« VorigeDoorgaan »
memory the picturesque and beautiful of muriate of strontia, in a small iron appearance of our gardens and plantations ladle.—An orange-coloured flame is proat home.
duced by burning spirits of wine on mu. The inhabitants consist exclusively of riate of lime deprived of its water of crysthe caste called Vellalers, and by their tallization. A flame having a fine green account emigrated about 600 years ago tinge, is produced by burning alcohol on from Conjeveram. Their manners and boracic acid, or nitrate of copper.-A mode of life are extremely simple, and yellow flame is produced by burning al. their dispositions appear to be of the best cohol on muriate of soda, or nitrate of kind, civil and obliging, manifesting a potass.-Note. It should be observed, strong desire to gain the good-will of that the ladle ought previously to be strangers. Their life is entirely of a pas. warmed, and ought to be kept heated toral description, and crimes of a heinous while the alcohol is burning. The salts nature are seldom or never committed remaining behind, after being dried, may amongst them. Their disputes are in be used for the same purpose again. general settled by the head-man of each Naud; but when the matter in dispute is of importance, the three chiefs meet toge- A Metal which bursts into flame when ther, and having heard both parties, pass thrown upon Cold Water. their decision, which is always final, and Place a piece of potassium, of about two received with perfect sụbmission and respect : they have never yet applied to our
grains weight, upon cold water in a basin,
when it inflames and exhibits a beautiful courts for justice. Their females seem to be much secluded, at least it is very
light of a violet red colour. rarely they are seen ; but, from the num. ber of children which appear, they must either be very numerous or very prolific. Fuse together, in a crucible, eight parts
Spoons which Melt in Hot Water. By their own account they are a very of bismuth, five of lead, and three of tin: healthy race, which their appearance; the only disease they these metals will combine, and form an dread is the small-pox, which some years alloy, (of which spoons may be made ago nearly depopulated the hills. No possessed of the remarkable property of case of the spasmodic cholera has ever
melting in boiling water). ccurred amongst them ; a lame or deformed person has not been seen, and
To Melt a piece of Metal in a Nutshell. many appear to have attained an extreme
TAKE three parts of nitre, (freed from The domestic animals are black cattle
water of crystallization by exposure to and buffaloes ; the former are very nu. heat), one part of sulphur, and one of merous, and much superior to those on very fine dry saw-dust-mingle the whole the plains ; the wild animals are elk, hog, intimately together. This is called the bear, and bison ; tigers have lately found powder of fusion, and is a kind of che. their way to the encampment, as also have mical flux. Let a quantity of this be hyenas and jackals; but none of these well pressed into a walnut-shell, with a animals are said to breed on the table. thin piece of copper coiled up in the midst land. Jungle fowl, partridges, and quails of it, and then set on fire: it will burn of all kinds are numerous; the bison is rapidly, and the metal will be fused into by far the largest animal known in this a round globule, while the shell is only part of India, the elephant excepted, and blackened.—A combination takes place when hard pressed, shows a considerable between the metal and sulphur, (which degree of bravery.—Asiatic Journal. is aided by the potass), and the result is
the formation of a sulphuret. Scientific Amusements,
To make Cinders, or little Wicker-baskets, No. III.
appear as if they were Crystallized. SATURATE water, kept boiling, with
then set the solution in a cool To produce Coloured Flames, which, in place, suspending in it, by a hair, or fine the dark, are very curiously reflected silk thread, a cinder, a sprig of a plant, by the faces of the spectators.
or any other trifle ; as the solution cools, To do this, certain substances are mixed a beautiful crystallization of the salt takes with burning alcohol. A beautiful rose- place upon the cinder, &c. which resem. coloured Aame, is produced by intiaming ble specimens of mineralogical spars. four parts of alcohol poured over one part Chemical Recreations.
ihat of a gourd or calabash, being freed (For the Mirror.)
from its pulp, which in time of scarcity
may be made into a nourishing pap, VARIOUS, and often unaccountable, are
serves for vessels of various kinds, and the propensities and antipathies of men. gives to water, preserved in it, a pleasant The following relation gives an instance
aromatic taste. The small leaves are of an antipathy not only of a very singular eaten in time of scarcity, and the large nature, but which had like to have
to cover houses, or being brought on the individual subject to it, burned, to make good soap. The Botaa most dire misfortune.
nical name of this tree is Aliconda. A certain topographical author had a violent antipathy to wigs. It happened that he was one day dining in a company
THE AMERICAN CONSTI. opposite to some military officers, the head of one of whom was unluckily
TUTION. adorned with a peruke. Our author, MR. EDITOR,—The following is part although intent on the repast, could not of Mr. Wilson's speech delivered, Deabstract his thoughts, nor divert his eyes cember 3, 1787, during the Debates of from the hateful object. Again and again the Convention of the State of Pensyl. he directed his view towards it, the dis- vania, on the Constitution proposed for gusting sight disturbed his peace, and the Government of the United States. spoiled his meal. His eyes darted fire, Thus, " Take detached parts of any his countenance became distorted, his system whatsoever, in the manner these whole frame was convulsed, when at gentlemen have hitherto taken this conlength his brain being frenzied, and his stitution, and you will make it absurd feelings overwhelmed, he suddenly rose and inconsistent with itself. I do not from his seat, made a spring across the confine this observation to human pertable, seized with unmanly eagerness the formances alone; it will apply to divine obnoxious appendage to the head, and, writings. An anecdote, which I have with an air of indignation and triumph, heard, exemplifies this observation : hurled it with his utmost force on the When Sternhold and Hopkins's version floor. The company was alarmed, the of the Psalms
was usually sung in officer drew the weapon of death, and, churches, a line was first read by the clerk, our topographer made his escape from and then sung by the congregation. A sailor instant annihilation, not so much to a had stepped in and heard the clerk read good pair of heels (which, it is said, he this line : The Lord will come, and he fortunately possessed) as to the thorough will not.' The sailor stared; and when knowledge of the turnings and windings the clerk read the next line, Keep in the town of S of which he had silence, but speak out,' the sailor left previously written the history, and the church thinking the people were not through which a considerable part of the in their senses. This story (said Wilson) offended party pursued him with all their may convey an idea of the treatment of might.
T. A. C. the plan before you, for although it con.
tains sound sense, when connected, yet WONDERFUL UTILITY OF AN by the detached manner of considering it, AFRICAN TREE.
it appears highly absurd.”-See Wilson's
speech taken in short-hand, by Thomas (For the Mirror.)
Lloyd of Philadelphia. In the kingdom of Congo, there grows naturally a tree of such bulk, that ten
PALM SUNDAY AND EASTER men cannot fathom it round. The natives call it bondo, and as the wood early rots,
MONDAY. they do not build their huts near it, lest On Palm Sunday, boys and girls (youths sts fall should crush *hem to death, or its and maidens have now-a-days got above fruit, which is of the size of a large so childish a practice,) may be met early gourd, and easily broken from the tree, in the morning, in blithe, but breakfast. should knock them down. The bark of less companies, sallying forth towards this tree, well beaten and macerated, the pretty outlets about Hampstead and yields a coarse thread, of which they Highgate, on the one side the water, and make their ropes, and which macerated Camberwell and Clapham on the other and dried, and beaten with bars of iron or all of which they innocently imagine to wood, becomes like a large piece of cloth; be “the country”—there to sport away with this the natives cover their middle the pleasant hours till dinner-time, and from the girdle to the knees. The shell, then return home with joy in their hearts, or rind of the fruit, which is hard like endless appetites in their stomachs, and
bunches of the sallow willow with its the rest, to prove his words : passing the silken bloom-buds in their hands, as tro pleasantest night of all the week in a phies of their travels.
watch-house. And on Saturday, after Now, at last, the Easter week is arrived, thanking “his worship" for his good and the poor have for once in the year advice, of which he does not remember a the best of it._setting all things, but their word, he comes to the wise determination own sovereign will, at a wise defiance. that, after all, there is nothing like workThe journeyman who works on Eastering all day long in silence, and at night Monday, even though he were a tailor spending his earnings and his breath in itself, should lose his caste, and be sent to beer and politics ! So much for the the Coventry of mechanics—wherever that Easter week of a London holiday-maker. may be. In fact, it cannot happen. On But there is a sport belonging to Eas. Easter Monday ranks change places- ter Monday, which is not confined to the Jobson is as good as Sir John-the “rude lower classes, and which, fun forbid that mechanical” is “ monarch of all he sur. I should pass over silently. If the reader veys" from the summit of Greenwich. has not, during his boyhood, performed hill—and when he thinks fit to say “ It the exploit of riding to the turn-out of is our royal pleasure to be drunk !”—who the stag on Epping Forest ;—following shall dispute the proposition ? Not I, the hounds all day long,-at a respectful for one.
When our English mechanics distance ;-returning home in the evening accuse their betters of oppressing them, with the loss of nothing but his hat, his the said betters should reverse the old hunting whip, and his horse—not to appeal, and refer from Philip sober to mention a portion of his nether person ; Philip drunk ; and then nothing more --and finishing the day by joining the could be said. But now, they have no Lady Mayoress's ball at the Mansion. betters, even in their own notion of the house ;_if the reader has not done all matter. And, in the name of all that is this when a boy, I will not tantalize him transitory, envy them not their brief su, by expatiating on the superiority of those premacy! It will be over before the end who have. And if he has done it, I need of the week, and they will be as eager to not tell him that he has no cause to envy return to their labour as they now are to his friend who escaped with a flesh-wound escape from it: for the only thing that from the fight of Waterloo--for there is an Englishman, whether high or low, not a pin to choose between them! cannot endure patiently for a week together, is, unmingled amusement. At this time, however, he is determined to try. Accordingly, on Easter Monday all the MAUNDY THURSDAY. narrow lanes and blind alleys of our me. tropolis pour forth their dingy denizens This day, which is always the Thursday into the suburban fields and villages, in before Easter, is called, in Latin, dies search of the said amusement which is Mandati, the day of the command, being plentifully provided for them by another the day on which our Lord washed the class, even less enviable than the one on feet of his disciples, as recorded in the whose patronage they depend :-for of all second lesson. This practice was long callings, the most melancholy is that of kept up in the monasteries. After the purveyor of pleasure to the poor. During ceremony, liberal donations were made to the Monday our determined holiday- the poor, of clothing and of silver money; maker, as in duty bound, contrives, by and refreshment was given them to miti. the aid of a little or not a little artificial gate the severity of the fast. A relic of stimulus, to be happy in a tolerably ex this custom is still preserved in the dona. emplary manner. On the Tuesday, he tions dispensed at St. James's on this day. fancies himself happy to-day, because he The following description of the cerefelt himself so yesterday. On the Wed. mony as practised five or six years since, nesday he cannot tell what has come to will be interesting to our provincial him but every ten minutes he wishes readers. The numbers partaking of the himself at home where he never goes king's bounty this time amounted to but to sleep. On Thursday he finds out eighty. The distribution, as usual, took the secret that he is heartily sick of doing place at Whitehall Chapel ; but on acnothing, but is ashamed to confess it: count of an extra staircase being built and then what is the use of going to work from the anti-chapel to the royal closet before his money is spent ? On Friday for the Duchess of York to ascend, the he swears that he is a fool for throwing morning proceedings did not take place away the greater part of his quarter's there, but a temporary building was savings without having any thing to show erected on the outside in Privy Gardens, for itm and gets gloriously drunk with where accommodation was provided for
eighty men and eighty women, and about assemblage of those who had partaken of fifty spectators. Two cods, two salmons, the royal bounty. eighteen red herrings, eighteen pickled herrings, with four loaves, were given to each person in a wooden bowl. After
ON PASTE, OR EASTER EGGS. the fish and bread had been distributed, THE Persians, before their conversion three pounds and a half of beef and one to Mohammedanism, reckoned the beloaf were given to each person. The ginning of the year from the day in which sub-almoner, and the lord high almo- the sun enters into Aries, which is in ner's secretary, attended to inspect the March. According to one of the ancient distribution ; and after all the poor per- cosmogonies, all things were produced sons had received their provisions, the from an egg, hence called the Mundane sub-almoner proposed the health of the egg. This cosmogony was received in king, which was drunk in ale, in wooden Persia, and on this account, there obcups. In the afternoon the ceremonies tained, among the people of that country, and additional royal bounties were re a custom of presenting each other with an sumed in the Chapel. The gentlemen of egg, the symbol of a new beginning of time, the Chapel Royal attended to perform on every new-year's day, that is, on the day the service. Soon after three o'clock the when the sun enters Aries. The doctrine ceremonies commenced by a procession of the Mundane egg was not confined to entering the Chapel, of eight yeomen of the limits of Persia, but was spread, tothe guard and a yeoman usher, one of the gether with the consequent practice of yeomen carrying on his head a large gold presenting new-year eggs, through various dish, in which were 160 red kid bags, other countries. But the new-year was which ought to have contained 10s. in not every where kept on the day on which gold, but had a one pound bank note the sun enters Aries, or, at least, it ceased instead ; and also white kid bags, tied in process of time, to be so kept. In to the others with white leather strings, Persia itself, the introduction of the Moabout two feet long, in which were id. hammedan faith brought with it a removal 2d. 3d. and 4d. silver pieces, amounting of new-year's day. Among the Jews, to Os. 8d., being as many pence as the the season of the ancient new-year became king was years old. The dish containing that of the passover, and, among the these bags was placed on a table, which Christians, the season of the passover has was covered with a white cloth, in front become that of Easter. Now, amid all of the altar. The remainder of the pro- these changes, the custom of giving eggs cession consisted of the sub-dean of the at the sun's entrance into Aries has conChapel Royal, the sub-almoner, the lord tinued. The egg has also continued to high almoner's secretary, the groom of be held as a symbol, and the sole alterathe almonry, two boys and two girls, tion is in the prototype. At first, it was selected from St. Margaret's National said to be the symbol of the beginning of School, for their good behaviour, by the time, and now it is called the symbol of sub-almoner ; these, with the gentlemen, the resurrection. We see, hence, what were decorated with cambric musling was the real origin of the Easter egg of scarfs and sashes, carrying bouquets of the Greek and Roman churches. The flowers, and were preceded by a gentleman Roman church brought it into England. verger of the Chapel Royal.
In Persia, the celebration of the newAfter the first lesson, the gentlemen year at its ancient season has been revived, who formed the procession ascended into and with this, the practice of giving eggs. the gallery, and distributed to the eighty We are told by Sir John Chardin, that men, shoes and stockings by the hands of the Mohammedans of this country would the sub-almoner. The gentlemen of the not observe the first day of the solar year, choir then sung an appropriate piece. out of opposition to those who persisted After this, cloth for a coat, and linen for in their old country worship of fire, cona shirt, were distributed in a similar sidering it as consecrated by them to the
Additional music succeeded, sun, which they thought was idolatrous, and the red bags, containing the one pound and therefore abhored all public rejoicing notes and the small silver coinage, were on that day. But, at length, the lucky then distributed to the men, and after. circumstance of one of their princes hapwards, in a similar manner, to eighty pening to succeed to the crown that day,
An anthem was then sung, an revived the observation, and it is now appropriate thanksgiving and a prayer celebrated with great splendour : the read, and the king's health was drunk in exact time of the entering of the sun into claret, out of wooden cups, by the gentle. this sign of the zodiac being observed by men who performed the service and com their astronomers with great care. And posed the procession, and the numerous with the greatest joy an old custom is
revived, of presenting one another with the houses, by saying, 6 Jesus Christ is painted and gilded eggs, some of them risen.” The answer is, “ Yes, he is being so curiously done as to cost three risen.". The people then embrace, give ducats a piece.-Seven or eight and twenty each other eggs, and drink a great deal shillings.
of brandy. In Newcastle, and other places in the This corresponds pretty much with North of England, eggs, of which the the subsequent account, of far older shells are either coloured or gilt, are given date, which is transcribed from Hakluyt's to children at Easter. The shells are
voyages, 1589, black letter. coloured with dying drugs, put into the “ They (the Russians) have an order water in which the eggs are boiled. The at Easter, which they always observe, children at Easter, ask for their paste-eggs, and that is this ;-Every year, against as they would
for a fairing. Paste,' or Easter, to dye, or, colour red with pace,' and · Pasche,' are words derived brazzel (Brazil wood), a great number of from “ Pascha,' Easter.
eggs, of which every man and woman In Cole's Latin Dictionary, Pasche,' giveth one unto the priest of the parish, or Easter Egg,' is rendered by Ovum upon Easter day, in the morning. And, paschale, croceum, seu luteum ;' a de. moreover, the common people use scription which refers to the dying, or carry in their hands one of these red staining ; but Ainsworth, who was pro- eggs, not only upon Easter day, but also bably unacquainted with what really three or four days after, and gentlemen characterizes the Paschal egg, calls it and gentlewomen have eggs gilded, only · Ovum paschale.'
which they carry in like manner.—They From a book, entitled, "An Extract use it as they say, for a great love, and from the Ritual of Pope Paul the Vth, in token of the resurrection, whereof made for the use of England, Ireland, and they rejoice._For, when two friends meet Scotland, it appears, that the Paschal egg during the Easter holy-days, they come is held by the Roman church to be an and take one another by the hand; the emblem of the resurrection, and that it one of them saith, the Lord, or Christ, is made a holy egg by the regular bene- is risen.' The other answereth, ' It is so diction of the priest. The following is of a truth. Then they kiss, and ex. the form of benediction :
change their eggs, both men and women • Bless, O Lord, we beseech thee, this continuing in kissing four days together.” thy creature of eggs, that it may become Our ancient voyage-writer means no a 'wholesome sustenance to thy faithful more, it should seem, than that the ceresorvants, eating it in thankfulness to mony was kept for four days. thee, on account of the resurrection of Ray has preserved an old English proour Lord Jesus Christ, who, with thee, verb on this subject :and the Holy Spirit, &c.”
"I'll warrant you for an egg at Easter." This custom prevails in the Greek church. Dr. Chandler, in his travels in An Irish travelling merchant, alias, a Asia Minor, gives us the following ac- pedlar, asked an itinerant poulterer, the count of the manner of celebrating Easter price of a pair of fowls, “ Six shillings, among the modern Greeks: the Greeks now Sir.” “ In my dear country, my darling, celebrated Easter : a small bier, prettily you might buy them for sixpence a decked with orange and citron buds, jes- pace.” « Why don't you remain in your samine flowers, and boughs, was placed own dear country then ?”. in the church, with a Christ crucified have no sixpences, my jewel,” said Pat. rudely painted on board, for the body: we saw it in the evening, and before day-break
TO CORRESPONDENTS. were suddenly awakened by the blaze and
Rubber will see that his article has been anticrackling of a large bonfire, with singing cipated. and shouting, in honour of the resurrec
China and Crockery are too stale. tion. They made us presents of coloured
The following articles are intended for inser
tion :---F. W..-e, Peter Tomkins, Solo, E. B., eggs, and cakes of Easter bread.
S. H., Vivyan, Francis G., Liolett, Lector Easter day, says the Abbé d'Aute Speculi. roche, in his Journey to Siberia, is set
Lines to Young Ladies must be good indeed
to tempt us to accept them. apart, in Russia, for visiting.–A Rus
All inquiries respecting MR. LIMBIRD's Nosian came into my room, offered me his vels and Classics must be addressed to himself. hand, and gave me at the same time an The beautiful apostrophe on The Crucifixion egg. Another succeeded, he embraced
in our last is by Montgomery, whose name was me, and also gave me an egg. I gave
unintentionally omitted. nim in return the egg I had just received. The men go to each other's houses in the 143, Strand, (near
Printed and Published by J. LIMBIRD, morning, and introduce themselves into by all Newsmen and Booksellers.
66 Case we