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which is hereby deemed to have arisen by virtue of his contribution to the performance rendered.

An agricultural adjustment payment under this section shall be considered to be a payment made under section 8 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 or the item entitled “Payments for agricultural adjustment”, contained in the Supplemental Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1936, as amended by the Act of June 25, 1936; and an agricultural conservation payment under this section shall be considered to be a payment made under section 8 of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, as amended, under any program formulated for any year from 1936 to 1939, inclusive. (July 2, 1940, sec. 9, 54 Stat. 728.)

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ARMY

ENLISTED FORCE

632–1. Discharge for minority or misrepresentation of age as honorable discharge; back pay; certificate of discharge. That in the administration of any laws conferring rights, privileges, or benefits upon honorably discharged soldiers of the United States Army, their widows and dependent children, a soldier who served as an enlisted man between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, both dates inclusive, and who was discharged for fraudulent enlistment on account of minority or misrepresentation of age, shall hereafter be held and considered to have been discharged honorably from the military service on the date of his actual separation therefrom if his service otherwise was such as would have entitled him to an honorable discharge: Provided, That no back pay or allowance shall accrue by reason of the passage of this Act : Provided further, That in all such cases the War Department shall, upon request, grant to such men, or their widows, a discharge certificate showing that the soldier is held and considered to have been honorably discharged under the provisions of this Act. (Mar. 3, 1936, 49 Stat. 1159; 10 U. S. C., sec. 654b.) (See also par. 37, Lau's Applicable, 1935.)

632–2. Discharge for minority or misrepresentation of age as honorable discharge; back pay; certificate of discharge. That in the administration of law conferring rights, privileges, or benefits upon honorably discharged sailors of the United States Navy and upon honorably discharged marines of the United States Marine Corps, their widows and dependent children, a sailor or marine who served as an enlisted man between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, both dates inclusive, and who was discharged for fraudulent enlistment on account of minority or misrepresentation of age, shall hereafter be held and considered to have been honorably discharged from the naval service on the date of his actual separation therefrom if his service otherwise was such as would have entitled him to an honorable discharge: Provided, That no back pay or allowance shall accrue by reason of the passage of this Act: Provided further, That in all such cases the Navy Department shall, upon request, grant to such men, or their widows, a discharge certificate showing that the sailor or marine is held and considered to have been honorably discharged under the provisions of this Act. (Feb. 9, 1940, 54 Stat. 21.)

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632–3. Same; soldiers enlisted between April 21, 1898, and July 4, 1902.—That in the administration of any laws conferring rights, privileges, or benefits upon honorably discharged soldiers of the United States Army, their widows and dependent children, a soldier who was enlisted between April 21, 1898, and July 4, 1902, both dates inclusive, and who was discharged for fraudulent enlistment on account of minority or misrepresentation of age, shall hereafter be held and considered to have been discharged honorably from the military service on the date of his actual separation therefrom, if his service otherwise was such as would have entitled him to an honorable discharge: Provided, That no back pay or allowance shall accrue by reason of the passage of this Act: Provided further, That in all such cases the War Department shall, upon request, grant to such men or their widows a discharge certificate showing that the soldiers are held and considered to have been honorably discharged under the provisions of this Act. (Jan. 5, 1927, 44 Stat. 932; May 25, 1937, 50 Stat. 203; 10 U. S. C., sec. 655.)

SUPPLIES, STORES, AND SERVICES 632c. Transfer of deteriorated explosives for distribution and sale for agricultural purposes.—That the Act of Congress entitled "An Act to provide for the transfer of powder and other explosive materials from deteriorated and unserviceable ammunition under the control of the War Department to the Department of Agriculture for use in land clearing, drainage, road building, and other agricultural purposes", approved March 3, 1933, be, and the same is hereby, repealed. (June 1, 1926, sec. 3, Mar. 3, 1933, 47 Stat. 1487; Apr. 26, 1937, 50 Stat. 94; 10 U. S. C., sec. 1210a.)

MISCELLANEOUS

636–1. Selective Training and Service Act of 1940; policy of Congress. That (a) the Congress hereby declares that it is imperative to increase and train the personnel of the armed forces of the United States.

(b) The Congress further declares that in a free society the obligations and privileges of military training and service should be shared generally in accordance with a fair and just system of selective compulsory military training and service.

(c) The Congress further declares, in accordance with our traditional military policy as expressed in the National Defense Act of 1916, as amended, that it is essential that the strength and organization of the National Guard, as an integral part of the first-line defenses of this Nation, be at all times maintained and assured. To this end, it is the intent of the Congress that whenever the Congress shall determine that troops are needed for the national security in excess of those of the Regular Army and those in active training and service under section 3 (b), the National Guard of the United States, or such part thereof as may be necessary, shall be ordered to active Federal service and continued therein so long as such necessity exists. (Sept. 16, 1940, sec. 1, 54 Stat. 885.)

636-2. Same; registration of male citizens and alien residents between ages of twenty-one and thirty-six required.—Except as otherwise provided in this Act, it shall be the duty of every male citizen of the United States, and of every male alien residing in the United States, who, on the day or days fixed for the first or any subsequent registra

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tion, is between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-six, to present himself for and submit to registration at such time or times and place or places, and in such manner and in such age group or groups, as shall be determined by rules and regulations prescribed hereunder. (Sept. 16, 1940, sec. 2, 54 Stat. 885.)

636–3. Same; President authorized to induct registrants into land or naval forces.—(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, every male citizen of the United States, and every male alien residing in the United States who has declared his intention to become such a citizen, between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-six at the time fixed for his registration, shall be liable for training and service in the land or naval forces of the United States. The President is authorized from time to time, whether or not a state of war exists, to select and induct into the land and naval forces of the United States for training and service, in the manner provided in this Act, such number of men as in his judgment is required for such forces in the national interest :

(b) Each man inducted under the provisions of subsection (a) shall serve for a training and service period of twelve consecutive months, unless sooner discharged, except that whenever the Congress has declared that the national interest is imperiled, such twelve-month period may be extended by the President to such time as may be necessary in the interests of national defense. (Sept. 16, 1940, sec. 3, 54 Stat. 885.)

636–4. Same; provisions for reinstatement to Government position fol. lowing training and service.-(b) In the case of any such person who, in order to perform such training and service, has left or leaves a position, other than a temporary position, in the employ of any employer and who (1) receives such certificate, (2) is still qualified to perform the duties of such position, and (3) makes application for reemployment within forty days after he is relieved from such training and service

(A) if such position was in the employ of the United States Government, its Territories or possessions, or the District of Columbia, such person shall be restored to such position or to a position of like seniority, status, and pay;

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(C) if such position was in the employ of any State or political subdivision thereof, it is hereby declared to be the sense of the Congress that such person should be restored to such position or to

a position of like seniority, status, and pay. (c) Any person who is restored to a position in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (A) or (B) of subsection (b) shall be considered as having been on furlough or leave of absence during his period of training and service in the land or naval forces, shall be so restored without loss of seniority, shall be entitled to participate in insurance or other benefits offered by the employer pursuant to established rules and practices relating to employees on furlough or leave of absence in effect with the employer at the time such person was inducted into such forces, and shall not be discharged from such position without cause within one year after such restoration. (Sept. 16, 1940, sec. 8, 54 Stat. 890.)

636-5. Same; President authorized to utilize services of all Government agencies and personnel.--The President is authorized

(4) to utilize the services of any or all departments and any and all officers or agents of the United States and to accept the services of all officers and agents of the several States, Territories, and the District of Columbia and subdivisions thereof in the execution of this Act;

(Sept. 16, 1940, sec. 10, 54 Stat. 893.)

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BANKS AND BANKING

FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION

EXECUTIVE ORDERS AFFECTING THE FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION

EXECUTIVE ORDER

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I, Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, under the authority conferred upon me by paragraph (e) of Section 13 of Agricultural Marketing Act approved June 15, 1929, entitled "An Act To establish a Federal Farm Board to promote the effective merchandising of agricultural commodities in interstate and foreign commerce, and to place agriculture on a basis of economic equality with other industries”, and by virtue of all other powers thereto me enabling, do hereby transfer from the Department of Agriculture to the jurisdiction and control of Federal Farm Board the whole of the Division of Cooperative Marketing in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the Department of Agriculture, all functions pertaining to the work and services of such division, its records, property, including office equipment, personnel, and unexpended balances of appropriation, pertaining to such work or services. The Division of Cooperative Marketing above referred to is created and authorized by "An Act To create a division of cooperative marketing in the Department of Agriculture; to provide for the acquisition and dissemination of information pertaining to cooperation; to promote the knowledge of cooperative principles and practices; to provide for calling advisers to counsel with the Secretary of Agriculture on cooperative activities; to authorize cooperative associations to acquire, interpret, and disseminate crop and market information, and for other purposes”, approved July 2, 1926. The transfer above mentioned shall be effective from and including October 1st, 1929.

HERBERT HOOVER. THE WHITE HOUSE,

October 1, 1929. [No. 5200]

EXECUTIVE ORDER Reorganizing Agricultural Credit Agencies of the United States WHEREAS sections 401 and 403 of Title IV of Part II of the Legislative Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1933, as amended by an act of Congress approved March 3, 1933, provide:

"Sec. 401. The Congress hereby declares that a serious emergency exists by reason of the general economic depression; that it is imperative to reduce drastically governmental expenditures; and that such reduction may be accomplished in great measure by proceeding immediately under the provisions of this title.

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“Accordingly, the President shall investigate the present organization of all executive and administrative agencies of the Government and shall determine what changes therein are necessary to accomplish the following purposes :

“(a) To reduce expenditures to the fullest extent consistent with the efficient operation of the Government;

"(b) To increase the efficiency of the operations of the Government to the fullest extent practicable within the revenues;

"(c) To group, coordinate, and consolidate executive and administrative agencies of the Government, as nearly as may be, according to major purposes;

"(d) To reduce the number of such agencies by consolidating those having similar functions under a single head, and by abolishing such agencies and/or such functions thereof as may not be necessary for the efficient conduct of the Government;

"(e) To eliminate overlapping and duplication of effort; and

“(f) To segregate regulatory agencies and functions from those of an administrative and executive character.

"Sec. 403. Whenever the President, after investigation, shall find and declare that any regrouping, consolidation, transfer, or abolition of any executive agency or agencies and/or the functions thereof is necessary to accomplish any of the purposes set forth in section 401 of this title, he may by Executive order

“(a) Transfer the whole or any part of any executive agency and/or the functions thereof to the jurisdiction and control of any other executive agency;

"(b) Consolidate the functions vested in any executive agency; or

"C) Abolish the whole or any part of any executive agency and/or the functions thereof; and

“(d) Designate and fix the name and functions of any consolidated activity or executive agency and the title, powers, and duties of its executive head; except that the President shall not have authority under this title to abolish or transfer an executive department and/or all the functions thereof."

Now, THEREFORE, pursuant to the authority so vested in me, and after investigation, it is found and declared that the following changes in executive agencies and the functions thereof are necessary to accomplish the purposes set forth in section 401 above recited, and it is hereby ordered that:

(1) The functions of the Secretary of Agriculture as a member of the Federal Farm Board, and the offices of the appointed members of the Federal Farm Board, except the office of the member designated as chairman thereof, are abolished.

(2) The name of the Federal Farm Board is changed to the Farm Credit Administration.

(3) The name of the office of Chairman of the Federal Farm Board is changed to Governor of the Farm Credit Administration, and he is vested with all the powers and duties of the Federal Farm Board.

(4) The functions of the Secretary of the Treasury as a member of the Federal Farm Loan Board, and the offices of the appointed members of the Federal Farm Loan Board, except the office of the member designated as Farm Loan Commissioner, are abolished, and all the powers and functions of the Federal Farm Loan Board are

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