both in some approximate degree get to conform stuff that has followed from it, will first of all to the same. Heaven's laws are not repealable require to be undone, and have the ground cleared by earth, however earth may try—and it has been of it, by way of preliminary to "

doing !"trying hard, in some directions, of late! I say, Already one hears of black Adscripti glebæ ; no well being, and in the end no being at all, will which seems a promising arrangement, one of the be possible for you or us, if the law of Heaven first to suggest itself in such a complicacy. It is not complied with. And if “slave” mean appears the Dutch blacks, in Java, are already a essentially servant hired for life"-for life, or kind of Adscripts, after the manner of the old by a contract of long continuance, and not easily European serfs ; bound by royal authority, to give dissoluble-I ask, Whether in all human things, so many days of work a year. Is not this some the “contract of long continuance" is not pre-thing like a real approximation ; the first step tocisely the contract to be desired, were the right wards all manner of such? Wherever, in British terms once found for it? Servant hired for life, territory, there exists a black man, and needful were the right terms once found, which I do not work to the just extent is not to be got out of pretend they are, seems to me much preferable to him, such a law, in defect of better, should be servant hired for the month, or by contract dis- brought to bear upon said black man! How soluble in a day. An ill-situated servant, that ;- many laws of like purport, conceivable some of servant grown to be nomadic; between whom and them, might be brought to bear upon the black his master a good relation cannot easily spring up! man and the white, with all despatch, by way of

To state articulately, and put into practical solution instead of dissolution to their complicated lawbooks, what on all sides is fair from the West case just now! On the whole, it ought to be renIndia white to the West India black ; what rela- dered possible, ought it not, for white men to live tions the Eternal Maker has established between beside black men, and in some just manner to these two creatures of His ; what he has written command black men, and produce West Indian down, with intricate but ineffaceable record, leg- fruitfulness by means of them? West Indian ible to candid human insight, in the respective fruitfulness will need to be produced. If the qualities, strengths, necessities and capabilities of English cannot find the method for that, they may each of the two : this will be a long problem ; rest assured there will another come (Brother only to be solved by continuous human endeavor, Jonathan or still another) who can. He it is and earnest effort gradually perfecting itself as whom the gods will bid continue in the West experience successively yields new light to it. Indies; bidding us ignominiously, Depart, ye This will be tofind the right terms” of a con- quack-ridden, incompetent !tract that will endure, and be sanctioned by Heaven, One other remark, as to the present trade in and obtain prosperity on earth, between the two. slaves, and to our suppression of the same. If A long problem, terribly neglected hitherto ;- buying of black war-captives in Africa, and bring. whence these West Indian sorrows, and Exeter-ing them over to the sugar-islands for sale again Hall monstrosities, just now ! But a problem be, as I think it is, a contradiction of the laws of which must be entered upon, and by degrees be this universe, let us heartily pray Heaven to end completed. A problem which, I think, the Eng- the practice ; let us ourselves help Heaven to end Tish people, if they mean to retain human colonies, it, wherever the opportunity is given. If it be the and not black Irelands in addition to the white, most flagrant and alarming contradiction to the said cannot begin too soon! What are the true rela- laws which is now witnessed on this earth ; so flations between negro and white, their mutual grant and alarming that a just man cannot exist, duties under the sight of the Maker of them both ; and follow his affairs, in the same planet with it ; what human laws will assist both to comply more why, then indeed- But is it, quite certainly, and more with these? The solution, only to be such? Alas, look at that group of unsold, ungained by earnest endeavor and sincere experience, bought, unmarketable Irish “ free" citizens, dying such as have never yet been bestowed on it, is not there in the ditch, whither my Lord of Rackrent yet here; the solution is perhaps still distant : and the constitutional sheriffs have evicted them; but some approximation to it, various real approx- or at those“ divine missionaries," of the same free imations, could be made, and must be made ;- country, now traversing, with rags on back and this of declaring that negro and white are un- child on each arm, the principal thoroughfares of related, loose from one another, on a footing of London, to tell men what “ freedom" really is ;perfect equality, and subject to no law but that of and admit that there may be doubts on that point ! supply and demand according to the Dismal Sci- But if it is, I say, the most alarming contradiction ence; this which contradicts the palpablest facts, to the said laws which is now witnessed on this is clearly no solution, but a cutting of the knot earth ; so flagrant a contradiction that a just man asunder; and every hour we persist in this is cannot exist, and follow his affairs, in the same leading us towards dissolution instead of solution ! planet with it, then, sure enough, let us,

in God's What, then, is practically to be done ? Much, name, fling aside all our affairs, and hasten out to very much, my friends, to which it hardly falls to put an end to it, as the first thing the Heavens ine to allude at present : but all this of perfect want us to do. By all manner of means ; this cquality, of cutting quite loose from one another ; thing done, the Heavens will prosper all other all this, with “ immigration loan,” “ happiness things with us !

Not a doubt of it-provided your of black peasantry," and the other melancholy premiss be not doubtful.

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But now furthermore give me leave to ask, | in Northampton, Mass., was one of the most emiWhether the way of doing it is this somewhat sur-nent men in New England, and greatly endeared to prising one, of trying to blockade the continent of a numerous circle of friends, in every walk of life, Africa itself, and to watch slave-ships along that and in almost every region of the country, by the

rare virtues of his private character. For many extremely extensive and unwholesome coast? The

years he was the Superintendent of the State Lunaenterprise is very gigantic, and proves hitherto as iic Asylum in Worcester, Mass., in which office he futile as any enterprise has lately done. Certain established a high reputation for his professional wise men once, before this, set about confining the skill, his admirable tact and judgment in his intercuckoo by a big circular wall ; but they could not course with the afliicted, his winning suavity of Watch the coast of Africa, good part his care, and his uncommon probity and exactness

manners, manage it!

his devoted faithfulness to the subjects of of the coast of the terraqueous globe ? And the in the transaction of business. He was one of the living centres of this slave mischief, the live coals first in this country to introduce the mild and that produce all this world-wide smoke, it appears, humane treatment of the insane, which is now lie simply in two points, Cuba and Brazil, which adopted in all our public institutions for their relief. are perfectly accessible and manageable.

His example and influence had great weight. The If the laws of Heaven do authorize you to keep correctness of his theories was proved by the sucthe whole world in a pother about this question ; Worcester show a proportion of recoveries which

cess of his practice. The reports of the Asylum at if you really can appeal to the Almighty God upon were formerly unprecedented in the records of it, and set common interests, and terrestrial con- medical science. Dr. Woodward treated his pasiderations, and common sense, at defiance in be- tients as rational beings-he appealed to every ray half of il-why, in Heaven's name, not go to Cuba of intellect that had survived—and he always made and Brazil with a sufficiency of 74-gun ships ; and them his friends. The establishment over which signify to those nefarious countries : that their he presided had the appearance of a large family procedure on the negro question is too bad ; that, pervaded by an air of comfort, of domesticity, of

under orderly, but not severe regulations. It was of a!l the solecisms now submitted to on earth, it cheerfulness, from its rich and blooming gardens to is the most alarming and transcendent, and, in fact, the neat and spacious chambers devoted to the more is such that a just man cannot follow his affairs any aggravated forms of mental disease. His personal longer in the same planet with it; that they clearly character, kind, considerate, urbane, vigilant, with will not, the nefarious populations will not, for a rare union of gentleness and decision, contributed, love or fear, watching or entreaty, respect the in no small degree, to the distinguished success of rights of the negro enough; wherefore you here, of public confidence and private estcem.

the institution. Few men enjoyed so large a share with your seventy-fours, are come to be king over

His retirement from the Asylum, to which he them, and will on the spot henceforth see for your had devoted the best years of his life, was made selves that they do it! Why not, if Heaven do necessary by his declining health. It occasioned send you? The thing can be done; easily, if you a universal sentiment of regret. Since that time, are sure of that proviso. It can be done; it is the he has been a resident of Northampton, where, in suppress the slave-trade;" and, so far as

the more private walks of life, he won the same

affectionate admiration which followed him throughyet appears, the one way.

out his official career. He was in the 64th year Most thinking people !- If hen-stealing prevail of his age at the time of his death.—New York to a plainly unendurable extent, will you station Tribune. police officers at every henroost; and keep them watching and cruising incessantly to and fro over

TO LADY FRANKLIN. the parish in the unwholesome dark, at enormous expense, with almost no effect; or will you not Be of good courage, lady! still, though tried, try rather to discover where the fox's den is, and

Maintain the trusting heart,

The faithful consort's part, kill the fox? Most thinking people, you know the

So as befits a gallant sailor's bride. fox and his den ; there he is kill him, and discharge your cruisers and police-watchers ! Yet live in hope ! though better tidings lack,

Oh, my friends, I feel there is an immense fund Thy husband and his crew of human stupidity circulating among us, and much but not a sign of shipwreck marks their track.

Have left no happier clue ; clogging our affairs for some time past! A certain man has called us, “ of all peoples the wisest Sound were the barks those hardy hearts that bore ; in action ;" but he added, " the stupidest in

Soon may we see again speech :'-and it is a sore thing, in these consti

Him and his iron men tutional times, times mainly of universal parlia-In joy and honor stand on England's shore. mentary and other eloquence, that the “ speakers” Think of the brave who sought their kindred band, have all first to emit, in such tumultuous volumes, In ice illimitable bound, their human stupor, as the indispensable prelim- And drifting o'er the vast profound, inary, and everywhere we must first see that and Freed on a sudden by a viewless Hand. its results out, before beginning any business! That Hand of might, outstretched upon the sea, (Explicit MS.)

That broke the frozen continent

Wherein those mariners were pent, Dr. Samuel B. WOODWARD, whose death took Lady! may send thy husband back to thee. place on the evening of the 3d inst, at his residence


way to

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From Chambers' Journal.



ingly pretty. There was the high brow, showing little talent, but much sense; the candid, loving, and yet half-wicked dark eyes; the straight nose, and short, curled upper lip; but there the face I AM One of the many from whom Heaven has changed, as faces sometimes do, from beauty into seen fit to take away the individual interests of life, positive ugliness. The lower lip was full-pouting that, perchance, they might become universal.showing that it could look both sulky and senSometimes I could almost liken myself to a mirror, which receives on its silent, solitary breast the fleeting images that pass it by, and so takes them, for the time being, as companions to its own void heart, while it makes of them life-pictures to be reflected abroad. These passing interests I create for myself continually. They seem, too, to meet me voluntarily on every side, not merely in society, but in chance rencounters along the waysides of life. I rarely journey five miles from my home without discovering, or, if you will, manufacturing, some pleasant and useful passage in human life, which makes me feel one with my fellow-creatures, as though the world stretched out its loving hand to the solitary one, and called her "Sister!"

The other day I took my way homeward. Reader, I may as well tell the truth, that I am a little, old maid, living in London, and working hard that may live at all; also that, in order to add a small mite to my slender modicum of health, I had abided for a brief space at that paradise of cockneysSouthend. A very respectable paradise it is too, with its lovely green lanes extending close to the shore of what is all but the sea; its pleasant cliffs feathered with rich underwood, which the tide almost kisses at high water; making the whole neighborhood as pretty a compound of seaside and rural scenery as the lovers of both would wish. When my "fairie barque" (the London steamboat Dryad, please, reader) wafted me from thence, I felt a slight pain at my heart. One suffers many such on quitting earth's pleasant nooks. "I ought to have got used to good-by' by this time," thought I to myself, half patiently, half sadly, and began to divert my attention by noticing the various groups on deck. I always do so on principle, and it is hard if I do not find some "bit" of human nature to study, or some form of outward beauty in man, woman or child, to fall in love with. Travelling alone, (as I ever do travel-what should I fear, with my quiet face and my forty years?) I had plenty of opportunity to look around, and soon my eye fell on two persons, meet subjects to awaken interest.


They were a young couple who sat opposite to me-so close that I could hear every word above a whisper. But whispering with them seemed pleasantest, at least for a long time. I should have taken them for lovers, save for a certain air of cheerful unreserve which lovers never have, and an occasional undisguised "my dear" falling from both their lips. At last, keeping a watch over the girl's left hand, I saw it ungloved, and thereon the wedding-ring! It rested with a sort of new importance, as though the hand were unused to its weight. Unconsciously she played and fidgeted with its shining circlet, and then recollected herself with a smile and blush. It was quite clear my new pets were a bridegroom and bride.

Here, then, was a page in human life open before me: I tried to read it line by line, romancing where I could not read. Full opportunity I had, for they took no notice of me: they saw nothing in the world but their own two selves. Happy blindness! I believe much in physiognomy, so I amused myself with deciphering theirs. The girl's face was strik

sual; and the chin retreated-in fact, positively ran away!" I said to myself, "If the under half of the character matches the under half of the face, the young husband there will find a few more difficulties with the wife he has married than with the lassie' he wooed." So I turned to his countenance, and speculated thereon. It was decidedly handsome-Greek in its outline; in expression so sweet as to be almost feeble; at least so I thought at first when he was smiling, as he ever did when he looked at her. But in a few minutes of silence I saw the mouth settle into firm horizontal lines, indicating that with its gentleness was united that resolute will and clear decision without which no man can be the worthy head of a household-respected, loved, and obeyed. For in all households one must rule; and woe be to that family wherein its proper head is either a petty tyrant, or, through his own weakness, a dethroned and contemned slave!

Therefore, when I noticed the pretty, wilful ways, and sometimes half silly remarks, of the bride, I felt that this young, thoughtless creature might yet have cause to thank Heaven that she had married a man who knew how to rule as well as cherish her.

Until now I had not speculated on their station or calling: it was enough for me that they belonged to the wide family of humanity. But as my musings wandered idly on into their future life, I took this also into consideration. Both had a certain grace and ease in mien and speech, though, through the wife's tones, I distinguished the vague drawl which infects most classes of Londoners. But the husband looked and spoke like a gentleman. I felt sure he was such, even though he might stand behind a counter. A third individual broke their tête-à-tête -a middle-aged cockney, père de famille-evidently some beach acquaintance made at Southend. His chance question produced an answer to my inward wondering.

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"Oh," said the bride, "we could only stay at Southend a few days, because of my She paused a moment, and then changed the word husband into "Mr. Goodriche. He cannot be longer away from business."

The young bridegroom, then, was "in business" one of those worthy, laboring bees who furnish the community with honey. I thought how hard he must have toiled by counter or in shop to have gained so early in life a home and a wife. I respected him accordingly.


My interesting couple" began a lively chat with their new companion at least the wife did. She put forth all her smiles, all that battery of fascination with which she had probably before her marriage won her spurs on the field of conquest, and been dubbed "a most shocking flirt." And in the shadow that gathered over the quiet husband's face, I saw the reflection of that which must often have bitterly troubled the peace of the still more retiring lover. True, the girl was doing nothing wrong-her new friend was old enough to have been her father, so no jealousy could be aroused; but still she was taking her attention and conversation from her husband to give it to a perfect stran

ger. She would not have done so had he been only finds it trodden into ruins by the very idol whom her lover still. Alas! that women should take so he hoped to place there forever? A foolish girl! much pains to win love, and so little to keep it! wishing to try your power, and keep the honored

Each minute the young husband spoke less, and husband a tyrannized lover still. Do you think his countenance grew darker. She only laughed, what it is you do? When you suffer your own and chattered the more. Foolish-foolish one! hands to tear down the fair adornments of idolatry There came on a heavy shower, and there was a with which his passion has decked you, and appear rush below. “Come with us to the further end ; before him, not as an angelic ideal, but a selfish, I will find a place for you,” kindly said the blithe sullen, or vain woman, little know you that it may young wife, turning back to the little old maid. I take years of devotion to efface the bitterness proihanked her, but declined. For the world, I would duced by that one hour—the first when he sees you not have prevented the chance that, in the solitude as you are ! of a crowd, some word or look might pass between The young husband glanced once only at his husband and wife to take away his gloom. Yet wife ; but that was enough. The lower lip—that when I left the cabin, I saw her sitting-bonnetless, odious lower lip, which had at first awoke my and laughing with a childish gayety—between her doubts !—was the very image of weak, pouting silent, grave husband and the disagreeable old man. sullenness. But its weakness was its safeguard

I went to my quiet place at the stern of the boat, against continued obstinacy; and I saw—though and turned away so that I could see only the turbid the husband did not see-that, as she bent over the river and the dull gray sky. It was as complete side, tear after tear dropped silently into the river. solitude as though I had been on Robinson Crusoe's There was hope still! raft in the midst of the Pacific. I pondered over She was leaning over the gangway door, a place life and its mysteries, as one does who is used to scarce dangerous, save to the watchful anxiety of loneliness—who is accustomed to dwell, as it were, affection. However, the fact seemed to strike her on a mountain top, seeing the world and its inhab- husband ; for he suddenly drew her away, though itants move below like puppets in a show. And formally, and without any sign of wishing for recherein does fate half atone for ties riven, and ties onciliation. But this one slight act showed the never formed—that in such a life one learns to for- thoughtfulness, the love-oh, if she had only anget self: and all individual joys and griefs, loves swered it by one kind look, one word of atonement! and hatreds, are swallowed up in universal sympa- But no; there she stood-immovable. Neither thies.

would yield. I would have given the world could I pondered much on the two young creatures I I have whispered in the wife's ear, “ For the love had left below; and, woman-like, I thought chiefly of Heaven for the love of him--for the peace of of the woman. She seemed to me like a child toy- your whole life, be the first to say, forgive me! ing with a precious jewel, little knowing what a Right or wrong, never mind. Whichever have fearful thing it is to throw away love, or to play erred, it is your place--as weakest and most loving lightly, mockingly, with those feelings on which to yield first. Oh, did you but know the joy, the must rest the joy or woe of two human souls for a blessedness of creeping close to your husband's lifetime. And passing from this individual case, I wounded, perchance angry heart, and sayingthought solemnly, almost painfully, of the strange Take me in there again ; let us not be divided mysteries of human life, which seem often to bestow more! And he would take you, ay, at once ; and the priceless boon of love where it is unvalued and love you the more for the forbearance which never cast away. Unconsciously I repeated the well- even asked of his pride the concession that he was known words, “ To him that hath shall be given, also wrong! and from him that hath not shall be taken away.” Perhaps this long speech was partly written in But my soul answered meekly, “Only on earth, his eyes; for when, by chance, they met the young and life is not long—not long!”

wife's, she turned away, coloring crimson ; and at And turning once more to the group of my fel- that moment up came the enemy once more, in the low-voyagers, I saw the two in whom I took such shape of the intrusive elderly gentleman ; but the an interest. They were standing together, a little husband's lecture, whatever it was, had its effect apart, leaning on the vessel's side. He was talking in the girl's demeanor. She drew back with a w her, not angrily, but gravely-earnestly. In the quiet womanly reserve, strongly contrasted with expression of his face I scarce recognized the man her former coquettish forwardness, and left “Mr. who had borne smilingly all her idle jests, sportive Goodriche” in possession of the field. And I liked contradictions and caprices, an hour ago. She the husband ten times better for the gentlemanly tried them again for a few minutes : but in vain. dignity with which he shook off all trace of iliThen she hung her head, and pouted. Soon quick, humor, and conversed with the intruder. The wilful answers came. I heard them not; but I was boyish lover seemed changed into the firm, selfsure of the fact from her flushed cheek and spark- dependent man. And when the wife timidly crept ling eye, as she disengaged her arm from his. up, and put her arm through his, he turned round Man's patience is never eternal, not even in the and smiled upon her. Oh how gladly, yet how honeymoon; he spoke to her firmly, while his face shyly, she answered the slight token of peace ! darkened into positive anger, and then there was a And I said to myself, " That man will have a just, sullen silence between them.

and firm, yet tender sway; he will make a firstThe time passed, and still they remained in the rate head of a family!" same position together ; but oh, what a sea of sul- I saw little more of them until near the journey's len anger was between them! Neither saw the end. They were then sitting in the half-empty other's face; but I saw both. He stood gazing up cabin alone together; for, to my delight, and into the leaden clouds, his mouth firmly set, and perhaps theirs, the obnoxious individual of middle yet twitching every now and then with suppressed age had landed at Blackwall. Very quiet they feeling. Was it, perchance, the bitter disappoint- seemed; all the exuberant happiness which at first ment, almost agony. of the man who has with pain had found vent in almost childish frolic was passed and toil built for himself a household hearth, and I away. The girl no longer laughed and jested with

- ?"



her young husband; but she drew close to his side, other cities of South America, are nearly all her head bending toward his shoulder, as though, French, who, through their honesty and good conbut for the presence of a stranger, it would fain duct, generally realize small fortunes, with which droop there, heavy with its weight of penitence they in most cases return to spend their latter days and love. Yet, as I watched the restless look in in their own country, their attachment to home her eyes, and the faint shadow that still lingered being stronger than that of any other European on the young man's face, I thought how much had nation. been perilled, and how happy-ay, ten times hap- Genoa is the principal resort of the French pedpier--would both have felt had the first quartel lers, who have taken the place of princely mernever been!

chants, and help to keep alive the remnant of a In the confusion of departure I lost my young commerce which once accumulated opulence in the friends, as I thought, forever ; but on penetrating city, and extended its ramifications over half the the mysterious depths of an omnibus, I heard a world. When you walk through it, melancholy pleasant voice addressing me—“So you are again seizes you at every turn. Streets and palaces our fellow-passenger to

without inhabitants, warehouses without goods, a But I will not say where, lest the young couple custom-house where almost no duties are paid, and should " speer” for me, and demand why I dared a mole which has now too frequently no ships to 10 “put them in print.” And yet they would shelter from the weather. Such is Genoa! But scarce be wroth did they know the many chords wherever men are congregated, they must discover they touched, and the warm interest they awakened some means of earning a livelihood. Pomp and in a poor withered heart which has so few. grandeur have no other basis than industry, as the

It was the dreariest of wet nights in London, owners of the immense fortunes once found in Heaven knows how dreary that is !-but they did Genoa have proved to their cost. They went on not seem to feel it at all. They were quite happy spending, supposing their revenues would last for

- quite gay. I wondered whether for them was But time by degrees brought them to the prepared the deepest bliss of earth—the first end of their treasures, and the descendants of “ coming home;" and I felt almost sure of it grandees with pompous titles, and of merchants, when the husband called out to the conductor, each of whom possessed a little navy of his own, • Set us down at — ;' naming a quiet, unob- now in many cases subsist by supplying goods to trusive, new-built square. He said it with the French pedlers, who have intelligence, enterprise, half-conscious importance of one who gives a new and perseverance. address, thinking the world must notice what is We have been unable to ascertain the number of of so much interest to himself; and then the young persons engaged in carrying on this obscure departpeople looked at one another, and smiled.

ment of the trade of Genoa ; they must, however, I said to the wife-drawing the bow at a ven- be numerous. When preparing to start on their ture—“What a miserable night !-Is it not pleasant toilsome and not unperilous enterprise, they go to coming home?"

the warehouse of the merchant, with whom they She looked first at her husband, and then turned deal always in pairs, with capacious knapsacks on to me, her whole face beaming and glowing with their backs. As might be expected, they bestow happiness, Oh, it isit is!!!

much care on the selection of their goods, which They bade me good-night, and disappeared. I necessarily consist of small articles, or things that leaned back in my dark corner, my heart very full; will pack close—such as handkerchiefs, shawls, it had just strength to give them a silent blessing, dresses, cheap_lace, ribbons, reels of cotton, and no more. I remembered only that I had been needles, &c. "To these they add a quantity of young once, and that I was now an old maid of Genoese silver jewellery, remarkable for its tasteforty years.

fulness and elegance.

Did these men possess the art of communicating

their experience to the world, no travels would FRENCH PEDLERS IN ITALY.

perhaps be so interesting as theirs. They pass

over, two in company, from Genoa 1o the north of There is in Northern Italy a peculiar branch of Corsica, where they part company—the one taking trade, carried on almost exclusively through the the eastern, the other the western side of the island, instrumentality of Frenchmen. These individuals, agreeing to meet on a given day at the port whence chiefly from Languedoc and Provence, repair at a they embark for Sardinia. They then traverse particular season of the year to Genoa, sometimes together this boisterous channel, and on reaching with a small capital, but much oftener without the larger island, separate again, fixing for their They find, however, no difficulty in obtaining rendezvous on another port, whence they usually credit. In the first place, those who have been sail for the coast of Spain, unless they have in the long known, and established their character for hon- mean while disposed of the whole of their goods. esty, readily become security for the new-comers; It might at first be supposed that the contents of and if this were not the case, still the incipient two knapsacks would not enable men to proceed pedlers belong to a class of men so remarkable for thus far. Nor do they always, or even perhaps punctuality and uprightness in their dealings, that generally. But sometimes it happens that our even the most suspicious merchants would think Corsican and Sardinian villagers are not in the they ran no risk in trusting them. Our prejudices humor to buy, or have no money, or have just may at first perhaps render us a little incredulous ; made their purchases of other pedlers. In this but the fact nevertheless is, that French people case the wandering merchant must trudge on to the engaged in trade are generally well-principled ; at next village or hamlet, to meet perhaps the same illleast they have been fortunate enough to achieve an luck there. By these means a small stock goes a honorable reputation, and in whatever foreign coun- great way. Besides, as progress is made in civilitry they settle, are looked upon as perfectly safe in zation, and villages grow up, through trade or other all matters of business. The shopkeepers of Bahia, wise, into towns, the shop takes the place of the Buenos Ayres, Rio de Janeiro, Valparaiso, and pedler's pack, and people grow ashamed of owing


From Chambers' Journal.




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