and joy
She has in every darling doll and precious

Yet when she stands between my knees
To kiss good-night, she does not sob in


"Oh, father, do not break or injure these!! Let now your soul in this substantial She knows that I shall fondly lay them by world

For happiness to-morrow; Some anchor strike. Be here the body So leaves them trustfully. moored;

And shall not I? This spectacle immutably from now


shall say

Successful Englishmen are happily From The Contemporary Review. SHOULD HISTORY BE TAUGHT BACK. not prone to address such harsh and WARDS?

ungracious language to the individual A French traveller relates of the Mo

teachers who, like this poor old Magul Emperor Aurangzíb, that, after he hommedan, have simply imparted to the had defeated all his competitors and

best of their ability the traditional inestablished himself on the throne of struction in the traditional way. But it Delhi, his old tutor hastened to tender is, perhaps, rather the rule than the exhis congratulations, expecting,

of ception to find men of the greatest course, a present or a pension; instead light and leading in each generation of which he found himself sternly pronouncing distinctly unfavorable taken to task, somewhat in the follow- judgments on the system which passed ing fashion:

in their young days for liberal educa

tion; whether they happen to have been Was it not incumbent upon my precep- subjected to the process themselves, tor to make me acquainted with the dis- like Bentham, Gibbon, Byron, the late tinguishing features of every nation of the Lord Sherbrooke, and Lord Dufferin, earth, its resources and strength; its mode

or to have escaped it by some happy of warfare, its manners, religion, form of accident, like John Stuart Mill and government, and wherein its interests Herbert Spencer. Indeed, I must conprincipally consist; and by a regular fess to a faint suspicion that the incourse of historical reading, to make me genious Frenchman who tells the story familiar with the origin of states, their

may have had a side-glance at Europe, progress and decline, the events, accidents, and may have been thinking of Latin or errors, owing to which such great and Greek when he made the Mogul changes and mighty revolutions have been effected ? . . . Å familiarity with the lan- speak of Arabic. And if this is so with guage of surrounding nations may be in- the greater men, who have made their dispensable in a king; but you would teach way in spite of, or without, the encumme to read and write Arabic, doubtless brances corresponding to Aurangzíb's conceiving that you placed me under an antiquated Arabic theology, how much everlasting obligation for sacrificing so more is it the case with the host of large a portion of time to the study of a smaller, more or less unsuccessful inlanguage wherein no one can hope to be- dividuals, who find the liberal educacome proficient without ten or twelve tion, which cost themselves so much years of close application. Forgetting trouble and their parents so much how many important subjects ought to be

money, so little conducive to efficiency embraced in the education of a prince, you in the serious business of life! acted as if it were chiefly necessary that

One might preach as many sermons he should possess great skill in grammar, and such knowledge as belongs to a

on Aurangzíb's text as there are possi

But its Doctor of Law; and thus did you waste ble branches of instruction. the precious hours of my youth in the dry, most direct bearing is, of course, on onprofitable, and never-ending study of political education. He thought of the words! Ought you not to have instructed training necessary for the business of me on one point at least, so essential to be kingship; we have to think of the trainknown by a king-namely, on the recip- ing necessary to the few for high rocal duties between the sovereign and his statesmanship, to the many for intelllsubjects? ... Happy for me that I con- gent citizenship. Now a young Ensulted wiser heads than thine on these sub- glishman imbibes, no doubt, a good jects. Go, withdraw to thy village. many political ideas through various Henceforth let no man know either who informal channels, but almost the only thou art or what has become of thee.

formal instruction bearing on the sub

ject, either in elementary or in higher i See “Bernier's Travels,” Constable's Oriental Miscellany, vol. 1., pp. 154-161. The modern editor grade schools, takes the shape of hiscaps this story with a speech of similar purport tory. Hence the importance of the delivered in 1890 by the present German emperor. question, what sort of historical teach


ing conduces most to the formation of whether anything is gained by going good citizens?

so far afleld in preference to utilizing According to the late Professor Free- periods which are nearer to us in point man, “history is the politics of the past; of time. The strong presumption politics are the history of the present."'1 surely is that the communities most I know of only two reasons why peo- like our own will afford the richest supple should concern themselves with ply of instructive examples, and that the politics of the past. They may be conditions similar to our own will be (1) connected as causes with the con- found more abundantly the nearer we temporary transactions in which we approach the present time. are called upon to play a part; or, (2), if It may, indeed, be reasonably argued not linked in any definite manner with that for a certain class of problems anything present that specially con- closer analogies are to be found in the cerns us, they may be useful or inter- circumstances of republican Athens esting for the sake of their moral les- and republican Rome than in those of sons, as examples of right or wrong any Christian state before the sevensolutions of problems similar to those teenth century.

But if the analogies which we may ourselves any day have are not in either case at all comparable to face.

in closeness and instructiveness to Now, it is in the second way only that those supplied in profusion by the last any one pretends to see any use in two centuries, is it worth while for a the bulk of the history taught in beginner to trouble himself about our schools. Historical lessons them? And this is how the matter now thought to be good or bad according as presents itself to me. Grote and Thirlthe young pupil learns from them to wall, Arnold and Mommsen, persuaded condemn treachery and cruelty, and to me that I was really gathering, from honor loyalty, justice, and patriotism; the facts of remote periods, principles and according as older pupils gather which would serve for practical guidfrom them some general notion of the ance in the political controversies of institutions or maxims of policy which the present day. I now seem to see that tend to the aggrandizement or ruin of the principles imbibed through this states. Some such lessons can, no channel, instead of being suggested by doubt, be extracted by an ingenious the ancient facts, were in truth read teacher from the doings of ancient into them by those gifted writers, who Britons and mediæval Englishmen, or had previously learned them from the from the Bible accounts of the judges politics of their own day. Grote, for and kings of Israel; which are the only instance, was moved to write his histwo portions of history brought under tory of Greece, because as an earnest the notice of the bulk of the children in parliamentary reformer he was disour elementary schools. And it is com- tressed to observe the influence of Mitmonly thought that lessons more di- ford on the young men trained in our rectly applicable to modern politics are public schools and universities: and furnished by those transactions of the Mitford's history was written expressly Greeks and Romans during the first to counteract the modern democratic five centuries before the Christian era, propaganda by showing up ancient which occupy the chief place in the his- democracy in the most unfavorable torical curriculum of our upper-class light. Both took this roundabout way public schools.

The practical ques- of disseminating their respective printion, however, for those who have to ciples, because at the seminaries remap out a

course of study, is not sorted to by the bulk of our future poliwhether edifying generalities can be ticians the Greek and Latin classics squeezed out of any period in which were almost the only medium through human nature was not radically differ- which any political ideas at all were ent from what it is at present, but allowed to filter. Grote had the best

Не 1 Methods of Historical Study, p. 8.

of the argument, such as it was.

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